Search Results: the-social-construction-of-what

The Social Construction of What?

Author: Ian Hacking

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674812000

Category: Philosophy

Page: 261

View: 2845

Often lost in the debate over the validity of social construction is the question of what is being constructed. Particularly troublesome in this area is the status of the natural sciences, where there is conflict between biological and social approaches to mental illness, and in other areas. Ian Hacking looks at the issue of child abuse, and examines the ways in which advanced research on new weapons influences not the content but the form of science. In conclusion, Hacking comments on the "culture wars" in anthropology, in particular the spat between leading enthnographers over Hawaii and Captain Cook.

Was heißt "soziale Konstruktion"?

zur Konjunktur einer Kampfvokabel in den Wissenschaften

Author: Ian Hacking

Publisher: Frankfurt am Main : Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag

ISBN: 9783596144341

Category: Knowledge, Sociology of

Page: 207

View: 8212

Das metrische Wir

Über die Quantifizierung des Sozialen

Author: Steffen Mau

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518751727

Category: Political Science

Page: 300

View: 5501

Ob Bildung, Gesundheit oder Konsum: Über so ziemlich jeden Aspekt unserer Person und unseres Verhaltens werden inzwischen Daten gesammelt. Schritt für Schritt entsteht so eine Gesellschaft der Sternchen, Scores, Likes und Listen, in der alles und jeder ständig vermessen und bewertet wird. Das beginnt beim alljährlichen Hochschulranking, reicht über die Quantified-Self-Bewegung fitnessbegeisterter Großstädter, die über das Internet ihre Bestzeiten miteinander vergleichen, bis hin zur Beurteilung der Effizienz politischer Maßnahmen. Steffen Mau untersucht die Techniken dieser neuen Soziometrie und zeigt ihre Folgen auf. Die Bewertungssysteme der quantifizierten Gesellschaft, so sein zentraler Gedanke, bilden nicht einfach die Ungleichheiten in der Welt ab, sondern sind letztlich mitentscheidend bei der Verteilung von Lebenschancen.

The Social construction of gender

Author: Judith Lorber

Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 374

View: 7931

Published in Cooperation with Sociologists for Women in Society "Women are women and men are men"--this old aphorism is being challenged with ever increasing frequency as social researchers focus on the nature of constructed gender roles. Much of the recent work in this area has appeared in the journal Gender & Society, which is the genesis of most of the papers in The Social Construction of Gender. In their collection, Lorber and Farrell present the best of current research on how the constructivist approach has been applied to a number of variables, including family structure, the work place, social class, racial ethnic identity, and politics. Theoretical and methodological implications of the constructed nature of gender roles are highlighted, as well as the existing theories of gender deconstruction. The articles and introductory material in this volume reflect feminist social science theory in concrete ways that make the text accessible to scholars, professionals and students at both the undergraduate and graduate levels. This resource is ideal for courses on feminist studies, sociology of gender, and social theory construction. "One of the strengths of this book is that it provides some conceptual tools that we may not have come across elsewhere. . . . A second strength of the book is the welcome addition of racial/ethnic identity and social class to the issue of gender. . . . All in all, the book is a rich offering of ideas, research, and experience. Each article can stand alone as a valuable contribution; as an anthology, the book insists that we look at the realities of gender." --Smith College Studies in Social Work "A fine collection of current research on one of the major topics of the day. Shows that sociology can be both lively and intellectually illuminating." --R. W. Connell, Macquarie University, Sydney "Psychologists have much to gain from attending to a sociological perspective. The Social Construction of Gender provides that perspective intertwined with an excellent integration of feminist theory and relevant psychological literature. Judith Lorber and Susan Farrell have compiled 18 articles that, like sociology, continually challenge the reader to reflect upon the broad structural issues that pervasively influence construction of reality. . . . well articulated. . . . chapters regarding masculinity consider points of view sometimes overlooked by feminist theorists. . . .provides a solid knowledge base for those feminists in psychology without a sociological background. The Social Construction of Gender was a pleasure to read. Informative, clear, and concise, it presents a view of women's position in Western society that bridges psychology, sociology, economics, management, anthropology, history, politics, religion, and public policy." --Association for Women in Psychology Newsletter

The Social Construction of Intellectual Disability

Author: Mark Rapley

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521005296

Category: Psychology

Page: 246

View: 6862

Intellectual disability is usually thought of as a form of internal, individual affliction, little different from diabetes, paralysis or chronic illness. This study, the first book-length application of discursive psychology to intellectual disability, shows that what we usually understand as being an individual problem is actually an interactional, or social, product. Through a range of case studies, which draw upon ethnomethodological and conversation analytic scholarship, the book shows how persons categorized as 'intellectually disabled' are produced, as such, in and through their moment-by-moment interaction with care staff and other professionals.

