Power and the Roots of Conflict
Author: Stephen Van Evera
Publisher: Cornell University Press
Category: Political Science
What causes war? How can military conflicts best be prevented? In this book, Stephen Van Evera frames five conditions that increase the risk of interstate war: false optimism about the likely outcome of a war, a first-strike advantage, fluctuation in the relative power of states, circumstances that allow nations to parlay one conquest into another, and circumstances that make conquest easy. According to Van Evera, all but one of these conditions-false optimism-rarely occur today, but policymakers often erroneously believe in their existence. He argues that these misperceptions are responsible for many modern wars, and explores both World Wars, the Korean War, and the 1967 Mideast War as test cases. Finally, he assesses the possibility of nuclear war by applying all five hypotheses to its potential onset. Van Evera's book demonstrates that ideas from the Realist paradigm can offer strong explanations for international conflict and valuable prescriptions for its control.
Origins and History of the Passions of War
Author: Barbara Ehrenreich
A study of the human attraction to violence and war ranges from the human sacrifices of the ancient world to the Holocaust, tracing the impulse to slaughter to the blood rites enacted by the earliest human hunters. Reprint. 17,500 first printing.
Author: Anthony Stevens
Publisher: A&C Black
Category: Political Science
"This is an indispensable work for anyone wishing to understand the psychological basis of war and terror, or hoping to discover ways in which the unimaginable catastrophe of nuclear or biological warfare may be averted."--BOOK JACKET.
The Roots of World War I and the Risk of U.S.-China Conflict
Author: Richard N. Rosecrance,Steven E. Miller
Publisher: MIT Press
A century ago, Europe's diplomats mismanaged the crisis triggered by the murder of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and the continent plunged into World War I, which killed millions, toppled dynasties, and destroyed empires. Today, as the hundredth anniversary of the Great War prompts renewed debate about the war's causes, scholars and policy experts are also considering the parallels between the present international system and the world of 1914. Are China and the United States fated to follow in the footsteps of previous great power rivals? Will today's alliances drag countries into tomorrow's wars? Can leaders manage power relationships peacefully? Or will East Asia's territorial and maritime disputes trigger a larger conflict, just as rivalries in the Balkans did in 1914?In The Next Great War?, experts reconsider the causes of World War I and explore whether the great powers of the twenty-first century can avoid the mistakes of Europe's statesmen in 1914 and prevent another catastrophic conflict. They find differences as well as similarities between today's world and the world of 1914 -- but conclude that only a deep understanding of those differences and early action to bring great powers together will likely enable the United States and China to avoid a great war.ContributorsAlan Alexandroff, Graham Allison, Richard N. Cooper, Charles S. Maier, Steven E. Miller, Joseph S. Nye Jr., T. G. Otte, David K. Richards, Richard N. Rosecrance, Kevin Rudd, Jack Snyder, Etel Solingen, Arthur A. Stein, Stephen Van Evera
Wanting Power, Seeing Threat, Justifying Force
Author: David G. Winter
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Ever since Thucydides pondered reasons for the outbreak of the Peloponnesian War, writers, philosophers, and social scientists have tried to identify factors that promote conflict escalation: for example, history (tomorrow's wars are often rooted in yesterday's conflicts), changing balance of power among nations, or domestic political forces. In the end, however, these "causes" are constructed by human beings and involve the memories, emotions, and motives of both the leaders and the led. In July 1914, the long-standing peace of Europe was shattered when the Sarajevo assassinations quickly escalated to World War I. In contrast, at the height of the Cold War, the Cuban Missile Crisis could have easily plunged the world into a thermonuclear world war, but was ultimately peacefully resolved. Why the different outcomes? In Roots of War: Wanting Power, Seeing Threat, Justifying Force, David G. Winter identifies three psychological factors that contributed to the differences in these historical outcomes: the desire for power, exaggerated perception of the opponent's threat, and justification for using military force. Several lines of research establish how these factors lead to escalation and war: comparative archival studies of "war" and "peace" crises, laboratory experiments on threat perception, and surveys of factors leading people to believe that a particular war is "just." The research findings in Roots of War also demonstrate the importance of power in preserving peace through diplomatic interventions, past and present.
Thomas Merton's Advice to Peacemakers
Author: Forest, Jim
Publisher: Orbis Books
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Providing an intimate and timely view of Merton, this book traces the theme of peace and nonviolence in Merton's life and writings, drawing in particular on extensive correspondence with Jim Forest, a Merton biographer.
An Inquiry Into the Roots of War in Angola and Mozambique
Author: William Minter
Publisher: William Minter
Of all the many violent chapters in recent Southern African history, the conflicts in Angola and Mozambique since independence in 1975 have been the most protracted, complex and deadly for millions of civilians. William Minter argues that they represent a new kind of non-conventional warfare characteristic of the 'contra' period - neither classic guerrilla warfare nor straightforward external aggression, but comprising elements of civil war dominated by regional and global external powers. He examines the Unita and Renamo social structures, external interventions, patterns of military recruitment, conditioning, logistics and strategy, and the mistakes made by the Angolan and Mozambican states.
Author: Teresa Noel Celsi
A biography of the senator from South Carolina who fought for the South's interests and to keep the institution of slavery.
