Search Results: understanding-children-s-development-basic-psychology

Understanding Children's Development

Author: Peter K. Smith,Helen Cowie,Mark Blades

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118772989

Category: Psychology

Page: 736

View: 5041

Understanding Children's Development is the UK's best-selling developmental psychology textbook and has been widely acclaimed for its international coverage and rigorous research-based approach. This dynamic text emphasizes the practical and applied implications of developmental research. It begins by introducing the ways in which psychologists study developmental processes before going on to consider all major aspects of development from conception through to adolescence. New to the 6th Edition: Increased coverage in many areas, including ethics; children’s rights; participatory research methods; three models of human plasticity; breastfeeding and cognitive development; fostering; non-resident or absent fathers; parenting styles in China; effects of domestic violence on children; physical punishment, and child maltreatment; the development and fostering of emotional intelligence; homophobic bullying and cyberbullying; and developing intercultural competence through education. There are entirely new sections on immigration, acculturation, and friendships in multicultural settings; disruptive behaviour and oppositional defiant disorder; sexting; and adolescent bedtimes. The Adolescence chapter has been extensively revised, covering work on the social brain, insights from neuroscience, evolutionary perspectives on risk-taking and peer relationships, romantic development, and use of mobile phones and the internet.

Understanding Children's Development

Author: Peter K. Smith,Helen Cowie,Mark Blades

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9780631228233

Category: Psychology

Page: 704

View: 2738

This leading child development text, widely acclaimed for its international coverage and its rigorous research-based approach, has been thoroughly revised and updated: Provides international coverage. Takes a rigorous research-based approach. Now includes an additional chapter on prenatal development and birth. Student-friendly features include detailed case studies, suggestions for further reading, and ideas for classroom discussion. Useful online support material, including multiple choice questions, to accompany this text is available at www.blackwellpublishing.com/ucd.

Understanding Children's Development

A New Zealand Perspective

Author: Anne B. Smith,Keith Ballard

Publisher: Bridget Williams Books

ISBN: 090891296X

Category: Psychology

Page: 358

View: 2037

This fully revised and updated edition of a fundamental New Zealand psychology text examines how and why children develop and how they are influenced by the people and events in their lives. Discussed are theories of development and learning, the importance of early experience, intelligence and assessment, and the family. The development of social behavior, gender roles, language, and thinking are also covered. The question of mainstreaming--the integration of children with special educational needs into regular preschools and classrooms--is also debated. There is a strong emphasis on local conditions and the New Zealand historical and social context. This new edition addresses the important issue of giving children themselves a voice, in order to better understand their development and to involve them in decisions about their lives.

The Cultural Nature of Human Development

Author: Barbara Rogoff

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199813620

Category: Psychology

Page: 448

View: 9299

Three-year-old Kwara'ae children in Oceania act as caregivers of their younger siblings, but in the UK, it is an offense to leave a child under age 14 ears without adult supervision. In the Efe community in Zaire, infants routinely use machetes with safety and some skill, although U.S. middle-class adults often do not trust young children with knives. What explains these marked differences in the capabilities of these children? Until recently, traditional understandings of human development held that a child's development is universal and that children have characteristics and skills that develop independently of cultural processes. Barbara Rogoff argues, however, that human development must be understood as a cultural process, not simply a biological or psychological one. Individuals develop as members of a community, and their development can only be fully understood by examining the practices and circumstances of their communities.

An Open Book: What and How Young Children Learn From Picture and Story Books

Author: Jessica S. Horst,Carmel Houston-Price

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 288919728X

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 7094

Looking at and listening to picture and story books is a ubiquitous activity, frequently enjoyed by many young children and their parents. Well before children can read for themselves they are able to learn from books. Looking at and listening to books increases children’s general knowledge, understanding about the world and promotes language acquisition. This collection of papers demonstrates the breadth of information pre-reading children learn from books and increases our understanding of the social and cognitive mechanisms that support this learning. Our hope is that this Research Topic/eBook will be useful for researchers as well as educational practitioners and parents who are interested in optimizing children’s learning.