The Social Construction of Technological Systems

New Directions in the Sociology and History of Technology

Author: Wiebe E. Bijker,Thomas P. Hughes,Trevor Pinch,Deborah G. Douglas

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262300877

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 472

View: 6685

This pioneering book, first published in 1987, launched the new field of social studies of technology. It introduced a method of inquiry--social construction of technology, or SCOT--that became a key part of the wider discipline of science and technology studies. The book helped the MIT Press shape its STS list and inspired the Inside Technology series. The thirteen essays in the book tell stories about such varied technologies as thirteenth-century galleys, eighteenth-century cooking stoves, and twentieth-century missile systems. Taken together, they affirm the fruitfulness of an approach to the study of technology that gives equal weight to technical, social, economic, and political questions, and they demonstrate the illuminating effects of the integration of empirics and theory. The approaches in this volume--collectively called SCOT (after the volume's title) have since broadened their scope, and twenty-five years after the publication of this book, it is difficult to think of a technology that has not been studied from a SCOT perspective and impossible to think of a technology that cannot be studied that way.

The Social Construction of Reality

A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge

Author: Peter L. Berger,Thomas Luckmann

Publisher: Open Road Media

ISBN: 1453215468

Category: Social Science

Page: 219

View: 8106

The classic work that redefined the sociology of knowledge and has inspired a generation of philosophers and thinkers In this seminal book, Peter L. Berger and Thomas Luckmann examine how knowledge forms and how it is preserved and altered within a society. Unlike earlier theorists and philosophers, Berger and Luckmann go beyond intellectual history and focus on commonsense, everyday knowledge—the proverbs, morals, values, and beliefs shared among ordinary people. When first published in 1966, this systematic, theoretical treatise introduced the term social construction,effectively creating a new thought and transforming Western philosophy.

Gender and the Social Construction of Illness

Author: Judith Lorber,Lisa Jean Moore, Purchase College, State University of New York

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 0759116555

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 208

View: 6630

Judith Lorber and Lisa Jean Moore consider the interface between the social institutions of gender and Western medicine in this brief, lively textbook. They offer a distinct feminist viewpoint to analyze issues of power and politics concerning physical illness. For a creative, feminist-oriented alternative to traditional texts on medical sociology, medical anthropology, and the history of medicine, this is an ideal choice.

The Social Construction of Trust

Author: Linda R. Weber,Allison I. Carter

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461507790

Category: Social Science

Page: 180

View: 4770

Based on in-depth interviews designed to determine what trust is, how it is built, and how it is destroyed, this important new resource provides extensive insight into the fundamental process of interpersonal trust in the day-to-day lives of average people. It furnishes qualitative data analysis and offers a detailed definition of trust in a sociological context. This unique text is a valuable reference for sociologists, social and clinical psychologists, and students in these disciplines.

Embodying the Social

Constructions of Difference

Author: Esther Saraga

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134676948

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 9158

This book opens the series with a consideration of the social construction of social difference. Taking the body as the point of departure, it deals with the processes through which social problems and social inequalities are constructed. In particular, it examines the shifting ways in which our ideas about issues such as 'disability', 'race' and ethnicity, and sexuality influence the development of social policies.

Media, Process, and the Social Construction of Crime

Studies in Newsmaking Criminology

Author: Gregg Barak

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135886113

Category: Social Science

Page: 340

View: 5343

First published in 1995. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Social Construction of Reform

Crime Prevention and Community Organizations

Author: Dan A. Lewis,Jane A. Grant,Dennis P. Rosenbaum

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412834261

Category: Social Science

Page: 152

View: 875

It has become fashionable to assume that concerted action to bring about social reform is a waste of time. If we are to move beyond the current laments about how nothing works anymore, we must view the reform process from the perspective of the community groups involved-those who make it work or fail-and understand how and why they behave as they do. "Social Construction of Reform "is an analysis of the activities of community groups who used Ford Foundation funding to prevent crime. The authors ask: What are the goals of the community groups who are involved in the reform? What are they trying to accomplish with their participation in the program? Are their goals synonymous with those who fund and evaluate the activity? The authors begin by analyzing the implementation of the grant by the groups involved. They describe the origins of the group's planned intervention, the nature of what is called community crime prevention, and then they examine the impact of external funding on community organizations as a generic issue. They take a careful look at what the groups did with the Foundation's support, to understand how well the groups' crime prevention strategy they employed supported their ideology. The block watch is examined in detail as the tactic most often employed. The authors conclude with observations on what success and failure mean in the context of the findings reported, offering a better understanding of reforms and new criteria to assess their effectiveness.

