Search Results: the-puzzle-of-non-western-democracy

The Puzzle of Non-Western Democracy

Author: Richard Youngs

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0870034308

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 9255

Western democracy is being questioned around the world. At the same time, Western aid groups are quick to say that they are not trying to impose a particular style of democracy on others and that they are open to supporting local, alternative forms of democracy. This book examines what it is about Western democracy that non-Westerners are reacting negatively to and whether the critics often are equating a dislike for certain Western social or economic features with an aversion to of Western political systems. It also explores the current state of debate about alternative forms of democratic practice in different regions—Asia, Africa, the Middle East, and Latin America—and then puts forward ideas about how Western actors engaged in democracy support can do a better job of incorporating new thinking about alternative democratic forms into their efforts.

The Puzzle of Non-Western Democracy

Author: Richard Youngs

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780870034282

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 691

With calls for different models of democracy growing stronger, The Puzzle of Non-Western Democracy explores the prospects for variation in democratic forms. It explains why the nature of today's global politics calls for democratic renewal—and how this renewal must look beyond the standard practices of Western democracy.

The Puzzle of Non-Western Democracy

Author: Richard Youngs

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780870034299

Category: Political Science

Page: 215

View: 5446

"The nature of today's global politics calls for democratic renewal--and this renewal must look beyond the standard practices of Western democracy. Calls for different models of democracy are becoming more prominent and widespread. The future of global politics will depend greatly on whether and how democracy can be made more effective, participative, and accountable. Many politicians, diplomats, and experts today argue in favor of non-Western models of democracy. Yet it remains unclear what such models should look like. It is more useful to think in terms of specific areas of democratic variation that can encourage democratic renewal--outside, but also within, the West."--

Europe Reset

New Directions for the EU

Author: Richard Youngs

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 1786723204

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 3646

In the last decade, the EU has been hit by a series of crises, most recently the UK’s decision to leave the union following the Brexit referendum. In light of this, questions have been raised about the need to reform the whole model of European integration, with the aim of making the union more flexible and more accountable. In this book, Richard Youngs proposes an alternative vision of European co-operation and shows how the EU must re-invent itself if it is to survive. He argues that citizens should play a greater role in European decision-making, that there should be radically more flexibility in the process of integration and that Europe needs to take a new, more coherent, approach to questions of defence and security. In proposing this model for a ‘reset’ version of Europe, Youngs reinvigorates the debate around the future of Europe and puts forward a new agenda for the future of the EU.

Democracy in Decline?

Author: Larry Diamond,Marc F. Plattner

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421418185

Category: Political Science

Page: 144

View: 9278

"Is Democracy in Decline? is a short book that takes up the fascinating question on whether this once-revolutionary form of government--the bedrock of Western liberalism--is fast disappearing. Has the growth of corporate capitalism, mass economic inequality, and endemic corruption reversed the spread of democracy worldwide? In this incisive collection, leading thinkers address this disturbing and critically important issue. Published as part of the National Endowment for Democracy's 25th anniversary--and drawn from articles forthcoming in the Journal of Democracy--this collection includes seven essays from a stellar group of democracy scholars: Francis Fukuyama, Robert Kagan, Thomas Carothers, Marc Plattner, Larry Diamond, Philippe Schmitter, Steven Levitsky, Ivan Krastev, and Lucan Way. Written in a thought-provoking style from seven different perspectives, this book provides an eye-opening look at how the very foundation of Western political culture may be imperiled"--

Twenty-First Century Populism

The Spectre of Western European Democracy

Author: D. Albertazzi,D. McDonnell

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230592104

Category: Political Science

Page: 251

View: 8009

Twenty-First Century Populism analyses the phenomenon of sustained populist growth in Western Europe by looking at the conditions facilitating populism in specific national contexts and then examining populist fortunes in those countries. The chapters are written by country experts and political scientists from across the continent.

