Search Results: the-effects-of-drug-abuse-on-the-human-nervous-system

The Effects of Drug Abuse on the Human Nervous System

Author: Bertha Madras,Michael Kuhar

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0124186858

Category: Psychology

Page: 624

View: 7955

Drug use and abuse continues to thrive in contemporary society worldwide and the instance and damage caused by addiction increases along with availability. The Effects of Drug Abuse on the Human Nervous System presents objective, state-of-the-art information on the impact of drug abuse on the human nervous system, with each chapter offering a specific focus on nicotine, alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, methamphetamine, MDMA, sedative-hypnotics, and designer drugs. Other chapters provide a context for drug use, with overviews of use and consequences, epidemiology and risk factors, genetics of use and treatment success, and strategies to screen populations and provide appropriate interventions. The book offers meaningful, relevant and timely information for scientists, health-care professionals and treatment providers. A comprehensive reference on the effects of drug addiction on the human nervous system Focuses on core drug addiction issues from nicotine, cocaine, methamphetamine, alcohol, and other commonly abused drugs Includes foundational science chapters on the biology of addiction Details challenges in diagnosis and treatment options

Biological basis of substance abuse

Author: Stanley G. Korenman,Jack D. Barchas

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195071542

Category: Medical

Page: 516

View: 6412

This volume describes our current understanding of the biological mechanisms in the central nervous system of nicotine, alcohol, cocaine, heroin, marijuana, and other drugs of abuse. Organized to focus on the similarities rather than the differences between drug actions, the processes undergo examination by level of cellular organization rather than by substance. The book proceeds from characterization of drug effects in relation to neurotransmitters and their receptors, through localization of drug effects in the brain in relation to specific anatomic structures. The impact of local stimulation or lesions on animal behaviors with respect to reward, reinforcement, desensitization and sensitization receive attention. Human genetic studies and therapeutic trials of addiction management complete the presentations.

Brain power !

the NIDA junior scientists program, teacher's guide

Author: Cathrine Anne Sasek,National Institute on Drug Abuse. Science Policy Branch

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: N.A

View: 8619

Designed to take students step by step through an exploration of the processes of science and how to use these processes to learn about the brain, the nervous system, and the effects of drugs on the nervous system and the body.

Der Körper vergißt nicht

Gehirn, Geist & Körper bei der Heilung von Traumata

Author: Bessel van der Kolk

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783944476131

Category:

Page: 480

View: 6336

Drug Abuse Handbook

Author: Steven B. Karch, MD, FFFLM

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420048292

Category: Law

Page: 1152

View: 8345

This is the handbook that professionals who deal with problems related to drugs and drug abuse have been waiting for. The impressive list of more than 80 contributors, each experts and leaders in their field, testifies to the importance of this outstanding new handbook. The volume contains detailed discussions of drug-related issues in criminalistics, pathology, and toxicology. Impairment testing and the pharmacokinetics of abused drugs are examined in detail, as is the field of workplace drug testing, the use of alternate testing matrices, drugs in sports, addiction medicine, and drug-related medical emergencies. The handbook focuses on the most urgent drug abuse-related problems of today An entire section is devoted to alcohol abuse, including a scientific appraisal of the most common drunk driving defenses, complete with sample calculations. Problems of postmortem toxicology are thoroughly detailed and an appendix lists key references for the most widely used analytic methods. An in-depth analysis of legal questions, including fetal rights and workplace testing Examination of the principles of addiction medicine and how doctors handle substance abuse problems A section addressing drug use by athletes, including a summary of current Olympic Committee Regulations regarding substance use and the latest information on detecting abuse of Human Growth Hormone and Erythropoietin Whether you are approaching the issue of drug abuse from a medical, psychological, toxicological, or legal perspective, the Drug Abuse Handbook is the most authoritative and complete resource available.