Psychological Trauma and the Developing Brain

Neurologically Based Interventions for Troubled Children

Author: Phyllis Stien,Joshua C Kendall

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317787870

Category: Psychology

Page: 292

View: 6860

Explore interventions and treatment methods designed to help curb the alarming trend toward violence in today's youth! Written in jargon-free lucid prose, Psychological Trauma and the Developing Brain: Neurologically Based Interventions for Troubled Children specifically shows how positive early experiences enhance brain development and how traumatic life experiences, especially child abuse and neglect, can affect a child's brain and behavior. Through carefully selected case studies, the book offers basic principles of treatment and a broad range of interventions that target the multiple symptoms and problems seen in children with a history of childhood trauma. Offering a new psychobiological model of child development, this book incorporates the influence of both genes and the environment and conceptualizes normal and pathological development in terms of common underlying processes. For readers concerned with promoting healthy development in children and helping children recover from childhood trauma, this engagingly written book describes exactly how a child's social/interpersonal environment can positively or negatively influence brain development. Throughout the book, the authors highlight the interrelationship between neurobiology and psychology. They present basic information about brain development and organization, describe exactly what is going on inside the brain at each stage of development, and illustrate these concepts through a detailed case study of a preschooler with severe problems in communicating and relating. They discuss the pernicious effects that traumatic stress has on brain and behavior, differentiating between simple and complex PTSD, and review the specific brain impairments currently attributed to a childhood history of maltreatment. Using their unique psychobiological perspective and illustrative case studies, the authors evaluate the principles and strategies of treatment, showing how relationships and experiences can mitigate the effects childhood trauma. After fleshing out the shocking cost to society of child maltreatment, the authors offer broad policy prescriptions that promote healthy development, including basic strategies for prevention and early intervention. Psychological Trauma and the Developing Brain: Neurologically Based Interventions for Troubled Children will show you: how interpersonal experience shapes brain development what is going on in the brain during the critical first six years how therapeutic relationships and interpersonal experience can promote emotional and cognitive development how childhood maltreatment can damage the brain and impair the developing mind what types of experiences and therapeutic strategies can mitigate the effects of childhood trauma what policy prescriptions, programs, and early intervention strategies can be implemented to promote healthy development

Social Psychology

Author: Wendy Stainton Rogers

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 033524100X

Category: Psychology

Page: 498

View: 4797

This introductory text examines two different approaches to social psychology – experimental and critical - and is updated with new developments.

Typical and Atypical Development

From Conception to Adolescence

Author: Martin Herbert

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9780631234678

Category: Psychology

Page: 448

View: 7643

Martin Herbert's latest book provides an interesting and informative account of the child's journey from the womb to the world outside, through childhood and into adolescence. It is based on the belief that it is vital for those training to work with children who have problems to understand what is typical or atypical in children's development. Herbert deliberately links developmental and clinical psychology approaches in order to help readers connect their theoretical understanding of the physical and psychological problems of childhood with the practicalities of assessment, rehabilitation and treatment. 'Although many have attempted to write a developmentally based book on child and adolescent behavior problems, few have achieved this lofty and elusive goal. Professor Herbert does so, however. He nicely bridges the gap or, some would say, chasm between developmental psychology, educational psychology, and clinical child and adolescent psychology.' Thomas H. Ollendick, PhD, University Distinguished Professor, Virginia Tech

Psych 101

Psychology Facts, Basics, Statistics, Tests, and More!

Author: Paul Kleinman

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1440543909

Category: Psychology

Page: 288

View: 710

From perception tests and the Rorschach blots to B. F. Skinner and the stages of development, this primer for human behavior is packed with hundreds of ... psychology basics and insights...

Neuropsychology

From Theory to Practice

Author: David Andrewes

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1317313216

Category: Psychology

Page: 704

View: 8136

The second edition of this comprehensive textbook for students of Neuropsychology gives a thorough overview of the complex relationship between brain and behaviour. With an excellent blend of clinical, experimental and theoretical coverage, it draws on the latest research findings from neuroscience, cognitive neuroscience, neurochemistry, clinical neuropsychology and neuropsychology to provide students with new insights in this fast moving field. The book is organised around the main neuropsychological disorders in the areas of perception, executive dysfunction, attention, memory, cerebral asymmetry, language, emotion and consciousness. There is a clear emphasis on bridging the gap between theory and practice with links throughout to clinical issues of both assessment and rehabilitation to build a clear understanding of the application of the theoretical issues. The final section in each chapter illustrates the importance of a more systematic approach to intervention, which takes into account theoretical views of recovery from brain damage. New to this edition: A new chapter format that includes a "basic topic" section, which contains up-to-date essential knowledge of the topic and a "further topics" section for a more advanced treatment of the area. A new section on neuroscientific approaches to rehabilitation in each chapter to make links between scientific knowledge and clinical treatment. A brand new chapter on consciousness A new full colour layout with increased pedagogical features, including key terms, section summaries, ‘study questions’ and improved presentation of figures and brain diagrams A companion website including related weblinks, guidance on answering the ‘study questions’, and flashcards. This book will be invaluable for undergraduate students in Neuropsychology and students who wish to take the subject further to the various clinical fields.

Developmental Psychology: Childhood and Adolescence

Author: David R. Shaffer,Katherine Kipp

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1111834520

Category: Education

Page: 720

View: 4540

This popular, topically organized, and thoroughly updated child and adolescent development text presents you with the best theories, research, and practical advice that developmentalists have to offer today. Authors David R. Shaffer and Katherine Kipp provide you with a current and comprehensive overview of child and adolescent development, written in clear, concise language that talks to you rather than at you. The authors also focus on application showing how theories and research apply to real-life settings. As a result, you will gain an understanding of developmental principles that will help you in your roles as parents, teachers, nurses, day-care workers, pediatricians, psychologists, or in any other capacity by which you may one day influence the lives of developing persons. Available with InfoTrac Student Collections http://gocengage.com/infotrac. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Introducing Child Psychology

Author: H. Rudolph Schaffer

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9780631216285

Category: Psychology

Page: 408

View: 2267

Introducing Child Psychology is for all those who want to find out what psychology can tell us about the nature and development of children. A non-technical introduction for all those who want to find out what psychology can tell us about the nature and development of children. Presents the major topics of child development investigated by psychologists. Pays particular attention to the most recent research findings. Consistently relates psychological knowledge to practical situations, showing what psychology has to offer in real life situations involving children. Learning is supported by study boxes, summaries, definitions and suggestions for further reading.

