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The Politics of European Union Enlargement

Theoretical Approaches

Author: Frank Schimmelfennig,Ulrich Sedelmeier

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134234260

Category: Political Science

Page: 306

View: 2865

This is a key reference text presenting the latest first-rate approaches to the study of European enlargement. Developed and significantly expanded from a special issue of the leading Journal of European Public Policy, this new volume draws on the insights from the recently emerging theoretically-informed literature on the EU's eastern enlargement and complements these studies with original articles that combine a theoretical approach with comparative analyses. These expert contributors focus on the broader theoretical debates and their implications for the enlargement of the EU, as well as placing the enlargement of the EU within the broader context of the expansion of international organisations and the study of institutions in international relations.

EU Rule of Law Promotion

Judiciary Reform in the Western Balkans

Author: Marko Kmezic

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317140176

Category: Law

Page: 186

View: 5521

Do EU institutions have an influence on the implementation of the rule of law in potential candidate countries and, if so, of what kind? During the compliance monitoring process related to the effective rule of law and democracy the EU Commission tests and criticizes the effectiveness of the judiciary and strengthens the rule of law in preparation for accession. In the Western Balkans this was a process fraught with difficulties. Despite the fact that academic scholarship and democratic politics agree on rule of law as a legitimizing principle for the exercise of state authority, there is no uniform European standard for institution-building or monitoring activities by the EU in this area. With focus on the reform of the judiciary in five case study countries of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia, this empirical research investigates the EU's transformative power with regard to the effectiveness of rule of law and judicial sector reform in its infancy. It analyses the depth and limitations of EU rule of law promotion in the Western Balkans and presents policy recommendations intended to address the shortcomings in judiciary reform. This book aims to fill the gap in the existing academic scholarship of EU politics, law and Western Balkans literature.

Europäische Religionspolitik

Religiöse Identitätsbezüge, rechtliche Regelungen und politische Ausgestaltung

Author: Ines-Jacqueline Werkner,Antonius Liedhegener

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658009594

Category: Political Science

Page: 312

View: 2958

Die Europäische Union galt lange Zeit als rein säkulare politische Gemeinschaft, in der Religion nicht zu thematisieren sei. Mit der viel beschworenen Rückkehr der Religionen und der Idee der postsäkularen Gesellschaft stellt sich diese Frage ganz neu. Die verstärkte Aufmerksamkeit für die gesellschaftliche Bedeutung von Religion speist sich mittlerweile aber auch aus dem europäischen Integrationsprozess selbst. In dem Maße, wie sich die EU nicht mehr nur als wirtschaftliches Projekt versteht, sondern auch als politische Union und Wertegemeinschaft, kommt der Frage nach dem gesellschaftlichen Zusammenhalt Europas – gerade in wirtschaftlichen Krisenzeiten – eine wachsende Bedeutung zu. Diesen Wandel greift der Band auf. Er verfolgt einerseits die Frage einer gemeinsamen Identität in Europa und untersucht andererseits die konkreten religionspolitischen Konsequenzen, die sich mit dem Vertrag von Lissabon ergeben haben und nun die Religionspolitik der Europäischen Union und ihr Verhältnis zu den Mitgliedsländern wie zur internationalen Staatenwelt prägen.

Europe Unbound

Enlarging and Reshaping the Boundaries of the European Union

Author: Jan Zielonka

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134458460

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 8539

Europe Unbound provides an analysis of the enlargement of the European Union and examines from both a theoretical and a political approach issues such as: * Where does Europe end? * Should Europe's borders be open or closed? * How does the evolution of territorial politics impact on the course of European integration? This book draws upon such diverse fields as History, Sociology, Political Science and International Relations and contains contributions from an international range of respected academics.

Taiwan Journal of Democracy

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Democracy

Page: N.A

View: 8930

The European Security and Defense Architecture and the Russian Federation

Author: Michael Hofmann

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3638807185

Category:

Page: 28

View: 4091

Essay from the year 2006 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Peace and Conflict Studies, Security, grade: 62 (UK system), University of Kent, language: English, abstract: During his speech at the Security Conference in Munich in February this year, the Russian Defence Minister Ivanov emphasised that there is 'plenty of work to be done' concerning the relations between Russia and the European Union (EU) in the fields of security and defence policy. Further, he urged for the deepening of the dialogue between Russia and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). A successful Europe, according to Ivanov, cannot be built without a close partnership between Russia and the European security institution. Ivanov's speech constitutes an adequate example for efforts of the Russian Federation aimed at getting more involved into European security issues. By examining the completed NATO and EU enlargements in 1999 and 2004, the ambition of Russia to have an influential say in European security questions becomes obvious. Being confronted with enlargement processes that incorporated a former Soviet sphere of influence, the Russian Federation regards itself as being excluded. Both sides, EU/NATO and Russia currently do not consider full Russian accession to these organisations as a possible and desirable policy option in the short- and medium-term. Therefore, European security institutions are facing the problem of finding a way to cooperate with those states that do not wish or are not allowed to join these institutions. How to fit in the Russian Federation, can thus be regarded as one of the most urgent issues in European security policies. This essay will argue that the underpinnings of the security cooperation are actually very fragile and are lacking substance. In particular, the lack of a shared set of common aims, interests, and values make it difficult to develop a sustainable security partnership between Europe's security institutions and Russia

Geopolitics of European Union Enlargement

The Fortress Empire

Author: Warwick Armstrong,James Anderson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134301324

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 8620

Under the impact of accelerated globalization, transnational integration and international security concerns, the geopolitics of Europe's borders and border regions has become an area of critical interest. The progressive enlargement of the EU has positioned its borders at the heart of recent discussions on the changing nature of the EU, the meaning of 'Europe' and what constitutional shape a more politically unified Europe might take. With enlargement, the EU must elaborate strategies to contend with a fiercely competitive world - and to build fortress-like defences against perceived tensions arising from greater cultural mixing and threats such as terrorism. The authors build up an integral picture of the EU's internal and external borders and borderlands to reveal the processes of re-bordering and social change currently taking place in Europe. They explore issues such as security, immigration, economic development and changing social and political attitudes, as well as the EU's relations with the Islamic world and other world powers. The book embraces an array of disciplinary, ideological and theoretical perspectives, offering detailed case studies of different border regions and the concerns of the local inhabitants, while engaging in broader discussions of developments across Europe, state policies and the EU's relations with neighbouring states. Geopolitics of European Union Enlargement will be of key interest to students and researchers in the fields of European politics, geography, international studies, sociology and anthropology.

The European Union as a Leader in International Climate Change Politics

Author: Rüdiger Wurzel,James Connelly

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136888233

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 6854

Climate change poses one of the biggest challenges facing humankind. The European Union (EU) has developed into a leader in international climate change politics although it was originally set up as a ‘leaderless Europe’ in which decision-making powers are spread amongst EU institutional, member state and societal actors. The central aim of this book, which is written by leading experts in the field, is to explain what kind of leadership has been offered by EU institutional, member state and societal actors. Although leadership is the overarching theme of the book, all chapters also address ecological modernisation, policy instruments, and multi-level governance as additional main themes. The book chapters focus on the Commission, European Parliament, European Council and Council of Ministers as well as member states (Britain, Germany, France, the Netherlands, Poland and Spain) and societal actors (businesses and environmental NGOs). Additional chapters analyse the EU as a global actor and the climate change policies of America and China and how they have responded to the EU’s ambitions. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of environmental politics, EU politics, comparative politics and international relations as well as to practitioners who deal with EU and/or climate change issues.

Europeanization and New Member States

A Comparative Social Network Analysis

Author: Flavia Jurje

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135927480

Category: Political Science

Page: 176

View: 330

This book examines the Europeanization of the polity and politics of a new EU Member State. Using social network analysis in a comparative research design, it provides a systematic analysis of the effects of Europeanization on the institutions, policy processes, power constellation and conflict among national elites. Providing a detailed case study on Romania in comparative perspective, the book analyses the impact of the European Union integration process on decision-making in six policy networks to develop a cross-sector and cross-time comparative analysis. It explores mandatory EU requirements in the area of immigration and asylum and the implementation of various EU directives during the negotiation period as well as post-integration. It also examines soft/non-mandatory Europeanization in the social sector and investigates a third control case on a domestic reform, fiscal decentralization in the education sector, where the EU influence is absent. Measuring the impact of Europeanization both before and after integration, this book has considerable implications for the study of current and future candidate states. It will be of interest to students and scholars of EU enlargement, Europeanization studies, European politics, especially Central and Eastern European politics.

