Search Results: theory-and-history-in-international-relations

Theory and History in International Relations

Author: Donald J. Puchala

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136074589

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 4114

Theory and History in International Relations is an eloquent plea to scholars of global politics to turn away from the "manufacture" of data and return to a systematic study of history as a basic for theory. While the modest use of empiricism will always be important, Puchala rejects the logical positivism of the so-called "scientific revolution" in the field in favor of a more complex, even intuitive, vision of global politics. He addresses the potential uses of history in studying some of the major debates of our time-the Cold War as a struggle between empires, the collision of civilizations, cultural encounters and colonies in the ancient world, and liberal approaches to the understanding of history and ethical contributions to the dialogue over theory.

Spheres of Influence in International Relations

History, Theory and Politics

Author: Susanna Hast

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317051300

Category: Political Science

Page: 184

View: 5297

Current events happening around the world, especially the ’humanitarian interventions’ by NATO and the West within the context of the so-called Arab Spring, make the understanding of the role of spheres of influence in international politics absolutely critical. Hast explores the practical implications and applications of this theory, challenging the concept by using historical examples such as suzerainty and colonialism, as well as the emergence of a hierarchical international order. This study further connects the English School tradition, post-war international order, the Cold War and images of Russia with the concept of the sphere of influence to initiate debate and provide a fresh outlook on a concept which has little recent attention.

Feminist Theory and International Relations in a Postmodern Era

Author: Christine Sylvester

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521459846

Category: Political Science

Page: 265

View: 6751

These draw attention to an identity politics in our theories that often resists debate. Christine Sylvester elaborates a feminist method of empathetically cooperative conversation which can help us to appreciate practices in international relations that challenge the foundations of the field. She illustrates that method with reference to the Greenham Common Women's Peace Camp (in the UK) and the efforts of Zimbabwean women to negotiate international funding for their local producer cooperatives.

Political Theory and International Affairs: Hans J. Morgenthau on Aristotle's The Politics

Hans J. Morgenthau on Aristotle's The Politics

Author: Anthony Lang

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0313072957

Category: Political Science

Page: 168

View: 6250

Hans J. Morgenthau is primarily considered a theorist of power politics, often associated with the six principles of realism and the national interest. Shedding new light on the theorist by digging into his archives to show his wide-ranging views on politics, these selected lectures demonstrate the broad set of political themes that were important to Morgenthau and his ability to engage classical political philosophy in a contemporary setting. This book reveals a scholar who drew on Aristotelian insights to understand the politics of the Mafia in New York City, regime change in Latin America, and the foreign policy of the United States. Based on Aristotle's The Politics, these lectures discuss a wide spectrum of history and theory in order to examine the realm of politics. This collection serves as the only published seminars from Morgenthau, revealing him as both a teacher and a thinker. Topics include: Equality to Freedom; Ethics and Politics; Justice and Revolution.

Theory and Evidence in Comparative Politics and International Relations

Author: Richard Ned Lebow,Mark Lichbach

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9781403976611

Category: Political Science

Page: 290

View: 2882

Contributing authors offer a variety of answers, addressing the purpose and methods of research and analysing concepts, including the relationship of theory and evidence, the changing formulation of neopositivism, and the importance of medicine to social science.

Narrative Global Politics

Theory, History and the Personal in International Relations

Author: Naeem Inayatullah,Elizabeth Dauphinee

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317294548

Category: Political Science

Page: 230

View: 5952

This volume harnesses the virtual explosion of narrative writing in contemporary academic international politics. It comprises a prologue, an epilogue, and sixteen chapters that both build upon and diversify the success of the 2011 volume Autobiographical International Relations. Here, as in that volume, academics place their narratives in the context of world politics, culture, and history. Contributors explore moments in their academic lives that are often inexpressible in the standard academic voice and which, in turn, require a different way of writing and knowing. They write in the belief that academic IR has already begun to benefit from a different kind of writing—a stylae that retrieves the "I" and explicitly demonstrates its presence both within the world and within academic writing. By working within the overlap between theory, history, and autobiography, these chapters aim to increase the clarity, urgency, and meaningfulness of academic work. Highlighting the autoethnographic and autobiographic turn in critical international relations, this work will be of great interest to students and scholars in international relations, IR theory and global politics.

