Search Results: the-principle-of-legal-certainty-in-ec-law

The Principle of Legal Certainty in EC Law

Author: J. Raitio

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401703531

Category: Philosophy

Page: 401

View: 320

The intertwinement of EC law and national law may create unforeseeability in situations where EC law invades the national cases. This study contributes to the contemporary discussion, which wrestles with questions such as: What have been the visions and objectives for European integration in the last decades? How to describe European Union as a political entity and a legal system? What is the relationship between legal certainty, rule of law, various general principles and human rights?

The Principle of Legal Certainty in EC Law

Author: J. Raitio

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402012174

Category: Law

Page: 398

View: 9231

The intertwinement of EC law and national law may create unforeseeability in situations where EC law invades the national cases, which gives rise to the very question of legal certainty in EC law. This study contributes to the contemporary discussion, which wrestles with the following questions in particular: - What have been the visions and objectives for European integration in the last decades? - How to describe European Union as a political entity and a legal system? - What is the relationship between legal certainty, rule of law, various general principles and human rights? - What is the core of legal certainty on the basis of the case study? - What kind of legal arguments and patterns of justification are there from a comparative perspective? - How has the term 'legal certainty' been defined in the Nordic legal theory? - How predictable and acceptable are the interpretations of the European Court of Justice - is it "running wild"? Legal certainty relates to the principle of non-retroactivity and the protection of legitimate expectations in particular, but more profoundly it can be related to the conceptual scale for weighing up and balancing between formal justice and material fairness in legal decision-making. This scale is illustrated by presenting the terms 'formal', 'factual' and 'substantive' legal certainty.

General Principles of EC Law in a Process of Development

Reports from a Conference in Stockholm, 23-24 March 2007, Organised by the Swedish Network for European Legal Studies

Author: Ulf Bernitz,Joakim Nergelius,Cecilia Cardner,Xavier Groussot

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9041127054

Category: Law

Page: 453

View: 7262

What are the basic principles underlying European Community Law? Although no one seeks a purely descriptive answer to this question, the discussion it gives rise to is of immense significance both for theoretical legal studies and for legal practice. Over the years, scholars have convened from time to time to re-examine the question in the light of new developments. This important volume offers insights and findings of the latest such conference, held at Stockholm in March 2007, and sponsored by the Swedish Network for European Legal Studies. The nineteen essays here printed are all final author-edited versions of papers first presented at that conference. Far from merely an updating of the First Edition, which marked a 1999 conference held under the same auspices at Malm�, this book is entirely new. It underscores the importance of discovering the emergence of new general principles--linked, indeed, to such fundamental continuing concerns as democracy, accountability, transparency, direct effect, good administration, and European citizenship--as they develop in such increasingly important areas as the following: core aspects of competition and financial integration law; the ongoing process of European constitutionalization; the application of general principles in the new Member States; the growth of European private law; the successive creation of a jus commune europaeum; and the instrumental function of the EC Court. There is also special consideration attached to such overriding issues as the gap-filling function of the principles within the Community legal system, and the implications of the use of a comparative methodology. The authors include both eminent, well-known experts, many of whom took part in the 1999 Conference, and representatives of a new generation of younger scholars in the field. For the myriad parties involved in the evolution of the European project from a legal perspective, this book serves as a watershed, a thorough inspection of the foundations as they are perceived and understood at the present moment. It is sure to be consulted and cited often in the years to come.

