A Path to Sustainable Safety Excellence
Author: Colin Duncan
Publisher: Behavioral Science Technology, Incorporated
Category: Industrial safety
In today's organization, the old safety paradigms are no longer enough. Previous safety performance gains have leveled off and leaders are now tasked with navigating issues that their predecessors never anticipated: Stalling or increasing rates of high-severity injuries, greater technical complexity, increased legal accountability, and a looming shortage of qualified safety expertise, just to name a few. So where do we go from here? Global safety leader BST shares a new framework for creating comprehensive safety excellence: The Zero Index. Outlining 10 critical disciplines practiced by the world's safest organizations, the Zero Index provides a road map for safety as strategy and practical steps for getting from where you are now to the state where safety is "Who we are."
Author: Joseph W. Haus
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
Category: Technology & Engineering
Fundamentals and Applications of Nanophotonics includes a comprehensive discussion of the field of nanophotonics, including key enabling technologies that have the potential to drive economic growth and impact numerous application domains such as ICT, the environment, healthcare, military, transport, manufacturing, and energy. This book gives readers the theoretical underpinnings needed to understand the latest advances in the field. After an introduction to the area, chapters two and three cover the essential topics of electrodynamics, quantum mechanics, and computation as they relate to nanophotonics. Subsequent chapters explore materials for nanophotonics, including nanoparticles, photonic crystals, nanosilicon, nanocarbon, III-V, and II-VI semiconductors. In addition, fabrication and characterization techniques are addressed, along with the importance of plasmonics, and the applications of nanophotonics in devices such as lasers, LEDs, and photodetectors. Covers electrodynamics, quantum mechanics and computation as these relate to nanophotonics Reviews materials, fabrication and characterization techniques for nanophotonics Describes applications of the technology such as lasers, LEDs and photodetectors
Author: Xingcun Colin Tong
Category: Technology & Engineering
To meet the demands of students, scientists and engineers for a systematic reference source, this book introduces, comprehensively and in a single voice, research and development progress in emerging metamaterials and derived functional metadevices. Coverage includes electromagnetic, optical, acoustic, thermal, and mechanical metamaterials and related metadevices. Metamaterials are artificially engineered composites with designed properties beyond those attainable in nature and with applications in all aspects of materials science. From spatially tailored dielectrics to tunable, dynamic materials properties and unique nonlinear behavior, metamaterial systems have demonstrated tremendous flexibility and functionality in electromagnetic, optical, acoustic, thermal, and mechanical engineering. Furthermore, the field of metamaterials has been extended from the mere pursuit of various exotic properties towards the realization of practical devices, leading to the concepts of dynamically-reconfigurable metadevices and functional metasurfaces. The book explores the fundamental physics, design, and engineering aspects, as well as the full array of state-of-the-art applications to electronics, telecommunications, antennas, and energy harvesting. Future challenges and potential in regard to design, modeling and fabrication are also addressed.
Author: Mikhail A. Noginov,Viktor A. Podolskiy
Publisher: CRC Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
From science fiction to science laboratories Discover the State of the Art in Photonic Metamaterials Metamaterials—composite media with unusual optical properties—have revolutionized the landscape of optical science and engineering over the past decades. Metamaterials have transformed science-fiction-like concepts of superresolution imaging and optical cloaking to the realm of science laboratories, and further promise to transform these into the realm of our everyday life. This new era of optical metamaterials calls for the development of experimental and theoretical methods capable of analyzing optical behavior on the multitude of scales—from the nanometer scale of individual inhomogeneity, to the micrometer level and the larger scale of metamaterials-based devices. Tutorials in Metamaterials offers a collection of chapters that were designed as self-contained tutorials describing photonic metamaterials and the state of the art in metamaterials research. Chapters cover: Linear and nonlinear properties of photonic metamaterials and their potential applications Fabrication techniques for optical metamaterials, ranging from electron-beam lithography, focused ion beam milling, and nanoimprint lithography to direct laser writing Recent achievements in metatamerial research at visible, IR, and microwave frequencies Novel applications of metamaterials for light guiding, steering, and refraction Efforts to compensate and eliminate optical loss by introducing optical gain into the metamaterial matrix A comprehensive overview of metamaterial photonics, this reference is suitable for graduate students as well as physicists and engineers interested in entering this dynamic new field.
