Search Results: thermodynamics-in-materials-science-second-edition

Thermodynamics in Materials Science, Second Edition

Author: Robert DeHoff

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0849340659

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 624

View: 2718

Thermodynamics in Materials Science, Second Edition is a clear presentation of how thermodynamic data is used to predict the behavior of a wide range of materials, a crucial component in the decision-making process for many materials science and engineering applications. This primary textbook accentuates the integration of principles, strategies, and thermochemical data to generate accurate “maps” of equilibrium states, such as phase diagrams, predominance diagrams, and Pourbaix corrosion diagrams. It also recommends which maps are best suited for specific real-world scenarios and thermodynamic problems. The second edition yet. Each chapter presents its subject matter consistently, based on the classification of thermodynamic systems, properties, and derivations that illustrate important relationships among variables for finding the conditions for equilibrium. Each chapter also contains a summary of important concepts and relationships as well as examples and sample problems that apply appropriate strategies for solving real-world problems. The up-to-date and complete coverage ofthermodynamic data, laws, definitions, strategies, and tools in Thermodynamics in Materials Science, Second Edition provides students and practicing engineers a valuable guide for producing and applying maps of equilibrium states to everyday applications in materials sciences.

Grain Boundary Migration in Metals

Thermodynamics, Kinetics, Applications, Second Edition

Author: Gunter Gottstein,Lasar S. Shvindlerman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439858993

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 711

View: 2098

A major goal of materials science is to create new engineering materials and optimize their cost and performance. Understanding how adjacent materials behave at their borders is an essential part of this process. Grain boundaries are the longest-known crystal defects, but although they were discovered in the mid-eighteenth century, until quite recently, we did not understand them very well. Even now, scientists are still searching for the best ways to comprehensively characterize a material’s microstructure—and accurately predict its evolution and behavior. Fills the gap between the physics of grain boundary motion and its engineering practicality Like the popular first edition, Grain Boundary Migration in Metals: Thermodynamics, Kinetics, Applications, Second Edition focuses extensively on the thermodynamics, kinetics, and applications involved with individual grain boundary migration in metals. However, this new volume adds a decade’s worth of new developments in research and methods. It offers an up-to-date overview of current knowledge of the grain boundary migration process, and it details how migration influences microstructural evolution, including the recrystallization process and the creation of new materials. The authors rely on well-defined geometry and crystallography to address key topics such as grain growth, textures, and the properties and behavior of grain boundaries, particularly the nonlinear interaction of boundary elements. This invaluable second edition: Covers the latest techniques and computer simulations used in the study of single-grain boundary motion and grain boundary systems with junctions Provides the latest experimental data of grain boundary free volume measurements and offers the first measurements of grain boundary junction line tension Includes new problems with solutions As a solid foundation on which you can build your understanding of the migration phenomenon, this book should be required reading for researchers in areas such as interface physics and materials science of microstructure evolution and property control. It will also be vastly useful to any professional engaged in metals production and/or the heat treatment of metals and alloys.

Molecular Driving Forces

Statistical Thermodynamics in Chemistry and Biology

Author: Ken A. Dill,Sarina Bromberg

Publisher: Garland Science

ISBN: 9780815320517

Category: Science

Page: 666

View: 9139

This text shows how many complex behaviors of molecules can result from a few simple physical processes. A central theme is the idea that simplistic models can give surprisingly accurate insights into the workings of the molecular world. Written in a clear and student-friendly style, the book gives an excellent introduction to the field for novices. It should also be useful to those who want to refresh their understanding of this important field, and those interested in seeing how physical principles can be applied to the study of problems in the chemical, biological, and material sciences. Furthermore, Molecular Driving Forces contains a number of features including: 449 carefully produced figures illustrating the subject matter; 178 worked examples in the chapters which explain the key concepts and show their practical applications; The text is mathematically self-contained, with 'mathematical toolkits' providing the required maths; Advanced material that might not be suitable for some elementary courses is clearly delineated in the text; End-of-chapter references and suggestions for further reading.

