Search Results: the-goldilocks-planet-the-4-billion-year-story-of-earth-s-climate

The Goldilocks Planet

The 4 Billion Year Story of Earth's Climate

Author: Jan Zalasiewicz,Mark Williams

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199593574

Category: Science

Page: 303

View: 5317

Presents a history of climate to reveal that the climatic changes happening hardly compare to the changes the Earth has seen over the last 4.5 billion years.

Eyes to See

The Astonishing Variety of Vision in Nature

Author: Michael Land

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191064866

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 5175

Vision is the sense by which we and other animals obtain most of our information about the world around us. Darwin appreciated that at first sight it seems absurd that the human eye could have evolved by natural selection. But we now know far more about vision, the many times it has independently evolved in nature, and the astonishing variety of ways to see. The human eye, with a lens forming an image on a sensitive retina, represents just one. Scallops, shrimps, and lobsters all use mirrors in different ways. Jumping spiders scan with their front-facing eyes to check whether the object in front is an insect to eat, another spider to mate with, or a predator to avoid. Mantis shrimps can even measure the polarization of light. Animal eyes are amazing structures, often involving precision optics and impressive information processing, mainly using wet protein - not the substance an engineer would choose for such tasks. In Eyes to See, Michael Land, one of the leading world experts on vision, explores the varied ways in which sight has evolved and is used in the natural world, and describes some of the ingenious experiments researchers have used to uncover its secrets. He also discusses human vision, including his experiments on how our eye movements help us to do everyday tasks, as well as skilled ones such as sight-reading music or driving. He ends by considering the fascinating problem of how the constantly shifting images from our eyes are converted in the brain into the steady and integrated conscious view of the world we experience.

Climate: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Mark Maslin

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191653934

Category: Science

Page: 152

View: 3575

In this wide-ranging Very Short Introduction to climate, Mark Maslin considers all aspects of the global climate system, exploring and explaining the different components that control climate on Earth. He considers the processes that allow energy to reach the Earth and how it is redistributed around the planet by the ocean-atmosphere system; the relationship and differences between climate and the weather; how climate has affected life on Earth and human settlements; and the cyclic and quasi-cyclic features of climate such as the Milankovitch cycles and El Nino. He concludes by touching on the issue of climate change, and outlines some of the approaches that are now being taken to tackle it. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Meteorologie und Klimatologie

Eine Einführung

Author: Horst Malberg

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662087006

Category: Science

Page: 364

View: 644

Auf der Basis der physikalischen Grundlagen (Strahlung, Luftbewegung, Wolken- und Niederschlagsbildung) sowie der verschiedenen Methoden der Wetterbeobachtung (Boden, Radiosonde, Satelliten, Radar) werden Wettersysteme und Wettervorhersage verständlich erläutert. Die allgemeine atmosphärische Zirkulation verknüpft das kurzlebige Wettergeschehen mit dem großräumigen Klima auf der Erde. Ausführungen über Klimaänderungen, orographische Windsysteme, Stadtklima, Luftverunreinigungen und Wetterbeeinflussung runden die Einführung in den aktuellen Stand der Meteorologie und Klimatologie ab. Die 4. Aufl. beinhaltet zahlreiche Aktualisierungen und Ergänzungen, so z.B. zu den lufthygienischen Bedingungen in Tälern, und wurde um ein Kapitel über El Nino bzw. ENSO erweitert.

Big History and the Future of Humanity

Author: Fred Spier

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118881729

Category: History

Page: 360

View: 3291

"Provides an accessible and original overview of the entire sweep of history that places human history within the context of the history of life, the Earth, and the universe"--

Ocean Worlds

The Story of Seas on Earth and Other Planets

Author: Jan Zalasiewicz,Mark Williams

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199672881

Category: Science

Page: 294

View: 6720

Traces the history and evolution of oceans on Earth as well as their importance and the changes wrought by humans that threaten all aspects of their existence, and looks beyond Earth to oceans on other planets.

