Search Results: understanding-fossils-an-introduction-to-invertebrate-palaeontology

Understanding Fossils

An Introduction to Invertebrate Palaeontology

Author: Peter Doyle

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119029260

Category: Nature

Page: 424

View: 5018

The first introductory palaeontology text which demonstrates the importance of selected fossil groups in geological and biological studies, particularly in understanding evolutionary patterns, palaeoenvironmental analysis, and stratigraphy. Part one explores several key concepts, such as the processes of fossil preservation, the determination of evolutionary patterns, and use of fossils and statigraphical tools. Part two introduces the main fossil groups of value in these applied fields. Part three concentrates on the examination of important case histories which demonstrate the use of fossils in diverse practical examples. Evolutionary studies, palaeoenvironmental analysis, and stratigraphical applications are documented using up-to-date examples supported by overviews of the principles.

Bringing Fossils to Life

An Introduction to Paleobiology

Author: Donald R. Prothero

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231536909

Category: Science

Page: 672

View: 6241

One of the leading textbooks in its field, Bringing Fossils to Life applies paleobiological principles to the fossil record while detailing the evolutionary history of major plant and animal phyla. It incorporates current research from biology, ecology, and population genetics, bridging the gap between purely theoretical paleobiological textbooks and those that describe only invertebrate paleobiology and that emphasize cataloguing live organisms instead of dead objects. For this third edition Donald R. Prothero has revised the art and research throughout, expanding the coverage of invertebrates and adding a discussion of new methodologies and a chapter on the origin and early evolution of life.

Fossil Invertebrates

Author: R. S. Boardman,A. H. Cheetham,A. J. Rowell

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780865423022

Category: Science

Page: 728

View: 8443

Fossil Invertebrates is a textbook for undergraduates and for research scientists interested in invertebrate palaeontology. Generously illustrated, it provides a balanced treatment of the current state of knowledge by research specialists. The large, diffuse and specialized literature makes understanding invertebrate palaeontology a formidable task. The combined research experience of twenty-six authors gives this book a unique richness in information, interpretation, and evaluation of controversies and unanswered questions that are necessary to present the current state of invertebrate palaeontology and evolution

An Introduction to Plant Fossils

Author: Christopher J. Cleal,Barry A. Thomas

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521715126

Category: Science

Page: 248

View: 2318

This book provides an excellent practical introduction to the study of plant fossils, and is written for those who have had little previous experience of this type of palaeontology. The text summarizes the groups of plants occurring as fossils and describes how best to investigate them. It explains modern research techniques that reveal details of anatomical and reproductive characteristics, and the features for identifying commonly found plant fossils. The approaches for interpreting these fossils are assessed, and the book highlights how such methods are employed by palaeobotanists to increase our knowledge of plant evolution, palaeoecology, palaeogeography and stratigraphy. The book discusses how the science of palaeobotany has developed over the last 300 years, with examples and illustrations from a global range of plant groups. It is valuable for students on introductory or intermediate courses in palaeobotany, palaeontology and plant evolution, and for amateurs looking for help in studying plant fossils.

Introduction to Paleobiology and the Fossil Record

Author: Michael Benton,David A. T. Harper

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118685407

Category: Science

Page: 608

View: 6992

This book presents a comprehensive overview of the science of the history of life. Paleobiologists bring many analytical tools to bear in interpreting the fossil record and the book introduces the latest techniques, from multivariate investigations of biogeography and biostratigraphy to engineering analysis of dinosaur skulls, and from homeobox genes to cladistics. All the well-known fossil groups are included, including microfossils and invertebrates, but an important feature is the thorough coverage of plants, vertebrates and trace fossils together with discussion of the origins of both life and the metazoans. All key related subjects are introduced, such as systematics, ecology, evolution and development, stratigraphy and their roles in understanding where life came from and how it evolved and diversified. Unique features of the book are the numerous case studies from current research that lead students to the primary literature, analytical and mathematical explanations and tools, together with associated problem sets and practical schedules for instructors and students. “..any serious student of geology who does not pick this book off the shelf will be putting themselves at a huge disadvantage. The material may be complex, but the text is extremely accessible and well organized, and the book ought to be essential reading for palaeontologists at undergraduate, postgraduate and more advanced levels—both in Britain as well as in North America.” Falcon-Lang, H., Proc. Geol. Assoc. 2010 “…this is an excellent introduction to palaeontology in general. It is well structured, accessibly written and pleasantly informative …..I would recommend this as a standard reference text to all my students without hesitation.” David Norman Geol Mag 2010 Companion website This book includes a companion website at: www.blackwellpublishing.com/paleobiology The website includes: · An ongoing database of additional Practical’s prepared by the authors · Figures from the text for downloading · Useful links for each chapter · Updates from the authors