International Relations Theory and Philosophy

Interpretive dialogues

Author: Cerwyn Moore,Chris Farrands

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135233608

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 2366

This book discusses the contribution of philosophers and thinkers whose ideas have recently begun to permeate international relations theory. It provides an introduction to the contemporary debates regarding theories and methodologies used to study international relations, particularly the relationships between interpretive accounts of social action, European philosophical traditions, hermeneutics and the discipline of international relations. The authors provides a platform for dialogue between theorists and researchers engaged in a more specific area studies, geo-political studies, political theory and historical accounts of international politics. The volume analyzes a variety of theoretical and explores the work of Nietzsche, Heidegger, Gramsci, Wittgenstein, Gadamer, Levinas, Bakhtin, Patocka, Derridean, Deleuze and Susan Sontag. Making an important contribution to discussions about how to study the complexities of world politics, this book will be of interest to students and researchers of international relations, politics, sociology, philosophy and political theory.

Power and the Pursuit of Peace: Theory and Practice in the History of Relations Between States

Author: F. H. Hinsley

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521094481

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 1022

In the last years of the nineteenth century peace proposals were first stimulated by fear of the danger of war rather than in consequence of its outbreak. In this study of the nature and history of international relations Mr Hinsley presents his conclusions about the causes of war and the development of men's efforts to avoid it. In the first part he examines international theories from the end of the middle ages to the establishment of the League of Nations in their historical setting. This enables him to show how far modern peace proposals are merely copies or elaborations of earlier schemes. He believes there has been a marked reluctance to test these theories not only against the formidable criticisms of men like Rousseau, Kant and Bentham, but also against what we have learned about the nature of international relations and the history of the practice of states. This leads him to the second part of his study - an analysis of the origins of the modern states' system and of its evolution between the eighteenth century and the First World War.

Balance of Power

Theory and Practice in the 21st Century

Author: T. V. Paul,James J. Wirtz,Michel Fortmann

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804750173

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 3968

Since the sudden disappearance of the Soviet Union, many scholars have argued that the balance of power theory is losing its relevance. This text examines this viewpoint, as well as looking at systematic factors that may hinder or favour the return of balance of power politics.

International Relations Theory and the Consequences of Unipolarity

Author: G. John Ikenberry,Michael Mastanduno,William C. Wohlforth

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107634596

Category: Political Science

Page: 392

View: 6378

The end of the Cold War and subsequent dissolution of the Soviet Union resulted in a new unipolar international system that presented fresh challenges to international relations theory. Since the Enlightenment, scholars have speculated that patterns of cooperation and conflict might be systematically related to the manner in which power is distributed among states. Most of what we know about this relationship, however, is based on European experiences between the seventeenth and twentieth centuries, when five or more powerful states dominated international relations, and the latter twentieth century, when two superpowers did so. Building on a highly successful special issue of the leading journal World Politics, this book seeks to determine whether what we think we know about power and patterns of state behavior applies to the current 'unipolar' setting and, if not, how core theoretical propositions about interstate interactions need to be revised.

History and International Relations

Author: Thomas W. Smith

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134683375

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 1579

This book is a major contribution to the debate about philosophy and method in history and international relations. The author analyses IR scholarship from classical realism to quantitative and postmodern work.

The Balance of Power in International Relations

Metaphors, Myths and Models

Author: Richard Little

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521874882

Category: Law

Page: 317

View: 5729

Offering an analysis of the concept of the balance of power in IR, Little establishes a framework that treats the balance of power as a metaphor, a myth and a model. He then uses this framework to reassess four major texts that use this to promote a theoretical understanding of international relations.

International Society and the Development of International Relations Theory

Author: Barbara Allen Roberson

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9781855674035

Category: Political Science

Page: 278

View: 3621

This collection of essays has been written by major international relations theorists and it sets out a critical appreciation of the development of the international society idea and its influence on international relations theory.

Political Theory and International Relations

Author: Charles R. Beitz

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691009155

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 4285

In this revised edition of his 1979 classic Political Theory and International Relations, Charles Beitz rejects two highly influential conceptions of international theory as empirically inaccurate and theoretically misleading. In one, international relations is a Hobbesian state of nature in which moral judgments are entirely inappropriate, and in the other, states are analogous to persons in domestic society in having rights of autonomy that insulate them from external moral assessment and political interference. Beitz postulates that a theory of international politics should include a revised principle of state autonomy based on the justice of a state's domestic institutions, and a principle of international distributive justice to establish a fair division of resources and wealth among persons situated in diverse national societies.

