Search Results: the-social-organization-of-work

The Social Organization of Work

Author: Randy Hodson,Teresa A. Sullivan

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 111130095X

Category: Social Science

Page: 528

View: 7435

THE SOCIAL ORGANIZATION OF WORK, Fifth Edition, takes an analytical approach to the study of work that not only identifies and discusses substantive issues but also allows students the opportunity to better develop their analysis, reasoning, and argumentative skills. The authors achieve this by combining their key areas of expertise--industrial sociology, occupations, and professions--to present a unified view of the sociology of work. Chapter topics are organized around the framework of five key themes: technology, global perspectives, class relations, gender, and race. The world of work, how it is changing, and the implications of these changes for individuals and families are thoroughly explored in this contemporary and relevant text. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

The Social Organization of Work

Author: Randy Hodson,Teresa A. Sullivan

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495003719

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 232

View: 8483

Want the textbook that makes class interesting and studying easier than ever? THE SOCIAL ORGANIZATION OF WORK follows a simple structure and uses clear writing to present the material you need in ways you can understand. Plus, it discusses the hot issues everyone's debating, from the technology revolution to women's issues to the globalization of today's workforce. With this sociology textbook, you'll be ready for the next step after college as well as the test. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

How the Other Half Works

Immigration and the Social Organization of Labor

Author: Roger Waldinger,Michael I. Lichter

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520231627

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 285

View: 3379

Solving the riddle of America's immigration puzzle, this text seeks to address the question of why an increasingly high-tech society has use for so many immigrants who lack the basic skills that the modern economy seems to demand.

Waged work at home

the social organization of industrial outwork in Hong Kong

Author: Dale Lü,Tai-lok Lui

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781856286442

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 197

View: 7099

This book looks at the demand as well as the supply side of the social organization of industrial outwork in contemporary Hong Kong. On the one side, there are small manufacturers struggling for survival in the context of a changing global economic environment. Outworking offers them the flexibility needed for the continuation of labour-intensive production in the face of fierce competition from other newly industrializing economies. On the other side, outworking is an important household work strategy for married working class women. Through a sociological analysis of the interplay between employers' quest for production flexibility and married women's participation in outworking, this study throws new light on the experience of East Asian development.

Power, Profits, and Patriarchy

The Social Organization of Work at a British Metal Trades Firm, 1791-1922

Author: William G. Staples,Clifford L. Staples

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0742516407

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 203

View: 5730

Founded in 1791 and in existence for more than two hundred years, the Kenrick iron foundry of West Bromwich, England produced some of the finest cast-iron hardware ever made. William and Clifford Staples' goal in studying the Kenrick case is to examine how taken-for-granted assumptions about class, gender, and familial relations contributed to the longevity of the firm. The authors' investigation uncovers three distinct political regimes of production that they characterize as successive forms of capitalist patriarchy. Indeed, it is contended that the Kenricks were able to maintain their power and their profits, to a great extent, because they were able to use patriarchy to solve pressing organizational problems. By balancing a concern with both the materiality of production and its ideological, cultural, and political moments, this book offers new insights into the nature of production politics, patriarchy, and the historical sociology of capitalism.

Social Organization of Medical Work

Author: Anselm Leonard Strauss

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412834391

Category: Medical

Page: 310

View: 4518

Today we face the painful reality of the prevalence of chronic, rather than acute, diseases. The technologies developed to manager long-term, incurable illnesses have radically and irrevocably altered the organizational structure of health care, presenting us with a frequently bewildering array of medical specialties. Social Organization of Medical Work offers essential insight into this new era of health care. Through richly documented, often gripping case studies, Anselm Strauss and his co-authors show us exactly how health workers are confronting the problems created by chronic disease and coping with today's highly technologized hospitals. They guide us through the various hospital work sites, describing in detail the kinds of tasks performed by medical personnel, the interactions of staff members with each other and with patients, and the overall resulting patient treatment and response. Focusing on the concept of illness trajectory, the authors vividly illustrate the complex, contingent nature of modern medical work. For example, open heart surgery keeps ill persons alive and may even improve them symptomatically, but those who do survive must face an uncertain future in terms of the physiological consequences of the surgery and the drugs required. They also have to adjust t altered lifestyles. In the new introduction, Anselm Strauss discusses the continuing importance of this work to sociologists, medical scholars, and medical professionals.