The Myth of September 11

The Satanic Verses of Western Democracy

Author: Roberto Quaglia

Publisher: CreateSpace

ISBN: 9781503152700


Page: 630

View: 4187

This is a book about the Myth of September 11. About the facts and the motives behind this myth, the smokescreens of the war of perception and the psychology and insanity connected with this. To expose this myth completely is a modern blasphemy, an unbearable heresy; it's the Satanic Verses of Western Democracy. This is a taboo argument that cannot be freely discussed on TV, in the press or in Parliaments. As more and more people stop believing in the dogmatic Official Version of the events of September 11, 2001, an increasingly sophisticated manipulation of social attitudes is necessary to keep Western institutions from crumbling under the weight of their own contradictions. By now there are plenty of books telling an alternative story of the events of September 11. These books are banned in schools and universities and popular bookshop chains and nevertheless acquire more and more readers. That's because such books disregard the myth and do the best they can to tell the truth about the events of that day. And there are also many independent films which do the same and which have been viewed tens of millions of times on Youtube, but are still banned from TV. However, most of these book and films don't manage to go beyond the facts of that day. Generally they are good works of journalism, but as such they stay anchored to the bare facts, and often fail to envision the Big Picture. The Myth of September 11 - The Satanic Verse of Western Democracy is much more than a book of investigative journalism. It's a vision of a Zeitgeist, of the mad spirit of our times. A formidable manual to understand the refined techniques of myth-building and myth-reinforcing, of mass psychology manipulation and psychological warfare which have been applied to fool us all until now. You'll discover how it is possible to vaccinate a people against a truth by giving it little noninfective doses of truth. How to encourage doublethinking in ways not even envisioned by Orwell. How in the dawn of the third millennium, after thousands of years of development of human culture and science, the world could fall back into the dark ages of myth and superstition. How the entire world could already have been engulfed for years in a huge and grotesque bubble of delusion and irreality. How faithful TV watchers, their minds confused by too many years of Hollywood movies with too many special effects, have been led to believe in the reality of the September 11 Myth and in the existence of a mythical villain, the evil Osama bin Laden, the one and only Santa Claus of Evil. In this book, Roberto Quaglia skilfully assembles all the pieces of the puzzle. But he does not limit himself to that. Calling upon his imaginative resources, the author deploys factual and fictional evidence, seriousness and satire, irony and sarcasm. Quaglia's stringent logic completely demolishes the official version of the September 11 events, while through narrative ability and a taste for paradox he manages to hook the reader and keep him on the edge of his seat from the beginning to the end of the book. This book is the ultimate wake-up call.

Conservative Parties and the Birth of Democracy

Author: Daniel Ziblatt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108298591

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 772

How do democracies form and what makes them die? Daniel Ziblatt revisits this timely and classic question in a wide-ranging historical narrative that traces the evolution of modern political democracy in Europe from its modest beginnings in 1830s Britain to Adolf Hitler's 1933 seizure of power in Weimar Germany. Based on rich historical and quantitative evidence, the book offers a major reinterpretation of European history and the question of how stable political democracy is achieved. The barriers to inclusive political rule, Ziblatt finds, were not inevitably overcome by unstoppable tides of socioeconomic change, a simple triumph of a growing middle class, or even by working class collective action. Instead, political democracy's fate surprisingly hinged on how conservative political parties – the historical defenders of power, wealth, and privilege – recast themselves and coped with the rise of their own radical right. With striking modern parallels, the book has vital implications for today's new and old democracies under siege.

The Strange Non-death of Neo-liberalism

Author: Colin Crouch

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745637590

Category: History

Page: 216

View: 2941

The financial crisis seemed to present a fundamental challenge to neo liberalism, the body of ideas that have constituted the political orthodoxy of most advanced economies in recent decades. Colin Crouch argues in this book that it will shrug off this challenge. The reason is that while neo liberalism seems to be about free markets, in practice it is concerned with the dominance over public life of the giant corporation. This has been intensified, not checked, by the recent financial crisis and acceptance that certain financial corporations are ‘too big to fail'. Although much political debate remains preoccupied with conflicts between the market and the state, the impact of the corporation on both these is today far more important. Several factors have brought us to this situation: The lobbying power of firms whose donations are of growing importance to cash-hungry politicians and parties The weakening of competitive forces by firms large enough to shape and dominate their markets The moral initiative that is grasped by enterprises that devise their own agendas of corporate social responsibility Both democratic politics and the free market are weakened by these processes, but they are largely inevitable and not always malign. Hope for the future, therefore, cannot lie in suppressing them in order to attain either an economy of pure markets or a socialist society. Rather it lies in dragging the giant corporation fully into political controversy.

What Kind of Democracy?

Participation, Inclusiveness and Contestation

Author: Kateřina Vráblíková

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317226518

Category: Political Science

Page: 230

View: 8589

The broad expansion of non-electoral political participation is considered one of the major changes in the nature of democratic citizenship in the 21st century. Most scholars – but also governments, transnational and subnational political institutions, and various foundations – have adopted the notion that contemporary democratic societies need a more politically active citizenry. Yet, contemporary democracies widely differ in the extent to which their citizens get involved in politics beyond voting. Why is political activism other than voting flourishing in the United States, but is less common in Britain and almost non-existent in post-communist countries like Bulgaria? The book shows that the answer does not lie in citizen’s predispositions, social capital or institutions of consensual democracy. Instead, the key to understanding cross-country differences in political activism beyond voting rests in democratic structures that combine inclusiveness and contestation. What Kind of Democracy? is the first book to provide a theoretically driven empirical analysis of how different types of democratic arrangements affect individual participation in non-electoral politics.

