Search Results: the-new-ecology-rethinking-a-science-for-the-anthropocene

The New Ecology

Rethinking a Science for the Anthropocene

Author: Oswald J. Schmitz

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400883466

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 9173

Our species has transitioned from being one among millions on Earth to the species that is single-handedly transforming the entire planet to suit its own needs. In order to meet the daunting challenges of environmental sustainability in this epoch of human domination—known as the Anthropocene—ecologists have begun to think differently about the interdependencies between humans and the natural world. This concise and accessible book provides the best available introduction to what this new ecology is all about—and why it matters more than ever before. Oswald Schmitz describes how the science of ecology is evolving to provide a better understanding of how human agency is shaping the natural world, often in never-before-seen ways. The new ecology emphasizes the importance of conserving species diversity, because it can offer a portfolio of options to keep our ecosystems resilient in the face of environmental change. It envisions humans taking on new roles as thoughtful stewards of the environment to ensure that ecosystems have the enduring capacity to supply the environmental services on which our economic well-being—and our very existence—depend. It offers the ecological know-how to maintain and enhance our planet's environmental performance and ecosystem production for the benefit of current and future generations. Informative and engaging, The New Ecology shows how today’s ecology can provide the insights we need to appreciate the crucial role we play in this era of unprecedented global environmental transition.

Molekulares Rot

Theorie für das Anthropozän

Author: McKenzie Wark

Publisher: Matthes & Seitz Berlin Verlag

ISBN: 3957574412

Category: History

Page: 392

View: 2371

»Vielleicht brauchen wir eine neue kritische Theorie. Oder eine neu-alte, denn wie sich herausstellt, gab es bereits einmal eine kraftvolle und originelle Denkströmung, die in einem früheren, gescheiterten Versuch, die Vorgeschichte – die Zeit vor dem Anthropozän – zu beenden, beinahe ausgelöscht worden wäre.« Im Rückgriff auf die Ideengeschichte des 20. Jahrhunderts, insbesondere auf Alexander Bogdanov und Andrej Platonow, versucht McKenzie Wark in diesem radikalen Großessay die Grundlegung einer Theorie für das Anthropozän. Er fordert dabei einen alternativen – und keinen spekulativen – Realismus. Einen Realismus, der für plurale, sich mit anderen Geschichten befassende Narrative offen ist. Im Schatten der Kohlenstoffbefreiungsfront ruft er dazu auf, eine neue Poetik und Technik zur Wissensorganisation zu erschaffen, und wagt es, die Misere unserer Zeit neu zu denken.

The Palgrave Handbook of Critical Physical Geography

Author: Rebecca Lave,Christine Biermann,Stuart N. Lane

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319714619

Category: Social Science

Page: 594

View: 3001

This handbook is recognition of the need to better integrate physical and human geography. It combines a collection of work and research within the new field of Critical Physical Geography, which gives critical attention to relations of social power with deep knowledge of a particular field of biophysical science. Critical Physical Geography research accords careful attention to biophysical landscapes and the power relations that have increasingly come to shape them, and to the politics of environmental science and the role of biophysical inquiry in promoting social and environmental justice. The Palgrave Handbook of Critical Physical Geography lays out the scope and guiding principles of Critical Physical Geography research. It presents a carefully selected set of empirical work, demonstrating the range and intellectual strength of existing integrative work in geography research. This handbook is the first of its kind to cover this emerging discipline and will be of significant interest to students and academics across the fields of geography, the environment and sustainability.

The Natural World and Science Education in the United States

Author: Ajay Sharma,Cory Buxton

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319761862

Category: Education

Page: 214

View: 9361

This book focuses on the representation of nature in science education in schools in the United States. Given the importance of our relationship with the nonhuman world for the fate of our planet, this work gives special attention to the representation, instruction, and understanding of the relationship between the social and the natural world. It also proposes an alternative, sustainability science-based conceptual framework for ecology and environmental science topics in science education, which is compatible with the current social-ecological understanding of life in the Anthropocene epoch.

