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The Great Naturalists

Author: Robert Huxley

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 304

View: 507

Traces the story of natural history as reflected by the lives, observations, and discoveries of some of the world's forefront naturalists, including Alexander von Humboldt, Charles Darwin, and Aristotle, in an account that is complemented by lavish paintings and drawings of animals and natural objects.

From Aristotle to Darwin and Back Again

A Journey in Final Causality, Species, and Evolution

Author: Etienne Gilson

Publisher: Ignatius Press

ISBN:

Category: Religion

Page: 254

View: 807

Darwin's theory of evolution remains controversial, even though most scientists, philosophers, and even theologians accept it, in some form, as an explanation for the variety of organisms. The controversy erupts when the theory is used to try to explain everything, including every aspect of human life, and to deny the role of a Creator or a purpose to life. The overreaching of many scientists into matters beyond the self-imposed limits of scientific method is perhaps explained in part by the loss of two important ideas in modern thinking--final causality or purpose, and formal causality. Scientists understandably bracket the idea out of their scientific thinking because they seek explanations on the level of material and efficient causes only. Yet many of them wrongly conclude from their selective study of the world that final and formal causes do not exist at all and that they have no place in the rational study of life. Likewise, many erroneously assume that philosophy cannot draw upon scientific findings, in light of final and formal causality, to better understand the world and man. The great philosopher and historian of philosophy, Etienne Gilson, sets out to show that final causality or purposiveness and formal causality are principles for those who think hard and carefully about the world, including the world of biology. Gilson insists that a completely rational understanding of organisms and biological systems requires the philosophical notion of teleology, the idea that certain kinds of things exist and have ends or purposes the fulfillment of which are linked to their natures--in other words, formal and final causes. His approach relies on philosophical reflection on the facts of science, not upon theology or an appeal to religious authorities such as the Church or the Bible.

The Great Naturalists

Author: Robert Huxley

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 304

View: 505

Traces the story of natural history as reflected by the lives, observations, and discoveries of some of the world's forefront naturalists, including Alexander von Humboldt, Charles Darwin, and Aristotle, in an account that is complemented by lavish paintings and drawings of animals and natural objects.

Impressions of Great Naturalists

Darwin, Wallace, Huxley, Leidy, Cope, Balfour, Roosevelt, and Others

Author: Henry Fairfield Osborn

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Naturalists

Page: 292

View: 126

Aristotle

Genius Philosopher and Scientist

Author: Margaret J. Anderson

Publisher: Enslow Publishing, LLC

ISBN:

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 96

View: 554

Aristotle is one of the most significant figures in all of human history. Over the course of his life, he studied and wrote about every possible field of knowledge. He studied physics, zoology, botany, and chemistry before any of these fields of science even had names. Without the benefit of modern tools like the telescope or microscope, Aristotle still laid the foundation for nearly all later developments in Western science. In addition to his work in science, Aristotle contributed a great deal to our ideas about art, literature, ethics, and theology. Aristotle's influence is so deep, in fact, that many of his ideas have been absorbed into the very language of science and philosophy.

Evolution

The First Four Billion Years

Author: Michael Ruse

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 979

View: 421

An introduction to evolutionary biology spans evolutionary science from its inception to its latest findings, covering discoveries, philosophy, and history.

From Aristotle's Teleology to Darwin's Genealogy

The Stamp of Inutility

Author: M. Solinas

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 182

View: 781

From Aristotle to Darwin, from ancient teleology to contemporary genealogies, this book offers an overview of the birth and then persistence of Aristotle's framework into modernity, until its radical overthrow by the evolutionary revolution.

Encyclopedia of Time

Science, Philosophy, Theology, & Culture

Author: H. James Birx

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 1541

View: 146

Surveying the major facts, concepts, theories, and speculations that infuse our present comprehension of time, the Encyclopedia of Time: Science, Philosophy, Theology, and Culture explores the contributions of scientists, philosophers, theologians, and creative artists from ancient times to the present. By drawing together into one collection ideas from scholars around the globe and in a wide range of disciplines, this Encyclopedia will provide readers with a greater understanding of and appreciation for the elusive phenomenon experienced as time. Features · Surveys historical thought about time, including those that emerged in ancient Greece, early Christianity, the Italian Renaissance, the Age of Enlightenment, and other periods+ Covers the original and lasting insights of evolutionary biologist Charles Darwin, physicist Albert Einstein, philosopher Alfred North Whitehead, and theologian Pierre Teilhard de Chardin + Discusses the significance of time in the writings of Isaac Asimov, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Fyodor M. Dostoevsky, Francesco Petrarch, and numerous other authors+ Includes the contributions of naturalists, philosophers, physicists, theologians, astronomers, anthropologists, geologists, paleontologists, and psychologists+ Includes artists+ portrayals of the fluidity of time, including painter Salvador Dali+s The Persistence of Memory and The Discovery of America by Christopher Columbus, and writers Gustave Flaubert+s The Temptation of Saint Anthony and Henryk Sienkiewicz+s Quo Vadis+ Provides a truly interdisciplinary approach, with discussions of Aztec, Buddhist, Christian, Egyptian, Ethiopian, Islamic, Hindu, Navajo, and many other cultures+ conceptions of time

21st Century Anthropology: A Reference Handbook

Author: H. James Birx

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN:

Category: Social Science

Page: 1144

View: 728

Request a free 30-day online trial at www.sagepub.com/freetrial Via 100 entries or "mini-chapters," 21st Century Anthropology: A Reference Handbook highlights the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates any student obtaining a degree in the field of anthropology ought to have mastered for effectiveness in the 21st century. This two-volume set provides undergraduate majors with an authoritative reference source that serves their research needs with more detailed information than encyclopedia entries but in a clear, accessible style, devoid of jargon, unnecessary detail or density. Key Features- Emphasizes key curricular topics, making it useful for students researching for term papers, preparing for GREs, or considering topics for a senior thesis, graduate degree, or career.- Comprehensive, providing full coverage of key subthemes and subfields within the discipline, such as applied anthropology, archaeology and paleontology, sociocultural anthropology, evolution, linguistics, physical and biological anthropology, primate studies, and more.- Offers uniform chapter structure so students can easily locate key information, within these sections: Introduction, Theory, Methods, Applications, Comparison, Future Directions, Summary, Bibliography & Suggestions for Further Reading, and Cross References.- Available in print or electronically at SAGE Reference Online, providing students with convenient, easy access to its contents.

A History of Psychology in Western Civilization

Author: Bruce K. Alexander

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN:

Category: Psychology

Page: 559

View: 355

A fresh and radical analysis of psychology's scholarly roots and its potential for the future.

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