The Taming of Democracy Assistance

Author: Sarah Sunn Bush

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107069645

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 653

Most government programs seeking to aid democracy abroad do not directly confront dictators. This book explains how organizational politics 'tamed' democracy assistance.

Europe's Eastern Crisis

Author: Richard Youngs

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110712137X

Category: Political Science

Page: 262

View: 9464

In recent years a series of crises have erupted on the European Union's eastern borders. Russia's annexation of Crimea and the subsequent conflict in eastern Ukraine presented the EU with a major foreign policy challenge, in both Ukraine and across the other countries of the so-called Eastern Partnership. In response, the EU has begun to map its own form of 'liberal-redux geopolitics' that combines various strategic logics. This book traces the effect of these crises on the foreign policy of the EU, examining the changes in policies towards the countries on its eastern borders, the EU's review of the Eastern Partnership, as well as the EU's relations with Russia overall. It goes on to uncover whether the EU has contained the crisis or if it has set up new conditions for more instability in the future.

Winner-Take-All Politics

How Washington Made the Rich Richer--and Turned Its Back on the Middle Class

Author: Jacob S. Hacker,Paul Pierson

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1416588701

Category: Political Science

Page: 357

View: 8670

Analyzes the growing divide between the incomes of the wealthy class and those of middle-income Americans, exonerating popular suspects to argue that the nation's political system promotes greed and under-representation.

Patrons, Clients and Policies

Patterns of Democratic Accountability and Political Competition

Author: Herbert Kitschelt,Steven I. Wilkinson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521865050

Category: Political Science

Page: 377

View: 3749

A study of patronage politics and the persistence of clientelism across a range of countries.

Never at War

Why Democracies Will Not Fight One Another

Author: Spencer R. Weart

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300082982

Category: History

Page: 424

View: 7228

This lively survey of the history of conflict between democracies reveals a remarkable--and tremendously important--finding: fully democratic nations have never made war on other democracies. Furthermore, historian Spencer R. Weart concludes in this thought-provoking book, they probably never will. Building his argument on some forty case studies ranging through history from ancient Athens to Renaissance Italy to modern America, the author analyzes for the first time every instance in which democracies or regimes like democracies have confronted each other with military force. Weart establishes a consistent set of definitions of democracy and other key terms, then draws on an array of international sources to demonstrate the absence of war among states of a particular democratic type. His survey also reveals the new and unexpected finding of a still broader zone of peace among oligarchic republics, even though there are more of such minority-controlled governments than democracies in history. In addition, Weart discovers that peaceful leagues and confederations--the converse of war--endure only when member states are democracies or oligarchies. With the help of related findings in political science, anthropology, and social psychology, the author explores how the political culture of democratic leaders prevents them from warring against others who are recognized as fellow democrats and how certain beliefs and behaviors lead to peace or war. Weart identifies danger points for democracies, and he offers crucial, practical information to help safeguard peace in the future.

Democratic Moments

Reading Democratic Texts

Author: Xavier Márquez

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1350006181

Category: Political Science

Page: 216

View: 5649

This collection of short essays on texts in the history of democracy shows the diversity of ideas that contributed to the making of our present democratic moment. The selection of texts goes beyond the standard, Western-centric canonical history of democracy, with its beginnings in ancient Athens and its climax in the French and American revolutions, recovering some of the significant body of democratic and anti-democratic thought in Latin America, Asia, and elsewhere. It includes discussions of well-known philosophers like Plato and Aristotle, but also of a variety of thinkers much less well known in English as writers on democracy: Al Farabi, Bolívar, Gandhi, Radishchev, Lenin, Sun Yat-sen, and many others. The essays thus de-center our understanding of the moments where the idea of democracy was articulated, rejected, and appropriated. Spanning antiquity to the present and global in scope, with contributions by key scholars of democracy from around the world, Democratic Moments is the ideal text for all students wishing to expand their understanding of the ways in which this contested concept has been understood.

The China Model

Political Meritocracy and the Limits of Democracy

Author: Daniel A. Bell

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400883482

Category: Political Science

Page: 360

View: 2981

Westerners tend to divide the political world into "good" democracies and “bad” authoritarian regimes. But the Chinese political model does not fit neatly in either category. Over the past three decades, China has evolved a political system that can best be described as “political meritocracy.” The China Model seeks to understand the ideals and the reality of this unique political system. How do the ideals of political meritocracy set the standard for evaluating political progress (and regress) in China? How can China avoid the disadvantages of political meritocracy? And how can political meritocracy best be combined with democracy? Daniel Bell answers these questions and more. Opening with a critique of “one person, one vote” as a way of choosing top leaders, Bell argues that Chinese-style political meritocracy can help to remedy the key flaws of electoral democracy. He discusses the advantages and pitfalls of political meritocracy, distinguishes between different ways of combining meritocracy and democracy, and argues that China has evolved a model of democratic meritocracy that is morally desirable and politically stable. Bell summarizes and evaluates the “China model”—meritocracy at the top, experimentation in the middle, and democracy at the bottom—and its implications for the rest of the world. A timely and original book that will stir up interest and debate, The China Model looks at a political system that not only has had a long history in China, but could prove to be the most important political development of the twenty-first century.