Essential Cognitive Psychology

Author: Alan J. Parkin

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1317715756

Category: Psychology

Page: 369

View: 1138

This new textbook provides a clear, fundamental grounding in cognitive psychology for beginning undergraduates. Essential Cognitive Psychology fills the void between low level introductory texts and more advanced books on the topic. This book provides the reader with highly accessible overviews of all core topics in the field. These are designed to be a strong basis for developing further interest in cognitive psychology but, at the same time, provide a self-contained account suitable for all students in psychology whose training requires degree-level competence in the subject. Beginning with a chapter on the origins of cognitive psychology, which facilitates an understanding of the topic as a whole, the book goes on to cover visual perception, attention, memory, knowledge, imagery, language, and reasoning and problem solving. Each chapter in Essential Cognitive Psychology also contains a list of key terms highlighted in the text and a series of revision questions which address key issues in the chapter. There are also suggestions for further reading. Written by an internationally recognised scientist and established book author, Essential Cognitive Psychology will be welcomed by teachers and students who require a thorough grounding in the topic without the specialization of more advanced textbooks.

Child Psychology and Development For Dummies

Author: Laura L. Smith,Charles H. Elliott

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118032217

Category: Psychology

Page: 384

View: 4928

A complete and comprehensive guide to why kids behave and think the way they do-and how to bring out the best in them. In the U.S., more than 10% of children are diagnosed with psychiatric disorders, while countless others remain undiagnosed. Defining what is "normal" and what is not is of great concern to anyone who works with, guides, nurtures, teaches, or parents children. With new discoveries in mental disorders that affect children, Child Psychology & Development For Dummies provides an informational guide to cognitive development at every stage of a child's life, as well as how to diagnose, treat, and overcome the cognitive barriers that impede learning and development. How to identify and treat mental disorders Covers behavior disorders, autism, attention deficit disorder, reading disabilities, bipolar disorder, and more Guidance on helping a child control impulses, develop self esteem, and have good relationships An essential guide for parents, teachers, and caregivers, Child Psychology & Development For Dummies provides a detailed overview of an average child's cognitive development, how to detect abnormalities, and what to do next.

Developing intercultural competence through education (Pestalozzi series No. 3)

Author: N.A

Publisher: Council of Europe

ISBN: 9287179344

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 128

View: 1934

This is the third book in the Pestalozzi series. The first, Teacher education for change, dealt with the underlying philosophy of the Pestalozzi Programme and its approach to education in general and teacher education in particular. The second Intercultural competence for all, looked at the various implications of promoting the development of intercultural competence as a main concern of mainstream education. This work takes a step further towards the full integration of intercultural competences as a key element within the education system. It aims at offering an educational rationale and conceptual framework for the development of intercultural competence, as well as a clear description of its constitutive elements to be developed in and through education.

Handbook of Colorectal Surgery

Third Edition

Author: David Beck,David E. Beck

Publisher: JP Medical Ltd

ISBN: 1907816208

Category: Medical

Page: 576

View: 9147

Colorectal surgery is a key part of the general surgeon’s remit and it is essential for the surgeon to be aware of the range of preoperative, perioperative and disease management issues. This practical book provides practical knowledge and guidance necessary to manage colorectal diseases. A wide range of topics is included, including examination procedures, diagnostics, preoperative preparation and assessment, pain management and surgical skills and techniques. Key Points Concisely outlines practical information and guidance for any healthcare practitioner involved in the treatment and management of colorectal disorders Provides an overview of disease processes to assist with clinical treatment and diagnosis This revised 3rd Edition contains up-to-date information on advances in minimally invasive surgery, treatment and management of colon and rectal cancer, and haemorrhoids and fistulas.

Research Methods and Data Analysis for Psychology

Author: Stuart Wilson,Rory MacLean

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Medical Publishing

ISBN: 9780077121655

Category: Psychology

Page: 640

View: 7387

Psychology is a fascinating subject that can inspire students; the opportunity to conduct individual research can be immensely rewarding. However, the prospect of getting to grips with designing research and analysing data can be daunting. This book has been written to show students that research methods and data analysis can be interesting and to help students understand why the subject is important. Tailor-made for students coming to research methods and data analysis for the first time, and with a wealth of captivating examples and an engaging writing style, this text is an essential tool for all undergraduate psychology students.

How Children Think and Learn

The Social Contexts of Cognitive Development

Author: David J. Wood

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780788167553

Category: Psychology

Page: 238

View: 8081

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