The Routledge Handbook of Religious Naturalism

Author: Donald A. Crosby,Jerome A. Stone

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351857533

Category: Religion

Page: 420

View: 7698

Ecological crisis is being widely discussed in society today and therefore, the subject of religious naturalism has emerged as a major topic in religion. The Routledge Handbook of Religious Naturalism is an outstanding reference source to the key topics, problems, and debates in this exciting subject and is the first collection of its kind. Comprising thirty-four chapters by a team of international contributors, the Handbook is divided into seven parts: • Varieties of religious naturalism and its relations to other outlooks • Some earlier religious naturalists • Pantheism, materialism, and the value-ladenness of nature • Ecology, humans, and politics in naturalistic perspective • Religious naturalism and traditional religions • Putting religious naturalism into practice • Critical discussions of religious naturalism. Within these sections central issues, debates, and problems are examined, including: defining religious naturalism; religious underpinnings of ecology; natural piety; the religious-aesthetic; ecstatic naturalism as deep pantheism; spiritual ecology; African-American religious naturalism; Christian religious naturalism; Dao and water; Confucianism; environmental action; and practices in religious naturalism. The Routledge Handbook of Religious Naturalism is essential reading for students and researchers in religious studies, theology, and philosophy. The Handbook will also be useful for those in related fields, such as environmental ethics and ecology.

Das terrestrische Manifest

Author: Bruno Latour

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518758047

Category: Political Science

Page: 150

View: 2971

Eine Serie politischer Unwetter hat die Welt durcheinandergebracht. Die Instrumente, mit denen wir uns früher orientierten, funktionieren nicht mehr. Verstanden wir Politik lange als einen Zeitstrahl, der von einer lokalen Vergangenheit in eine globale Zukunft führen würde, realisieren wir nun, dass der Globus für unsere Globalisierungspläne zu klein ist. Der Weg in eine behütetere Vergangenheit erweist sich ebenfalls als Fiktion. Wir hängen in der Luft, der jähe Absturz droht. In dieser brisanten Situation gilt es zuallererst, wieder festen Boden unter den Füßen zu gewinnen und sich dann neu zu orientieren. Bruno Latour unternimmt den Versuch, die Landschaft des Politischen neu zu vermessen und unsere politischen Leidenschaften auf neue Gegenstände auszurichten. Jenseits überkommener Unterscheidungen wie links und rechts, fortschrittlich und reaktionär plädiert er für eine radikal materialistische Politik, die nicht nur den Produktionsprozess einbezieht, sondern auch die ökologischen Bedingungen unserer Existenz.

Die Mühlen der Zivilisation

Eine Tiefengeschichte der frühesten Staaten

Author: James C. Scott

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518761528

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 9760

Uns modernen Menschen erscheint die Sesshaftigkeit so natürlich wie dem Fisch das Wasser. Wie selbstverständlich gehen wir und auch weite Teile der historischen Forschung davon aus, dass die neolithische Revolution, in deren Verlauf der Mensch seine nomadische Existenz aufgab und zum Ackerbauer und Viehzüchter wurde, ein bedeutender zivilisatorischer Fortschritt war, dessen Früchte wir noch heute genießen. James C. Scott erzählt in seinem provokanten Buch eine ganz andere Geschichte. Gestützt auf archäologische Befunde, entwickelt er die These, dass die ersten bäuerlichen Staaten aus der Kontrolle über die Reproduktion entstanden und ein hartes Regime der Domestizierung errichteten, nicht nur mit Blick auf Pflanzen und Tiere. Auch die Bürger samt ihrer Sklaven und Frauen wurden der Herrschaft dieser frühesten Staaten unterworfen. Sie brachte Strapazen, Epidemien, Ungleichheiten und Kriege mit sich. Einzig die »Barbaren« haben sich gegen die Mühlen der Zivilisation gestemmt, sich der Sesshaftigkeit und den neuen Besteuerungssystemen verweigert und damit der Unterordnung unter eine staatliche Macht. Sie sind die heimlichen Helden dieses Buches, das unseren Blick auf die Menschheitsgeschichte verändert.