Earth Matters

How Soil Underlies Civilization

Author: Richard Bardgett

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199668566

Category: Soil and civilization

Page: 224

View: 5868

For much of history, soil has played a major, and often central, role in the lives of humans. Entire societies have risen, and collapsed, through the management or mismanagement of soil; farmers and gardeners worldwide nurture their soil to provide their plants with water, nutrients, and protection from pests and diseases; major battles have been aborted or stalled by the condition of soil; murder trials have been solved with evidence from the soil; and, for most of us, our ultimate fate is the soil. In this book Richard Bardgett discusses soil and the many, and sometimes surprising, ways that humanity has depended on it throughout history, and still does today. Analysing the role soil plays in our own lives, despite increasing urbanization, and in the biogeochemical cycles that allow the planet to function effectively, Bardgett considers how superior soil management could combat global issues such as climate change, food shortages, and the extinction of species. Looking to the future, Bardgett argues that it is vital for the future of humanity for governments worldwide to halt soil degradation, and to put in place policies for the future sustainable management of soils.

Scarcity in the Modern World

History, Politics, Society and Sustainability, 1800-2075

Author: John Brewer,Neil Fromer,Fredrik Albritton Jonsson,Frank Trentmann

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1350040932

Category: History

Page: 312

View: 7527

Scarcity in the Modern World brings together world-renowned scholars to examine how concerns about the scarcity of environmental resources such as water, food, energy and materials have developed, and subsequently been managed, from the 18th to the 21st century. These multi-disciplinary contributions situate contemporary concerns about scarcity within their longer history, and address recent forecasts and debates surrounding the future scarcity of fossil fuels, renewable energy and water up to 2075. This book offers a fresh way of tackling the current challenge of meeting global needs in an increasingly resource-stressed environment. By bringing together scholars from a variety of academic disciplines, this volume provides an innovative multi-disciplinary perspective that corrects previous scholarship which has discussed scientific and cultural issues separately. In doing so, it recognizes that this challenge is complex and cannot be addressed by a single discipline, but requires a concerted effort to think about its political and social, as well as technical and economic dimensions. This volume is essential for all students and scholars of environmental and economic history.

Climate

Causes and Effects of Climate Change

Author: Dana Desonie

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 1438105649

Category: Climatic changes

Page: 199

View: 8973

Discusses the issue of global warming and what we can do to prevent its rise. This book addresses how people must use energy more efficiently, develop alternative energy sources, and lower emissions technologies.

Unsere einsame Erde

Author: Peter D. Ward,Donald Brownlee

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642565069

Category: Science

Page: 374

View: 4554

Sind wir vielleicht allein im Universum? Die Antworten überraschen und führen den Leser auf eine faszinierende Reise von den vulkanischen Quellen des Ozeanbodens bis zum Jupiter-Mond. "...ein stellares Beispiel präziser Ausdruckskraft." (American Scientist)

Frontiers of Climate Modeling

Author: J. T. Kiehl,V. Ramanathan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139453233

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 2427

The physics and dynamics of the atmosphere and atmosphere-ocean interactions provide the foundation of modern climate models, upon which our understanding of the chemistry and biology of ocean and land surface processes are built. Originally published in 2006, Frontiers of Climate Modeling captures developments in modeling the atmosphere, and their implications for our understanding of climate change, whether due to natural or anthropogenic causes. Emphasis is on elucidating how greenhouse gases and aerosols are altering the radiative forcing of the climate system and the sensitivity of the system to such perturbations. An expert team of authors address key aspects of the atmospheric greenhouse effect, clouds, aerosols, atmospheric radiative transfer, deep convection dynamics, large scale ocean dynamics, stratosphere-troposphere interactions, and coupled ocean-atmosphere model development. The book is an important reference for researchers and advanced students interested in the forces driving the climate system and how they are modeled by climate scientists.