Medical Toxicology of Drug Abuse

Synthesized Chemicals and Psychoactive Plants

Author: Donald G. Barceloux

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471727601

Category: Medical

Page: 1041

View: 7330

This book provides a broad reference covering important drugs of abuse including amphetamines, opiates, and steroids. It also covers psychoactive plants such as caffeine, peyote, and psilocybin. It provides chemical structures, analytical methods, clinical features, and treatments of these drugs of abuse, serving as a highly useful, in-depth supplement to a general medical toxicology book. The style allows for the easy application of the contents to searchable databases and other electronic products, making this an essential resource for practitioners in medical toxicology, industrial hygiene, occupational medicine, pharmaceuticals, environmental organizations, pathology, and related fields.

Drug Abuse in the Decade of the Brain

Author: Gabriel G. Nahas,Thomas F. Burks

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9789051993059

Category: Medical

Page: 281

View: 691

Drug Abuse in Adolescence

Neurobiological, Cognitive, and Psychological Issues

Author: Denise De Micheli,André Luiz Monezi Andrade,Eroy Aparecida da Silva,Maria Lucia Oliveira de Souza Formigoni

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319177958

Category: Psychology

Page: 200

View: 7904

Focusing on two central themes--the psychobiological evolution from youth to adult and the effects of drugs on the developing central nervous system--this important reference elucidates the mechanisms of chemical dependency in adolescents. Its multidisciplinary coverage analyzes addiction across major domains of human functioning against the backdrop of hormonal, cognitive, and other changes that accompany the transition to adulthood. Chapters discuss legal as well as illicit drugs, examine age-related social contexts, and present the latest findings on links between drug use and mental disorders. Throughout, the contributors make clear that education is more valuable to understanding--and preventing--substance abuse than are prohibition and zero-tolerance thinking. Included among the topics: Cognitive development, learning, and drug use. Neurobiology of the action of drugs of abuse. Findings in adolescents with substance dependence based on neuroimaging tests. Alcohol abuse in adolescents: relevance of animal models. Effects of chronic drug abuse on the chronobiology of sleep in adolescents. Neurological and cognitive disorders arising from the chronic use of drugs of abuse. The multiple lenses for understanding its subject and the sensitivity with which causal nuances are treated make Neuroscience of Drug Abuse in Adolescence an invaluable resource for clinical and child psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and addiction counselors.

HIV, Substance Abuse, and Communication Disorders in Children

Author: R. Dennis Shelby,Robert M. Screen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136431713

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 128

View: 1189

Make sure every child gets a chance to be heard HIV, Substance Abuse and Communication Disorders in Children examines the language problems of young children from special populations. Essential as a textbook for graduate and upper-level undergraduate studies and as a reference resource, this unique book presents up-to-date research and compelling case studies that illustrate how prenatal exposure to drugs, alcohol, and HIV can affect a child in utero and continue to handicap its development after birth. Each chapter includes discussion threads and review questions to promote critical thinking and clinical problem-solving skills in the classroom. HIV, Substance Abuse and Communication Disorders in Children looks at the negative impact a mother’s lifestyle practices can have on her developing child with a nod toward the significant prevalence of HIV and substance abuse in today’s society. Some estimates place the number of infants born after prenatal exposure to illicit drugs as three-quarters of a million—every year. When alcohol is added, the figure rises to more than 1 million. This powerful book focuses specifically on the serious consequences of alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, and crack cocaine abuse, including poor language development and speech delays, limited vocabulary, the inability to make their needs known, poor articulation, the inability to follow commands, limited expressive language skills, and the inability to understand the real meaning of words and generalize them. And of the nearly 5,000 children in the United States living with AIDS, almost all will struggle with speech production and communication disorders as the disease affects their brain, spinal cord, and central nervous system. HIV, Substance Abuse and Communication Disorders in Children examines: the effect of drugs on the brain pregnancy and drug use trends common drugs of abuse Kosakoff’s syndrome fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) among Native Americans and African Americans neurologic sequellae speech and language intervention rehabilitation considerations treatment and family counseling and much more HIV, Substance Abuse and Communication Disorders in Children is essential for graduate and undergraduate students working with language disorders in special populations.