Introduction to the Thermodynamics of Materials, Sixth Edition

Author: David R. Gaskell,David E. Laughlin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498757014

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 694

View: 5512

Maintaining the substance that made Introduction to the Thermodynamic of Materials a perennial best seller for decades, this Sixth Edition is updated to reflect the broadening field of materials science and engineering. The new edition is reorganized into three major sections to align the book for practical coursework, with the first (Thermodynamic Principles) and second (Phase Equilibria) sections aimed at use in a one semester undergraduate course. The third section (Reactions and Transformations) can be used in other courses of the curriculum that deal with oxidation, energy, and phase transformations. The book is updated to include the role of work terms other than PV work (e.g., magnetic work) along with their attendant aspects of entropy, Maxwell equations, and the role of such applied fields on phase diagrams. There is also an increased emphasis on the thermodynamics of phase transformations and the Sixth Edition features an entirely new chapter 15 that links specific thermodynamic applications to the study of phase transformations. The book also features more than 50 new end of chapter problems and more than 50 new figures.

Fundamentals of Materials Science for Technologists

Properties, Testing, and Laboratory Exercises, Second Edition

Author: Larry Horath

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 1478635185

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 598

View: 2874

Horath effectively combines principles and theory with practical applications to provide a solid understanding of the characteristics of materials used in today’s machines, devices, structures, and consumer products. Straightforward, nonmathematical coverage uncovers the basic premises of materials science and mechanical behavior as they relate to all types of materials: ferrous and nonferrous metals; polymers and elastomers; wood and wood products; ceramics and glass; cement, concrete, and asphalt; composites; adhesives and coatings; and fuels and lubricants. An examination of the chemistry of materials illuminates the common properties important to material applications and how they may be created, reduced, and altered for the design and development of additional materials. Clearly written with an applied, problem-solving approach, the Second Edition is a sound introduction to materials technology. Strong coverage of the destructive and nondestructive evaluation of material properties builds the groundwork for inspection processes and testing techniques, such as tensile, creep, compression, shear, bend or flexure, hardness, impact, and fatigue. Laboratory assignments support the text with numerous hands-on exercises that develop skills in industry-sanctioned testing procedures, data collection, reporting and graphing, and determining additional appropriate tests. Additional supplementary resource materials for instructors and students are available for download here.

Advanced Batteries

Materials Science Aspects

Author: Robert Huggins

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387764240

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 474

View: 3701

Storage and conversion are critical components of important energy-related technologies. "Advanced Batteries: Materials Science Aspects" employs materials science concepts and tools to describe the critical features that control the behavior of advanced electrochemical storage systems. This volume focuses on the basic phenomena that determine the properties of the components, i.e. electrodes and electrolytes, of advanced systems, as well as experimental methods used to study their critical parameters. This unique materials science approach utilizes concepts and methodologies different from those typical in electrochemical texts, offering a fresh, fundamental and tutorial perspective of advanced battery systems. Graduate students, scientists and engineers interested in electrochemical energy storage and conversion will find "Advanced Batteries: Materials Science Aspects" a valuable reference.

Ceramic Materials

Science and Engineering

Author: C. Barry Carter,M. Grant Norton

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461435234

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 766

View: 1476

Ceramic Materials: Science and Engineering is an up-to-date treatment of ceramic science, engineering, and applications in a single, comprehensive text. Building on a foundation of crystal structures, phase equilibria, defects, and the mechanical properties of ceramic materials, students are shown how these materials are processed for a wide diversity of applications in today's society. Concepts such as how and why ions move, how ceramics interact with light and magnetic fields, and how they respond to temperature changes are discussed in the context of their applications. References to the art and history of ceramics are included throughout the text, and a chapter is devoted to ceramics as gemstones. This course-tested text now includes expanded chapters on the role of ceramics in industry and their impact on the environment as well as a chapter devoted to applications of ceramic materials in clean energy technologies. Also new are expanded sets of text-specific homework problems and other resources for instructors. The revised and updated Second Edition is further enhanced with color illustrations throughout the text.

