Eurasian Geopolitics and the Fate of the West
Author: Alexandros Petersen
Category: Political Science
Both a historical analysis and a call to arms, this is the comprehensive policy guide to understanding and engaging in the geopolitics of Eurasia. * Five maps showing Mackinder's Heartland of the World Island, Kennan's Containment of the World Island, Pilsudski's Prometheism, Pilsudski's Intermarum, and Petersen's 21st Century Geopolitical Strategy for Eurasia * Illustrations * A chronology
Author: Alexander Dugin
Category: Political Science
Alexander Dugin traces the geopolitical development of Russia from its origins in Kievan Rus and the Russian Empire, through the peak of its global influence during the Soviet era, and finally to the current presidency of Vladimir Putin. Dugin sees Russia as the primary geopolitical pole of the land-based civilizations of the world, forever destined to be in conflict with the sea-based civilizations. At one time the pole of the seafaring civilizations was the British Empire; today it is represented by the United States and its NATO allies. Russia can only fulfill its geopolitical mission by remaining in opposition to the sea powers. Today, according to Dugin, this conflict is not only geopolitical in scope, but also ideological: Russia is the primary representative and defender of traditional values and idealism, whereas the West stands for the values of liberalism and the market-driven society. Whereas Russia began to lose sight of its mission during the 1990s and threatened to succumb to domination by the Western powers, Dugin believes that Putin has begun to correct its course and return Russia to her proper place. But the struggle is far from over: while progress has been made, Russia remains torn between its traditional nature and the temptations of globalism and Westernization, and its enemies undermine it at every turn. Dugin makes the case that it is only by remaining true to the Eurasian path that Russia can survive and flourish in any genuine sense – otherwise it will be reduced to a servile and secondary place in the world, and the forces of liberalism will dominate the world, unopposed.
The Individual and the World
Author: Robert W Cox
Publisher: World Scientific
The book shows one individual's (the author) experience of the world, through contacts with government officials and scholars in the Middle East and Asia, Europe and Latin America during the post-Second World War years up to the later 1960s; and then that individual's reflections and study during the succeeding decades, up to and including the first decade of the 21st century, concerning the future of the world and the critical choices that confront the world both in inter-state relations and in maintaining the security of the biosphere. Contents:The Individual and the WorldThe Canadian ContextGenevaMorse1968AmbivalenceTransitionThought and RealityThe 1970sThe Emergence of ChinaCivilizations and World OrderSynthesis Readership: General readers interested in international relations, political science, and China studies. Keywords:Cold War;Cultural Revolution;Vietnam;ILO;China;Soviet Union;Corporatism;Capitalism;Globalization;Civilizations;Pentagon;Biosphere;Multinational Corporations;EmpireKey Features:The book is sui generis of its kind, falling between the categories of memoir and contemporary historyIt would be of interest to all who are concerned with where the world is going as well as those who follow change in the major countries and regions of the world
Author: Saul Bernard Cohen
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
Category: Political Science
Ideological and economic forces unleashed by the end of the Cold War have swept through the international system and tested global stability with myriad constructive and destructive influences. Resulting changes in the context of human and physical settings, and the relationship of geography to foreign policy and international relations, have created a new global geopolitical map with borders no longer tied to neat physical or political lines. This text sets out to define these borders while addressing a key question influencing global stability -will certain areas become Gateways or Shatterbelts? By giving world-wide attention to the entire hierarchy of geopolitical units - subnational, national states and quasi-states, as well as geopolitical regions and geostrategic realms - Saul Bernard Cohen offers a survey of geopolitics and its practitioners and an explanation of geopolitical terms, structure and theory.
Disaster and Humanity in Modern Times
Author: John David Ebert
Category: Social Science
Disasters, both natural and man-made, are on the rise. Indeed, a catastrophe of one sort or another seems always to be unfolding somewhere on the planet. We have entered into a veritable Age of Catastrophes which have grown both larger and more complex and now routinely very widespread in scope. The old days of the geographically isolated industrial accidents, of the sinking of a Titanic or the explosion of a Hindenburg, together with their isolated causes and limited effects, are over. Now, disasters on the scale of Hurricane Katrina, the BP oil spill or the Japan tsunami and nuclear reactor accident, threaten to engulf large swaths of civilization. This book analyzes the efforts of Westerners to keep the catastrophes outside, while maintaining order on the inside of society. These efforts are breaking down. Nature and Civilization have become so intertwined they can no longer be separated. Natural disasters, moreover, are becoming increasingly more difficult to differentiate from “man-made.” Instructors considering this book for use in a course may request an examination copy here.