The Impact of Biology on Modern Psychiatry

Proceedings of a Symposium Honoring the 80th Anniversary of the Jerusalem Mental Health Center Ezrath Nashim held in Jerusalem, Israel, December 9–10,1975

Author: Elliot Gershon

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468407783

Category: Medical

Page: 276

View: 4571

viii beginning to understand-their action, as will be brought out in this symposium. During this same period another development took place in psychiatry, namely, social and community psychiatry, interpreted by some, incorrectly, in my opinion, as the antitheses of the biological approach. The whole area of the delivery of mental health services, which quickly became more of a political and social issue than a medical one, led to confusion, disillusionment, despair, and also soul-searching by psychiatrists and other mental health professionals. The remarkable Pablo Picasso said, "the development of photography freed the artist to express his own creativity. " I have paraphrased Picasso's insightful remark, namely, "the development of biology and social and community psychiatry should free the psychiatrist to express his own creati vity as a physician. " It should allow him to regain his basic medi cal identity. As his medical identity becomes paramount, then the pejorative classification of psychiatrists into those "organically oriented" and those "dynamically-oriented" will no longer be valid. The psychiatrist, like his medical colleague, must be concerned with the psychological, psychosocial, biological, and technical aspects of psychiatry. The strengthening and development of the medical identity of the psychiatrist imposes increased responsibilities on him and on psychiatry as a medical discipline. On the one hand, he will have to become more of a neuro-bi_ gist and, on the other, more of a behavioral scientist.

Introduction to Chemical Dependency Counseling

Author: Jerome David Levin,Joseph Culkin,Richard S. Perrotto

Publisher: Jason Aronson

ISBN: 9780765702890

Category: Medical

Page: 391

View: 5262

This book is a basic resource of knowledge about alcoholism and drug addiction. The authors cover the scientific and clinical aspects of chemical dependency in a balanced way with case vignettes to illustrate clinical issues. The book is suitable for a number of student needs. Students preparing for the Certified Alcoholism and Substance Abuse Counselor (CASAC) examination will find topics discussed that are drawn from the certification examination requirements. The text can stand as a main source for college-level courses in addictions or chemical dependancy in the mental health health programs, and can be used as a college or stand-alone introduction to chemical dependancy and counseling. Psychologists, social workers, clergy, and other professional counselors who wish to supplement their knowledge about chemical dependancy will find this text serves as a valuable reference. After an introduction to the general problems of substance abuse counseling, the authors delineate the different types of drugs and their effects, organize the relevant information used in the assessment and diagnosis of addictions, integrate knowledge of human development with causes of dependancy and addiction, and explore the impact of addiction on health and the family. They then focus on the principles of chemical abuse counseling, including treatment planning, the different schools of counseling, how to understand and manage relapse, and special populations. They conclude with ethical considerations involved in treating chemical abusers. The authors believe that chemical dependency counseling is the only profession that treats substance abuse as a primary disorder and disease with its own causes, course, progression and complication. Chemical dependency counseling must deal with and absorb a complex and intriguing web of fact and theory drawn from sciences, medicine, and other fields. But the practical side of chemical dependency counseling remains an art and a science. This book offers a whole set of specific techniques