The Eclipse of the Legality Principle in the European Union

Author: Leonard F. M. Besselink,Frans Pennings,Sacha Prechal

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9041132627

Category: Law

Page: 312

View: 8366

Legality is a traditional normative concept to regulate the relationship between those in power and those subjected to that power. The principle of legality protects the citizen against the arbitrary use of power, or, more precisely, it demands a legal basis (which itself must be of a certain standard) to legitimize State action. Is legality under siege in Europe? The authors contributing to this provocative and important book answer this question in the affirmative. Twenty-one outstanding European legal scholars expose a spectrum of ways in which the traditional legality principle is under pressure because of the creation of new legal orders, including that of the EU, and the interaction between these new orders and that of the State, combined with such factors as expertise driven governance, difficulties of international organizations to meet their objectives due to a lack of adequate powers, and lack of parliamentary control. The question of whether the main functions of legality - legitimating, attributing and regulating the exercise of public authority - are still fulfilled in the context of the overlapping, interacting, and mutually dependent legal orders of the EU, the ECHR, and the Member States is at the background of all the essays in this volume. Recognizing that legality, if it is to survive, demands rigorous reconsideration of its scope and application, the authors interrogate not only such fundamental democratic issues as who has legitimate power to perform legislative acts and through these to exercise of public power over citizens, but also such urgent European problems as the following: ; the use of the precautionary principle in EU decision-making; the scope of the principle that the exercise of public authority must rest on an act of Parliament; the extent to which the EU can provide a legal basis for action of Member State authorities in the absence of such a basis within Member State legal orders; the constitutional position of independent 'regulators'; the requirements that ECJ and ECHR case law impose on the exercise of public authority; whether legislative results are coherent in the sensitive area of equal treatment; transparency, legal certainty, enforceability, and implementation of EC Directives in the field of workers' involvement; new instruments as the Open Method of Coordination and the involvement of social partners in decision-making; the de facto harmonization of national criminal justice systems; and the prominent role of the EU in the field of data protection. There can be little doubt that the issue of legality and to whom it applies - in a world in which the role of the modern State is changing profoundly - is a crucial one. It is highly important in the context of the ongoing discussion on the meaning of democracy and citizenship. This volume, with its clear message that reconsidering legality demands taking serious issue with the uncertainty engendered by the processes of globalization, will resonate profoundly among practitioners and policymakers in this time of momentous change.

Network-Based Governance in EC Law

The Example of EC Competition and EC Communications Law

Author: Maartje de Visser

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847315445

Category: Law

Page: 420

View: 8470

To strengthen the credibility of the EU and its policies, the European Community is increasingly concerned to emphasise effective enforcement of EC law. This book engages in the debate on the better application of European law by offering an integrated analysis of a new institutional arrangement - one that relies on networks grouping the Commission and national administrative authorities. Taking the traditional enforcement paradigms of decentralisation, centralisation and agency-based enforcement as starting points, their benefits and downsides are described and critiqued, and the author concludes that there is considerable room for improvement. The book then undertakes a comprehensive analysis of the network model to determine its core characteristics and assess its effectiveness. European competition law and electronic communications law are used as case studies because, inter alia, the networks there have developed an adequate level of sophistication. The book also employs a bottom-up approach, considering how four key Member States (France, Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom) have given effect to the relevant European rules. At the core of the book is a critique of the wider normative attractiveness of the network model. The discussion is kaleidoscopic, engaging with a wide variety of notions including legitimacy, judicial review, subsidiarity, institutional balance and efficiency. The thrust of the book is that network-based governance deserves careful consideration as the model that is able to mediate the competing concerns of coherence for Internal Market reasons, and of diversity and respect for local autonomy. This book is useful for EC competition law and communications law practitioners, and those with a keen interest in institutional and administrative law.

Legitimacy in EU Cartel Control

Author: Ingeborg Simonsson

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847315682

Category: Law

Page: 440

View: 5726

This book examines the law developed by the EU to control cartels. The law, including case-law, is carefully documented and analysed against a standard of legitimacy which questions the EU's enforcement measures, its institutional structures, policy choices, substantive law, evidentiary standards and procedures and sanctions. It includes a unique catalogue of over 150 EU cartel decisions, as well as novel analyses of difficult borderline issues such as mixed horizontal and vertical cartels, single-brand dealer cartels and buyer cartels. The effect on trade in cartel cases is analysed with reference to established law and deterrence theory. Throughout the book the author asks whether EU law also applies at the national level, or whether certain assessments need to be made according to national law. This approach makes the book particularly helpful for national authorities, courts and private practitioners. The book includes in-depth comparisons with US law as well as a comprehensive survey of the secondary (academic) literature on cartels. As such it presents not only a comprehensive practical view, but also a sound theoretical framework for better understanding cartel law. This is a work which will be of utmost importance to those working in competition authorities and competition courts in the EU Member States, as well as those working for EU institutions and in private practice and academia.

Facing the Limits of the Law

Author: Erik Claes,Wouter Devroe,Bert Keirsbilck

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540798560

Category: Law

Page: 533

View: 4467

Many legal experts no longer share an unbounded trust in the potential of law to govern society efficiently and responsibly. They often experience the 'limits of the law', as they are confronted with striking inadequacies in their legal toolbox, with inner inconsistencies of the law, with problems of enforcement and obedience, and with undesired side-effects, and so on. The contributors to this book engage in the challenging task of making sense of this experience. Against the background of broader cultural transformations (such as globalisation, new technologies, individualism and cultural diversity), they revisit a wide range of areas of the law and map different types of limits in relation to some basic functions and characteristics of the law. Additionally, they offer a set of strategies to manage justifiably law's limits, such as dedramatising law's limits, conceptual refinement ('constructivism'), striking the right balance between different functions of the law, seeking for complementarity between law and other social practices.