Kampf um Gaia

Acht Vorträge über das neue Klimaregime

Author: Bruno Latour

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518751085

Category: Philosophy

Page: 522

View: 1946

Die moderne Wissenschaft hat tief greifend unser Verständnis der Natur geprägt. In den letzten drei Jahrhunderten bildete diese Idee der Natur den Hintergrund all unseres Tuns. Aufgrund der ökologischen Folgen des menschlichen Handelns tritt die Natur jedoch heute aus dem Hintergrund auf die Bühne, wie Bruno Latour in seinem neuen, faszinierenden Buch zeigt. Die Luft, die Meere, die Gletscher, das Klima, die Böden, alles interagiert mit uns. Wir haben die Epoche der Geohistorie betreten, das Zeitalter des Anthropozäns – mit dem Risiko eines Krieges aller gegen alle. Die alte Natur verschwindet und weicht einem Wesen, das schwierig zu bestimmen ist. Es ist alles andere als stabil und besteht aus einer Reihe von Feedbackschleifen in ständiger Bewegung. Gaia ist sein Name. Latour argumentiert, dass die komplexe und mehrdeutige Gaia-Hypothese, wie sie von James Lovelock entwickelt wurde, ein idealer Weg ist, um die ethischen, politischen, theologischen und wissenschaftlichen Aspekte des nunmehr veralteten Begriffs der Natur zu entwirren. Er legt den Grundstein für eine zukünftige Zusammenarbeit zwischen Wissenschaftlern, Theologen, Aktivisten und Künstlern, während wir beginnen, mit dem neuen Klimaregime zu leben.

The Anthropocene and the Global Environmental Crisis

Rethinking modernity in a new epoch

Author: Clive Hamilton,François Gemenne,Christophe Bonneuil

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317589084

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 200

View: 4140

The Anthropocene, in which humankind has become a geological force, is a major scientific proposal; but it also means that the conceptions of the natural and social worlds on which sociology, political science, history, law, economics and philosophy rest are called into question. The Anthropocene and the Global Environmental Crisis captures some of the radical new thinking prompted by the arrival of the Anthropocene and opens up the social sciences and humanities to the profound meaning of the new geological epoch, the ‘Age of Humans’. Drawing on the expertise of world-recognised scholars and thought-provoking intellectuals, the book explores the challenges and difficult questions posed by the convergence of geological and human history to the foundational ideas of modern social science. If in the Anthropocene humans have become a force of nature, changing the functioning of the Earth system as volcanism and glacial cycles do, then it means the end of the idea of nature as no more than the inert backdrop to the drama of human affairs. It means the end of the ‘social-only’ understanding of human history and agency. These pillars of modernity are now destabilised. The scale and pace of the shifts occurring on Earth are beyond human experience and expose the anachronisms of ‘Holocene thinking’. The book explores what kinds of narratives are emerging around the scientific idea of the new geological epoch, and what it means for the ‘politics of unsustainability’.

Living in the Anthropocene

Earth in the Age of Humans

Author: W. John Kress,Jeffrey K. Stine

Publisher: Smithsonian Institution

ISBN: 1588346021

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 2243

Explores the causes and implications of the Anthropocene, or Age of Humans, from multiple points of view including anthropological, scientific, social, artistic, and economic. Although we arrived only recently in Earth's timeline, humans are driving major changes to the planet's ecosystems. Even now, the basic requirements for human life--air, water, shelter, food, nature, and culture--are rapidly transforming the planet as billions of people compete for resources. These changes have become so noticeable on a global scale that scientists believe we are living in a new chapter in Earth's story: the Anthropocene, or Age of Humans. Living in the Anthropocene: Earth in the Age of Humans is a vital look at this era. The book contextualizes the Anthropocene by presenting paleontological, historical, and contemporary views of various human effects on Earth. It discusses environmental and biological systems that have been changed and affected; the causes of the Anthropocene, such as agricultural spread, pollution, and urbanization; how societies are responding and adapting to these changes; how these changes have been represented in art, film, television, and literature; and finally, offers a look toward the future of our environment and our own lives.