Trace Fossils

Concepts, Problems, Prospects

Author: William Miller, III

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080475356

Category: Science

Page: 632

View: 5042

This book serves as an up-to-date introduction, as well as overview to modern trace fossil research and covers nearly all of the essential aspects of modern ichnology. Divided into three section, Trace Fossils covers the historical background and concepts of ichnology, on-going research problems, and indications about the possible future growth of the discipline and potential connections to other fields. This work is intended for a broad audience of geological and biological scientists. Workers new to the field could get a sense of the main concepts of ichnology and a clear idea of how trace fossil research is conducted. Scientists in related disciplines could find potential uses for trace fossils in their fields. And, established workers could use the book to check on the progress of their particular brand of ichnology. By design, there is something here for novice and veteran, insider and outsider, and for the biologically-oriented workers and for the sedimentary geologists. * Presents a review of the state of ichnology at the beginning of the 21st Century * Summarizes the basic concepts and methods of modern trace fossil research * Discusses crucial background information about the history of trace fossil research, the main concepts of ichnology, examples of current problems and future directions, and the potential connections to other disciplines within both biology and geology

Evolution

What the Fossils Say and Why It Matters

Author: Donald R. Prothero

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231543166

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 9608

Donald R. Prothero’s Evolution is an entertaining and rigorous history of the transitional forms and series found in the fossil record. Its engaging narrative of scientific discovery and well-grounded analysis has led to the book’s widespread adoption in courses that teach the nature and value of fossil evidence for evolution. Evolution tackles systematics and cladistics, rock dating, neo-Darwinism, and macroevolution. It includes extensive coverage of the primordial soup, invertebrate transitions, the development of the backbone, the reign of the dinosaurs, and the transformation from early hominid to modern human. The book also details the many alleged “missing links” in the fossil record, including some of the most recent discoveries that flesh out the fossil timeline and the evolutionary process. In this second edition, Prothero describes new transitional fossils from various periods, vividly depicting such bizarre creatures as the Odontochelys, or the “turtle on the half shell”; fossil snakes with legs; and the “Frogamander,” a new example of amphibian transition. Prothero’s discussion of intelligent design arguments includes more historical examples and careful examination of the “experiments” and observations that are exploited by creationists seeking to undermine sound science education. With new perspectives, Prothero reframes creationism as a case study in denialism and pseudoscience rather than a field with its own intellectual dynamism. The first edition was hailed as an exemplary exploration of the fossil evidence for evolution, and this second edition will be welcome in the libraries of scholars, teachers, and general readers who stand up for sound science in this post-truth era.

Fossil Invertebrates

Author: Paul D. Taylor,David N. Lewis

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674025745

Category: Nature

Page: 208

View: 3062

The plates in this book capture incredibly detailed impressions and casts of ancient life, contrasting them with forms, such as the horseshoe crab and the chambered nautilus, that persist today virtually unchanged. Paul D. Taylor and David N. Lewis, both of the Natural History Museum, London, have written a comprehensive and accessible resource, one that provides undergraduates and amateur fossil enthusiasts with a means to understand and interpret this rich fossil record.

Introducing Palaeontology

A Guide to Ancient Life

Author: Patrick Wyse Jackson

Publisher: Dunedin Academic Press

ISBN: 1903544424

Category: Science

Page: 160

View: 7105

Life on Earth can be traced back over three thousand million years into the past. Many examples of the Earth's past inhabitants are to be found in rocks, preserved as beautiful and fascinating fossils. The earliest life forms were bacteria and algae; these produced the oxygen that enabled more complex life forms to develop. About 600 million years ago multi-cellular organisms appeared on Earth, some of which could protect themselves with hard parts such as shells. Many of these life forms were readily fossilized and are used to subdivide geological time. Numerous species have evolved and most are now extinct. Lineages can be traced and extinctions explained as a consequence of terrestrial and extra-terrestrial events. Lavishly illustrated with photographs and explanatory diagrams Introducing Palaeontology provides a concise and accessible introduction to the science of palaeontology. The book is divided into two parts. The first explains what a fossil is; how fossils came to be preserved; how they are classified; and what information they can tell scientists about the rocks in which they are found. The second part introduces the major fossil groups taking a systematic view from algae and plants, through the numerous examples of invertebrate animals, to the vertebrates and finally to man's ancestors. Technical terms are kept to a minimum and a glossary is provided.

