Search Results: the-legacies-of-law-long-run-consequences-of-legal-development-in-south-africa-1652-2000

The Legacies of Law

Long-Run Consequences of Legal Development in South Africa, 1652-2000

Author: Jens Meierhenrich

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521156998

Category: Political Science

Page: 406

View: 9429

This highly original book examines the function of legal norms and institutions in the transition to - and from - apartheid. It sheds light on the neglected relationship between path dependence and the law. The Legacies of Law demonstrates that legal norms and institutions, even illiberal ones, can have an important - and hitherto undertheorized - structuring effect on democratic transitions. Focusing on South Africa during the period 1650-2000, Jens Meierhenrich finds that under certain conditions, law reduces uncertainty in democratization by invoking common cultural backgrounds and experiences. Synthesizing insights from law, political science, economics, sociology, history, and philosophy, he offers an innovative "redescription" of both apartheid and apartheid's endgame. The Legacies of Law demonstrates that in instances in which interacting adversaries share qua law reasonably convergent mental models, transitions from authoritarian rule are less intractable. Meierhenrich's careful longitudinal analysis of the evolution of law -and its effects -in South Africa, compared with a short study of Chile from 1830 to 1990, shows how, and when, legal norms and institutions serve as historical parameters to both democratic and undemocratic rule. By so doing, The Legacies of Law contributes new and unexpected insights -both theoretical and applied -to contemporary debates about democracy and the rule of law. Among other things, Meierhenrich significantly advances our understanding of "hybrid regimes" in the international system and generates important policy-relevant insights into the politics of law and courts in authoritarian regimes.

Vom Spätsozialismus zur Privatrechtsordnung

eine Untersuchung über die Interdependenz zwischen Recht und Wirtschaft am Beispiel von Gläubigerschutz und Kredit

Author: Bruno Schönfelder

Publisher: BWV Verlag

ISBN: 3830530765

Category: Debtor and creditor

Page: 1108

View: 6362

The Courtroom as a Space of Resistance

Reflections on the Legacy of the Rivonia Trial

Author: Awol Allo

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317037111

Category: Law

Page: 360

View: 5219

Fifty years before his death in 2013, Nelson Mandela stood before Justice de Wet in Pretoria's Palace of Justice and delivered one of the most spectacular and liberating statements ever made from a dock. In what came to be regarded as "the trial that changed South Africa", Mandela summed up the spirit of the liberation struggle and the moral basis for the post-Apartheid society. In this blistering critique of Apartheid and its perversion of justice, Mandela transforms the law into a sword and shield. He invokes it while undermining it, uses it while subverting it, and claims it while defeating it. Wise and strategic, Mandela skilfully reimagines the courtroom as a site of visibility and hearing, opening up a political space within the legal. This volume returns to the Rivonia courtroom to engage with Mandela's masterful performance of resistance and the dramatic core of that transformative event. Cutting across a wide-range of critical theories and discourses, contributors reflect on the personal, spatial, temporal, performative, and literary dimensions of that constitutive event. By redefining the spaces, institutions and discourses of law, contributors present a fresh perspective that re-sets the margins of what can be thought and said in the courtroom.

The Politico-Legal Dynamics of Judicial Review

A Comparative Analysis

Author: Theunis Roux

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108670474

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 9973

Comparative scholarship on judicial review has paid a lot of attention to the causal impact of politics on judicial decision-making. However, the slower-moving, macro-social process through which judicial review influences societal conceptions of the law/politics relation is less well understood. Drawing on the political science literature on institutional change, The Politico-Legal Dynamics of Judicial Review tests a typological theory of the evolution of judicial review regimes - complexes of legitimating ideas about the law/politics relation. The theory posits that such regimes tend to conform to one of four main types - democratic or authoritarian legalism, or democratic or authoritarian instrumentalism. Through case studies of Australia, India, and Zimbabwe and a comparative chapter analyzing ten additional societies, the book then explores how actually-existing judicial review regimes transition between these types. This process of ideational development, Roux concludes, is distinct both from the everyday business of constitutional politics and changes to the formal constitution.