The Social Organization of Sports Medicine

Critical Socio-cultural Perspectives

Author: Dominic Malcolm,Parissa Safai

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415884446

Category: Medical

Page: 338

View: 5467

During the twentieth century the relationship between sport and medicine has eveloped in the context of broader social, cultural and politico-economic processes. This includes increasing scientific understanding of the human body, growing attention to lifestyle as a health-risk factor, the development of health promotion, and a shifting balance of power between the medical profession, allied health professions and patients. In conjunction with the rationalization, internationalization and commercialization of sports performance, these processes have combined to lead to the expansion of the system of sports medicine in any, if not all, Western nations. This volume charts changing perceptions of sport within medical discourse, attempts by sports medicine providers to forge professional identities in response to these processes, the day-to-day experiences of deliverers of sports medicine and the reactions of recipients of that healthcare.

The Social Organization of Mental Illness

Author: Lindsay Prior

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781446236581

Category:

Page: 240

View: 8959

This thought-provoking book examines the organization of medical and social services for people with serious psychiatric disorders. It focuses on the current transition from hospital-centred to community-centred services. The first part of the book concentrates on the changes which have occurred in the theory and practice of key groups of professionals, including psychiatrists, nurses, social workers, occupational therapists and psychologists. The second part describes how those changes have directly impinged on the everyday lives of people affected by psychiatric disorders. Prior demonstrates how sociological insights can be gained from an examination of the multiple ways in which disorders have been represented in and through the work of diverse groups of psychiatric professionals.

The Social Organization of Schooling

Author: Larry V. Hedges,Barbara Schneider

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610442822

Category: Education

Page: 384

View: 4337

Schools are complex social settings where students, teachers, administrators, and parents interact to shape a child’s educational experience. Any effort to improve educational outcomes for America’s children requires a dynamic understanding of the environments in which children learn. In The Social Organization of Schooling, editors Larry Hedges and Barbara Schneider assemble researchers from the fields of education, organizational theory, and sociology to provide a new framework for understanding and analyzing America’s schools and the many challenges they face. The Social Organization of Schooling closely examines the varied components that make up a school’s social environment. Contributors Adam Gamoran, Ramona Gunter, and Tona Williams focus on the social organization of teaching. Using intensive case studies, they show how positive professional relations among teachers contribute to greater collaboration, the dissemination of effective teaching practices, and ultimately, a better learning environment for children. Children learn more from better teachers, but those best equipped to teach often opt for professions with higher social stature, such as law or medicine. In his chapter, Robert Dreeben calls for the establishment of universal principles and practices to define good teaching, arguing that such standards are necessary to legitimize teaching as a high status profession. The Social Organization of Schooling also looks at how social norms in schools are shaped and reinforced by interactions among teachers and students. Sociologist Maureen Hallinan shows that students who are challenged intellectually and accepted socially are more likely to embrace school norms and accept responsibility for their own actions. Using classroom observations, surveys, and school records, Daniel McFarland finds that group-based classroom activities are effective tools in promoting both social and scholastic development in adolescents. The Social Organization of Schooling also addresses educational reforms and the way they affect a school’s social structures. Examining how testing policies affect children’s opportunities to learn, Chandra Muller and Kathryn Schiller find that policies which increased school accountability boosted student enrollment in math courses, reflecting a shift in the school culture towards higher standards. Employing a variety of analytical methods, The Social Organization of Schooling provides a sound understanding of the social mechanisms at work in our educational system. This important volume brings a fresh perspective to the many ongoing debates in education policy and is essential reading for anyone concerned with the future of America’s children.

Über soziale Arbeitsteilung

Studie über die Organisation höherer Gesellschaften

Author: Émile Durkheim

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518286050

Category: Division of labor

Page: 544

View: 369

Enth.: Ueber soziale Arbeitsteilung / E. Durkheim. Arbeitsteilung und Moral / Niklas Luhmann. Arbeitsteilung, Solidarität und Moral / Hans-Peter Müller und Michael Schmid.

Feeding the Family

The Social Organization of Caring as Gendered Work

Author: Marjorie L. DeVault

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226143606

Category: Social Science

Page: 284

View: 3944

Housework—often trivialized or simply overlooked in public discourse—contributes in a complex and essential way to the form that families and societies assume. In this innovative study, Marjorie L. DeVault explores the implications of "feeding the family" from the perspective of those who do that work. Along the way, DeVault offers a new vocabulary for discussing nurturance as a basis of group life and sociability. Drawing from interviews conducted in 1982-83 in a diverse group of American households, DeVault reveals the effort and skill behind the "invisible" work of shopping, cooking, and serving meals. She then shows how this work can become oppressive for women, drawing them into social relations that construct and maintain their subordinate position in household life.