The Conspiratorial Heritage
Author: David McKnight
Publisher: Psychology Press
Category: Political Science
An examination of Britain's relations with China from the end of the World War II to the outbreak of the Korean War in 1950. This volume demonstrates how Britain's effort to recover something of its pre-war commercial pre-eminence in China were handicapped by its post-war financial weakness.
The Fall of an Empire and the Making of America's Vietnam
Author: Fredrik Logevall
Publisher: Random House Incorporated
A history of the four decades leading up to the Vietnam War offers insights into how the U.S. became involved, identifying commonalities between the campaigns of French and American forces while discussing relevant political factors.
Peace Or Truce
Author: Douglas Hamilton Johnson
Publisher: Boydell & Brewer Ltd
Category: Literary Collections
Revised with an analysis of the escalation of the Darfur war, implementation of the peace agreement and implications of the Southern referendum.
Author: John W. Dower
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
A Pulitzer Prize-winning historian presents a comparative analysis of September 11 and the subsequent War on Terror with Pearl Harbor and World War II, addressing institutional failures of intelligence and imagination and the driving forces behind Pan-Asian and Pan-Islam movements. Reprint. A National Book Award Finalist.
A History of War in Chad
Author: M. J. Azevedo
Examining conflict and warfare in Chad from both historic and contemporary perspectives, Mario Azevedo explores not only how violence has permeated and become almost an intrinsic part of the fabric of the central-eastern Sudanic societies, but how foreign interference from centuries ago to the present-day have exacerbated rather than suppressed the violence. Although the main objective of the volume is to understand present Chad, it provides comprehensive and analytical discussion of Chad's violent past. This strategy goes beyond putting the blame on the unwise and ethnic policies at Francois Tombalbaye or Felix Malloum; instead, Roots of Violence clarifies the role of violence in both pre- and post-colonial Chad and, thus, demythologizes many of the assumptions held by scholars and non-scholars alike.
Identity and the War on Terrorism
Author: Brad Deardorff
Publisher: Agile Press
Category: Identity politics
Drawing on sixteen years of experience in counterterrorism operations, Brad Deardorff brings a fresh approach to understanding, countering, and preventing terrorism. With a clear insight into the importance and implications of identity politics, Deardorff evaluates British and Dutch counterterrorism strategies from both an academic and a field practitioner's perspective. His analysis, set within a Social Identity Theory framework, demonstrates how the need to mitigate the threat of home-grown terrorism, coupled with the risk involved in conflating political and religious identities, prompted these two governments to work "by, with, and through" local communities. On the basis of the successes and failures of past counterterrorism efforts, Deardorff offers a strategy for the United States that engages both community leaders and government officials in preventing homegrown terrorism. With an eye to the future, he offers a practical framework for change and points out of the dangers we all face if our nation's current counterterrorism strategy fails to evolve.
Author: Elizabeth A. Wood,William E. Pomeranz,E. Wayne Merry,Maxim Trudolyubov
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Category: Political Science
In February 2014, Russia initiated a war in Ukraine, its reasons for aggression unclear. Each of this volume's authors offers a distinct interpretation of Russia's motivations, untangling the social, historical, and political factors that created this war and continually reignite its tensions. What prompted President Vladimir Putin to send troops into Crimea? Why did the conflict spread to eastern Ukraine with Russian support? What does the war say about Russia's political, economic, and social priorities, and how does the crisis expose differences between the EU and Russia regarding international jurisdiction? Did Putin's obsession with his macho image start this war, and is it preventing its resolution? The exploration of these and other questions gives historians, political watchers, and theorists a solid grasp of the events that have destabilized the region.
Author: Martha Gellhorn
Publisher: Grove/Atlantic, Inc.
Category: Literary Criticism
Martha Gellhorn (1908–1998) was a war correspondent for nearly fifty years. From the Spanish Civil War in 1937 through the wars in Central America in the mid-eighties, her candid reports reflected her feelings for people no matter what their political ideologies, and the openness and vulnerability of her conscience. “I wrote very fast, as I had to,” she says, “afraid that I would forget the exact sound, smell, words, gestures, which were special to this moment and this place.” Whether in Java, Finland, the Middle East, or Vietnam, she used the same vigorous approach. Collected here together for the first time, The Face of War is what The New York Times called “a brilliant anti-war book.”
The Causes & Costs
Author: Alfred G. Nhema
Publisher: Ohio University Press
Violent conflicts have exacted a heavy toll on Africa's societies, polities and economies. This book presents African scholars' views of why conflicts start in their continent. It offers empirically grounded analyses of the roots of African conflicts.
Author: Ralph Metzner
Dr. Metzner tracks the roots of war and domination in the psychological consequences of violent child abuse; in historical and prehistorical patterns of resource competition; and in mammalian predator behavior gone awry. Seeking still deeper roots, he explores lesser-known mythological and esoteric teachings including the Buddhist myths of power-addicted demons and the Sumerian myths of dominating extraterrestrial, war-lord colonizers.
Author: Gabriel Kolko
Over the last three decades the historian Gabriel Kolko has redefined the way we look at modern warfare and its social and political effects. Century of War gives us a masterly synthesis of the effects of war on civilian populations and the political results of these traumatizing experiences in the twentieth century.