Handbook of Pediatric Neuropsychology

Author: Andrew S. Davis, PhD,Rik Carl D'Amato

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826157379

Category: Psychology

Page: 1400

View: 5050

ìBy far, the most comprehensive and detailed coverage of pediatric neuropsychology available in a single book today, Davis provides coverage of basic principles of pediatric neuropsychology, but overall the work highlights applications to daily practice and special problems encountered by the pediatric neuropsychologist.î Cecil R. Reynolds, PhD Texas A&M University "The breadth and depth of this body of work is impressive. Chapters written by some of the best researchers and authors in the field of pediatric neuropsychology address every possible perspective on brain-behavior relationships culminating in an encyclopedic textÖ. This [book] reflects how far and wide pediatric neuropsychology has come in the past 20 years and the promise of how far it will go in the next." Elaine Fletcher-Janzen, EdD, NCSP, ABPdN The Chicago School of Professional Psychology "...it would be hard to imagine a clinical situation in pediatric neuropsychology in whichthis book would fail as a valuable resource."--Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology "I believe there is much to recommend this hefty volume. It is a solid reference that I can see appreciating as a resource as I update my training bibliography."--Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society This landmark reference covers all aspects of pediatric neuropsychology from a research-based perspective, while presenting an applied focus with practical suggestions and guidelines for clinical practice. Useful both as a training manual for graduate students and as a comprehensive reference for experienced practitioners, it is an essential resource for those dealing with a pediatric population. This handbook provides an extensive overview of the most common medical conditions that neuropsychologists encounter while dealing with pediatric populations. It also discusses school-based issues such as special education law, consulting with school staff, and reintegrating children back into mainstream schools. It contains over 100 well-respected authors who are leading researchers in their respective fields. Additionally, each of the 95 chapters includes an up-to-date review of available research, resulting in the most comprehensive text on pediatric neuropsychology available in a single volume. Key Features: Provides thorough information on understanding functional neuroanatomy and development, and on using functional neuroimaging Highlights clinical practice issues, such as legal and ethical decision-making, dealing with child abuse and neglect, and working with school staff Describes a variety of professional issues that neuropsychologists must confront during their daily practice, such as ethics, multiculturalism, child abuse, forensics, and psychopharmacology

Forensic Pathology Reviews

Author: Michael Tsokos

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781592599103

Category: Medical

Page: 470

View: 8949

A collection of cutting-edge accounts of special topics from various fields of forensic pathology and death scene investigation. The authors offer critical insight into the medicolegal investigation of bodies found in water, the forensic aspects of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 infection of the central nervous system, deaths in a head-down position, and forensic bitemark analysis. Additional chapters address taphonomic changes in human bodies during the early postmortem interval, arrhythmogenic ventricular dysplaisia that produces sudden death in young people, the postmortem diagnosis of death in anaphylaxis, and iatrogenici deaths. The forensic aspects of suicide, murder-suicide, and suicide trends in the United States are also discussed, along with the evaluation of fatal pulmonary thromboembolism and the use of radiology in medicolegal investigations.

A Silent Nightmare

The Bottom Line and the Challenge of Illicit Drugs

Author: Sergio Ferragut

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 1430329440

Category: Reference

Page: 288

View: 9051

A Silent Nightmare explores the issues surrounding illicit drugs and new drug policy options. America has struggled against illicit drugs for decades; however, drug use and abuse continue to weight heavily on the shoulders of our youth, crime associated with illicit drugs has increased dramatically, and drug traffickers and their stealth friends in the business world continue to grow richer. This book uncovers the myths, the root causes, and the many drug-related events and delivers the urgently needed hope that much can be achieved under a new drug paradigm. It is the author's intention to shed light on a new path leading towards a more rational, coherent and humane drug policy. He joins many distinguished personalities, including the late Milton Friedman, Economics Nobel Prize winner, William F. Buckley, Jr., founder of the National Review, and Walter Cronkite, award-winning journalist, who have raised their voices calling for an overhaul of the current failed drug policy.