Fundamentals of Invertebrate Palaeontology

Macrofossils

Author: Sreepat Jain

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 8132236580

Category: Science

Page: 413

View: 3096

This book provides practical morphological information, together with detailed illustrations and concise texts explaining each entry. The book details the morphological characters of each organism, providing fundamental information for palaeontologists and palaeobiologists alike. Each chapter starts with a brief introduction and goes on to describe the organism’s morphology in detail, followed by a brief note on classification and lastly illustrated examples of stratigraphically important organisms through time along with their major distinguishing characters. The book includes over 3000 clearly labelled, hand-drawn and classroom-friendly illustrations of over 1200 species.

Basic Palaeontology

Author: Michael J. Benton,D. A. T. Harper

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 342

View: 1112

Palaeontology, a fundamental topic in geology and evolutionary biology, has undergone exciting and rapid change in recent years. Contemporary debates on mass extinctions and the origin of life have had profound implications for our understanding of how life evolved. Basic Palaeontology is a comprehensive and accessible introduction to palaeontology. With in-depth analysis of basic principles and all the main fossil groups, this fully illustrated text presents new and exciting research on the origin and history of life. The text focuses on traditional topics such as marine invertebrate palaeontology and biostratigraphy, but also provides unique and unparalleled taxonomic coverage from microfossils to plants and vertebrates. Key Features include: - Covers important recent developments in macroevolution and mass extinctions - A strong focus on a statistical and quantitative approach, emphasising the vital importance of both applications and theory - Full coverage of the evolution of vertebrates and plants - Over 600 highly detailed illustrations - An accessible format with extensive boxed material and bullet points Basic Palaeontology is essential reading for undergraduate students of geology, environmental science and biology, taking courses in palaeontology, palaeobiology, palaeoecology or evolution, and will also be of interest to all those who have an interest in the origin of life and human evolution. Michael J Benton is a Reader in the Department of Geology, University of Bristol, UK. David A T Harper is a Lecturer in Geology at the Department of Geology, University College Galway, Ireland.

Encyclopedia of Science and Technology

Author: James S. Trefil

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415937245

Category: Science

Page: 554

View: 683

Presents nearly one thousand entries and 750 illustrations on science and technology, with bibliographies after each entry and sidebars containing relevant facts.

Fossils at a Glance

Author: Clare Milsom,Sue Rigby

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118687817

Category: Science

Page: 184

View: 7179

Fossils provide a powerful tool for the study of the nearly 4-billion-year history of life, and its role in the evolution of Earth systems. They also provide important data for evolutionary studies, and contribute to our understanding of the extinction of organisms and the origins of modern biodiversity. Fossils At A Glance is written for students taking an introductory level course in paleontology. Short chapters introduce the main topics in the modern study of fossils. The most important fossil groups are discussed, from microfossils through invertebrates to vertebrates and plants, followed by a brief narrative of life on Earth. Diagrams are central to the book and allow the reader to see most of the important data “at a glance”. Each topic covers two pages and provides a self-contained suite of information or a starting point for future study. This second edition has been thoroughly revised and brought up to date. It includes new line diagrams as well as photographs of selected fossils

Invertebrate Palaeontology and Evolution

Author: E. N. K. Clarkson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118685164

Category: Science

Page: 468

View: 9431

Invertebrate Palaeontology and Evolution is well established as the foremost palaeontology text at the undergraduate level. This fully revised fourth edition includes a complete update of the sections on evolution and the fossil record, and the evolution of the early metazoans. New work on the classification of the major phyla (in particular brachiopods and molluscs) has been incorporated. The section on trace fossils is extensively rewritten. The author has taken care to involve specialists in the major groups, to ensure the taxonomy is as up-to-date and accurate as possible.

