Search Results: the-sociology-of-the-professions-lawyers-doctors-and-others

The Sociology of the Professions

Lawyers, Doctors and Others

Author: Robert Dingwall,Philip Lewis

Publisher: Quid Pro Books

ISBN: 1610272323

Category: Social Science

Page: 276

View: 629

Robert Dingwall and Philip Lewis’s renowned compilation of diverse studies—written by internationally recognized theorists and empirical researchers into the sociology of the professions—was groundbreaking when first published in 1983 and has influenced scholars, practitioners, and professionals since. Not limited to one occupation or field, as are most such works, this collection examines across traditional fields the idea and practice of professions and professionals. The 2014 digital edition features a substantive new Foreword by Professor Sida Liu of the University of Wisconsin–Madison. He notes that this book “is a rare effort to fully compare the two classic cases of doctors and lawyers in the professions literature. The contributors of the book include a number of prominent authors on the professions in Britain and the United States. Until today, it remains a vitally important volume for scholars and students interested in various aspects of professional life.” “Looking back,” Liu adds, “one must be struck by the extent to which theorists of professions and empirical researchers on doctors and lawyers from both the UK and US fully engage with one another throughout the book.” He concludes that the reemergence of “this excellent book three decades after its initial publication will reconfirm its status as a classic collection of essays on the professions.” The Sociology of the Professions brings together enduring work by some of the most influential writers on the sociology of the professions. It is a deliberate attempt to extend the theoretical basis of the specialty by a comparative approach, using data and interviews on medicine and law. Recognized advances in understanding the professions resulted from the work of medical sociologists on the division of labor in health care and on the relation between health services and society. Their foundation, though, appeared uncertain in the absence of comparable material on other sectors. At the same time, the sociology of law has tended to neglect the study of the profession in favor of the analysis of statutes and their effects. But law is not just what is written in legislation; it is people’s work. Our understanding of the social organization of legal services is incomplete without that perspective. The contributors to this volume are recognized authorities from a variety of fields, from the UK and US. They include Dingwall and Lewis, as well as Paul Atkinson, Maureen Cain, John Eekelaar, Eliot Freidson, Marc Galanter, Gordon Horobin, Malcolm Johnson, Geoff Mungham, Topsy Murray, Alan Paterson, Dietrich Rueschemeyer, P.M. Strong, and Philip Thomas. Their studies fall into three categories: “Professions, Knowledge and Power,” “Professional Work,” and “Professional Careers.” The volume retains a comprehensive bibliography of relevant British and US sources on the study of the professions in law, medicine, and beyond. Reviews of the original edition include: “Dingwall and Lewis have provided an exemplar of what an edited volume can be. Its comparativism, its span of European and American scholarship, its internal debates, its efforts to press into new theoretical terrain, all add to a refreshing and challenging collection. In fact, this volume would be a far better entree to the enduring questions of professions in modern societies than the limp alternatives too frequently served in its place.” — Terence Halliday in Social Forces “This anthology provides an exceptionally literate assessment of past research and a coherent statement of the research agenda for the future.” — Eve Spangler in Contemporary Sociology “There is a ... sense of excitement, as many of the contributors attempt to mark out new subjects for future research, or try out new strategies of investigation and invite the reader, or reviewer, to participate in their debates.” — Michael Burrage in Modern Law Review Also available in new paperback edition.

From General Estate to Special Interest

German Lawyers 1878-1933

Author: Kenneth F. Ledford

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521030205

Category: History

Page: 392

View: 6702

The history of German lawyers in private practice from 1878 to 1933 helps answer questions about the inability of German liberalism to withstand National Socialism in 1933. They won free entry and self-government for their profession in 1878, thinking these would lead to civic leadership and expanded liberty, but the changes that were unleashed revealed the limits of professional influence. Exaggerated expectations for the legal profession in public life exposed the limitations of procedural liberalism, with tragic consequences.