Reasonableness and Law

Author: Giorgio Bongiovanni,Giovanni Sartor,Chiara Valentini

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402085001

Category: Philosophy

Page: 464

View: 5367

Reasonableness is at the centre of legal debate, both in academic circles and in practice. This unique reference work adopts an interdisciplinary perspective, merging jurisprudence, legal theory, political philosophy and the different branches of law. All aspects relating to reasonableness and law are addressed by the most prominent scholars in the field. In the first part of the book, the focus is on jurisprudential analyses of the concept of reasonableness and on its moral, political and constitutional implications. In the second part, reasonableness is examined in the different fields of law like Public, Private and International Law. Here in more detail the practical consequences of reasonableness are worked out, making this work of interest to practitioners as well as legal theorists.

ReNEUAL Model Rules on EU Administrative Procedure

Author: Paul Craig,Herwig Hofmann,Jens-Peter Schneider,Jacques Ziller

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198795300

Category:

Page: 336

View: 3918

This book presents Model Rules drafted by the Research Network on EU Administrative Law (ReNEUAL), together with an extended introduction. The Model Rules propose a clear and accessible legal framework through which the constitutional values of the EU can be embedded in the exercise of public authority.

Principles, Definitions and Model Rules of European Private Law

Draft Common Frame of Reference (DCFR)

Author: Study Group on a European Civil Code,Research Group on the Existing EC Private Law

Publisher: sellier. european law publ.

ISBN: 3866530978

Category: Law

Page: 642

View: 4111

The Draft of a Common Frame of Reference (DCFR) is based in part on a revised version of the Principles of European Contract Law (PECL) and contains Principles, Definitions and Model Rules of European Private Law. A year ago, an interim outline edition of the Draft Common Frame of Reference (DCFR) was published by sellier. european law publishers (Germany). It covered the books on contracts and other juridical acts, obligations and corresponding rights, certain specific contracts, and non-contractual obligations. One purpose of the text was to provide material for a possible "political" Common Frame of Reference (CFR) which was called for by the European Commission's Action Plan on a More Coherent European Contract Law of January 2003. Now available for the first time is the final outline edition of the DCFR. This final outline edition covers major new topics and includes a revised and expanded list of definitions. This revision of the interim outline edition takes public discussion into account and also contains an additional section on the principles underlying the model rules. In late 2009, the six-volume full edition of the DCFR, including all comments and notes, will be published.

European Administrative Law in the Constitutional Treaty

Author: Eva Nieto-Garrido,Isaac Martín Delgado

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847313833

Category: Law

Page: 210

View: 1138

This book presents an integrated approach to general questions of European administrative law and offers some possible solutions to the problems which it poses, the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe being the point of reference. Under the Treaty general questions of administrative law are no longer addressed merely in a fragmented or incidental way but as a discipline that governs the exercise of sovereign powers by a supranational entity. This calls for a detailed examination of the fields which comprise European administrative law and the book therefore examines in some detail the key areas of rulemaking powers and normative instruments, the implications of the Charter of Fundamental Rights for European and national administrations, administrative procedure, and judicial protection within the European Union. The Foreword to the book is written by Professor Carol Harlow.

Environmental Principles and Policies

An Interdisciplinary Introduction

Author: Sharon Beder

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134037260

Category: Nature

Page: 312

View: 4889

Environmental Principles and Policies uses environmental and social principles to analyse the latest wave of economic-based and market-orientated environmental policies currently being adopted around the world. This book provides an in-depth examination of six key principles that have been incorporated into international treaties and the national laws of many countries: * ecological sustainability * the polluter pays principle * the precautionary principle * equity * human rights * public participation These principles are then used to evaluate a range of policies including pollution charges, emissions, trading, water markets, biodiversity banks and tradable fishing rights. Environmental Principles and Policies is easily accessible, using non-technical language throughout, and - in what sets it apart from other books on environmental policy-making - it takes a critical and interdisciplinary approach. It does not set out policies in a descriptive or prescriptive way, but analyses and evaluates policy options from a variety of perspectives. This enables readers to gain a thorough grasp of important principles and current policies, as well as demonstrating how principles can be used to critically assess environmental policies.