Stratigraphic Paleobiology

Understanding the Distribution of Fossil Taxa in Time and Space

Author: Mark E. Patzkowsky,Steven M. Holland

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226649377

Category: Science

Page: 259

View: 4153

Whether the fossil record should be read at face value or whether it presents a distorted view of the history of life is an argument seemingly as old as many fossils themselves. In the late 1700s, Georges Cuvier argued for a literal interpretation, but in the early 1800s, Charles Lyell’s gradualist view of the earth’s history required a more nuanced interpretation of that same record. To this day, the tension between literal and interpretive readings lies at the heart of paleontological research, influencing the way scientists view extinction patterns and their causes, ecosystem persistence and turnover, and the pattern of morphologic change and mode of speciation. With Stratigraphic Paleobiology, Mark E. Patzkowsky and Steven M. Holland present a critical framework for assessing the fossil record, one based on a modern understanding of the principles of sediment accumulation. Patzkowsky and Holland argue that the distribution of fossil taxa in time and space is controlled not only by processes of ecology, evolution, and environmental change, but also by the stratigraphic processes that govern where and when sediment that might contain fossils is deposited and preserved. The authors explore the exciting possibilities of stratigraphic paleobiology, and along the way demonstrate its great potential to answer some of the most critical questions about the history of life: How and why do environmental niches change over time? What is the tempo and mode of evolutionary change and what processes drive this change? How has the diversity of life changed through time, and what processes control this change? And, finally, what is the tempo and mode of change in ecosystems over time?

The Key to Earth History

An Introduction to Stratigraphy

Author: Peter Doyle,Matthew R. Bennett,Alistair N. Baxter

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 293

View: 2393

The Key to Earth History introduces students to the basic toolsused by geologists to reconstruct the Earth's history, and showshow these tools can be used to chart the pattern of globalenvironmental change since the formation of the Earth some 4600million years ago. It tells a story of mountain building, climatechange and of the evolution of life, and uses the North Atlanticregion (Europe and North America) as a study area to illustratethis story. Divided into two parts, the book shows how stratigraphy is the keyto understanding the history of the Earth. The first part examinesthe basic stratigraphical methods used to establish, date andinterpret the rock record as the product of a series of eventswhithin Earth history. The second part presents the resultsobtained by geologists, who have used these stratigraphical toolsto reconstruct the pattern of global environmental change throughgeological time and focuses on the geological evolution of theNorth Atlantic region. The Key to Earth History is essentialreading for geologists, geographers and environmental scientists,as well as to all those interested in the story of theplanet. 'The authors provide no one with an alibi for bad stratigraphicteaching!' Geoscientist 'The aims of this introductory textbook are to explain the processand pattern of Earth history, to generate interest and enthusiasm,to make stratigraphy fun and exciting! These aims are admirablyachieved.' The Holocene 'This is a great little book! I found that, not only was everythingcovered, but that it was covered in a refreshing, readable,no-nonsense fashion.' Earth Science Reviews 'The Key to Earth History really should be compulsory reading forall ... geology students.' Geologie

Urumaco and Venezuelan Paleontology

The Fossil Record of the Northern Neotropics

Author: Marcelo R. Sánchez-Villagra,Orangel A. Aguilera,Alfredo A. Carlini

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253002001

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 8317

Urumaco and Venezuelan Paleontology offers a synthesis of the paleontological record of Venezuela, including new discoveries on stratigraphy, paleobotany, fossil invertebrates, and vertebrates. Besides providing a critical summary of the record of decapods, fishes, crocodiles, turtles, rodents, armadillos, and ungulates, several chapters introduce new information on the distribution and paleobiology of groups not previously studied in this part of the world. Given its position in the northern neotropics, close to the Panamanian land bridge, Venezuela is a key location for understanding faunal exchanges between the Americas in the recent geological past. The book reviews the recent paleobotanical and vertebrate fossil record of the region, provides an understanding of Pleistocene climatic change and biogeography for the last few thousand years, and integrates new information with summaries of Spanish language works on Venezuelan geology and paleontology.

Discovering Fossils

How to Find and Identify Remains of the Prehistoric Past

Author: Frank A. Garcia,Donald Stuart Miller

Publisher: Stackpole Books

ISBN: 9780811728003

Category: Nature

Page: 212

View: 3869

Offers an introduction into fossils and fossil collecting

Cradle of Life

The Discovery of Earth's Earliest Fossils

Author: J. William Schopf

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691088648

Category: Science

Page: 367

View: 7068

The author describes his discovery of the oldest known fossilized life forms and includes information on the history of paleobiology.

Trilobite

Eyewitness to Evolution

Author: Richard Fortey

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307434672

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 6475

With Trilobite, Richard Fortey, paleontologist and author of the acclaimed Life, offers a marvelously written, smart and compelling, accessible and witty scientific narrative of the most ubiquitous of fossil creatures. Trilobites were shelled animals that lived in the oceans over five hundred million years ago. As bewilderingly diverse then as the beetle is today, they survived in the arctic or the tropics, were spiky or smooth, were large as lobsters or small as fleas. And because they flourished for three hundred million years, they can be used to glimpse a less evolved world of ancient continents and vanished oceans. Erudite and entertaining, this book is a uniquely exuberant homage to a fabulously singular species. From the Trade Paperback edition.

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