The Social Construction of Management

Author: Nancy Harding

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113420261X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 3575

What is management and how do the people who become managers take on a managerial identity? How does text inform the manager's identity? From cultural studies we understand that the relationship between text and reader is not passive but that each one works upon the other, and that text is active in forming the identity of the reader. This books is the first to analyse how many management textbooks construct their readers. It analyses management textbooks published since the 1950s and shows they construct a world in which chaos is kept at bay only by strong management, and in which strong management is based upon the rationality of modernity. This book exposes and analyses such claims-to-truths, and theorizes their arguments using the work of Butler and Foucault, the sociology of scientific knowledge, critical legal studies, art history and queer theory. By revealing a postmodern turn in management textbooks, The Social Construction of Management is both a critical and empirical study that explores the constitution of managerial identities in the age of mass education in management. An exciting contribution to the growing body of knowledge within critical management studies, this book challenges the way we think about organizations and their management, and about management education as a whole. This is thought provoking reading for anyone studying management, or working in the managerial organization.

Konstruierte Wirklichkeiten

eine Hinführung zum sozialen Konstruktionismus

Author: Kenneth J. Gergen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783170171022

Category:

Page: 308

View: 9204

The Social Construction of Man, the State and War

Identity, Conflict, and Violence in Former Yugoslavia

Author: Franke Wilmer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135956227

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 8498

The Social Construction of Man, the State, and War is the fist book on conflict in the former Yugoslavia to look seriously at the issue of ethnic identity, rather than treating it as a given, an unquestionable variable. Combining detailed analysis with a close reading of historical narratives, documentary evidence, and first-hand interviews conducted in the former Yugoslavia, Wilmer sheds new light on how ethnic identity is constructed, and what that means for the future of peace and sovereignty throughout the world.

Risk and Misfortune

A Social Construction of Accidents

Author: Judith Green

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781857285611

Category: Social Science

Page: 222

View: 5359

There has been a growing sociological interest in both risk and its management, and with how we cope with the uncertainties of late 20th century life. This study traces the emergence of the "accident" as a marginal misfortune in modernist thought.

The Social Construction of American Realism

Author: Amy Kaplan

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226424309

Category: Philosophy

Page: 198

View: 8171

Kaplan redefines American realism as a genre more engaged with a society in flux than with one merely reflective of the status quo. She reads realistic narrative as a symbolic act of imagining and controlling the social upheavals of early modern capitalism, particularly class conflict and the development of mass culture. Brilliant analyses of works by Howells, Wharton, and Dreiser illuminate the narrative process by which realism constructs a social world of conflict and change. "[Kaplan] offers some enthralling readings of major novels by Howells, Wharton, and Dreiser. It is a book which should be read by anyone interested in the American novel."—Tony Tanner, Modern Language Review "Kaplan has made an important contribution to our understanding of American realism. This is a book that deserves wide attention."—June Howard, American Literature

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The Social Construction of Value

Author: Charles W. Smith

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520072015

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 225

View: 9686

Smith tells how the straight capitalist economic law of supply and demand rarely governs the auction process, and how the beliefs and actions of the auction participants determine values.

Defining Physical Education

The Social Construction of a School Subject in Postwar Britain

Author: David Kirk

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415508096

Category: Education

Page: 192

View: 820

First published in 1992, David Kirk's book analyses the public debate leading up to the 1987 General Election over the place and purpose of physical education in British schools. By locating this debate in a historical context, specifically in the period following the end of the Second World War, it attempts to illustrate how the meaning of school physical education and its aims, content and pedagogy were contested by a number of vying groups. It stresses the influence of the culture of postwar social reconstruction in shaping these groups' ideas about physical education. Through this analysis, the book attempts to explain how physical education has been socially constructed during the postwar years and, more specifically, to suggest how the subject came to be used as a symbol of subversive, left wing values in the campaign leading to the 1987 election. In more general terms, the book provides a case study of the social construction of school knowledge. The book takes an original approach to the question of curriculum change in physical education, building on increasing interest in historical research in the field of curriculum studies. It adopts a social constructionist perspective, arguing that change occurs through the active involvement of competing groups in struggles over limited material and ideological (discursive) resources. It also draws on contemporary developments in social and cultural theory, particularly the concepts of discourse and ideological hegemony, to explain how the meaning of physical education has been constructed, and how particular definitions of the subject have become orthodoxes. The book presents new historical evidence from a period which had previously been neglected by researchers, despite the fact that 1945 marked a watershed in the development of the understanding and teaching of physical education in schools.

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