Search Results: the-judiciary-civil-liberties-and-human-rights-politics-study-guides

Judiciary, Civil Liberties and Human Rights

Author: Steven Foster

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748626670

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 7448

This book considers the constitutional position of the judiciary and its role in shaping the individual's relations with the state. This textbook provides an important, accessible introduction to an area of current widespread concern.

The Path of the Law

Author: Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr.

Publisher: The Floating Press

ISBN: 1775410579

Category: Law

Page: 42

View: 5052

The Path of the Law is a short essay by Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., an American jurist who served on the Supreme Court of the United States from 1902 to 1932. A cornerstone of his jurisprudential philosophy was the prediction theory of law, believing the law should be defined specifically as a prediction of how the courts work. In The Path of the Law Holmes argues that a criminal isn't concerned about ethics or conceptions of natural law; they are concerned about avoiding punishment and jail. "The law", therefore, should be based on prediction of what will bring about punishment via the court system.

Priests of Our Democracy

The Supreme Court, Academic Freedom, and the Anti-Communist Purge

Author: Marjorie Heins

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814790518

Category: Law

Page: 384

View: 5255

In the early 1950s, New York City’s teachers and professors became the targets of massive investigations into their political beliefs and associations. Those who refused to cooperate in the questioning were fired. Some had undoubtedly been communists, and the Communist Party-USA certainly made its share of mistakes, but there was never evidence that the accused teachers had abused their trust. Some were among the most brilliant, popular, and dedicated educators in the city. Priests of Our Democracy tells of the teachers and professors who resisted the witch hunt, those who collaborated, and those whose battles led to landmark Supreme Court decisions. It traces the political fortunes of academic freedom beginning in the late 19th century, both on campus and in the courts. Combining political and legal history with wrenching personal stories, the book details how the anti-communist excesses of the 1950s inspired the Supreme Court to recognize the vital role of teachers and professors in American democracy. The crushing of dissent in the 1950s impoverished political discourse in ways that are still being felt, and First Amendment academic freedom, a product of that period, is in peril today. In compelling terms, this book shows why the issue should matter to every American.

British Government and Politics: A Comparative Guide

A Comparative Guide

Author: Duncan Watts

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748644555

Category: Political Science

Page: 464

View: 9256

Your handy guide to the British political system.

US Government and Politics

Author: William Storey

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748630260

Category: Political Science

Page: 416

View: 6619

The US political system is designed to ensure that freedom and opportunity will always be protected, by making it almost impossible for power to become concentrated in the hands of a few people seeking to run society for their own benefit. Have these aims been achieved?The answer is that Americans have sharply contrasting views on how well their political system works. They disagreed with each other when they established the system at the Constitutional Convention in 1787 and have continued to disagree ever since. This book covers the key issues, political systems and governing institutions at the heart of these disagreements, outlining the thinking behind the main points of view, to help its readers decide for themselves which viewpoint they find most persuasive.This new edition of the best-selling introduction to US Government and Politics has been completely revised and updated to reflect the changes in the area since the election of the new President.

Q & A Revision Guide: Human Rights and Civil Liberties 2012 and 2013

Author: Steve Foster

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199697647

Category: Law

Page: 272

View: 2361

Q&A Human Rights and Civil Liberties offers a lifeline to students preparing for exams. It provides clear guidance from experienced examiners on how best to tackle exam questions, and gives students the opportunity to practise their exam technique and assess their progress.

Terror in the Balance

Security, Liberty, and the Courts

Author: Eric A. Posner,Adrian Vermeule

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 019531025X

Category: Law

Page: 319

View: 1943

In Terror in the Balance, Posner and Vermeule take on civil libertarians of both the left and the right, arguing that the government should be given wide latitude to adjust policy and liberties in the times of emergency. They emphasize the virtues of unilateral executive actions and argue for making extensive powers available to the executive as warranted. At a time when the 'struggle against violent extremism' dominates the United States' agenda, this important and controversial work will spark discussion in the classroom and intellectual press alike.