Author: Joseph P. Stoltman
This is a theoretical and practical guide on how to undertake and navigate advanced research in the arts, humanities and social sciences.
A Synthesis of Philosophy, Theology, and Politics
Author: Nicolas Laos
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
In this book, Nicolas Laos studies the meaning of the terms "world" and "order," the moral dimensions of each world order model, and wider issues of meaning and interpretation generated by humanity's attempt to live in a meaningful world and to find the logos of the beings and things in the world. The aim of this book is to propose a unified theory of world order (i.e., a theory that combines philosophy, theology, and political theory). In this context, the author provides a thought-provoking (re)interpretation of classical philosophy (placing particular emphasis on Platonism), an in-depth inquiry into medieval philosophy and spirituality (placing particular emphasis on the cultural differences between the Greek East and the Latino-Frankish West), and an intellectually challenging review and evaluation of modern Western philosophy (including Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz, Locke, Berkeley, Hume, Rousseau, Kant, Hegel, Kierkegaard, Husserl, and Heidegger) and of Nietzsche's and the postmodernists' revolt against modernity. He then elucidates the philosophical foundations and "pedigree" of each of the three basic political theories of modernity (i.e., Liberalism, Communism, and Fascism), and he studies the basic theoretical debates in International Relations, Geopolitics, and Noopolitics. Finally, Laos proposes a new, "fourth," political theory which he calls "metaphysical republicanism."
Lessons in Living from the Islands of the World
Author: Janis Frawley-Holler
Many of us long to escape the dreariness of our daily lives for the balmy weather, fresh air, and bright sunshine of the world’s islands—those almost magical places whose distance from the mainland has the power to distance us from our normal cares. Island Wise transports you to these far-off shores to reveal what makes island life so appealing—and shows you how to invoke the inimitable island sense of tranquility, simplicity and joie de vivre every day. From the Bahamas to Prince Edward Island, Canada, author Janis Frawley-Holler explores twenty-five of the world’s most beguiling islands, introducing the natural wonders, ancient traditions, musical rhythms, and everyday practices that make each seaborne locale utterly unique. Her charming vignettes also share each culture’s simple recipes for leading life at a slower pace, focusing on what really matters, charting your heart’s desires, enriching personal relationships, and cultivating a deep sense of purpose and meaning. Whether you’re dreaming of an island getaway or looking to retain your post-vacation glow, Island Wise proves that “island-wise” living is not about location—it’s simply a state of mind that makes life sweeter wherever you are. Jamaica • Borneo • Prince Edward Island • Nassau • Crete • Anegada • Key West, Florida • Sark • St. Honorat • Oahu, Hawaii • Hong Kong • Santa Catalina Island, California • Likiep Atoll • Isla Santa Magdalena, Baja California • Chincoteague Island, Virginia • Terceira • Cuba • Baranoff Island, Alaska • Taha’a • Jost Van Dyke • The Galapagos Islands • St. Lucia • Sjaelland • Seguin Island, Maine • Bimini From the Trade Paperback edition.
Adaptation and Extinction of Placental Mammals on Islands
Author: Alexandra van der Geer,George Lyras,John de Vos,Michael Dermitzakis
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Evolution on islands differs in a number of important ways from evolution on mainland areas. Over millions of years of isolation, exceptional and sometimes bizarre mammals evolved on islands, such as pig-sized elephants and hippos, giant rats and gorilla-sized lemurs that would have been formidable to their mainland ancestors. This timely and innovative book is the first to offer a much-needed synthesis of recent advances in the exciting field of the evolution and extinction of fossil insular placental mammals. It provides a comprehensive overview of current knowledge on fossil island mammals worldwide, ranging from the Oligocene to the onset of the Holocene. The book addresses evolutionary processes and key aspects of insular mammal biology, exemplified by a variety of fossil species. The authors discuss the human factor in past extinction events and loss of insular biodiversity. This accessible and richly illustrated textbook is written for graduate level students and professional researchers in evolutionary biology, palaeontology, biogeography, zoology, and ecology.
