Search Results: the-global-commons-an-introduction

The Global Commons

An Introduction

Author: Susan J. Buck

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 9781597267625

Category: Nature

Page: 240

View: 9326

Vast areas of valuable resources unfettered by legal rights have, for centuries, been the central target of human exploitation and appropriation. The global commons -- Antarctica, the high seas and deep seabed minerals, the atmosphere, and space -- have remained exceptions only because access has been difficult or impossible, and the technology for successful extraction has been lacking. Now, technology has caught up with desire, and management regimes are needed to guide human use of these important resource domains.In The Global Commons, Susan Buck considers the history of human interactions with each of the global commons areas and provides a concise yet thorough account of the evolution of management regimes for each area. She explains historical underpinnings of international law, examines the stakeholders involved, and discusses current policy and problems associated with it.Buck applies key analytical concepts drawn from institutional analysis and regime theory to examine how legal and political concerns have affected the evolution of management regimes for the global commons. She presents in-depth case studies of each of the four regimes, outlining the historical evolution of the commons -- development of interest in exploiting the resource domain; conflicts among nations over the use of the commons; and efforts to design institutions to control access to the domains and to regulate their use -- and concluding with a description of the management regime that eventually emerged from the informal and formal negotiations.The Global Commons provides a clear, useful introduction to the subject that will be of interest to general readers as well as to students in international relations and international environmental law, and in environmental law and policy generally.

Securing Freedom in the Global Commons

Author: Scott Jasper

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804770107

Category: Political Science

Page: 293

View: 7270

This will be the first book to attempt to take a 'holistic' approach to security in the Commons (outer space, the atmosphere, the oceans, cyberspace, etc) in that it examines in detail each domain of the commons, identifying and assessing the current and future threats to free international access to the domain.

Conflict and Cooperation in the Global Commons

A Comprehensive Approach for International Security

Author: Scott Jasper

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 1589019229

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 390

More than ever, international security and economic prosperity depend upon safe access to the shared domains that make up the global commons: maritime, air, space, and cyberspace. Together these domains serve as essential conduits through which international commerce, communication, and governance prosper. However, the global commons are congested, contested, and competitive. In the January 2012 defense strategic guidance, the United States confirmed its commitment “to continue to lead global efforts with capable allies and partners to assure access to and use of the global commons, both by strengthening international norms of responsible behavior and by maintaining relevant and interoperable military capabilities.” In the face of persistent threats, some hybrid in nature, and their consequences, Conflict and Cooperation in the Global Commons provides a forum where contributors identify ways to strengthen and maintain responsible use of the global commons. The result is a comprehensive approach that will enhance, align, and unify commercial industry, civil agency, and military perspectives and actions.

The Challenge of Global Commons and Flows for US Power

The Perils of Missing the Human Domain

Author: Mika Aaltola,Juha Käpylä

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317039211

Category: Political Science

Page: 182

View: 6520

Global commons are domains that fall outside the direct jurisdiction of sovereign states - the high seas, air, space, and most recently man-made cyberspace - and thus should be usable by anyone. These domains, even if outside the direct responsibility and governance of sovereign entities, are of crucial interest for the contemporary world order. This book elaborates a practice-based approach to the global commons and flows to examine critically the evolving geopolitical strategy and vision of United States. The study starts with the observation that the nature of US power is evolving increasingly towards the recognition that command over the flows of global interdependence is a central dimension of national power. The study then highlights the emerging security and governance of these flows. In this context, the flows and the underlying global critical infrastructure are emerging as objects of high-level strategic importance. The book pays special attention to one of the least recognized but perhaps most fundamental challenges related to the global commons, namely the conceptual and practical challenge of inter-domain relationships-between maritime, air, space, and cyber-flows that bring about not only opportunities but also new vulnerabilities. These complexities cannot be understood through technological means alone but rather the issues need to be clarified by bringing in the human domain of security.

Sustainable Development and the Global Commons - 7006iied

Author: International Institute for Environment & Development

Publisher: IIED

ISBN: 9781843690788

Category:

Page: 179

View: 1402

Global Commons, Domestic Decisions

The Comparative Politics of Climate Change

Author: Kathryn Harrison,Lisa McIntosh Sundstrom

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262014262

Category: Political Science

Page: 312

View: 3668

Comparative case studies and analyses of the influence of domestic politics on countries' climate change policies and Kyoto ratification decisions.