International Politics

Author: Alasdair Blair,Steven Curtis

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748630309

Category: Political Science

Page: 360

View: 8534

This accessible, user-friendly and bang-up-to-dateintroduction to International Politics blends key facts and terms withstrong analytical commentary, examining the debates and issues of greatestrelevance to the study of the subject.Focusing on the period since 1900, thebook provides detailed coverage of key events from the origins of the FirstWorld War to the post-Cold War international order. Written in a clear andjargon-free style, particular features include:*The shift from Great Powersto Superpowers in the first half of the twentieth century*The Cold War andpost-Cold War order*A fresh approach to understanding the relevancy oftheory*State and non-state actors*The challenge of globalization*Order,justice and security in International PoliticsThis clear and authoritativeaccount of International Politics benefits from an exhaustive list of boxes,tables and figures, as well as extensive cross-referencing throughout. Thisbook is an essential guide to understanding the challenges that face worldpeace and security in the twenty-first century.

The Rights of Non-citizens

Author: United Nations. Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: 9789211541755

Category: Law

Page: 51

View: 3315

International human rights law is founded on the premise that all persons, by virtue of their essential humanity, should enjoy all human rights. Exceptional distinctions, for example between citizens and non-citizens, can be made only if they serve a legitimate State objective and are proportional to the achievement of the objective. Non-citizens can include: migrants, refugees and asylum seekers, victims of trafficking, foreign students, temporary visitors and stateless people. This publication looks at the diverse sources of international law and emerging international standards protecting the rights of non-citizens, including international conventions and reports by UN and treaty bodies

Political Parties in Britain

Author: Matt Cole

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748669035

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 2200

An introduction to political parties in Britain which offers an examination of the main parties' individual characteristics (including policy, organisation and support) and explains the impact of smaller parties.

Political Repression

Courts and the Law

Author: Linda Camp Keith

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780812207033

Category: Law

Page: 336

View: 1681

The world seems to have reached agreement on a set of ideals regarding state human rights behavior and the appropriate institutions to promote and protect those ideals. The global script for state legitimacy calls for a written constitution or the equivalent with an embedded bill of rights, democratic processes and institutions, and increasingly, a judicial check on state power to protect human rights. While the progress toward universal formal adherence to this global model is remarkable, Linda Camp Keith argues that the substantive meaning of this progress is much less clear. In Political Repression, she seeks to answer two key questions: Why do states make formal commitments to democratic processes and human rights? What effect do these commitments have on actual state behavior, especially political repression? The book begins with a thorough exploration of a variety of tools of state repression and presents evidence for substantial formal acceptance of international human rights norms in constitutional documents as well as judicial independence. Keith finds that these institutions reflect the diffusion of global norms and standards, the role of transnational networks of nongovernmental organizations, and an electoral logic in which regimes seek to protect their future interests. Economic liberalism, on the other hand, decreases the likelihood that states adopt or maintain these provisions. She demonstrates that the level of judicial independence is influenced by constitutional structures and that levels of judicial independence subsequently achieved in turn diminish the probability of state repression of a variety of rights. She also finds strong evidence that rights provisions may indeed serve as a constraint on state repression, even when controlling for many other factors.

Devolution in the United Kingdom

Author: Russell Deacon

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748669736

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 7793

This introduction to the major changes caused by devolution looks at both the historical background and contemporary political events. It assesses the operation, strengths and weaknesses of the devolved state, using highly relevant case studies to illustr

Rights from Wrongs

A Secular Theory of the Origins of Rights

Author: Alan M. Dershowitz

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0786737735

Category: Law

Page: 272

View: 9377

Where do our rights come from? Does "natural law" really exist outside of what is written in constitutions and legal statutes? If so, why are rights not the same everywhere and in all eras? On the other hand, if rights are nothing more than the product of human law, why should we ever allow them to override the popular will? In Rights from Wrongs, renowned legal scholar Alan Dershowitz puts forward a wholly new and compelling answer to this age-old dilemma: Rights, he argues, do not come from God, nature, logic, or law alone. They arise out of particular human experiences with injustice. Rights from Wrongs is the first book to propose a theory of rights that emerges not from a theory of perfect justice but from its opposite: from the bottom up, from trial and error, and from our collective experience of injustice. Human rights come from human wrongs. "[Dershowitz's] underlying theory is one that can be neutrally applied by people residing at all positions within the political spectrum.... Perhaps if his views were understood by more people, there would be both a toning down of the political rhetoric." -Tampa Tribune