Introduction to Pharmacology, Third Edition

Author: Mannfred A. Hollinger

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420047426

Category: Medical

Page: 464

View: 5988

Advances in pharmacogenomics and proteomics, along with the introduction of recombinant DNA technology, have expanded the applications of pharmacology to encompass a range of disciplines. Biomedical researchers, protein specialists, and molecular biologists are all involved in the development and delivery of novel drugs. Therefore, students in a variety of life sciences now require grounding in pharmacology. Adding much new material, Introduction to Pharmacology, Third Edition familiarizes students with the curative action of specific drugs, along with current research and the multifaceted role of pharmacology in society. New to the third edition— · Chapters on smooth muscle pharmacology covering gastrointestinal and pulmonary pharmacology · Pharmacology advances at the molecular level · The historical background of the Watson Crick model of DNA · Cutting edge topics such as RNA interference and dopamine signaling The text begins with a discussion on the absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination of drugs. Much emphasis is placed on pharmacokinetic aspects: how drugs produce an effect and the quantification of these effects for comparative purposes. Also the text describes substance abuse pharmacology and the evolution of drug laws. Several chapters deal with the development of drugs and challenges faced in drug discovery. Identifying both the therapeutic and toxicological aspects of drug use, Introduction to Pharmacology employs contemporary examples to help students become familiar with drug development and treatment, as well as possible adverse affects, and the impact of drug research and use on society today and into the future.

Rennie & Roberton's Textbook of Neonatology E-Book

Author: Janet M. Rennie

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702048313

Category: Medical

Page: 1120

View: 9355

Thoroughly revised and updated, the New Edition of this definitive text explains how to care for neonates using the very latest methods. Of diagnosis and treatment.Rennie & Roberton's Textbook of Neonatology, 5th Edition represents the state-of-the-art on neonatal care, providing not only detailed pathophysiology and clinical chapters on every condition of the neonate but also comprehensive chapters on the psychosocial aspects of neonatology, such as handling perinatal death and ethical and legal aspects of neonatal care. Contributions from Fetal Medicine experts and Obstetricians provide valuable peripheral information essential to the practice of neonatology.Rennie & Roberton's Textbook of Neonatology, 5th Edition is the gold standard for neonatal care and will be an invaluable tool for everyone involved in the care of the neonate. It serves as an authoritative reference for practitioners, a valuable preparation tool for neonatal certification exams, and a useful resource for the entire neonatal care team Improved illustration program throughout –color figures, line drawings. Will facilitate quick review and enhance comprehension. Major changes have been made to the chapters on genomics, screening,and a range of neurologic, respiratory and cardiovascular disorders including: resuscitation and ventilation, chronic lung disease, periventricular leucomalcia.This book continues to provide the user with the latest clinically relevant applications in diagnosis and management to enable user to derive appropriate differential diagnosis and management plans. Latest advances in imaging techniques included (CT, cranial ultrasonography, MRI. There has been tremendous growth in the pace of development and refinement of imaging techniques. This book will ensure that the user if fully aware of their clinical applications. Incorporates the latest guidelines on clinical governance (as recommended by RCPCH).Helps ensure implementation of appropriate management plans. Selected “key references now included at end of each chapter. Experts carefully select the most important articles for further reading to facilitate further understanding/research

Merenstein & Gardner's Handbook of Neonatal Intensive Care E-Book

Author: Sandra Lee Gardner,Brian S. Carter,Mary I Enzman-Hines,Jacinto A. Hernandez

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323081134

Category: Medical

Page: 1040

View: 7838

The leading resource for collaborative critical care for newborns, Merenstein & Gardner’s Handbook of Neonatal Intensive Care, 7th Edition provides a multidisciplinary approach and a real-world perspective. It focuses on evidenced-based practice, with clinical directions in color for easy retrieval and review. Special features help you prioritize the steps in initial care, and provide a guide to sharing information with parents. With each chapter written jointly by both physicians and nurses, this book is comprehensive enough to suit the needs of the entire team in your neonatal intensive care unit. Unique! A multidisciplinary perspective is provided by an editorial team of two physicians and two nurses, and each chapter is written and reviewed by a physician and nurse team, so information mirrors the real-world experience in a neonatal intensive care unit. Unique! Clinical content is in color, so you can quickly scan through chapters for information that directly affects patient care. Unique! Parent Teaching boxes highlight the relevant information to be shared with a patient’s caregivers. Critical Findings boxes outline symptoms and diagnostic findings that require immediate attention, helping you prioritize assessment data and steps in initial care. Coverage in clinical chapters includes pathophysiology and etiology, prevention, data collection, treatment, complications, outcomes, prognosis, and parent education. Expanded Neonatal Surgery chapter covers all of the most common procedures in neonatal surgery. Follow-up of the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Infant chapter is expanded to include coverage of outcomes management and discharge planning. Streamlined references are updated to include only the most current or classic sources.