Making Public Services Management Critical

Author: Graeme Currie,Jackie Ford,Nancy Harding,Mark Learmonth

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135212740

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 284

View: 8771

This book brings together public services policy and public services management in a novel way that is likely to resonate with academics, policy makers and practitioners engaged in the organization of public services delivery as it is from a perspective that challenges many received ideas in this field. Starting from the perspective of critical management studies, the contributors to this volume embed a critical perspective on policy orthodoxy around critical public services policy and management studies (CPPMS). In so doing the authors bring together previous disparate fields of public services policy and public services management, but more importantly, debate and present what ‘critical’ constitutes when applied to public services policy and management. This edited collection presents chapters from a broad range of public services domains including health, education, prisons, local and central government and deals with a range of contemporary issues facing public services managers are examined, including regulation of professions, risk management, user involvement, marketing and leadership.

Professional Powers

A Study of the Institutionalization of Formal Knowledge

Author: Eliot Freidson

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226262253

Category: Social Science

Page: 241

View: 6640

Freidson guides his analysis by finding what power may be ascribed to formal, codified knowledge. He focuses on the institutions that provide intellectual workers with their knowledge, a regular living, organized political resources, and other means with which to translate formal knowledge into human activity. Surveying professionals, he establishes a basic foundation for tracing the sources and means of professional power. Key issues are discussed as to whether they exercise power in the workplace, in government policy-making, and in the shaping of our physical and social world.

Children and Young People's Nursing

Principles for Practice

Author: Ruth Davies,Alyson Davies

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1444107844

Category: Medical

Page: 432

View: 5734

Children and Young People's Nursing provides a comprehensive overview of the issues facing children's nurses today. It focuses on developing best practice and implementing high quality care. This book covers the wide range of general and specialist care settings in which children and young people's nurses work, including schools, the community and mental health. Written by a team of experts from across the UK, it emphasizes throughout the fundamental principles of contemporary children's nursing, such as family-centred care, safeguarding and the need for a culturally sensitive and rights-based approach to care. This is an essential text for all children's nursing students, as well as a useful reference for qualified nurses looking to update their practice. Key features All chapters are underpinned by current policies and the latest research Key points, reflection points, principles for practice boxes and cas studies to aid learning Concludes with a section on building your portfolio and advancing your practice and career

What Do Lawyers Do?

An Ethnography of a Corporate Law Firm

Author: John Flood

Publisher: Quid Pro Books

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 212

View: 989

A legal scholar and sociologist, John Flood spent years observing a large law firm from the inside--much like an embedded journalist, but with the perspective of a researcher on the theory and practice of legal organizations. What John Flood found and analyzed resulted in a study that has been cited by many scholars over the years as the ultimate account of the inner workings of a corporate law firm, including its relations with clients, employees, and the broader profession. Further, using four detailed case studies, he showed how the construction of legal information and problems depended heavily on the role and specialization of the lawyer and the power of the client. Now in its Second Edition, with updated references and account of the radical shifts in legal practice over the past few years in the U.S. and U.K., Flood's pathbreaking book continues to be a fascinating resource for scholars of the legal profession, as well as interested readers who want to see exposed the inner sanctum of private, big-money law practice. The new edition also adds a new, reflective introduction by Lynn Mather, the SUNY Distinguished Service Professor at the University at Buffalo. A classic resource from Quid Pro Books is now readily available worldwide, in print and ebook formats, for scholars, researchers, lawyers, and other interested readers.

Perioperative Nursing - E-Book

An Introductory Text

Author: Lois Hamlin,Marilyn Richardson-Tench,Menna Davies

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0729578879

Category: Medical

Page: 850

View: 9985

This new text discusses the roles and responsibilities of those working within the perioperative environment in Australia and New Zealand. It highlights the changing face of perioperative nursing and gives an overview of key concepts including anaesthetic, intraoperative and postanaesthesia recovery care; day surgery and endoscopy. Professional development and medico-legal aspects are also discussed. This is an introductory text which will appeal to a broad market from trainee enrolled nurses; to undergraduate nursing students doing a perioperative clinical placement; to postgraduate students of perioperative nursing. Registered nurses working within or preparing to work within this area, as well as other operating room staff such as anaesthetic technicians will also find this text invaluable.

Feminist Sociology

Author: Sara Delamont

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761972556

Category: Social Science

Page: 195

View: 9729

Exploring the achievements of British feminist sociology in theory, methods and empirical research, Sara Delamont outlines the barriers to the development of feminism and explores contemporary challenges. She provides an unrivalled guide to the origins of feminism in the discipline of sociology, analyzes the uneasy relationships between feminists and the founding fathers, and elucidates the opportunities and challenges presented by postmodernism.