On Civil Liberty and Self-government

Author: Francis Lieber

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Civil rights

Page: 552

View: 8939

Wherever There's a Fight

How Runaway Slaves, Suffragists, Immigrants, Strikers, and Poets Shaped Civil Liberties in California

Author: Elaine Elinson,Stan Yogi

Publisher: Heyday

ISBN: 9781597141147

Category: History

Page: 498

View: 2640

Describes the history of civil liberties in California in reference to all types of minorities, including immigrants, racial minorities, women, homosexuals, the disabled and the poor. Original.

Covering

The Hidden Assault on Our Civil Rights

Author: Kenji Yoshino

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 1588361721

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 9749

In this remarkable and elegant work, acclaimed Yale Law School professor Kenji Yoshino fuses legal manifesto and poetic memoir to call for a redefinition of civil rights in our law and culture. Everyone covers. To cover is to downplay a disfavored trait so as to blend into the mainstream. Because all of us possess stigmatized attributes, we all encounter pressure to cover in our daily lives. Given its pervasiveness, we may experience this pressure to be a simple fact of social life. Against conventional understanding, Kenji Yoshino argues that the demand to cover can pose a hidden threat to our civil rights. Though we have come to some consensus against penalizing people for differences based on race, sex, sexual orientation, religion, and disability, we still routinely deny equal treatment to people who refuse to downplay differences along these lines. Racial minorities are pressed to “act white” by changing their names, languages, or cultural practices. Women are told to “play like men” at work. Gays are asked not to engage in public displays of same-sex affection. The devout are instructed to minimize expressions of faith, and individuals with disabilities are urged to conceal the paraphernalia that permit them to function. In a wide-ranging analysis, Yoshino demonstrates that American civil rights law has generally ignored the threat posed by these covering demands. With passion and rigor, he shows that the work of civil rights will not be complete until it attends to the harms of coerced conformity. At the same time, Yoshino is responsive to the American exasperation with identity politics, which often seems like an endless parade of groups asking for state and social solicitude. He observes that the ubiquity of the covering demand provides an opportunity to lift civil rights into a higher, more universal register. Since we all experience the covering demand, we can all make common cause around a new civil rights paradigm based on our desire for authenticity–a desire that brings us together rather than driving us apart. Yoshino’s argument draws deeply on his personal experiences as a gay Asian American. He follows the Romantics in his belief that if a human life is described with enough particularity, the universal will speak through it. The result is a work that combines one of the most moving memoirs written in years with a landmark manifesto on the civil rights of the future.

Challenges to Civil Rights Guarantees in India

Author: A.G. Noorani,South Asia Human Rights Documentation Centre

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199088578

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 2850

The civil rights of Indian citizens are guaranteed both in the Indian Constitution and through the State's international commitments. Despite these guarantees, the civil rights framework encounters numerous challenges from the State—problematic counter-terrorism laws, continuation of the death penalty, misuse of arrest and preventive detention powers, lack of implementation, and impunity. Through nine incisive essays on both traditional and emerging issues, this volume examines the prevailing imbalance between individual rights and State power. Many laws designed to protect the State do little more than protect State power at the expense of her citizens, directly flouting the Constitution, international law, and democratic principles. The authors critically analyse most of these laws, examining their justifications, background debates, and evolution, along with how they violate constitutional and international law. Taking into account relevant and contemporary comparative case law and developments in international law, this book makes a strong case for bold legal reforms and suggests various measures for improvement.