Interrogating the Anthropocene

Ecology, Aesthetics, Pedagogy, and the Future in Question

Author: jan jagodzinski

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319787470

Category: Education

Page: 410

View: 5594

This volume weaves together a variety of perspectives aimed at confronting a spectrum of ethico-political global challenges arising in the Anthropocene which affect the future of life on planet earth. In this book, the authors offer a multi-faceted approach to address the consequences of its imaginary and projective directions. The chapters span the disciplines of political economy, cybernetics, environmentalism, bio-science, psychoanalysis, bioacoustics, documentary film, installation art, geoperformativity, and glitch aesthetics. The first section attempts to flesh out new aspects of current debates. Questions over the Capitaloscene are explored via conflations of class and climate, revisiting the eco-Marxist analysis of capitalism, and the financial system that thrives on debt. The second section explores the imaginary narratives that raise questions regarding non-human involvement. The third section addresses ’geoartisty,’ the counter artistic responses to the speculariztion of climate disasters, questioning eco-documentaries, and what a post-anthropocentric art might look like. The last section addresses the pedagogical response to the Anthropocene.

Kulturgeschichte des Klimas

Von der Eiszeit bis zur globalen Erwärmung

Author: Wolfgang Behringer

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406625053

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 3062

Zum Buch Alle sprechen vom Wetter. Darüber, wie es werden wird, gibt es derzeit mehr Voraussagen als je zuvor. Aber was wissen wir über Klimaschwankungen vor 500 oder vor 5000 Jahren? Wie können wir überhaupt etwas über die Geschichte des Wetters herausfinden? Schließlich: Wie haben sich die Klimaschwankungen der Vergangenheit auf den Menschen, seine Lebensweise und seine Kultur ausgewirkt? Der Historiker Wolfgang Behringer erschließt uns in einem faszinierenden Streifzug, was wir über Klimaänderungen und ihre kulturellen Konsequenzen vom Holozän bis ins 21. Jahrhundert wissen. Er führt uns ein in die historische Forschung zur Klimaentwicklung und zeigt uns, welche Schwankungen es gab und wie sie das Fortkommen des Homo sapiens behinderten oder beförderten. Sein spannendes Buch führt uns plastisch vor Augen, mit welchen Schwierigkeiten, manchmal aber auch mit welch angenehmen Wetterepochen unsere Vorfahren konfrontiert waren und wie sie damit umgingen. Das lehrt uns nicht zuletzt Mut zu fassen, den Klimawandel als die Herausforderung unserer Gegenwart zu begreifen und in einem besseren Sinne als bisher zu beeinflussen.

Die Flut des Feuers

Roman

Author: Amitav Ghosh

Publisher: Karl Blessing Verlag

ISBN: 364119993X

Category: Fiction

Page: 864

View: 1153

Ein schillerndes Epos über die Welt am Rande einer Zeitenwende. 1839: Nachdem China den vornehmlich von den Briten und deren Kolonien betriebenen Handel mit Opium nicht mehr dulden will, erklärt ihm Großbritannien den Krieg. Die Hind ist eines der Schiffe, die bei einem Angriff zum Einsatz kommen sollen, und segelt zu diesem Zweck von Bombay nach China. An Bord ist unter anderem Kesri Singh, ein Kommandant der britisch-ostindischen Armee, der eine Kompanie Soldaten befehligt; außerdem Zachary Reid, ein verarmter junger Seemann, der auf der Suche nach seiner verlorenen Liebe ist, und Shirin Moddie, die in China die Hinterlassenschaft ihres verstorbenen Mannes, eines Opiumhändlers, an sich nehmen will. Sie alle geraten schon bald in die Wirren der Opiumkriege, die in Chinas verheerender Niederlage und in der Annektierung Hongkongs durch Großbritannien enden werden. Eine vor Atmosphäre und Detailfreude flirrende, spannende und berührende Geschichte vor der Kulisse Indiens und Chinas, mit der Amitav Ghosh sein großes historisches Panorama über die Opiumkriege, die eine frühe Ära der Globalisierung markieren, fulminant vollendet.

EarthEd (State of the World)

Rethinking Education on a Changing Planet

Author: The Worldwatch Institute

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1610918428

Category: Education

Page: 391

View: 6079

Today's students will face the unprecedented challenges of a rapidly warming world, including emerging diseases, food shortages, drought, and waterlogged cities. How do we prepare 9.5 billion people for life in the Anthropocene, to thrive in this uncharted and more chaotic future? Answers are being developed in universities, preschools, professional schools, and even prisons around the world. In the latest volume of State of the World, a diverse group of education experts share innovative approaches to teaching and learning in a new era. EarthEd will inspire anyone who wants to prepare students not only for the storms ahead but to become the next generation of sustainability leaders.