Big History

Die Geschichte der Welt - Vom Urknall bis zur Zukunft der Menschheit

Author: David Christian

Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG

ISBN: 3446261427

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 8199

Der Big Bang war der heißeste Augenblick der Weltgeschichte. Der Rest ist Abkühlung. Und die hatte Folgen: Atome und Sterne entstanden, die Erde und wir. Eingebettet in die Geschichte des Universums ist auch die Geschichte der Menschheit. David Christian erzählt die Historie der Welt anhand von acht Schwellenmomenten: von der Entstehung des Lebens bis zur Fotosynthese, von der Sprache bis zum menschgemachten Klimawandel. Sein Buch ist eine brillante Synthese der Erkenntnisse aus Astronomie, Biologie, Chemie und Physik. Und eine atemberaubende moderne Ursprungsgeschichte, die mit einem Ausblick auf die Zukunft endet, in der wir endlich die Verantwortung für den Planeten Erde übernehmen müssen.

Der Mensch und das Meer

Warum der größte Lebensraum der Erde in Gefahr ist

Author: Callum Roberts

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 3641100062

Category: Social Science

Page: 592

View: 2706

Der Wandel eines faszinierenden, bedrohten Lebensraums Die Ozeane sind nicht nur der größte Lebensraum der Erde, sondern auch der am wenigsten erforschte. Die unermessliche Vielfalt dieses Ökosystems beginnen wir erst jetzt bis in die letzten Winkel zu begreifen – auch wie wichtig das Meer für unser Leben ist. Im letzten Jahrhundert hat jedoch die Herrschaft des Menschen über die Natur auch die Ozeane erreicht: Wir fischen die Meere leer und füllen sie stattdessen mit Umweltgiften. Tiefseebergbau droht den Lebensraum unzähliger Pflanzen und Tiere bis zur Unkenntlichkeit zu verändern. Die Klimaerwärmung ließ bereits ein Viertel aller Korallen zugrunde gehen. In seinem aufrüttelnden Buch beschreibt der Meeresbiologe und –schützer Callum Roberts den großen Reichtum der Ozeane und ihren Wandel, und er ruft dazu auf, der Zerstörung der Meere endlich Einhalt zu gebieten, denn noch ist es nicht zu spät.

Environment, Energy, and Society

Exemplary Works

Author: Craig R. Humphrey,Tammy L. Lewis,Frederick H. Buttel

Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780534579579

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 431

View: 4790

This text was designed as a reader to accompany Humphrey, Lewis, and Buttel, Environment, Energy, and Society: A New Synthesis (2002). The reader is divided into eight parts exploring issues and topics central to the study of the environment, rural and urban problems.

Project Sunshine

How science can use the sun to fuel and feed the world

Author: Steve McKevitt,Tony Ryan

Publisher: Icon Books Ltd

ISBN: 1848315627

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 320

View: 9487

It’s an astonishing fact that capturing all the energy in just one hour’s worth of sunlight would enable us to meet the planet’s food and energy needs for an entire year. Project Sunshine tells the story of how scientists are working to reconnect us to the ‘solar economy’, harnessing the power of the sun to provide sustainable food and energy for a global population of 10 billion people: an achievement that would end our dependence on ‘fossilised sunshine’ in the form of coal, oil and gas and remake our connection with the soil that grows our food. Steve McKevitt and Tony Ryan describe the human race’s complex relationship with the sun and take us back through history to see how our world became the place it is today – chemically, geologically, ecologically, climatically and economically – before moving on to the cutting-edge science and technology that will enable us to live happily in a sustainable future.

The Silent Deep

The Discovery, Ecology and Conservation of the Deep Sea

Author: Julian Anthony Koslow

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 270

View: 6367

Discusses the ecology of the deep sea, the impact being made by humans, and advocates for protection of this ecosystem.

New Left Review

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Electronic journals

Page: N.A

View: 4596

New Scientist

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 3420

Moral Expertise

Studies in Practical and Professional Ethics

Author: Don MacNiven

Publisher: London : Routledge

ISBN: N.A

Category: Ethics.

Page: 231

View: 9591

The unusual essays gathered here explore the proposition that as a society we are becoming amoral, our professions no longer have a moral dimension. Wide-ranging, it looks at, for example, the ethics of forestry and planetary engineering.

Environment

problems and solutions

Author: George Tyler Miller

Publisher: Wadsworth Pub Co

ISBN: 9780534233945

Category: Science

Page: 150

View: 5074

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