Negotiating Gender and Diversity in an Emergent European Public Sphere

Author: B. Siim,M. Mokre

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113729129X

Category: Social Science

Page: 244

View: 3069

The book analyses intersections between gender and diversity through cross-national studies of European public spheres. The approach confronts research on European democracy and the public sphere with gender and diversity research and reflections about European equality and diversity issues are based on new research from a large-scale EU project.

New Approaches to EU Foreign Policy

Author: Maciej Wilga,Ireneusz Pawel Karolewski

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317674545

Category: Political Science

Page: 282

View: 2841

EU foreign policy once existed in the form of the European Political Cooperation with only a limited political leverage and symbolic institutional underpinnings. In recent years rapid changes have occurred, including an expanding institutional apparatus, increased responsibility and growing demand for action. This book examines new approaches to the EU’s foreign policy that address its rapidly changing character, presenting the newest theoretical perspectives and dealing with novel empirical developments. Rather than simply considering structural variations and changes in the agency of the EU, it explores the new complexity in EU foreign policy. The authors offer new theoretical perspectives and new empirical studies dealing, among others, with issues such as: Power delegation to the Commission. EU diplomacy. Parliamentarisation and constitutionalisation. Committees’ involvement in foreign policy process. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of European politics, European foreign policy and European integration.

Poland Within the European Union

New Awkward Partner Or New Heart of Europe?

Author: Aleks Szczerbiak

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415380731

Category: Political Science

Page: 251

View: 5171

Provides a detailed empirical case study of the impact of the EU on Poland and Poland's impact on the EU in the first three years of membership from 2004-2007.

The History of the European Union

Origins of a Trans- and Supranational Polity 1950-72

Author: Professor of European Studies Wolfram Kaiser,Wolfram Kaiser,Brigitte Leucht,Morten Rasmussen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113404092X

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 5526

This book radically re-conceptualises the origins of the European Union as a trans- and supranational polity as it emerged between the Schuman Plan of May 1950 and the first enlargement of the European Communities at the start of 1973. Drawing upon social science theories and debates as well as recent historical research, Wolfram Kaiser and Morten Rasmussen in their introductory chapters discuss innovative ways of narrating the history of the EU as the emergence of a transnational political society and supranational political system. Building on these insights, eight chapters based on multilateral and multi-archival research follow each with case studies of transnational networks, public sphere and institutional cultures and policy-making which illustrate systematically related aspects of the early history of the EU. In the concluding chapter, leading political scientist Alex Warleigh-Lack demonstrates how greater interdisciplinary cooperation, especially between contemporary history and political studies, can significantly advance our knowledge of the EU as a complex polity. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of Politics, European Studies and History.

New Perspectives on Turkey-EU Relations

Author: Chris Rumford

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317850130

Category: Political Science

Page: 94

View: 5135

This book makes the case for looking afresh at Turkey-EU relations in order to appreciate the richness and complexity of a relationship which is now more than 50 years old and is still not close to reaching fulfilment. The contributors challenge conventional attempts to understand Turkey-EU relations, revealing that EU integration studies has been rather poor at understanding the global context within which Turkey-EU developments take place. More surprising perhaps, EU integration studies has also struggled to give sufficient weight to the potential of Turkey’s domestic politics to shape EU enlargement. The volume attempts to correct these imbalances by offering both a global context and new perspectives on the drivers of domestic politics. It represents a shift from a narrow EU integration/enlargement agenda. Turkey’s position vis-a-vis the EU cannot be adequately captured by simplistic notions of conditionality, harmonization, and an uncritical interpretation of Europeanization. A more rounded view of Turkey-EU relations is advanced based upon a broader context of European and global transformations. The contributions, collected here, offer an interpretation of Turkey-EU relations from a novel perspective, utilize a new framework of theory, and draw upon insights and perspectives from disciplines underrepresented in mainstream study of Turkey-EU relations. This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of Contemporary European Studies.

Gendering the European Union

New Approaches to Old Democratic Deficits

Author: G. Abels,J. Mushaben

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230353290

Category: Political Science

Page: 279

View: 7159

An exploration of European integration as seen through a gender lens. This book looks at integration theories, institutional relationships, enlargement, the development of gender law and the role of formal actors, scholars and expert networks in the EU policy-making process. With a focus on gender mainstreaming as a new approach to gender policy.