An Introduction to International Relations

Author: Richard Devetak,Jim George,Sarah Percy

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316631559

Category: Political Science

Page: 620

View: 1323

An Introduction to International Relations is a comprehensive introduction to the history, theories, developments and debates that shape the dynamic discipline of international relations and contemporary world politics. Bringing together an expert author team comprising leading academics from Australia and around the world, it allows readers to explore the discipline from both Australian and global perspectives. Known for its clear, easy-to-read style and relevant, real-world examples, the text has been fully updated and revised to reflect current research and the changing global political climate. This edition features extensive new material on: international history from World War I to World War II; international law; the globalisation of international society; and terrorism. A companion website for instructors offers additional case studies, critical thinking questions and links to relevant video and web materials that bring international relations theory to life.

Role Theory in International Relations

Author: Sebastian Harnisch,Cornelia Frank,Hanns W Maull

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1136738371

Category: Political Science

Page: 344

View: 6832

This important new volume advances current role theory scholarship, offering concrete theoretical suggestions of how foreign policy analysis and IR theory could benefit from a closer integration of role theory. It will be of great interest to all scholars and students of international relations, foreign policy and international politics.

Peace and War

A Theory of International Relations

Author: Raymond Aron

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780765805041

Category: Political Science

Page: 820

View: 3682

Peace and War by Raymond Aron is one of the greatest books ever written on international relations. Aron's starting point is the state of nature that exists between nations, a condition that differs essentially from the civil state that holds within political communities. Ever keeping this brute fact about the life of nations in mind and ranging widely over political history and many disciplines, Aron develops the essential analytical tools to enable us to think clearly about the stakes and possibilities of international relations. In his first section, “Theory,” Aron shows that, while international relations can be mapped, and probabilities discerned, no closed, global “science” of international relations is anything more than a mirage. In the second part, “Sociology,” Aron studies the many ways various subpolitical forces influence foreign policy. He emphasizes that no rigorous determinism is at work: politics—and thus the need for prudent statesmanship—are inescapable in international relations. In part three, “History,” Aron offers a magisterial survey of the twentieth century. He looks at key developments that have had an impact on foreign policy and the emergence of what he calls “universal history,” which brings far-flung peoples into regular contact for the first time. In a final section, “Praxeology,” Aron articulates a normative theory of international relations that rejects both the bleak vision of the Machiavellians, who hold that any means are legitimate, and the naiveté of the idealists, who think foreign policy can be overcome. This new edition of Peace and War includes an informative introduction by Daniel J. Mahoney and Brian C. Anderson, situating Aron's thought in a new post-Cold War context, and evaluating his contribution to the study of politics and international relations.

The Balance of Power

History and Theory

Author: Michael J. Sheehan

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415119306

Category: Political Science

Page: 226

View: 1964

The balance of power is one of the most fundamental concepts behind international politics and provides a structure for explaining some of the essential principles behind international relations. Yet despite its widespread importance it remains an enigma and is surrounded by controversy.The Balance of Powertraces the evolution of the theory from the eighteenth century to the present day. It incorporates classical anlysis and recent research to give a detailed account of the concept in practice and the operation of the international system while challenging traditional views of the balance of power. Its exploration of the way the balance of power operated in key historical periods shows how the generally accepted development of the concept is based on a misunderstanding of the historical reality.

The Cold War and After

History, Theory, and the Logic of International Politics

Author: Marc Trachtenberg

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691152039

Category: History

Page: 317

View: 1347

What makes for war or for a stable international system? Are there general principles that should govern foreign policy? In The Cold War and After, Marc Trachtenberg, a leading historian of international relations, explores how historical work can throw light on these questions. The essays in this book deal with specific problems--with such matters as nuclear strategy and U.S.-European relations. But Trachtenberg's main goal is to show how in practice a certain type of scholarly work can be done. He demonstrates how, in studying international politics, the conceptual and empirical sides of the analysis can be made to connect with each other, and �how historical, theoretical, and even policy issues can be tied together in an intellectually respectable way. These essays address a wide variety of topics, from theoretical and policy issues, such as the question of preventive war and the problem of international order, to more historical subjects--for example, American policy on Eastern Europe in 1945 and Franco-American relations during the Nixon-Pompidou period. But in each case the aim is to show how a theoretical perspective can be brought to bear on the analysis of historical issues, and how historical analysis can shed light on basic conceptual problems.

International History and International Relations

Author: Andrew J. Williams,Amelia Hadfield,J. Simon Rofe

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415481783

Category: Political Science

Page: 252

View: 4047

This textbook is designed to provide undergraduate students of international relations with valuable and relevant historical context. It is organised thematically around the key issues in international relations such as war, peace, sovereignty, diplomacy, identity, revolution, political violence, empire and international organisations.

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