Bucharest Diary

Romania's Journey from Darkness to Light

Author: Alfred H. Moses

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815732732

Category: Political Science

Page: 432

View: 779

An insider's account of Romania's emergence from communism control In the 1970s American attorney Alfred H. Moses was approached on the streets of Bucharest by young Jews seeking help to emigrate to Israel. This became the author's mission until the communist regime fell in 1989. Before that Moses had met periodically with Romania's communist dictator, Nicolae Ceausescu, to persuade him to allow increased Jewish emigration. This experience deepened Moses's interest in Romania—an interest that culminated in his serving as U.S. ambassador to the country from 1994 to 1997 during the Clinton administration. The ambassador's time of service in Romania came just a few years after the fall of the Berlin Wall and the subsequent collapse of communism in Eastern Europe. During this period Romania faced economic paralysis and was still buried in the rubble of communism. Over the next three years Moses helped nurture Romania's nascent democratic institutions, promoted privatization of Romania's economy, and shepherded Romania on the path toward full integration with Western institutions. Through frequent press conferences, speeches, and writings in the Romanian and Western press and in his meetings with Romanian officials at the highest level, he stated in plain language the steps Romania needed to take before it could be accepted in the West as a free and democratic country. Bucharest Diary: An American Ambassador's Journey is filled with firsthand stories, including colorful anecdotes, of the diplomacy, both public and private, that helped Romania recover from four decades of communist rule and, eventually, become a member of both NATO and the European Union. Romania still struggles today with the consequences of its history, but it has reached many of its post-communist goals, which Ambassador Moses championed at a crucial time. This book will be of special interest to readers of history and public affairs—in particular those interested in Jewish life under communist rule in Eastern Europe and how the United States and its Western partners helped rebuild an important country devastated by communism.

The Fall and Rise of the Islamic State

(New in Paper)

Author: Noah Feldman

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400845025

Category: History

Page: 232

View: 2930

Perhaps no other Western writer has more deeply probed the bitter struggle in the Muslim world between the forces of religion and law and those of violence and lawlessness as Noah Feldman. His scholarship has defined the stakes in the Middle East today. Now, in this incisive book, Feldman tells the story behind the increasingly popular call for the establishment of the shari'a--the law of the traditional Islamic state--in the modern Muslim world. Western powers call it a threat to democracy. Islamist movements are winning elections on it. Terrorists use it to justify their crimes. What, then, is the shari'a? Given the severity of some of its provisions, why is it popular among Muslims? Can the Islamic state succeed--should it? Feldman reveals how the classical Islamic constitution governed through and was legitimated by law. He shows how executive power was balanced by the scholars who interpreted and administered the shari'a, and how this balance of power was finally destroyed by the tragically incomplete reforms of the modern era. The result has been the unchecked executive dominance that now distorts politics in so many Muslim states. Feldman argues that a modern Islamic state could provide political and legal justice to today's Muslims, but only if new institutions emerge that restore this constitutional balance of power. The Fall and Rise of the Islamic State gives us the sweeping history of the traditional Islamic constitution--its noble beginnings, its downfall, and the renewed promise it could hold for Muslims and Westerners alike. In a new introduction, Feldman discusses developments in Egypt, Tunisia, Libya, and other Muslim-majority countries since the Arab Spring and describes how Islamists must meet the challenge of balance if the new Islamic states are to succeed.

Europe in the New Middle East

Opportunity Or Exclusion?

Author: Richard Youngs

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199647046

Category: Political Science

Page: 253

View: 2879

This book examines the European Union's response to the Arab spring, from late 2010 to the beginning of 2014. It investigates how far the EU changed its policies towards the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region in the aftermath of the Arab spring, and what impact European policies had in either helping or hindering democratization reforms during this period. It also explores what impact the Arab spring had on European security and economic interests. Analytically, the book unpacks the factors that best explain EU policy choices in the Middle East since 2010. It highlights how the responses to the Arab spring have changed the governance dynamics of the EU-Middle East relationship. The book assesses how far the EU foreign policy has succeeded in meeting the challenge of the Arab spring. Oxford Studies in Democratization Series editor: Laurence Whitehead Oxford Sutdies in Democratization is a series for scholars and students of comparative politics and related disciplines. Volumes will concentrate on the comparative study of the democratization process that accompanied the decline and termination of the cold war. The geographical focus of the series will primarily be Latin America, the Caribbean, Southern and Eastern Europe, and Southern and Eastern Asia.

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