Author: Asim Zaheer
Publisher: Bachelor + Master Publication
Category: Political Science
Das unilaterale Vorgehen der USA bei der T”tung Osama Bin Landens in Pakistan im Mai 2011 und der NATO-ISAF Angriff auf pakistanische Milit„rposten an der Grenze zu Afghanistan im November des Jahres verdeutlichen die Divergenz in den pakistanisch-amerikanischen Beziehungen. Als Reaktion darauf blockierte Pakistan die Nachschubrouten fr westliche Truppen in Afghanistan und dutzende amerikanische Berater wurden des Landes verwiesen. Die bilateralen Beziehungen scheinen historisch betrachtet ihren vorl„ufigen Tiefpunkt in der Allianz im ?war on terror? erreicht zu haben. Dabei sind die Beziehungen Pakistans zu den USA und der westlichen Welt von zentraler Bedeutung fr die internationale Politik im 21. Jahrhundert. Die bilateralen Beziehungen sind seit jeher durch Misstrauen und ?double game? von beiden Seiten gepr„gt. W„hrend die USA nach Partnern in einer strategisch gnstigen Region suchten, war Pakistan haupts„chlich an einem Machtgleichgewicht gegenber Indien interessiert. Vom Anfang der 1990er bis zu den Terroranschl„gen vom 11. September 2001 wurde Pakistan aufgrund des Atomprogramms und Demokratiedefizit in der amerikanischen Auáenpolitik als ein ?Pariastaat? angesehen. Die Ausrufung des ?war on terror? durch George W. Bush brachte beide Staaten wieder n„her, um eine Allianz im Krieg gegen den Terrorismus zu bilden. Die Allianz, wie hier ausgearbeitet. war keine freiwillige Selbstverpflichtung Pakistans, sondern wurde als die einzige Option empfunden, um die Sicherheitsinteressen Pakistans zu wahren. Im Krieg gegen den Terrorismus wurden US-Leistungen in Milliardenh”he an Pakistan transferiert, die meisten davon waren fr das pakistanische Milit„r bestimmt. Der Schwerpunkt im Krieg gegen den Terrorismus verschob sich aus verschiedenen Grnden von Afghanistan nach Pakistan. Fr die Perspektiven pakistanisch-amerikanischer Beziehungen erwartet der Autor eine Normalisierung der Beziehungen in den n„chsten Jahren. Der Abzug der NATO-ISAF aus Afghanistan in 2014 und die Beziehungen Pakistans zu anderen Staaten machen eine Reaktivierung der pakistanisch-amerikanischen Beziehungen dringend Notwendig. Die amerikanische Vorherrschaft in Asien wird zwar noch einige Jahre aufrechtzuerhalten sein, jedoch mit enormen Kosten fr die USA. Fr die ?post-USA?-Žra in Afghanistan hat Pakistan bisher keine neue Strategie verkndet. Es kann davon ausgegangen werden, dass Pakistan wie in den 1990er Afghanistan als seine Einflusszone ansieht und versuchen wird dem zunehmenden Einfluss Indiens entgegenzuwirken. Eine Intensivierung der pakistanisch-chinesischen Beziehungen wird zwar als wichtig angesehen, hat aber kaum Einfluss auf die pakistanisch-amerikanischen Beziehungen. Damit bleibt Pakistan auch in Zukunft ein wichtiger Dreh- und Angelpunkt in der Region und fr die wissenschaftliche Analyse interessant.
Ethics, Politics, and Transnational Modernism
Author: Jessica Berman
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Category: Literary Criticism
Jessica Berman demonstrates how modernist narrative connects ethical attitudes and responsibilities to the active creation of political relationships and the way we imagine justice. She challenges divisions between "modernist" and "committed" writing, arguing that a continuum of political engagement undergirds modernisms worldwide and that it is strengthened rather than hindered by formal experimentation. In addition to making the case for a transnational model of modernism, Berman shows how modernism's play with formal matters, its challenge to the boundaries between fact and fiction, its incorporation of vernacular and folkways, and its engagement with embodied experience and intimacy offer not only an expanded account of modernist texts and commitments but a new way of thinking about what modernism is and can do.