Thermodynamics of Solids

Author: Richard A. Swalin

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780471838548

Category: Science

Page: 387

View: 1626

Biological Thermodynamics

Author: Donald T. Haynie

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139470892

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 857

This inter-disciplinary guide to the thermodynamics of living organisms has been thoroughly revised and updated to provide a uniquely integrated overview of the subject. Retaining its highly readable style, it will serve as an introduction to the study of energy transformation in the life sciences and particularly as an accessible means for biology, biochemistry and bioengineering undergraduate students to acquaint themselves with the physical dimension of their subject. The emphasis throughout the text is on understanding basic concepts and developing problem-solving skills. The mathematical difficulty increases gradually by chapter, but no calculus is required. Topics covered include energy and its transformation, the First Law of Thermodynamics, Gibbs free energy, statistical thermodynamics, binding equilibria and reaction kinetics. Each chapter comprises numerous illustrative examples taken from different areas of biochemistry, as well as a broad range of exercises and references for further study.

Materials Thermodynamics

With Emphasis on Chemical Approach(With CD-ROM)

Author: Hae-Geon Lee

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9813108258

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 476

View: 4592

This book is the expanded edition of the first book entitled “Chemical Thermodynamics for Metals and Materials.” This new version presents thermodynamics of materials with emphasis on the chemical approach, and is thus suitable for students in materials science and metallurgical engineering, as well as related fields such as chemical engineering and physical chemistry. Sample Chapter(s) Chapter 1: Introduction (50 KB) Chapter 2: The First Law of Thermodynamics (56 KB) Chapter 3: The Second Law of Thermodynamics (56 KB) Request Inspection Copy

Problems in Metallurgical Thermodynamics and Kinetics

International Series on Materials Science and Technology

Author: G. S. Upadhyaya,R. K. Dube

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 148313993X

Category: Science

Page: 270

View: 6462

Problems in Metallurgical Thermodynamics and Kinetics provides an illustration of the calculations encountered in the study of metallurgical thermodynamics and kinetics, focusing on theoretical concepts and practical applications. The chapters of this book provide comprehensive account of the theories, including basic and applied numerical examples with solutions. Unsolved numerical examples drawn from a wide range of metallurgical processes are also provided at the end of each chapter. The topics discussed include the three laws of thermodynamics; Clausius-Clapeyron equation; fugacity, activity, and equilibrium constant; thermodynamics of electrochemical cells; and kinetics. This book is beneficial to undergraduate and postgraduate students in universities, polytechnics, and technical colleges.

Fundamentals of Metallurgical Processes

International Series on Materials Science and Technology

Author: Lucien Coudurier,Donald W. Hopkins,Igor Wilkomirsky

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483162400

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 416

View: 8754

Fundamentals of Metallurgical Processes, Second Edition reviews developments in the design, control, and efficiency of metallurgical processes. Topics covered include thermodynamic functions and solutions as well as experimental and bibliographical methods, heterogeneous reactions, metal extraction, and iron and steelmaking. This book is comprised of eight chapters and begins with an overview of the fundamentals of thermodynamics (functions, relationships, and behavior of solutions), followed by a discussion on methods of obtaining thermodynamic data from tables and graphs and by experiment. The kinetics of heterogeneous reactions in metallurgy are examined next, with particular reference to heterogeneous catalysis and mass transfer between immiscible liquid phases. The following chapters focus on the extraction of metals from oxides, sulfides, and halides; the production of iron and steel; the structure and properties of slags; slag/metal reactions; and equilibria in iron and steel production. The final chapter consists entirely of solved problems. This monograph will be of interest to metallurgists and materials scientists.

Computational Thermodynamics of Materials

Author: Zi-Kui Liu,Yi Wang

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521198968

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 256

View: 3552

Integrates fundamental concepts with experimental data and practical applications, including worked examples and end-of-chapter problems.