CLEP® American Government

Author: Preston Jones

Publisher: Research & Education Assn

ISBN: 9780738610382

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 4001

REA's CLEP American Government Test Prep with Online Practice Exams Earns You College Credits! If you're looking for an easy and inexpensive way to earn college credit, why not take the CLEP American Government exam? CLEP American Government test prep with online practice is the latest addition to REA's CLEP library. Our CLEP test preps are perfect for adults returning to college (or attending for the first time), military service members, high-school graduates looking to earn college credit, or home-schooled students with knowledge that can translate into college credit. Our comprehensive review covers all the CLEP American Government topics you need to know for exam day: institutions and policy processes, the federal courts and civil liberties, political parties, interest groups, and the content and history of the Constitution. Start your study by taking our diagnostic practice test online. This timed test includes automatic scoring and feedback, so you can pinpoint your strengths and weaknesses. The book includes two full-length practice tests that mirror the actual exam, allowing you to become familiar with the test format before taking the CLEP American Government exam. Each practice test comes with detailed explanations of answers to help you identify areas in need of improvement and be prepared on test day. Both of the book's practice tests are also available online in a timed format with instant scoring, diagnostic feedback, and detailed explanations of answers. A study schedule and test-taking strategies round out this complete test prep package. What is CLEP? CLEP is the College Board's credit-by-examination program for 33 subjects. Each exam passed earns the student between 3-12 credits at more than 2,900 colleges and universities in the U.S. and abroad. REA is the acknowledged leader in CLEP preparation, with the most extensive library of CLEP titles and software available. REA's CLEP test preps will help you earn valuable college credits, save on tuition, and get a college degree.

Concentrate Questions and Answers Human Rights and Civil Liberties

Author: Steve Foster

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198745176

Category:

Page: 264

View: 2216

Concentrate QandA Human Rights and Civil Liberties offers unrivalled exam and coursework support for when you're aiming high.The new Concentrate QandA series is the result of a collaboration involving hundreds of law students and lecturers from universities across the UK. The result is a series that offers you better support and a greater chance to succeed on your law course than any of its rivals. This essential studyguide contains a variety of model answers to give you the confidence to tackle any essay or problem question, and the skills you need to excel.DTKnowing the right answer is a start, knowing how to structure it gets you the highest marks: annotated answers guide you step by step through the structure of a great answer, and show you how to ensure you focus on the heart of the question DTRecognize and recall: user-friendly layout ensures that it is easy to find key information, and diagram answer plans help you visualize how to plan and structure your answersDTAim high: avoid common mistakes, use the further reading suggestions to help you take things further and demonstrate your understanding of key academic debates to really impressDTDon't just rely on the exam to pick up your marks: a unique coursework skills chapter offers advice on researching, referencing and critical analysis - not available in any other QandA series This study guide is also accompanied by a wealth of online extras at www.oxfordtextbooks.co.uk/orc/qanda/ which include: DTAdditional essay and problem questions for you to practise your technique. Questions are annotated, highlighting key terms and legal issues to help you plan your own answers. An indication of what your answers should cover is also provided.DTVideo guidance on how to put an answer plan together DTOnline versions of all the diagram answer plans from the bookDTA glossary of key termsDTPodcasts from expert examiners on revision and exam technique, coursework technique, and advice on how to tackle other assessment methods such as MCQs and presentations

The Oxford Handbook of Legal Studies

Author: Peter Cane,Mark V. Tushnet

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199248179

Category: Law

Page: 1071

View: 5314

This volume provides a widely acessible overview of legal scholarship at the dawn of the 21st century. Through 43 essays by leading legal scholars based in the USA, the UK, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, and Germany, it provides a varied and stimulating set of road maps to guide readers through the increasingly large and conceptually sophisticated body of legal scholarship. Focusing mainly, though not exclusively, on scholarship in the English language and taking an international and comparative approach, the contributors offer original and interpretative accounts of the nature, themes, and preoccupations of research and writing about law. They then go on to consider likely trends in scholarship in the next decade or so.

Find eBook