Laudato si

Die Umwelt-Enzyklika des Papstes

Author: Franziskus (Papst),

Publisher: Verlag Herder GmbH

ISBN: 345180736X

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 7468

Mit großer Spannung wurde sie erwartet, auch von Nicht-Katholiken: Die Umwelt-Enzyklika von Papst Franziskus nimmt die heute entscheidenden Themen in den Blick; es geht um die geht um soziale, ökologische und politische Zusammenhänge. Wohl selten war ein päpstliches Schreiben so aktuell und brisant und vor allem relevant für alle Gesellschaftsschichten und Menschen weltweit. Mit "Laudato si" beweist Franziskus, dass die Kirche nach wie vor eine unverzichtbare Stimme im Diskurs zur Gestaltung der modernen Welt ist. Wer verstehen will, wie Papst und Kirche die großen Herausforderungen unserer Zeit bestehen wollen, kommt an diesem Werk nicht vorbei. Ein Muss für jeden, der an den drängenden Fragen unserer Zeit interessiert ist.

Die Null-Grenzkosten-Gesellschaft

Das Internet der Dinge, kollaboratives Gemeingut und der Rückzug des Kapitalismus

Author: Jeremy Rifkin

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593425165

Category: Fiction

Page: 525

View: 3108

Teilen ist das neue Besitzen Der Kapitalismus geht zu Ende? Eine gewagte These! Doch wer könnte eine solch spannende Zukunftsvision mit Leben füllen? Jeremy Rifkin - Regierungsberater, Zukunftsvisionär und Bestsellerautor. Kurz: "einer der 150 einflussreichsten Intellektuellen der Welt" (National Journal). Rifkin ist überzeugt: Das Ende des Kapitalismus kommt nicht von heute auf morgen, aber dennoch unaufhaltsam. Die Zeichen dafür sind längst unübersehbar: - Die Produktionskosten sinken. - Wir leben in einer Share Economy, in der immer mehr das Teilen, Tauschen und Teilnehmen im Fokus steht. - Das Zeitalter der intelligenten Gegenstände - das Internet der Dinge - ist gekommen. Es fördert die Produktivität in einem Maße, dass die Grenzkosten vieler Güter und Dienstleistungen nahezu null sind, was sie praktisch kostenlos macht. - Eine einst auf Knappheit gegründete Ökonomie macht immer mehr einer Ökonomie des Überflusses Platz. Ein neues Buch für eine neue Zeit Jeremy Rifkin fügt in seinem neuen Buch "Die Null-Grenzkosten-Gesellschaft. Das Internet der Dinge, kollaboratives Gemeingut und der Rückzug des Kapitalismus" die Koordinaten der neuen Zeit endlich zu einem erkennbaren Bild zusammen. Aus unserer industriell geprägten erwächst eine globale, gemeinschaftlich orientierte Gesellschaft. In ihr ist Teilen mehr wert als Besitzen, sind Bürger über nationale Grenzen hinweg politisch aktiv und steht das Streben nach Lebensqualität über dem nach Reichtum. Die Befreiung vom Diktat des Eigentums hat begonnen und mit ihr eine neue Zeit. - Wie wird dieser fundamentale Wandel unser Leben verändern? - Wie wird der Wandel unsere Zukunft bestimmen? - Was heißt das schon heute für unseren Alltag? Kein anderer könnte die Zeichen der Zeit besser für uns deuten als der Zukunftsvisionär Rifkin in seinem neuen Buch.

The Global Idea of 'the Commons'

Author: Donald Macon Nonini

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781845454852

Category: Social Science

Page: 138

View: 2448

During the last three decades, corporations allied with scientists and universities, national and regional governments, and international financial institutions have, through a variety of mechanisms associated with neo-liberal globalization, acted to dispossess large proportions of the world's population of their commons' resources and enclose them for profit making. In response, throughout the global South and in the cities of the global North, large numbers of people have formed movements to defend the commons in all their variety. The idea of the commons has thus emerged as a global idea, and commons have emerged as sites of conflict around the world. The essays in this forum assess strategically the situations of selected commons in a variety of diagnostic sites where they exist, the ways in which they are being transformed by the incursions of capital and state, and the ways in which they are becoming the locus of struggle for those who depend on them to survive.

