New Directions in Tribal Conservation
Author: Beth Rose Middleton
Publisher: University of Arizona Press
Category: Social Science
“The Earth says, God has placed me here. The Earth says that God tells me to take care of the Indians on this earth; the Earth says to the Indians that stop on the Earth, feed them right. . . . God says feed the Indians upon the earth.” —Cayuse Chief Young Chief, Walla Walla Council of 1855 America has always been Indian land. Historically and culturally, Native Americans have had a strong appreciation for the land and what it offers. After continually struggling to hold on to their land and losing millions of acres, Native Americans still have a strong and ongoing relationship to their homelands. The land holds spiritual value and offers a way of life through fishing, farming, and hunting. It remains essential—not only for subsistence but also for cultural continuity—that Native Americans regain rights to land they were promised. Beth Rose Middleton examines new and innovative ideas concerning Native land conservancies, providing advice on land trusts, collaborations, and conservation groups. Increasingly, tribes are working to protect their access to culturally important lands by collaborating with Native and non- Native conservation movements. By using private conservation partnerships to reacquire lost land, tribes can ensure the health and sustainability of vital natural resources. In particular, tribal governments are using conservation easements and land trusts to reclaim rights to lost acreage. Through the use of these and other private conservation tools, tribes are able to protect or in some cases buy back the land that was never sold but rather was taken from them. Trust in the Land sets into motion a new wave of ideas concerning land conservation. This informative book will appeal to Native and non-Native individuals and organizations interested in protecting the land as well as environmentalists and government agencies.
A Study on China's Land Trust
Author: Jian Pu
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Category: Business & Economics
Land reform has been the most challenging social issue for China, which is in transition from an agricultural society to an industrialized country. As the initiator of "common-ownership trust", the author introduces trust theory into China's land reform, trying to settle the issues of land right verification and land circulation. Firstly, this book reflects on land circulation and common ownership theoretically. Then it reviews China's rural land system transition in history as well as its current circumstances and problems. Based on theoretical thinking and practice, this book proposes land trust and expounds on its nature and content. Lastly, it interprets the "cloud trust + land trust" model which combines science, technology, knowledge and capital with land to realize the intensive and overall development of land. This book attempts to solve China's land problems with financial tools, which provide significant implications for not only land reform but also trust theory study.
The Land Trust Movement in America
Author: Richard Brewer
Land trusts, or conservancies, protect land by owning it. Although many people are aware of a few large land trusts--The Nature Conservancy and the Trust for Public Land, for instance--there are now close to 1,300 local trusts, with more coming into being each month. American land trusts are diverse, shaped by their missions and adapted to their local environments. Nonetheless, all land trusts are private, non-profit organizations for which the acquisition and protection of land by direct action is the primary or sole mission. Nonconfrontational and apolitical, land trusts work with willing land owners in voluntary transactions. Although land trusts are the fastest-growing and most vital part of the land conservation movement today, this model of saving land by private action has become dominant only in the past two decades. Brewer tells why the advocacy model--in which private groups try to protect land by promoting government purchase or regulation-- in the 1980s was eclipsed by the burgeoning land trust movement. He gives the public a much-needed primer on what land trusts are, what they do, how they are related to one another and to other elements of the conservation and environmental movements, and their importance to conservation in the coming decades. As Brewer points out, unlike other land-saving measures, land trust accomplishments are permanent. At the end of a cooperative process between a landowner and the local land trust, the land is saved in perpetuity. Brewer's book, the first comprehensive treatment of land trusts, combines a historical overview of the movement with more specific information on the different kinds of land trusts that exist and the problems they face. The volume also offers a "how-to" approach for persons and institutions interested in donating, selling, or buying land, discusses four major national land trusts (The Nature Conservancy, Trust for Public Land, American Farmland Trust, and Rails-to-Trails Conservancy); and gives a generous sampling of information about the activities and accomplishments of smaller, local trusts nationwide. Throughout, the book is enriched by historical narrative, analysis of successful land trusts, and information on the how and why of protecting land, as well as Brewer's intimate knowledge of ecological systems, biodiversity, and the interconnectedness of human and non-human life forms. Conservancy is a must-read volume for people interested in land conservation--including land trust members, volunteers and supporters--as well as anyone concerned about land use and the environment.