Forum Shopping in the European Judicial Area

Author: Pascal de Vareilles-Sommières

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847314015

Category: Law

Page: 248

View: 6988

One of the issues left untouched by the Brussels Convention of 27 September 1968 (and by the Brussels-1 Regulation replacing it) concerns the leeway left to domestic courts when applying European rules on international jurisdiction in civil and commercial matters. For instance, is the court under a duty of strict compliance with the jurisdiction rule as it is drafted? Would such a duty go so far as to require the court to abide by the jurisdiction rule, even though it is being used by one of the litigants to achieve an unfair result, for example to delay adjudication on the merits? Under what conditions may the Court decline jurisdiction on account of any unsuitable forum shopping, thus ruling out the European provision on jurisdiction? Recent litigation in the ECJ has yielded rather, even excessively, restrictive answers, ruling out any discretion by domestic courts to remedy any inconvenience arising from the strict application of the European provisions, if such discretion were provided for by the lex fori (the Gasser case, the Turner case, and the Owusu case). This series of rulings from the ECJ raises several questions. Most observers have questioned the appropriateness of prescribing a blind application of European rules on jurisdiction by domestic courts, relying on the legal traditions of EC Member States usually providing for corrective mechanisms - such as 'forum non conveniens' in English Law and 'exception de fraude' in French Law - in cases when a party abusively triggers the jurisdiction of a court in order to obtain an unjust advantage, thus practising unacceptable forum shopping. The time has now come for an analysis, under both Community and comparative law, of the ramifications of the recent Gasser/Turner/Owusu cases. Readers will find in this book a collection of studies by some of the leading English and French experts today, analysing the ins and outs of jurisdiction and forum shopping in Europe.

Legality in Europe

On the Principle Nullum Crimen, Nulla Poena Sine Lege in EU Law and Under the ECHR

Author: Mikhel Timmerman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781780683041

Category: Criminal law

Page: 350

View: 9050

Through the establishment of EU criminal law, EU actors have come to influence the definition and interpretation of domestic crimes and penalties. Both the EU legislature and the CJEU define and interpret provisions of EU law with relevance for the determination of criminal liability and the prescription of applicable penalties in the law of the Member States. This influence on substantive criminal law raises questions about the limits to these legislative and interpretive activities, both at the EU level and at the level of the Member States.

Reinforcing Rule of Law Oversight in the European Union

Author: Carlos Closa

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107108888

Category: Law

Page: 338

View: 6126

This book provides an analysis of key approaches to rule of law oversight in the EU and identifies deeper theoretical problems.

The Spirit of the Common Law

Author: Roscoe Pound

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Common law

Page: 224

View: 9984

Legitimate Expectations in Administrative Law

Author: Søren J. Schønberg

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198299479

Category: Law

Page: 270

View: 8803

This original and stimulating book is the first systematic study of the principle of `legitimate expectations' in administrative law to appear in the English language. The notion of reasonable or legitimate expectations has played a central role in the development of administrative law over the last thirty years and it remains one of the most contentious and most frequently invoked grounds of judicial review. In this book Dr Schonberg provides a detailed, comparative, and critical analysis of that notion He begins by clarifying why administrative law should protect expectations at all, by linking expectations to fairness, trust in administration, and the Rule of Law with its requirements of legal certainty and formal equality. In the light of this framework he examines in detail the principles and rules which contribute to the protection of expectations. The scope of this analysis is broad, looking both at procedural and substantive principles of administrative law as wellas principles of tort liability and stautory compensation. In all of these areas, English law is carefully compared with French and EC law and is shown how the three legal systems often reach similar outcomes by the application of different legal principles and rules. The current state of English law is examined critically in the light of the comparative study of French and EC law, and a number of original suggestions for legal reform are presented. They include the adoption of: a generalprinciple of irrevocability of intra vires administrative decisions, a distinct principle of substantive legitimate expectations subject to a `significant imbalance' threshold for judicial intervention, and a statutory right to compensation for loss caused by `sufficiently serious' violations of public law.

The general principles of EC law

Author: Takis Tridimas

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 377

View: 5695

One of the main ways in which the European Court of Justice has influenced the development of the Community legal order is through the elaboration of unwritten general principles of law derived from the fundamental values underlying the national legal systems. This book provides a detailed andsystematic account of the general principles as applied by the European Court of Justice and the Court of First Instance. It highlights the various functions fulfilled by the general principles, the diverse contexts in which they are employed, and the varying degrees of judicial scrutiny that theyentail. Tridimas focuses on principles such as equality, proportionality, fundamental rights and the right to a hearing. This book also analyses the liability of Member States for breaches of Community Law. It is designed for students, academics and practitioners interested in the wider areas ofEuropean law and judicial review. This book is part of the Oxford EC Law Library. The aim of this series is to publish important and original studies of the various branches of European Community Law. Each work provides a clear, concise, and original critical exposition of the law in its social, economic, and political context, at alevel which will interest the advanced student, the practitioner, the academic, and government and Community officials.

Legal Remedies in European Tax Law

Author: Pasquale Pistone,Group for Research on European International Taxation

Publisher: IBFD

ISBN: 9087220650

Category: Law

Page: 544

View: 8277

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