Jewish Resistance Against the Nazis

Author: Patrick Henry

Publisher: CUA Press

ISBN: 0813225892

Category: History

Page: 630

View: 8873

This volume puts to rest the myth that the Jews went passively to the slaughter like sheep. Indeed Jews resisted in every Nazi-occupied country - in the forests, the ghettos, and the concentration camps.The essays presented here consider Jewish resistance to be resistance by Jewish persons in specifically Jewish groups, or by Jewish persons working within non-Jewish organizations. Resistance could be armed revolt; flight; the rescue of targeted individuals by concealment in non-Jewish homes, farms, and institutions; or by the smuggling of Jews into countries where Jews were not objects of Nazi persecution. Other forms of resistance include every act that Jewish people carried out to fight against the dehumanizing agenda of the Nazis - acts such as smuggling food, clothing, and medicine into the ghettos, putting on plays, reading poetry, organizing orchestras and art exhibits, forming schools, leaving diaries, and praying. These attempts to remain physically, intellectually, culturally, morally, and theologically alive constituted resistance to Nazi oppression, which was designed to demolish individuals, destroy their soul, and obliterate their desire to live.

Law's Fragile State

Colonial, Authoritarian, and Humanitarian Legacies in Sudan

Author: Mark Fathi Massoud

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107067502

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 731

How do a legal order and the rule of law develop in a war-torn state? Using his field research in Sudan, the author uncovers how colonial administrators, postcolonial governments and international aid agencies have used legal tools and resources to promote stability and their own visions of the rule of law amid political violence and war in Sudan. Tracing the dramatic development of three forms of legal politics - colonial, authoritarian and humanitarian - this book contributes to a growing body of scholarship on law in authoritarian regimes and on human rights and legal empowerment programs in the Global South. Refuting the conventional wisdom of a legal vacuum in failed states, this book reveals how law matters deeply even in the most extreme cases of states still fighting for political stability.

Making and Unmaking Nations

The Origins and Dynamics of Genocide in Contemporary Africa

Author: Scott Straus

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801455677

Category: Political Science

Page: 408

View: 3672

In Making and Unmaking Nations, Scott Straus seeks to explain why and how genocide takes place—and, perhaps more important, how it has been avoided in places where it may have seemed likely or even inevitable. To solve that puzzle, he examines postcolonial Africa, analyzing countries in which genocide occurred and where it could have but did not. Why have there not been other Rwandas? Straus finds that deep-rooted ideologies—how leaders make their nations—shape strategies of violence and are central to what leads to or away from genocide. Other critical factors include the dynamics of war, the role of restraint, and the interaction between national and local actors in the staging of campaigns of large-scale violence. Grounded in Straus's extensive fieldwork in contemporary Africa, the study of major twentieth-century cases of genocide, and the literature on genocide and political violence, Making and Unmaking Nations centers on cogent analyses of three nongenocide cases (Côte d’Ivoire, Mali, and Senegal) and two in which genocide took place (Rwanda and Sudan). Straus’s empirical analysis is based in part on an original database of presidential speeches from 1960 to 2005. The book also includes a broad-gauge analysis of all major cases of large-scale violence in Africa since decolonization. Straus’s insights into the causes of genocide will inform the study of political violence as well as giving policymakers and nongovernmental organizations valuable tools for the future.

The Constitution of South Africa

A Contextual Analysis

Author: Heinz Klug

Publisher: Hart Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 319

View: 8117

South Africa's constitution is the crowning achievement of the country's dramatic transition to democracy. This transition began with the unbanning of the liberation movements and release of Nelson Mandela from prison in February 1990. This book presentsthe South African constitution in its historical and social context.

South Africa Yearbook

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: South Africa

Page: N.A

View: 2311

Political Trials in Theory and History

Author: Jens Meierhenrich,Devin O. Pendas

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107079462

Category: Political Science

Page: 430

View: 5920

This book presents an empirically rigorous and theoretically sophisticated account of political trials.

Annual Review of Political Science

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political science

Page: N.A

View: 1135

The British National Bibliography

Author: Arthur James Wells

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: English literature

Page: N.A

View: 5331

Der autoritäre Staat

Ein Versuch über das österreichische Staatsproblem

Author: Erich Voegelin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783211830697

Category: Law

Page: 292

View: 669

Erich Voegelin (1901–1985) erweist sich mit seiner Schrift aus dem Jahr 1936 als ein herausragender österreichischer Staats- und Verfassungstheoretiker. Einleitende Denkansätze sind staatstheoretische und geistesgeschichtliche Ortungen der politikwissenschaftlichen Topoi "autoritär" und "total". Auf diese gründet Voegelin eine historische Analyse der österreichischen Verfassung und ihrer geistesgeschichtlichen Wurzeln von 1848 bis 1929. Der dritte Teil beinhaltet eine kritische Darstellung der ständisch-autoritären Verfassung von 1934. Zwischen dem zweiten und dem dritten Teil eingebettet liegt eine kritische Auseinandersetzung Voegelins mit der Reinen Rechtslehre seines Lehrers Hans Kelsen. Im Vorwort zu diesem Neudruck schildert Günther Winkler eingehend die wissenschaftlichen Beziehungen zwischen Voegelin und Kelsen und liefert damit einen ebenso anschaulichen wie aufschlußreichen Beitrag zur österreichischen Wissenschaftsgeschichte. Dieses Buch bietet dem Leser eine kulturhistorisch fundierte Verfassungslehre aus empirisch angelegter, verfassungsgeschichtlicher und politikwissenschaftlich vergleichender Sicht.