Publisher: Spiramus Press Ltd
This is an indispensable collection of statutory and non-statutory materials relating to charity law in England and Wales. Revised to coincide with the implementation of the Charities Act 2011 – a major consolidation of the charity law - the Handbook is an essential reference source for charity lawyers, in-house lawyers, academics, charities and voluntary organisations and their trustees. Available as three paperback volumes, CD-ROM or both (the mixed media option). Statutes range from the Preamble to Charitable Uses Act 1601 to the Finance Act 2011. It also includes relevant provisions covering data protection, company law, gambling and lotteries, minimum wages, freedom of information, discrimination, tax and VAT, along with a wide range of statutory instruments and the latest SORP. New legislation since the second edition includes: Income Tax Act 2007 Corporation Tax Act 2009 Perpetuities and Accumulations Act 2009 Academies Act 2010 Bribery Act 2010 Corporation Tax Act 2010 Equality Act 2010 Charities Act 2011 Finance Act 2011 This edition is also available on CD-ROM, making more than 2000 pages of legislation and guidance portable and easy to search.
Using the "Illinois-type" Land Trust in Other States
Author: Mark Warda
Category: Business & Economics
Illinois-type land trusts have been used for over 100 years to give real estate owners privacy, probate avoidance, lower taxes and over 25 other benefits. This book explains how real estate investors in any state can adapt these trusts to their state. It includes a summary of each state's laws and 36 read-to-use forms. Written by an attorney with 30 years experience in land trusts.
Author: Carol Stinson
Publisher: Lulu Press, Inc
Category: Business & Economics
Learn how to close more Foreclosures, REO and Short Sale Properties using a Land Trust. Learn how to use a Land Trust to buy or Wholesale a property subject to the existing financing? STOP LEAVING DEALS ON THE TABLE!In this book I will share all of the strategies that I use to close on Foreclosures, REOs and Short Sales. STOP cutting into your wholesale fee to double close a deal! START CLOSING EVERY DEAL WITH A LAND TRUST AND YOU WILL START CLOSING MORE DEALS! I have even included all of the contracts that you will need for each strategy, JUST PRINT AND USE!
Category: Administrative law
Special edition of the Federal Register, containing a codification of documents of general applicability and future effect ... with ancillaries.
The Complete Illustrated History
Author: Michael Cannon
Publisher: Melbourne University Publish
Boom or bust? What was the truth of the great land booms that swept Australia in the 1880s and 1890s? How was it that some speculators amassed prodigious fortunes, while others went so spectacularly broke? Seventy years after the events, historian Michael Cannon began sifting through thousands of records and documents, long since filed and forgotten. He pieced together an incredible trail of corruption and roguery, rarely if ever equalled in any parliamentary democracy. When the bare bones of this expos were first published in 1966, it caused an immediate sensation as the forebears of many well-known families were involved. Never before had any Australian historian been able to document such unbridled greed and over-riding ambition. Extended and revised, The Land Boomers is generously illustrated with cartoons, photographs and etchings of the time, and includes an introduction by the author on how he came to research and write the book.
Author: Susan Flax Posner
Category: Business & Economics
Estate & Gift Tax Handbook is a practical exploration of federal estate and gift taxation. Providing timely and effective advice on estate and gift tax practice and procedure, the book is a useful resource for estate-planning practitioners, fiduciaries, attorneys, and others dealing with the complexities of the estate and gift tax system. In one place, the reader will find all the information and tools necessary to arrange a person's affairs, both before and after death, to minimize the estate and gift tax burden and to maximize wealth transfers through lifetime and testamentary giving. Written in concise, jargon-free language to elucidate and demystify this complicated area of the law, the book is a valuable resource for readers approaching the subject from varied backgrounds and disciplines.
Author: Shannon Lindsay
Publisher: Federation Press
This work has been written by a practitioner for the benefit of practitioners. The two introductory chapters deal with broad general principles and conceptual issues such as what is a caveat? and what is a caveatable interest? but the bulk of the book is taken up by an encyclopaedic analysis of all of the reported Australian and New Zealand cases touching upon caveats. Essentially this book is intended to function as a road map for practitioners to the reported cases, guiding them to cases involving similar facts, and breaking the issues up in a way that matches the practical problems with which they must deal. Chapters which follow on from the general introductory chapters: list all the recognised categories of situations where there is a caveatable interest list all the recognised categories of situations where there is a caveatable interest describe the procedures available to a registered proprietor or other interested person for freeing the title from the caveat analyse the criteria for a successful action for compensation for wrongful lodgement of a caveat explain the role of caveats in determining equitable prioritiesThere is also a brief chapter dealing with the assessment of stamp duty on caveats.