Ökologie der Angst

das Leben mit der Katastrophe

Author: Mike Davis

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783492238199

Category:

Page: 541

View: 5085

Children in the Anthropocene

Rethinking Sustainability and Child Friendliness in Cities

Author: Karen Malone

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137430915

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 5068

This book elaborates the need, in a rapidly urbanizing world, for recognition of the ecological communities we inhabit in cities and for the development of an ethics for all entities (human and non-human) in this context. Children and their entangled relations with the human and more-than-human world are located centrally to the research on cities in Bolivia and Kazakhstan, which investigates the future challenges of the Anthropocene. The author explores these relations by employing techniques of intra-action, diffraction and onto-ethnography in order to reveal the complexities of children’s lives. These tools are supported by a theoretical framing that draws on posthumanist and new materialist literature. Through rich and complex stories of space-time-mattering in cities, this work connects children’s voices with a host of others to address the question of what it means to be a child in the Anthropocene.

Animal Ethics in the Age of Humans

Blurring boundaries in human-animal relationships

Author: Bernice Bovenkerk,F.W. Jozef Keulartz

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319442066

Category: Philosophy

Page: 414

View: 3669

This book provides reflection on the increasingly blurry boundaries that characterize the human-animal relationship. In the Anthropocene humans and animals have come closer together and this asks for rethinking old divisions. Firstly, new scientific insights and technological advances lead to a blurring of the boundaries between animals and humans. Secondly, our increasing influence on nature leads to a rethinking of the old distinction between individual animal ethics and collectivist environmental ethics. Thirdly, ongoing urbanization and destruction of animal habitats leads to a blurring between the categories of wild and domesticated animals. Finally, globalization and global climate change have led to the fragmentation of natural habitats, blurring the old distinction between in situ and ex situ conservation. In this book, researchers at the cutting edge of their fields systematically examine the broad field of human-animal relations, dealing with wild, liminal, and domestic animals, with conservation, and zoos, and with technologies such as biomimicry. This book is timely in that it explores the new directions in which our thinking about the human-animal relationship are developing. While the target audience primarily consists of animal studies scholars, coming from a wide range of disciplines including philosophy, sociology, psychology, ethology, literature, and film studies, many of the topics that are discussed have relevance beyond a purely theoretical one; as such the book also aims to inspire for example biologists, conservationists, and zoo keepers to reflect on their relationship with animals.

Climate-Challenged Society

Author: John S. Dryzek,Richard B. Norgaard,David Schlosberg

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191510831

Category: Political Science

Page: 168

View: 4980

This book is an original, accessible, and thought-provoking introduction to the severe and broad-ranging challenges that climate change presents and how societies can respond. It synthesizes and deploys cutting-edge scholarship on the range of social, economic, political, and philosophical issues surrounding climate change. The treatment is introductory, but the book is written "with attitude", for nobody has yet charted in coherent, integrative, and effective fashion a way to move societies beyond their current paralysis as they face the challenges of climate change. The coverage begins with an examination of science, public opinion, and policy making, with special attention to organized climate change denial. The book then moves to economic analysis and its limits; different kinds of policies; climate justice; governance at all levels from the local to the global; and the challenge of an emerging "Anthropocene" in which the mostly unintended consequences of human action drive the earth system into a more chaotic and unstable era. The conclusion considers the prospects for fundamental transition in ideas, movements, economics, and governance.

Thinking about Animals in the Age of the Anthropocene

Author: Morten Tønnessen,Kristin Armstrong Oma,Silver Rattasepp

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1498527973

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 280

View: 9220

Thinking about Animals in the Age of the Anthropocene makes connections between the Anthropocene discourse and human-animal studies, thus facilitating further interdisciplinary work on the topic of animals in the Anthropocene.

"... mein Acker ist die Zeit"

Aufsätze zur Umweltgeschichte

Author: Bernd Herrmann

Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen

ISBN: 394187599X

Category: Human ecology

Page: 495

View: 8323

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