Twillingate, New World Island, Fogo Island and Change Islands, Newfoundland and Labrador
Author: David J. Clarke
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Category: Change Islands (N.L. : Islands)
Newfoundland and Labrador is Canada's newest Province, but was known for centuries as "Britain's Oldest Colony." Europeans established a permanent presence there following John Cabot's voyage in 1497, yet the island of Newfoundland, and the "Big Land" of Labrador, were home to Native peoples for thousands of years before this. In this work David Clarke zeroes in on the rich history of one part of this fascinating place. The former Provincial electoral district known until 2015 as "The Isles of Notre Dame," encompassed historic towns such as Twillingate, Herring Neck, Moreton's Harbour, Change Islands, Fogo and Tilting. This portion of Newfoundland's Notre Dame Bay was settled by immigrants from England's West Country, and the east of Ireland, starting in the early eighteenth century. For generations they and their descendants eked out a living from the resources of the sea. Today they continue to do so in the face of declining fish stocks and the collapse of the traditional cod fishery. In his opening chapters Dr. Clarke presents the reader with an overview history of all the Isles' modern communities, while subsequent chapters focus on specific aspects of regional history. These include, relations between the Beothuk and European settlers, the Twillingate Sun newspaper, local health care, communications, early trade unionism, the World Wars, and a number of local personalities. Together, these comprise a one volume introduction to the history of this region suitable for locals and visitors alike.
The Turbulent History of Easter Island
Author: Steven Roger Fischer
Publisher: Reaktion Books
On a long stretch of green coast in the South Pacific, hundreds of enormous, impassive stone heads stand guard against the ravages of time, war, and disease that have attempted over the centuries to conquer Easter Island. Steven Roger Fischer offers the first English-language history of Easter Island in Island at the End of the World, a fascinating chronicle of adversity, triumph, and the enduring monumentality of the island's stone guards. A small canoe with Polynesians brought the first humans to Easter Island in 700 CE, and when boat travel in the South Pacific drastically decreased around 1500, the Easter Islanders were forced to adapt in order to survive their isolation. Adaptation, Fischer asserts, was a continuous thread in the life of Easter Island: the first European visitors, who viewed the awe-inspiring monolithic busts in 1722, set off hundreds of years of violent warfare, trade, and disease—from the smallpox, wars, and Great Death that decimated the island to the late nineteenth-century Catholic missionaries who tried to "save" it to a despotic Frenchman who declared sole claim of the island and was soon killed by the remaining 111 islanders. The rituals, leaders, and religions of the Easter Islanders evolved with all of these events, and Fischer is just as attentive to the island's cultural developments as he is to its foreign invasions. Bringing his history into the modern era, Fischer examines the colonization and annexation of Easter Island by Chile, including the Rapanui people's push for civil rights in 1964 and 1965, by which they gained full citizenship and freedom of movement on the island. As travel to and interest in the island rapidly expand, Island at the End of the World is an essential history of this mysterious site.
Author: Cyprian Broodbank
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Category: Social Science
A case study of the Greek Cyclades, documenting new ways of studying global island archaeology.
Author: Mr Nursin Atesoglu Guney
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Category: Political Science
Security is a major contemporary concern, with foreign and security policies topping the agenda of many governments. At the centre of Western security concerns is Turkey, due to its geographical proximity to converging major fault lines such as the Caucasus, the Mediterranean and the Middle East. As trans-Atlantic debates evolve around these major fault lines, future relations will have a direct impact on the re-orientation of Turkish foreign and security policies. This comprehensive study focuses on the future of Turkish foreign and security policies within the emerging strategies of the two Wests. Discussing the challenges Turkey has been facing since the turn of the century, it examines Turkish foreign policy in the context of trans-Atlantic relations - as a global actor, and with respect to conflict, new power relations, energy security, Greece, Cyprus and the environment.