Institutionen, institutioneller Wandel und Wirtschaftsleistung

Author: Douglass Cecil North

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161460241

Category: Political Science

Page: 180

View: 9794

Wem gehört das Wasser?

Author: Klaus Lanz,Christian Rentsch

Publisher: Lars Muller Publishers

ISBN: 9783037780152

Category: Water resources development

Page: 535

View: 1704

Who owns the Water? discusses the phenomenon of water, marvels at its uniqueness and addresses the dangers and opportunities water offers to life. The book looks at the most important questions about providing drinking water and producing food, but also deals with water as a destructive force, and investigates the chemical qualities of the molecule. Who owns the Water? points out the risks of unlimited privatization of water, and records how dependence on water is exploited. Committed picture sequences and detailed texts explain how water can belong to no one, but has to be treated responsibly and held in appropriate esteem by the whole of mankind.

Whitaker's Book List

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Great Britain

Page: N.A

View: 1576

Palästina - Frieden, nicht Apartheid

Author: Jimmy Carter

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783981318982

Category:

Page: 337

View: 9497

Laute, Bilder, Texte

Register des Archivs

Author: Alf Lüdtke,Tobias Nanz

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3847002368

Category: History

Page: 137

View: 9247

Laute, Bilder und Texte bezeichnen unterschiedliche Materialien und mediale Formate, die in Archiven gelagert und von Interessierten genutzt und ausgewertet werden. Die Beiträgerinnen und Beiträger dieses Bandes sondieren anhand alltagshistorischer Studien die Praktiken der Akteure im Umgang mit diesen Spuren und Überresten und decken dabei ein breites Medienspektrum ab: Tonaufnahmen, Manuskripte, Fotografien, Filme, Videos sowie all die vergessenen Dinge, die in den Mappen und Kartons der Archive gelagert sind. Dabei geraten auch die Unterschiede zwischen ›kolonialen‹ und ›indigenen‹ Archiven sowie die monopolistische Stellung der westlich geprägten Wissenschaften in den Blick.

Die Flüsterer: Leben in Stalins Russland

Author: Orlando Figes

Publisher: ebook Berlin Verlag

ISBN: 3827070279

Category: History

Page: 1040

View: 4944

Viele Darstellungen behandeln die sichtbaren Aspekte der stalinistischen Diktatur: die Verhaftungen und Prozesse, die Versklavung und das Morden in den Gulags. Kein Buch hat jedoch bislang die Auswirkungen des Regimes auf das Privat- und Familienleben der Menschen untersucht, den ?Stalinismus, der uns alle ergriff", wie es ein russischer Historiker einmal formuliert hat. Auf der Basis von Hunderten Interviews mit Zeitzeugen und zahllosen bislang unbekannten Dokumenten liefert nun Orlando Figes in Die Flüsterer erstmals einen unmittelbaren Einblick in die Innenwelt gewöhnlicher Sowjetbürger und zeigt an zahlreichen eindringlichen Beispielen, wie Einzelne oder Familien in einem von Misstrauen, Angst, Kompromissen und Verrat beherrschten Alltag um ihr Überleben kämpften. Für die Zeit der Revolution von 1917 bis zu Stalins Tod und darüber hinaus rekonstruiert Figes das moralische Gespinst, in dem sich die allermeisten Russen gefangen sahen: Eine einzige falsche Bewegung konnte eine Familie zerstören oder am Ende womöglich deren Rettung bedeuten. Keiner konnte sich sicher fühlen, nicht einmal die überzeugtesten Anhänger des Regimes. Wahrheit und Wahn, Schuld und Unschuld waren in diesem Unterdrückungssystem immer wieder auf fatal miteinander verquickt. Orlando Figes' neues Meisterwerk - in seiner erzählerischen Wucht und Aufrichtigkeit vergleichbar mit Grossmans Jahrhundertroman Leben und Schicksal - ist das breit angelegte Porträt einer Gesellschaft, in der jeder nur noch flüstert - entweder um sich und andere zu schützen oder um zu verraten. Ein ebenso schonungsloser wie ergreifender Bericht davon, wie schwach - und wie unvorstellbar stark - Menschen in einer von Paranoia geprägten totalitären Gesellschaft werden können.

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