An Introduction to the Sociology of Work and Occupations

Author: Rudi Volti

Publisher: Pine Forge Press

ISBN: 1412924960

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 276

View: 6311

"Connecting work and occupations to the key subjects of sociological inquiry - social and technological change, race, ethnicity, gender, social class, education, social networks, and modes of organization - An Introduction to the Sociology of Work and Occupations introduces students to highly relevant analyses of today's industrial and postindustrial society. Succinct yet comprehensive, this text provides useful analysis of a broad range of topics, covering the changes in the world of work from hunting and gathering to today's Information Age. Featuring a broad range of topics, this unique text provides crucial insight into how life and work are evolving in the 21st century." "This text is valuable for upper-level undergraduate courses such as Sociology of Work and related courses in departments of sociology, organizational behavior, economics, human resource management, and organizational studies."--Jacket.

Actions of Architecture

Architects and Creative Users

Author: Jonathan Hill

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134437048

Category: Architecture

Page: 232

View: 9910

Drawing on the work of a wide range of architects, artists and writers, this book considers the relations between the architect and the user, which it compares to the relations between the artist and viewer and the author and reader. The book's thesis is informed by the text 'The Death of the Author', in which Roland Barthes argues for a writer aware of the creativity of the reader. Actions of Architecture begins with a critique of strategies that define the user as passive and predictable, such as contemplation and functionalism. Subsequently it considers how an awareness of user creativity informs architecture, architects and concepts of authorship in architectural design. Identifying strategies that recognize user creativity, such as appropriation, collaboration, disjunction, DIY, montage, polyvalence and uselessness, Actions of Architecture states that the creative user should be the central concern of architectural design.

From Vocational to Professional Education

Educating for social welfare

Author: Jens-Christian Smeby,Molly Sutphen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317632257

Category: Education

Page: 176

View: 5676

One of the most important routes to employment within the social welfare sector worldwide is higher education, which equips students not only with the knowledge for employment, but with the tools to use and build on this knowledge. During the last few decades there has been an academic drift in professional education, especially for many shorter professional programmes. Many of these shorter programmes have left the realm of vocational education to enter higher education. On the one hand, graduates are confronted by an increased demand for research and evidence-based knowledge, and on the other, they are criticised for lacking the knowledge and skills relevant for professional work. From Vocational to Professional Education presents new research into programmes suggesting how best to prepare students for professional work and addresses the challenges facing the education of professionals for social welfare. The book identifies and clarifies key problems, as well as outlining the political and historical context in which they are embedded. Chapters discuss theoretical and analytical ways to address these challenges and suggest recommendations for the further development of education for professional practice. Based on comprehensive longitudinal research data, the book will appeal to policy makers, leaders of higher education, and teachers and researchers involved in programmes qualifying students for professional work.

Medical Professionals and the Organization of Knowledge

Author: Eliot Freidson,Judith Lorber

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 0202362086

Category: Medical

Page: 482

View: 8855

Medical Professionals and the Organization of Knowledge conveys how medical people shape and organize the knowledge, perception, and experience of illness, as well as the substance of illness behavior, its management, and treatment. It is now well established that the unique symbolic equipment of the human animal is intimately connected with the functioning of the body. Freidson and Lorber believe that the proper understanding of specifically human rather than generally "animal" illness requires careful and systematic study of the social meanings surrounding illness. The content of social meanings varies from culture to culture and from one historical period to another. As important as the content of those social meanings, is the organization of groups who serve as carriers and, sometimes, creators. In the case of illness, a critical difference exists between those considered to be competent to diagnose and treat the sick and those excluded from this special privilege--a separation as old as the shaman or medicine-man. Such differences become solidified when the expert healer becomes a member of an organized, full-time occupation, sustained in monopoly over the work of diagnosis and treatment by the force of the state and invested with the authority to make official designation of the social meanings to be ascribed to physical states. The medical profession in advanced nations is in a vise between professional needs and political demands. Its organization and its knowledge establish many of the conditions for being recognizably and legitimately ill, and the professional controls for many of the circumstances of treatment. It thus plays a central role in shaping the experience of being ill. With this fact of modern life in mind, this collection on the character of experts or professionals in general and of medicine as a profession in particular is uniquely fashioned. Eliot Freidson was professor emeritus of sociology in the Graduate School of Arts and Science of New York University. He served on scientific advisory boards for the Social Security Administration, the National Institutes of Health, and the National Center for Health Services Research. Judith Lorber is a professor emerita of sociology at Brooklyn College and the City College of New York Graduate Center. She is author of Gender Inequality: Feminist Theories and Politics, Breaking the Bowls: Degendering and Feminist Change, and Gender and the Social Construction of Illness.