Conservation Easements Past, Present, and Future
Author: Julie Ann Gustanski,Roderick H. Squires
A conservation easement is a legal agreement between a property owner and a conservation organization, generally a private nonprofit land trust, that restricts the type and amount of development that can be undertaken on that property. Conservation easements protect land for future generations while allowing owners to retain property rights, at the same time providing them with significant tax benefits. Conservation easements are among the fastest growing methods of land preservation in the United States today.Protecting the Land provides a thoughtful examination of land trusts and how they function, and a comprehensive look at the past and future of conservation easements. The book: provides a geographical and historical overview of the role of conservation easements analyzes relevant legislation and its role in achieving community conservation goals examines innovative ways in which conservation easements have been used around the country considers the links between social and economic values and land conservationContributors, including noted tax attorney and land preservation expert Stephen Small, Colorado's leading land preservation attorney Bill Silberstein, and Maine Coast Heritage Trust's general counsel Karin Marchetti, describe and analyze the present status of easement law. Sharing their unique perspectives, experts including author and professor of geography Jack Wright, Dennis Collins of the Wildlands Conservancy, and Chuck Roe of the Conservation Trust of North Carolina offer case studies that demonstrate the flexibility and diversity of conservation easements. Protecting the Land offers a valuable overview of the history and use of conservation easements and the evolution of easement-enabling legislation for professionals and citizens working with local and national land trusts, legal advisors, planners, public officials, natural resource mangers, policymakers, and students of planning and conservation.
A Community Guide for Assessing Rural Historic Landscapes
Author: David H. Copps
Publisher: Island Press
A practical handbook to guide local land trusts, planning agencies and other community organizations in preparing inventories of rural historic resources based on scenic roads, Views from the Road presents a grassroots methodology for defining visual resources, conducting surveys, determining protection options, formulating corridor management plans, and more.
Author: John Harold Sears
Publisher: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.
Sears, John H. Trust Estates as Business Companies. [Second Edition]. Kansas City, Mo.: Vernon Law Book Company, 1921. xx, 782 pp. . Reprinted 1998 by The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd. LCCN 97-32423 ISBN 1-886363-41-2. Cloth. $110. * Sears invented the term "trust estates as business companies" which was recognized and defined in Rawle's Third Revision of Bouvier's Law Dictionary. A practical description of the law of trusts including historical perspectives into the origin of the modern "Massachusetts Business trust," arguably the only common-law method of business organization available with limited liability for the organizers, including the Standard Oil Trust. The text also includes a discussion of income taxation which is still of continued relevance in today's tax law, discussions of "Common Law Companies," "Business Trusts" and "Voluntary Associations" and relevant Massachusetts and Oklahoma statutes. The second edition is a significant update to the original 1912 edition.
Author: Gilbert Kodilinye,Trevor Carmichael
The law of trusts is a subject of considerable importance in the Commonwealth Caribbean. Traditional areas, such as testamentary trusts, resulting and constructive trusts, and charitable trusts, are now fully incorporated into the mainstream substantive law of the region, while the principles associated with offshore trust regimes are constantly expanding and developing. This book has been updated to reflect new case law and legislation, and to highlight recent trends relating to both traditional and offshore trusts.
A Course of Lectures
Author: F. W. Maitland,A. H. Chaytor,W. J. Whitaker
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
The lectures given in Cambridge between 1888 and 1906 by the Downing Professor of the Laws of England, F. W. Maitland.
A Commentary on the Songs of Ascents for Lent
Author: Keith Ruckhaus
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
The Eastern Christian liturgical tradition of Lent has long included the chanting of the Songs of Ascents (Pss 120-134) as entrance songs of not only the special penance service known as the Liturgy of the Presanctified Gifts, but also of the season of repentance. Ruckhaus' commentary in As Though We Were Dreaming provides theological insight and exegetical breadth to this group of Psalms. Even more so, Ruckhaus drives the reader to engage the Songs of Ascents and participate in the descent and ascent of meaningful and life-changing repentance. The commentary here does more than just compare the struggle of the ancient Jews reflected in the Songs of Ascents with that of the early Christian community and our own experience. Ruckhaus insists on a gutteral connection between the anxiety and hope of reconstituting the people of God after the disaster of the exile and that of the passion of Jesus. The gospel story is already genetically encoded in the story of Israel. The liturgical incorporation of the Songs of Ascents in the Liturgy of the Presanctified Gifts grounds the Church's participation in the Great Story. We don't borrow the ancient psalms of the Jews' struggle to reconstitute a kingdom of God; we share in that struggle.