Author: M.R. Hestenes
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Shortly after the end of World War II high-speed digital computing machines were being developed. It was clear that the mathematical aspects of com putation needed to be reexamined in order to make efficient use of high-speed digital computers for mathematical computations. Accordingly, under the leadership of Min a Rees, John Curtiss, and others, an Institute for Numerical Analysis was set up at the University of California at Los Angeles under the sponsorship of the National Bureau of Standards. A similar institute was formed at the National Bureau of Standards in Washington, D. C. In 1949 J. Barkeley Rosser became Director of the group at UCLA for a period of two years. During this period we organized a seminar on the study of solu tions of simultaneous linear equations and on the determination of eigen values. G. Forsythe, W. Karush, C. Lanczos, T. Motzkin, L. J. Paige, and others attended this seminar. We discovered, for example, that even Gaus sian elimination was not well understood from a machine point of view and that no effective machine oriented elimination algorithm had been developed. During this period Lanczos developed his three-term relationship and I had the good fortune of suggesting the method of conjugate gradients. We dis covered afterward that the basic ideas underlying the two procedures are essentially the same. The concept of conjugacy was not new to me. In a joint paper with G. D.
Theory, Design, and Applications
Author: Tie Jun Cui,David Smith,Ruopeng Liu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Technology & Engineering
Metamaterials:Theory, Design, and Applications goes beyond left-handed materials (LHM) or negative index materials (NIM) and focuses on recent research activity. Included here is an introduction to optical transformation theory, revealing invisible cloaks, EM concentrators, beam splitters, and new-type antennas, a presentation of general theory on artificial metamaterials composed of periodic structures, coverage of a new rapid design method for inhomogeneous metamaterials, which makes it easier to design a cloak, and new developments including but not limited to experimental verification of invisible cloaks, FDTD simulations of invisible cloaks, the microwave and RF applications of metamaterials, sub-wavelength imaging using anisotropic metamaterials, dynamical metamaterial systems, photonic metamaterials, and magnetic plasmon effects of metamaterials.
Getting to zero hunger
Author: von Grebmer, Klaus,Bernstein, Jill,Nabarro, David,Prasai, Nilam,Amin, Shazia,Yohannes, Yisehac,Sonntag, Andrea,Patterson, Fraser,Towey, Olive,Thompson, Jennifer
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Category: Political Science
The 2016 Global Hunger Index (GHI) presents a multidimensional measure of national, regional, and global hunger, focusing on how the world can get to Zero Hunger by 2030. The developing world has made substantial progress in reducing hunger since 2000. The 2016 GHI shows that the level of hunger in developing countries as a group has fallen by 29 percent. Yet this progress has been uneven, and great disparities in hunger continue to exist at the regional, national, and subnational levels. Levels of hunger are still serious or alarming in 50 countries. The highest hunger levels are still found in Africa south of the Sahara and South Asia. Although GHI scores for these two regions have declined over time, the current levels remain close to the alarming category. Africa south of the Sahara has achieved the largest absolute improvement since 2000 and South Asia has also seen a sizable reduction—but the decline in hunger must accelerate in these regions if the world is to achieve Zero Hunger by 2030. The 2016 report, with an essay from United Nations Special Adviser David Nabarro, hails the new paradigm of international development proposed in the United Nations’ 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which envisages Zero Hunger by 2030, as one goal among 17, in a holistic, integrated, and transformative plan for the world. To get to Zero Hunger while leaving no one behind, the 2016 GHI highlights the importance of identifying the regions, countries, and populations that are most vulnerable to hunger and undernutrition so progress can be accelerated there.
A Look at What's New
Author: Josh Juneau
Introducing Java EE 7: A Look at What’s New guides you through the new features and enhancements in each of the technologies comprising the Java EE platform. Readers of this book will not have to wade through introductory material or information covering features that have been part of the EE platform for years. Instead, developers can pick this book up and read it to brush up on those features that have changed or have been added for the EE 7 release. This handy reference helps you move forward from Java EE 6 to the new EE 7 platform quickly and easily. Java is a mature programming language that has been refined over the years into a productive language widely used in enterprise application development. Although the language contains frameworks and methodologies that have been used for years, it is important to make use of the most current features available in the language in order to achieve the best results. Introducing Java EE 7: A Look at What’s New covers the solutions using the most current Java Enterprise technologies, including EJB 3.2, JSF 2.2, and JAX-RS 2.0. Build a streamlined and reliable application that uses the latest in Java technologies, and develop it much faster than you did with the older technologies. Rejuvenate your Java expertise to use the freshest capabilities, or perhaps learn Java Enterprise development for the first time and discover one of the most widely used and most powerful technologies available for application development today. Get up and running quickly with the new features of EE 7! Designed to get you up and running quickly with the newly released Java EE 7 Includes real world examples of how to use new and updated features. Demonstrates the latest productivity enhancements in the platform
Author: Jeff Friesen
Android development is hot, and many programmers are interested in joining the fun. However, because this technology is based on Java, you should first obtain a solid grasp of the Java language and its foundational APIs to improve your chances of succeeding as an Android app developer. After all, you will be busy learning the architecture of an Android app, the various Android-specific APIs, and Android-specific tools. If you do not already know Java fundamentals, you will probably end up with a massive headache from also having to quickly cram those fundamentals into your knowledge base. Learn Java for Android Development teaches programmers of any skill level the essential Java language and foundational Java API skills that must be learned to improve the programmer’s chances of succeeding as an Android app developer. Each of the book’s 10 chapters provides an exercise section that gives you the opportunity to reinforce your understanding of the chapter’s material. Answers to the book’s more than 300 exercises are provided in an appendix. Additionally, author Jeff Friesen has created six bonus chapters that you can download from his personal site, located at http://tutortutor.ca/cgi-bin/makepage.cgi?/books/ljfad. Once you complete this book, you will be ready to dive into Android, and you can start that journey by obtaining a copy of Beginning Android 2.