The Drama of the Commons

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on the Human Dimensions of Global Change

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309169981

Category: Social Science

Page: 533

View: 6349

The "tragedy of the commons" is a central concept in human ecology and the study of the environment. It has had tremendous value for stimulating research, but it only describes the reality of human-environment interactions in special situations. Research over the past thirty years has helped clarify how human motivations, rules governing access to resources, the structure of social organizations, and the resource systems themselves interact to determine whether or not the many dramas of the commons end happily. In this book, leaders in the field review the evidence from several disciplines and many lines of research and present a state-of-the-art assessment. They summarize lessons learned and identify the major challenges facing any system of governance for resource management. They also highlight the major challenges for the next decade: making knowledge development more systematic; understanding institutions dynamically; considering a broader range of resources (such as global and technological commons); and taking into account the effects of social and historical context. This book will be a valuable and accessible introduction to the field for students and a resource for advanced researchers.

Understanding the Global Commons

Author: Daniel W. Bromley,Jeffrey Alan Cochrane

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Environmental policy

Page: 18

View: 3037

On Global Justice

Author: Mathias Risse

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400845505

Category: Philosophy

Page: 480

View: 2705

Debates about global justice have traditionally fallen into two camps. Statists believe that principles of justice can only be held among those who share a state. Those who fall outside this realm are merely owed charity. Cosmopolitans, on the other hand, believe that justice applies equally among all human beings. On Global Justice shifts the terms of this debate and shows how both views are unsatisfactory. Stressing humanity's collective ownership of the earth, Mathias Risse offers a new theory of global distributive justice--what he calls pluralist internationalism--where in different contexts, different principles of justice apply. Arguing that statists and cosmopolitans seek overarching answers to problems that vary too widely for one single justice relationship, Risse explores who should have how much of what we all need and care about, ranging from income and rights to spaces and resources of the earth. He acknowledges that especially demanding redistributive principles apply among those who share a country, but those who share a country also have obligations of justice to those who do not because of a universal humanity, common political and economic orders, and a linked global trading system. Risse's inquiries about ownership of the earth give insights into immigration, obligations to future generations, and obligations arising from climate change. He considers issues such as fairness in trade, responsibilities of the WTO, intellectual property rights, labor rights, whether there ought to be states at all, and global inequality, and he develops a new foundational theory of human rights.

Gutes besser tun

Wie wir mit effektivem Altruismus die Welt verändern können

Author: William MacAskill

Publisher: Ullstein eBooks

ISBN: 3843713391

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 3179

Soll ich einen Flüchtling bei mir beherbergen? Ist es sinnvoll, nach Naturkatastrophen zu spenden? Übernehme ich besser die Patenschaft für ein Kind aus Äthiopien oder für ein Kind aus Deutschland? Helfe ich den Betroffenen, oder beruhige ich nur mein Gewissen? William MacAskill hat mit dem Konzept des effektiven Altruismus eine Antwort gefunden. Er nennt die Kriterien für sinnvolles und nachhaltiges Helfen. Oft sind es scheinbar kleine Handlungen, die Großes bewirken: Eine einfache Wurmkur verbessert die Lebensqualität afrikanischer Kinder mehr als eine teure Wasserpumpe fürs ganze Dorf. MacAskill zeigt, warum gut gemeint und gut gemacht zwei verschiedene Dinge sind und wie wir Veränderungen am besten erreichen können. Sein Buch ist eine konkrete Handreichung für alle, die Gutes noch besser tun wollen.

The Political Uncommons

The Cross-cultural Logic of the Global Commons

Author: Kathryn Milun

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754671398

Category: Law

Page: 231

View: 5992

This book presents a cultural history of the global commons, connecting the logic of legal institutions governing global commons to colonial doctrines that dispossessed indigenous peoples of their land. It demonstrates how global commons regimes might benefit from the cross-cultural logics found where indigenous peoples have gained recognition of their common tenure systems in Western courts.