The Social Organization of Juvenile Justice

Author: Aaron Cicourel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351473913

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

View: 6479

The Social Organization of Juvenile Justice recasts familiar sociological problems of research within a dramatically new and different theoretical and methodological perspective. In seeing law enforcement officers, no less than those accuse of criminal behavior, as locked into the creation of history, or more precisely, a series of retrospective and prospective interpretations of events both within and disengaged from, the social contexts relevant to what purportedly took place, Aaron Cicourel redefined the fault lines of contemporary criminology.The work makes imaginative use of a wide variety of new techniques of analysis from ethnomethodology to community studies—while at no point ignoring basic hard statistical data—in this study of juvenile justice in two California cities. Cicourel states the purpose of his book with clarity: The decision-making activities that produce the social problem called delinquency (and the socially organized procedures that provide for judicial outcomes) are important because they highlight fundamental processes of how social order is possible.This work challenges the conventional view that assumes delinquents are natural social types distributed in some ordered fashion, and produced by a set of abstract internal or external pressures from the social structure. Cicourel views the everyday organizational workings of the police, probation departments, courts, and schools, demonstrating how these agencies contribute to various kinds of transformations of the original events that led to law enforcement contact.This contextual creation of facts in turn leads to improvised, ad hoc interpretations of character structure, family life, and future prospects. In this way, the agencies may generate delinquency by their routine encounters with the young. His new introduction discusses with great detail the methodology behind his research and responses to earlier critiques of his work.

Die Architektur der Märkte

Author: Neil Fligstein

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783531159645

Category: Social Science

Page: 263

View: 599

Die Architektur der Märkte fasst grundlegende Schriften Neil Fligsteins aus verschiedenen Arbeitsphasen zusammen, in denen er eine wirtschaftssoziologische Sicht auf kapitalistische Gesellschaften entwickelt hat. Fligstein hat mit der These von der sozialen Konstruktion oder Architektur von Märkten auf die Bedeutung des Staates und der modernen Unternehmen aufmerksam gemacht und die institutionelle Rahmung des Wirtschaftslebens in den Mittelpunkt gerückt. Der Band hat nach seinem Erscheinen für große Aufmerksamkeit gesorgt und gilt zu Recht als eine der wegweisenden Aufsatzsammlungen der neueren Wirtschaftssoziologie.

The Social Organization of Policy

An Institutional Ethnography of UN Forest Deliberations

Author: Lauren E. Eastwood

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135472769

Category: Science

Page: 160

View: 9622

This book provides a specific case study--based upon direct research with UN processes--which enables the reader to situate larger theoretical arguments regarding civil society, globalization, and sustainable development within the context of the actual activities of practitioners working within the UN forest policy-making arena.

Structures of Capital

The Social Organization of the Economy

Author: Sharon Zukin

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521376785

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 449

View: 7521

Although market importance is acknowledged, this work's emerging theme is the need to account for the ways in which multiple forms of social organization -- elite groups, communities & government structures -- influence economic processes.

The Social Organization of South Asian Immigrant Women's Mothering Work

Author: Ferzana Chaze

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1527517977

Category: Social Science

Page: 246

View: 5008

This book examines the social organization of recent immigrant South Asian women’s mothering work. It explicates the processes that contribute to those belonging to this social group making changes to their mothering work after immigrating to Canada despite having reservations about doing so. The book draws its findings from interviews with 20 South Asian immigrant mothers who were raising school aged children in Canada and had been in the country for less than five years. Government policies, websites and newspaper reports also form important data sources for this study. Using institutional ethnography, the book shows the disjuncture between the mothering work of the South Asian immigrant woman and institutionally backed neoliberal discourses in Canada around mothering, schooling and immigrant employment. It highlights the manner in which the settlement experiences for South Asian immigrant women can become stressful and complicated by the changes that these women are required to make in line with these institutional discourses. The study explicates how the work of immigrant mother in the settlement process changes over time as she participates in social relations that require her to raise her children as autonomous responsible citizens who can participate in a neoliberal economy characterised by precarious work. The research that informs this book has implications for the social work profession, which is connected in many ways to the settlement experiences of immigrant women.

The Intellectual and Social Organization of the Sciences

Author: Richard Whitley

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199240456

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 319

View: 5858

Increasing attention is paid in the social sciences and management studies to the constitution and claims of different theories, perspectives, and "paradigms." This book is one of the most respected and robust analyses of these issues. For this new paperback edition Richard Whitley--a leading figure in European business education--has written a new introduction which addresses the particular epistemological issues of business management studies.

Police Work

The Social Organization of Policing

Author: Peter K. Manning

Publisher: Waveland PressInc

ISBN: 9780881339536

Category: Social Science

Page: 372

View: 8390

The author's sociological approach is based on his fieldwork--observing, interviewing, & sharing the day-to-day experiences of police in both the United States & the United Kingdom.

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