Author: U.G. Kurbatov
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This book deals with linear functional differential equations and operator theory methods for their investigation. The main topics are: the equivalence of the input-output stability of the equation Lx = &mathsf; and the invertibility of the operator L in the class of casual operators; the equivalence of input-output and exponential stability; the equivalence of the dichotomy of solutions for the homogeneous equation Lx = 0 and the invertibility of the operator L; the properties of Green's function; the independence of the stability of an equation from the norm on the space of solutions; shift invariant functional differential equations in Banach space; the possibility of the reduction of an equation of neutral type to an equation of retarded type; special full subalgebras of integral and difference operators, and operators with unbounded memory; and the analogue of Fredholm's alternative for operators with almost periodic coefficients where one-sided invertibility implies two-sided invertibility. Audience: This monograph will be of interest to students and researchers working in functional differential equations and operator theory and is recommended for graduate level courses.
Author: Silas Toms
Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd
If you are a GIS student or professional who needs an understanding of how to use ArcPy to reduce repetitive tasks and perform analysis faster, this book is for you. It is also a valuable book for Python programmers who want to understand how to automate geospatial analyses.
Author: Siddhartha Rao
Publisher: Sams Publishing
Learn C++ in Just One Hour a Day Completely updated for the C++11 standard, Sams Teach Yourself C++ in One Hour a Day presents the language from a practical point of view, helping you learn how to use C++11 to create faster, simpler, and more efficient C++ applications. Master the fundamentals of C++ and object-oriented programming Understand how C++11 features help you write compact and efficient code using concepts such as lambda expressions, move constructors, and assignment operators Learn the Standard Template Library, including containers and algorithms used in most real-world C++ applications Test your knowledge and expertise using exercises at the end of every lesson Learn on your own time, at your own pace: No previous programming experience required Learn C++11, object-oriented programming, and analysis Write fast and powerful C++ programs, compile the source code with a gcc compiler, and create executable files Use the Standard Template Library’s (STL) algorithms and containers to write feature-rich yet stable C++ applications Develop sophisticated programming techniques using lambda expressions, smart pointers, and move constructors Learn to expand your program’s power with inheritance and polymorphism Master the features of C++ by learning from programming experts Learn C++11 features that allow you to program compact and high-performance C++ applications TABLE OF CONTENTS PART I: THE BASICS LESSON 1: Getting Started with C++11 LESSON 2: The Anatomy of a C++ Program LESSON 3: Using Variables, Declaring Constants LESSON 4: Managing Arrays and Strings LESSON 5: Working with Expressions, Statements, and Operators LESSON 6: Controlling Program Flow LESSON 7: Organizing Code with Functions LESSON 8: Pointers and References Explained PART II: FUNDAMENTALS OF OBJECT-ORIENTED C++ PROGRAMMING LESSON 9: Classes and Objects LESSON 10: Implementing Inheritance LESSON 11: Polymorphism LESSON 12: Operator Types and Operator Overloading LESSON 13: Casting Operators LESSON 14: An Introduction to Macros and Templates PART III: LEARNING THE STANDARD TEMPLATE LIBRARY (STL) LESSON 15: An Introduction to the Standard Template Library LESSON 16: The STL String Class LESSON 17: STL Dynamic Array Classes LESSON 18: STL list and forward_list LESSON 19: STL Set Classes LESSON 20: STL Map Classes PART IV: MORE STL LESSON 21: Understanding Function Objects LESSON 22: C++11 Lambda Expressions LESSON 23: STL Algorithms LESSON 24: Adaptive Containers: Stack and Queue LESSON 25: Working with Bit Flags Using STL PART V: ADVANCED C++ CONCEPTS LESSON 26: Understanding Smart Pointers LESSON 27: Using Streams for Input and Output LESSON 28: Exception Handling LESSON 29: Going Forward APPENDIXES A: Working with Numbers: Binary and Hexadecimal B: C++ Keywords C: Operator Precedence D: Answers E: ASCII Codes
Theory and Practice
Author: International Monetary Fund
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
Category: Business & Economics
The consumer price index (CPI) measures the rate at which the prices of consumer goods and services are changing over time. It is a key statistic for economic and social policymaking and has substantial and wide-ranging implications for governments, businesses, and households. This important and comprehensive Manual provides guidelines for statistical offices and other agencies responsible for constructing CPIs, and explains in-depth the methods that are used to calculate a CPI. It also examines the underlying economic and statistical concepts and principles needed for making choices in efficient and cost-effective ways, and for appreciating the full implications of those choices.