Nicotine Psychopharmacology

Author: Jack E. Henningfield,Edythe London,Sakire Pogun

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540692487

Category: Medical

Page: 544

View: 5143

The fact that tobacco ingestion can affect how people feel and think has been known for millennia, placing the plant among those used spiritually, honori?cally, and habitually (Corti 1931; Wilbert 1987). However, the conclusion that nicotine - counted for many of these psychopharmacological effects did not emerge until the nineteenth century (Langley 1905). This was elegantly described by Lewin in 1931 as follows: “The decisive factor in the effects of tobacco, desired or undesired, is nicotine. . . ”(Lewin 1998). The use of nicotine as a pharmacological probe to und- stand physiological functioning at the dawn of the twentieth century was a landmark in the birth of modern neuropharmacology (Limbird 2004; Halliwell 2007), and led the pioneering researcher John Langley to conclude that there must exist some “- ceptive substance” to explain the diverse actions of various substances, including nicotine, when applied to muscle tissue (Langley 1905). Research on tobacco and nicotine progressed throughout the twentieth century, but much of this was from a general pharmacological and toxicological rather than a psychopharmacological perspective (Larson et al. 1961). There was some attention to the effects related to addiction, such as euphoria (Johnston 1941), tolerance (Lewin 1931), and withdrawal (Finnegan et al. 1945), but outside of research supported by the tobacco industry, addiction and psychopharmacology were not major foci for research (Slade et al. 1995; Hurt and Robertson 1998; Henning?eld et al. 2006; Henning?eld and Hartel 1999; Larson et al. 1961).

Concepts of Chemical Dependency

Author: Harold E. Doweiko

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305177401

Category: Psychology

Page: 736

View: 4753

CONCEPTS OF CHEMICAL DEPENDENCY, Ninth Edition, provides comprehensive coverage and the latest information on a full spectrum of substance use disorders and the compounds commonly abused. Topics include the abuse of and addiction to alcohol; how the active agent in marijuana, THC, affects neural growth and development; the emerging body of evidence suggesting a relationship between marijuana abuse and psychotic disorders; the emerging body of evidence suggesting that marijuana is not as benign as it was thought to be a few years ago; and the abuse of cough syrups. Adding to the book's usefulness and relevance, Doweiko also covers topics not usually discussed in other substance abuse texts, including abuse of anabolic steroids, inhalants, infectious diseases associated with substance abuse, how the “war on drugs” has actually contributed to the problem of substance abuse/addiction in this country, and the “medical marijuana” debate. This edition includes new information on synthetic marijuana, mephredone, and dextromethorphan, among other substances; updates reflecting the new DSM-5; and a new chapter on the Biopsychosocial Model of Addiction. Students report that they appreciate the author's balanced approach, which allows them to form their own opinions, in contrast to some books that “preach” that “drugs are bad for you.” Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Drugs in American Society: An Encyclopedia of History, Politics, Culture, and the Law [3 volumes]

Author: Nancy E. Marion,Willard M. Oliver

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1610695968

Category: Political Science

Page: 1163

View: 9955

Containing more than 450 entries, this easy-to-read encyclopedia provides concise information about the history of and recent trends in drug use and drug abuse in the United States—a societal problem with an estimated cost of $559 billion a year. • Contains more than 450 detailed entries on topics ranging from drugs themselves—such as alcohol, codeine, heroin, marijuana, and methamphetamines—to key individuals like Harry Anslinger to organizations such as the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) • Covers the latest developments in U.S. policies and public attitudes toward drugs and drug use • Provides citations with each entry to guide users to other valuable research resources • Features carefully selected primary documents—including excerpts from important laws, policies, and campaigns—that have shaped American drug policy over the decades

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