The Sociology of the Professions

Author: Keith M Macdonald

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803986343

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 615

This much-needed book provides a systematic introduction, both conceptual and applied, to the sociology of the professions. Keith Macdonald guides the reader through the chief sociological approaches to the professions, addressing their strengths and weaknesses. The discussion is richly illustrated by examples from and comparisons between the professions in Britain, the United States and Europe, relating their development to their cultural context. The social exclusivity that professions aim for is discussed in relation to social stratification, patriarchy and knowledge, and is thoroughly illustrated by reference to examples from medicine and other established professions, such as law and architecture. The themes of the bo

Essays on Professions

Author: Robert Dingwall

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131714161X

Category: Social Science

Page: 186

View: 405

Over the past 30 years Robert Dingwall has published an influential series of articles on the professions, especially law and medicine. This represents a substantial and coherent body of work in an important sub-discipline of sociology. This volume assembles the best of these writings in one single accessible place. The ten essays are republished in their original form, each bearing the traces of the time and place it was written. In sum, they provide a fascinating account of an academic journey. They are introduced with a foreword from the author, who places the work in context and offers some thoughts about how the work might be used by scholars in developing the field, to evaluate, for example, the effects of the New Labour period on professional autonomy. The essays will be indispensable to sociologists with a general interest in the professions and to scholars of law, medicine and business.

Sociology in Perspective

Author: Mark Kirby

Publisher: Heinemann

ISBN: 9780435331603

Category: Sociology

Page: 831

View: 9290

This text, specifically for AQA specifications, is designed to be easy and encouraging for students to use. The book contains updated material and activities together with a new chapter on study skills. It also indicates clearly where activities meet the new evidence requirements for key skills.

Law, Capitalism and Power in Asia

The Rule of Law and Legal Institutions

Author: Kanishka Jayasuriya

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134738250

Category: Social Science

Page: 360

View: 315

A challenging and provocative book that contests the liberal assumption that the rule of law will go hand in hand with a transition to market-based economies and even democracy in East Asia. Using case studies from Hong Kong, China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Taiwan, Japan and Vietnam, the authors argue that the rule of law is in fact more likely to provide political elites with the means closely to control civil society. It is essential, therefore, to locate conceptions of judicial independence and the rule of law more generally within the ideological vocabulary of the state.

Conversations with Educational Leaders

Contemporary Viewpoints on Education in America

Author: Anne Turnbaugh Lockwood

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 1438411103

Category: Education

Page: 254

View: 2054

Educational leaders speak out in their own words--stimulating, accessible, provocative--on contemporary and controversial topics that range from differing attitudes on diversity to the debate over character education to arguments about education reform.

Crime Prevention

Theory, Policy And Practice

Author: Daniel Gilling

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135364516

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 3273

First published in 1997. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Profession of Medicine

A Study of the Sociology of Applied Knowledge

Author: Eliot Freidson

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226262284

Category: Social Science

Page: 419

View: 8269

"Must be judged as a landmark in medical sociology."—Norman Denzin, Journal of Health and Social Behavior "Profession of Medicine is a challenging monograph; the ideas presented are stimulating and thought provoking. . . . Given the expanding domain of what illness is and the contentions of physicians about their rights as professionals, Freidson wonders aloud whether expertise is becoming a mask for privilege and power. . . . Profession of Medicine is a landmark in the sociological analysis of the professions in modern society."—Ron Miller, Sociological Quarterly "This is the first book that I know of to go to the root of the matter by laying open to view the fundamental nature of the professional claim, and the structure of professional institutions."—Everett C. Hughes, Science

Der Sorgende Staat.

Wohlfahrt, Gesundheit und Bildung in Europa und den USA der Neuzeit.

Author: Abram de Swaan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Human services

Page: 345

View: 387

Find eBook