Author: Martin Vosper,Donald Graham,Paul Cloke
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Principles and Application of Radiological Physics 6E provides comprehensive and easy-to-follow coverage of the principles and application of physics for both diagnostic and therapeutic radiography students. Regardless of changes in technology and clinical grading, the most important role of the radiographer remains unchanged - ensuring the production of high quality images and optimal treatment. These should be performed with the minimum of radiation hazard to patients, staff and others. An understanding of physics and the basics of radiographic technology is essential to do this effectively. The book covers all the physics and mathematics required by undergraduate diagnostic and therapeutic radiography students, catering for those who do not have a mathematics qualification as well as for those who do. NEW TO THIS EDITION: A focus upon application of physics to reflect current teaching approaches Completely revised structure, leading from science principles to applications New chapters on CT, MRI, ultrasound, PET, RNI, mammography and digital imaging Electronic learning resources for students, hosted on EVOLVE *Strong links between theory and practice throughout *Clear and concise text Focus on application of physics, as well as principles New, updated 2-colour design New Sections - Equipment for X-ray production, The Radiographic Image and Diagnostic Imaging Technologies Electronic learning resources for students support the text
Author: Leszek Berezowski
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
The zero article is a staple element of any description of English article usage from advanced research publications down to student grammars, but there has been very little inquiry into its meaning and its other properties.Â There are copious amounts of publications dealing with the definite and indefinite articles but none about the zero article. Â BerezowskiÂ investigates the origin of the concept of the zero article and shows that it has roots both in structural linguistics of the 1940s and earlier historical linguistics. Structural linguists went on to claim that, since the use of articles in English is deemed 'obligatory', the zero article exists but it has no overt form.Â Looking through earlier attempts at analyzing the meaning of the zero article, from Jespersen to Chesterman, Berezowksi shows how they all fail. An answer to theoretical problems of grammaticalization are developed; it is shown that English articles have not yet reached a stage in their development where their use has spread to all grammatical environments.Â Thus, a model is developed for determining when there is no article in English.Â The new model is tested against a commonly occurring case of zero article, using a corpus-based approach. The Myth of the Zero Article will appeal to academics and students interested in grammar and syntax.Â It covers an issue recurrent in the teaching and learning of English as Second/Foreign language, and will also appeal to teacher trainers and trainee teachers.
Author: Itzik Ben-Gan,Adam Machanic,Dejan Sarka,Kevin Farlee
Publisher: Microsoft Press
T-SQL insiders help you tackle your toughest queries and query-tuning problems Squeeze maximum performance and efficiency from every T-SQL query you write or tune. Four leading experts take an in-depth look at T-SQL’s internal architecture and offer advanced practical techniques for optimizing response time and resource usage. Emphasizing a correct understanding of the language and its foundations, the authors present unique solutions they have spent years developing and refining. All code and techniques are fully updated to reflect new T-SQL enhancements in Microsoft SQL Server 2014 and SQL Server 2012. Write faster, more efficient T-SQL code: Move from procedural programming to the language of sets and logic Master an efficient top-down tuning methodology Assess algorithmic complexity to predict performance Compare data aggregation techniques, including new grouping sets Efficiently perform data-analysis calculations Make the most of T-SQL’s optimized bulk import tools Avoid date/time pitfalls that lead to buggy, poorly performing code Create optimized BI statistical queries without additional software Use programmable objects to accelerate queries Unlock major performance improvements with In-Memory OLTP Master useful and elegant approaches to manipulating graphs About This Book For experienced T-SQL practitioners Includes coverage updated from Inside Microsoft SQL Server 2008 T-SQL Querying and Inside Microsoft SQL Server 2008 T-SQL Programming Valuable to developers, DBAs, BI professionals, and data scientists Covers many MCSE 70-464 and MCSA/MCSE 70-461 exam topics