Problems with Women and Problems with Society in Melanesia
Author: Marilyn Strathern
Publisher: Univ of California Press
In the most original and ambitious synthesis yet undertaken in Melanesian scholarship, Marilyn Strathern argues that gender relations have been a particular casualty of unexamined assumptions held by Western anthropologists and feminist scholars alike. The book treats with equal seriousness—and with equal good humor—the insights of Western social science, feminist politics, and ethnographic reporting, in order to rethink the representation of Melanesian social and cultural life. This makes The Gender of the Gift one of the most sustained critiques of cross-cultural comparison that anthropology has seen, and one of its most spirited vindications.
A Bibliographic Survey
Author: G. W. Trompf
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
Religions of Melanesia is the first comprehensive annotated bibliography of religious life in a region that boasts over one-quarter of the world's distinct religions.
A Postmodern Anthropology for Mission in a Postcolonial World
Author: Michael Rynkiewich
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
Globalization and urbanization are twin forces that are powerfully shaping economics, politics, and religion in the world today. Traditional anthropological theories are inadequate to recognize and analyze trends such as global migration, diasporas, and transnationalism. New departures in anthropology and the social sciences seeking to address these and other phenomena can help us critique and reshape the theology and practice of Christian mission. Today most societies are no longer monocultural. In such multicultural contexts any given individual may be competent in several cultures, several languages, several social networks. What does it mean to be in mission with people on the move--people who present themselves in one social identity, language, and culture within a particular setting, and then in another setting, even on the very same day, present themselves in another social identity, language, and culture? In the face of widespread, rapid movement of peoples and their increasingly fluid and multifaceted identities, will the missionary settle down somewhere or be itinerant along with the people? How are perplexing new questions in particular contexts to be addressed, such as: In what ways is the Nigerian who is founding an AIC congregation near Houston a missionary too? How will Brazilians and Koreans be trained for cross-cultural ministry? The world is changing faster than missionaries can be retrained for service. And yet ethnographic tools are still crucial to missionary practice. This important work seeks to draw on recent developments in anthropology to bring valuable perspective and tools to bear on equipping missionaries for work amidst the rapid shifting and complex shaping of peoples by the forces of today's globalized world.
Author: Hastings Donnan,Fiona Magowan
Category: Social Science
Sex scholarship has a long history in anthropology, from the studies of voyeuristic Victorian gentlemen ethnographers, to more recent analyses of gay sex, transsexualism, and the newly visible forms of contemporary sexuality in the West. The Anthropology of Sex draws on the comparative field research of anthropologists to examine the relationship between sex as identity, practice and experience. Sexual cultures vary enormously and, while often the topic of tabloid titillation, they are more rarely subjected to strict cultural analysis. The Anthropology of Sex is the first work to critically synthesise over a century of comparative expertise, knowledge and understanding of diverse sexual forms. - Explores sexuality from diversity to perversity and asks how diverse sexual practices are linked. - Probes the cultural and comparative context of contemporary sexual practice and belief. - Examines the shaping of sex by global and globalizing forces. The Anthropology of Sex will be key reading for undergraduate and postgraduate courses in anthropology and related disciplines
An ethnography of Bininj Gunwok communication
Author: Murray Garde
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
The study of person reference stands at the cross-roads of linguistics, anthropology and psychology. As one aspect of an ethnography of communication, this book deals with a single problem — how one knows who is being talked about in conversation — from a rich and varied ethnographic perspective. Through a combination of grammatical agreement and free pronouns, Bininj Gunwok possesses a pronominal system that, according to current theoretical accounts in linguistics, should facilitate clear cut reference. However, the descriptions of Bininj Gunwok conversation in this volume demonstrate that frequently a vast gulf lies between knowing that, say, an object is '3rd singular', and actually knowing who it refers to. Achieving reference to people in Bininj Gunwok can involve a delicate and refined set of calculations which are part of a deliberate and artful way of speaking. Speakers draw on a diverse set of grammatical and lexical devices all underpinned by shared knowledge about a diverse range of social relationships and cultural practices.
Author: Anne-Marie Hilsdon,Martha Macintyre,Vera Mackie,Maila Stivens
Category: Political Science
In recent years, the slogan "women's rights are human rights" has become a central claim of the of the global women's movement. Human Rights and Gender Politics: Asia-Pacific Perspectives examines the critical issues raised by this embracing and expansion of the human rights discourse by feminists worldwide. This volume challenges the conventional, ungendered and male-centred analysis of the politics of human rights and addresses the future of global feminisms. It is essential reading for all those interested in learning more about human rights and women's rights in the Asia-Pacific region.
Author: Sinclair Dinnen,Allison Ley
Publisher: Austrlian National Univ Faculty of Law
Category: Social Science
This collection of studies from commentators, academics and activists from throughout the region examines the diverse meanings of violence in Melanesia. It shows that the nature and level of violence varies widely across different Melanesian contexts, with some of those contexts experiencing extraordinary levels of violence.Through the reports the meaning of the categories used in Western law is challenged. Forms of oppression that were more important in the West centuries ago are still important in Melanesia, and while the cultural patterns of violence are local and plural, there are also global currents and paradoxes of political economies and restorative justice. This is not just a book for Melanesianists, but for all who are concerned about violence and healing it.
Ethics of Exchange on a Massim Island, Papua New Guinea
Author: Susanne Kuehling
Publisher: Latitude Twenty Book
Category: Social Science
Countering the reputation of Dobu Island as a place of sorcerers, Kueling (anthropology, Heidelberg U.) describes essential elements of the Dobu worldview as they present themselves in the concept of the person, everyday exchanges, big gifts, witchcraft and sorcery, gifts of cash, strategic friendships, mortuary feasting, and other aspects. Annotat
Author: Jens Kreinath,Jan Snoek,Michael Stausberg
Publisher: Brill Academic Publishers
Volume one of Theorizing Rituals assembles 34 leading scholars from various countries and disciplines working within this field. The authors review main methodological and meta-theoretical problems (part I) followed by some of the classical issues (part II). Further chapters discuss main approaches to theorizing rituals (part III) and explore some key analytical concepts for theorizing rituals (part IV). The volume is provided with extensive indices.
Art, Memory and Sacrifice
Author: Susanne Küchler
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic
Category: Social Science
Shortlisted for the Katharine Briggs Folkore Award 2003 Malanggan are among the most treasured possessions in the Pacific, yet they continue to confound anthropologists. Central to funerals in New Ireland, these 'death' figures are intended to decompose as symbolic representations of the dead. Wrapped in images that are conceived of as 'skins', they are both visually complex and intriguing. This book is the first to interpret these mysterious agents of resemblance and connection as having a cognitive rather than a linguistic basis. Found in nearly every ethnographic museum in the world, Malanggan collections have been left virtually untouched. This original study begins by tracing the history of the collections and moves on to consider the role these artefacts play in sacrifice, ritual and exchange. What is the relationship between Malanggan and memory? How can Malanggan be understood as a life force as well as a vehicle for thought? In an analysis of the cognitive aspects of Malanggan, Küchler offers a highly original conceptualization of the centrality of the knot as a mode of being, thinking and binding in the Pacific. Malanggan: Art, Memory and Sacrifice is a groundbreaking study. Based on fifteen years of fieldwork and collection research, it provides an incisive new take on one of the Pacific's classic puzzles, as well as a wealth of new information and resources for anthropologists, collectors and curators alike.
Author: John Thawley
Publisher: Scarecrow Area Bibliographies
This selective bibliography of nearly 6,000 items concentrates on monographs published during the last fifty years, updating other major bibliographies on the Australasian and South Pacific region.