High-Temperature Superconductors

Author: Ajay Kumar Saxena

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642284817

Category: Science

Page: 258

View: 4786

This book presents the current knowledge about superconductivity in high Tc cuprate superconductors. There is a large scientific interest and great potential for technological applications. The book discusses all the aspects related to all families of cuprate superconductors discovered so far. Beginning with the phenomenon of superconductivity, the book covers: the structure of cuprate HTSCs, critical currents, flux pinning, synthesis of HTSCs, proximity effect and SQUIDs, possible applications of high Tc superconductors and theories of superconductivity. Though a high Tc theory is still awaited, this book describes the present scenario and BCS and RVB theories. The second edition was significantly extended by including film-substrate lattice matching and buffer layer considerations in thin film HTSCs, brick-wall microstructure in the epitaxial films, electronic structure of the CuO2 layer in cuprates, s-wave and d-wave coupling in HTSCs and possible scenarios of theories of high Tc superconductivity.

Structure of Materials

An Introduction to Crystallography, Diffraction and Symmetry

Author: Marc De Graef,Michael E. McHenry

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139560476

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: N.A

View: 1438

This highly readable, popular textbook for upper undergraduates and graduates comprehensively covers the fundamentals of crystallography and symmetry, applying these concepts to a large range of materials. New to this edition are more streamlined coverage of crystallography, additional coverage of magnetic point group symmetry and updated material on extraterrestrial minerals and rocks. New exercises at the end of chapters, plus over 500 additional exercises available online, allow students to check their understanding of key concepts and put into practice what they have learnt. Over 400 illustrations within the text help students visualise crystal structures and more abstract mathematical objects, supporting more difficult topics like point group symmetries. Historical and biographical sections add colour and interest by giving an insight into those who have contributed significantly to the field. Supplementary online material includes password-protected solutions, over 100 crystal structure data files, and Powerpoints of figures from the book.

Thermodynamics in Earth and Planetary Sciences

Author: Jibamitra Ganguly

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540773061

Category: Science

Page: 501

View: 7691

Based on a university course, this book provides an exposition of a large spectrum of geological, geochemical and geophysical problems that are amenable to thermodynamic analysis. It also includes selected problems in planetary sciences, relationships between thermodynamics and microscopic properties, particle size effects, methods of approximation of thermodynamic properties of minerals, and some kinetic ramifications of entropy production. The textbook will enable graduate students and researchers alike to develop an appreciation of the fundamental principles of thermodynamics, and their wide ranging applications to natural processes and systems.

Principles of Metallurgical Thermodynamics

Author: Subir Kumar Bose,Sanat Kumar Roy

Publisher: Universities Press

ISBN: 9781482242454

Category: Science

Page: 750

View: 8777

The Series in Metallurgy and Materials Science was initiated during the Diamond Jubilee of the Indian Institute of Metals (IIM). In the last decade the progress in the study and development of metallurgy and materials science, their applications, as well as the techniques for processing and characterizing them has been rapid and extensive. With the help of an expert editorial panel of international and national scientists, the series aims to make this information available to a wide spectrum of readers. This book is the third textbook in the series. Principles of Metallurgical Thermodynamics deals with the thermodynamics of reactive systems, with emphasis on the reactivity of metals and materials being used by metallurgical and materials scientists all over the world. Though the focus is on equilibrium thermodynamics, it also touches upon some methods to incorporate non-equilibrium effects relevant to material scientists. This knowledge will enable students to solve the challenging problems faced during operation in different materials-processing routes. It will also help in the search for new substances that might revolutionize high as well as low temperature applications because of their super-fluid and super-conducting properties, outer space environmental adaptability, and more attractive electrical, magnetic, and dielectric properties.

Thermodynamics

Principles Characterizing Physical and Chemical Processes

Author: Jurgen M. Honig

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0124201105

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 462

View: 8952

Thermodynamics is a self-contained analysis of physical and chemical processes based on classical thermodynamic principles. Emphasis is placed on the fundamental principles with a combination of theory and practice, demonstrating their application to a variety of disciplines. This edition has been completely revised and updated to include new material and novel formulations, including new formulation and interpretation of The Second Law, discussions of heat vs. work, uniqueness of chemical potential, and construction of functions of state. This book will appeal to graduate students and professional chemists and physicists who wish to acquire a more sophisticated overview of thermodynamics and related subject matter. Clear explanations of abstract theoretical concepts Complete revision and update, including novel formulations not described elsewhere Exhaustive coverage of graphical, numerical, and analytical computational techniques The latest applications in science and engineering

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