The Oxford Handbook of the Macroeconomics of Global Warming

Author: Lucas Bernard,Willi Semmler

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190204192

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 560

View: 8929

The first World Climate Conference, which was sponsored by the World Meteorological Organization in Gen?ve in 1979, triggered an international dialogue on global warming. From the 1997 United Nations-sponsored conference-during which the Kyoto Protocol was signed-through meetings in Copenhagen, Canc?n, Durban, and most recently Doha (2012) and Warsaw (2013), worldwide attention to the issue of global warming and its impact on the world's economy has rapidly increased in intensity. The consensus of these debates and discussions, however, is less than clear. Optimistically, many geoscience researchers and members of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) have supported CO2 emission reduction pledges while maintaining that a 2?C limit in increased temperature by the year 2100 is achievable through international coordination. Other observers postulate that established CO2 reduction commitments such as those agreed to at the Copenhagen United Nations Climate Change Conference (2009) are insufficient and cannot hold the global warming increase below 2?C. As experts theorize on precisely what impact global warming will have, developing nations have become particularly alarmed. The developed world will use energy to mitigate global warming effects, but developing countries are more exposed by geography and poverty to the most dangerous consequences of a global temperature rise and lack the economic means to adapt. The complex dynamics that result from this confluence of science and geopolitics gives rise to even more complicated issues for economists, financial planners, business leaders, and policy-makers. The Oxford Handbook of the Macroeconomics of Global Warming analyzes the economic impact of issues related to and resulting from global warming, specifically the implications of possible preventative measures, various policy changes, and adaptation efforts as well as the different consequences climate change will have on both developing and developed nations. This multi-disciplinary approach, which touches on issues of growth, employment, and development, elucidates for readers state-of-the-art research on the complex and far-reaching problem of global warming.

International Science and Technology Cooperation in a Globalized World

The External Dimension of the European Research Area

Author: Heiko Prange-Gstöhl

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1849807116

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 7596

In a globalized knowledge-economy, the European Union (EU) needs a new approach to its international science and technology (S & T) policies by focusing on improved coherence across the different tiers of government and by demonstrating leadership in tackling serious global challenges. The contributors to this book analyze European S & T policies in several areas of global concern as well as by exposing both the pitfalls of policy coordination and its potential to contribute to a more coherent international S & T policy. They highlight the interactions between national, European and international po.

International Environmental Law & Policy

Author: Ved P. Nanda

Publisher: Transnational Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9780941320597

Category: Law

Page: 458

View: 2815

A significant contribution to the field . . . a welcome addition to the growing literature on international environmental law and an important reference for every scholar, lawyer, and layperson interested in the field.Denver Journal of International Law & Policy, Vol. V Emphasizing the human and societal damage caused by corporate actors, this provocative book analyzes a broad range of regional and global issues, such as air and water quality, marine pollution, climate change, ozone depletion, deforestation, traffic in hazardous waste and chemicals, and loss of biological diversity. The text provides readers with an incisive, integrated approach to the political, economic, scientific, and technological realities that underlie international environmental law and policy. Published under the Transnational Publishers imprint.

Greening International Law

Author: Philippe Sands

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134161867

Category: Political Science

Page: 286

View: 3540

Environmental problems do not respect international boundaries; they affect the entire globe, and dealing with them is a matter for international political negotiation, law and institutions. Greening International Law assesses the extent to which the international community has so far adapted to address environmental problems, and examines the fundamental changes needed to the structure and organisation of the legal system and its institutions. The contributors to this volume have all played a central role in the development of international environmental law over the past decade, and their essays will be of interest to all those professionally, academically or individually concerned with the resolution of environmental problems.

Der Leviathan

Author: Thomas Hobbes

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783866474116

Category:

Page: 336

View: 9497

Thomas Hobbes Leviathan ist das Sinnbild unumschränkter und unteilbarer staatlicher Macht- Der Mensch, von Natur aus ein egoistisches und auf Selbsterhaltung bedachtes Wesen, findet die Sicherheit des Zusammenlebens allein in der Institution des Staates. Das 1651 erschienene Meisterwerk des einflussreichen englischen Denkers wurde besonders im 20.Jahrhundert viel diskutiert und ist bis heute Inspirationsquelle der modernen Staatstheorie.

American Studies, Ecocriticism, and Citizenship

Thinking and Acting in the Local and Global Commons

Author: Joni Adamson,Kimberly N. Ruffin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415628237

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 269

View: 9373

Contributors to the collection examine literary, historical, and cultural examples from the 19th century to the 21st. They explore notions of the common--namely, common humanity, common wealth, and common ground--and the relation of these notions to often conflicting definitions of who (or what) can have access to "citizenship" and "rights." The book engages in scholarly ecological analysis via the lens of various human groups--ethnic, racial, gendered, coalitional--that are shaping twenty-first century environmental experience and vision.

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