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Turkestan and the Fate of the Russian Empire

Author: Daniel Brower

Publisher: Routledge


Category: History

Page: 240

View: 566

The central argument of this book is that the half-century of Russian rule in Central Asia was shaped by traditions of authoritarian rule, by Russian national interests, and by a civic reform agenda that brought to Turkestan the principles that informed Alexander II's reform policies. This civilizing mission sought to lay the foundations for a rejuvenated, 'modern' empire, unified by imperial citizenship, patriotism, and a shared secular culture. Evidence for Brower's thesis is drawn from major archives in Uzbekistan and Russia. Use of these records permitted him to develop the first interpretation, either in Russian or Western literature, of Russian colonialism in Turkestan that draws on the extensive archival evidence of policy-making, imperial objectives, and relations with subject peoples.

States of Obligation

Taxes and Citizenship in the Russian Empire and Early Soviet Republic

Author: Yanni Kotsonis

Publisher: University of Toronto Press


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 504

View: 282

Beginning in the 1860s, the Russian Empire replaced a poll tax system that originated with Peter the Great with a modern system of income and excise taxes. Russia began a transformation of state fiscal power that was also underway across Western Europe and North America. States of Obligation is the first sustained study of the Russian taxation system, the first to study its European and transatlantic context, and the first to expose the essential continuities between the fiscal practices of the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union. Using a wealth of materials from provincial and local archives across Russia, Yanni Kotsonis examines how taxation was simultaneously a revenue-raising and a state-building tool, a claim on the person and a way to produce a new kind of citizenship. During successive political, wartime, and revolutionary crises between 1855 and 1928, state fiscal power was used to forge social and financial unity and fairness and a direct relationship with individual Russians. State power eventually overwhelmed both the private sector economy and the fragile realm of personal privacy. States of Obligation is at once a study in Russian economic history and a reflection on the modern state and the modern citizen.

A Companion to Russian History

Author: Abbott Gleason

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons


Category: History

Page: 568

View: 375

This companion comprises 28 essays by international scholars offering an analytical overview of the development of Russian history from the earliest Slavs through to the present day. Includes essays by both prominent and emerging scholars from Russia, Great Britain, the US, and Canada Analyzes the entire sweep of Russian history from debates over how to identify the earliest Slavs, through the Yeltsin Era, and future prospects for post-Soviet Russia Offers an extensive review of the medieval period, religion, culture, and the experiences of ordinary people Offers a balanced review of both traditional and cutting-edge topics, demonstrating the range and dynamism of the field

Turkmenistan: Strategies of Power, Dilemmas of Development

Strategies of Power, Dilemmas of Development

Author: Sebastien Peyrouse

Publisher: Routledge


Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 240

This book is the first comprehensive introduction to contemporary Turkmenistan in English.

Empires in World History

Power and the Politics of Difference

Author: Jane Burbank

Publisher: Princeton University Press


Category: History

Page: 511

View: 650

This book "departs from conventional European and nation-centered perspectives to take a remarkable look at how empires relied on diversity to shape the global order. Beginning with ancient Rome and China and continuing across Asia, Europe, the Americas, and Africa," the authors "examine empires' conquests, rivalries, and strategies of domination, emphasizing how empires accommodated, created, and manipulated differences among populations."--Jacket.

After Orientalism

Critical Perspectives on Western Agency and Eastern Re-appropriations

Author: François Pouillion

Publisher: BRILL


Category: History

Page: 304

View: 351

This book offers an exciting new landscape in which to situate research on cultures and societies of the non-European world, with a road-map that leads us beyond the restrictive dichotomy of Occident/Orient.

Ab imperio

теория и история национальностей и национализма в постсоветском пространстве




Category: Former Soviet republics


View: 700

Canadian Review of Studies in Nationalism

Revue Canadienne Des Études Sur Le Nationalisme




Category: Nationalism


View: 556

Classroom and Empire

The Politics of Schooling Russia's Eastern Nationalities, 1860-1917

Author: Wayne Dowler

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP


Category: Education

Page: 296

View: 568

The central challenge to imperial powers entering the modern era was the schooling of their peoples. How could they insure the literacy that modernity required without providing a foundation for nationalism among the colonized? In Russia's eastern empire in the late nineteenth century, Orthodox Christianity vied with Islam for people's souls; Russian language competed with Tatar and local vernaculars in market squares, peasant cottages, and schoolrooms; Arabic and Cyrillic alphabets clashed in school textbooks; and western secularism undermined traditional religious authority among both Muslim and Orthodox faithful. Russian nationalism peaked in the early twentieth century and public support for policies of the russification of non-Russian minorities increased. The inevitable clash with local languages shook the stability of the empire.

The Cyclopædia, Or, Universal Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, and Literature

Author: Abraham Rees



Category: Encyclopedias and dictionaries


View: 684

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