The Comparative International Politics of Democracy Promotion

Author: Jonas Wolff,Hans-Joachim Spanger,Hans-Jürgen Puhle

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134509626

Category: Political Science

Page: 294

View: 6637

Though scholarly attention to democracy promotion is increasing, there is still little comparative and theoretically-based work on the protagonists of democracy promotion. This book investigates the motives that drive democracy promotion in a comparative and theoretically oriented manner, exploring how democracy promoters deal with conflicting objectives and the factors that shape their behaviour. It also addresses the more policy-oriented debate on the contemporary challenges to democracy promotion, focusing on US and German policies towards three kinds of challenges: the emergence of ‘radical’ leftist governments in Bolivia and Ecuador, the political rise of Islamist movements in Turkey and Pakistan, and the consolidation of (semi-)authoritarian rule in Belarus and Russia. In each case, North-Western democracy promoters have been confronted with serious conflicts of objectives between security, economic interests and democracy promotion. The analysis and comparison of such situations in which democracy promoters have to deal with competing objectives and make tough decisions provides powerful evidence as to the factors that shape democracy promotion. The Comparative International Politics of Democracy Promotion will be of interest to students and scholars of international relations, comparative politics, democratization studies and foreign policy.

Cosmopolitan Spaces

Europe, Globalization, Theory

Author: Chris Rumford

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113416761X

Category: Social Science

Page: 12

View: 8902

Cosmopolitan Spaces: Europe, Globalization, Theory endeavors a highly innovative reading of both globalization theory and contemporary European transformations. Interpreting cosmopolitanism as a politics of space, Rumford positions his analysis at the intersection of two exciting currents in contemporary social science research: the ‘spatial turn’ in the social sciences and the renewed interest in cosmopolitanism. Rumford elaborates a completely new theoretical framework for understanding the contemporary social and political transformation of Europe, and takes issue with many aspects of the globalization-inspired accounts of Europeanization which remain blind to the spatial dimensions of change. In addition to its compelling reading of cosmopolitanism, Cosmopolitan Spaces: Europe, Globalization, Theory, offers a provocative critique for thinking about Europe in terms of Empire, and advances the startling claim that Europe should be considered ‘postwestern’.

The European Union and Global Social Change

A Critical Geopolitical-Economic Analysis

Author: József Böröcz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135255792

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 7377

This book examines just what the European Union is, in the context of the ongoing structural transformation of the global system. The author develops an integrated approach to global transformations, drawing on geopolitics, political geography, international relations, economics, economic and political history, political economy and macro-sociology to discuss how this supra-state organisation, that shares and pools the sovereignty of some of the wealthiest states of the modern world, makes sense. The book: Interprets the ongoing transformation of west European public authority in the context of the global geopolitical economy of competition, cooperation and conflict Examines the consequences of west European integration for the global system in a longue-durée perspective, developing a new, geopolitical dialect within world-systems analysis, sharpening some of the conceptual tools developed by its paradigm-setters. Develops a new conceptualization for the EU’s global geopolitical strategy, which the author describes this strategy as the elasticity of size Developing a deeper understanding of global social change and west European strategies of global advantage-maintenance and power-management, this book will be of interest to students and scholars of European Politics, International Politics, International Relations Theory and Globalization Studies.

Designing the European Union

From Paris to Lisbon

Author: F. Laursen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230367577

Category: Political Science

Page: 317

View: 2160

This book outlines the content of the main treaties that form the 'constitutional' basis of the European Union and analyses changes in these over time. The EU has expanded its policy scope and taken in many more members transferring powers to common supranational institutions in a way seen nowhere else in the world.

Party Politics in Central and Eastern Europe

Does EU Membership Matter?

Author: Tim Haughton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317987381

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 2334

What impact has EU membership had on party politics in Central and Eastern Europe? Although there is an emerging body of literature on the Europeanization of political parties, most of these accounts focus exclusively on Western Europe. Drawing on a range of qualitative and quantitative approaches including detailed studies of party programmes and manifestos, analysis of the media, semi-structured interviews and expert surveys, this collection provides not just conceptually informed, but also empirically rooted analyses of party politics in Central and Eastern Europe during the first four years of EU membership. In particular, the contributions assess the impact of EU membership on parties’ internal balance of power, the use of European issues in inter-party competition, the role of transnational party federations and the broader role the EU plays in party politics. The findings not only shed light on the impact of EU membership on party organization and programmes, they also inform broader debates concerning the dynamics, fluidity and motors of party politics in Central and Eastern Europe. This book was based on a special issue of Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics.

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