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Variational Methods in Statistics

Variational methods in statistics.

There is a resurgence of applications in which the calculus of variations has direct relevance. In addition to application to solid mechanics and dynamics, it is now being applied in a variety of numerical methods, numerical grid generation, modern physics, various optimization settings and fluid dynamics. Many applications, such as nonlinear optimal control theory applied to continuous systems, have only recently become tractable computationally, with the advent of advanced algorithms and large computer systems. This book reflects the strong connection between calculus of variations and the applications for which variational methods form the fundamental foundation. The mathematical fundamentals of calculus of variations (at least those necessary to pursue applications) is rather compact and is contained in a single chapter of the book. The majority of the text consists of applications of variational calculus for a variety of fields.

Variational methods in statistics.

Physics has long been regarded as a wellspring of mathematical problems. Mathematical Methods in Physics is a self-contained presentation, driven by historic motivations, excellent examples, detailed proofs, and a focus on those parts of mathematics that are needed in more ambitious courses on quantum mechanics and classical and quantum field theory. Aimed primarily at a broad community of graduate students in mathematics, mathematical physics, physics and engineering, as well as researchers in these disciplines.

Variational Methods in Image Processing presents the principles, techniques, and applications of variational image processing. The text focuses on variational models, their corresponding Euler–Lagrange equations, and numerical implementations for image processing. It balances traditional computational models with more modern techniques that solve the latest challenges introduced by new image acquisition devices. The book addresses the most important problems in image processing along with other related problems and applications. Each chapter presents the problem, discusses its mathematical formulation as a minimization problem, analyzes its mathematical well-posedness, derives the associated Euler–Lagrange equations, describes the numerical approximations and algorithms, explains several numerical results, and includes a list of exercises. MATLAB® codes are available online. Filled with tables, illustrations, and algorithms, this self-contained textbook is primarily for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in applied mathematics, scientific computing, medical imaging, computer vision, computer science, and engineering. It also offers a detailed overview of the relevant variational models for engineers, professionals from academia, and those in the image processing industry.

Introduction to Variational Methods in Control Engineering focuses on the design of automatic controls. The monograph first discusses the application of classical calculus of variations, including a generalization of the Euler-Lagrange equations, limitation of classical variational calculus, and solution of the control problem. The book also describes dynamic programming. Topics include the limitations of dynamic programming; general formulation of dynamic programming; and application to linear multivariable digital control systems. The text also underscores the continuous form of dynamic programming; Pontryagin's principle; and the two-point boundary problem. The book also touches on inaccessible state variables. Topics include the optimum realizable control law; observed data and vector spaces; design of the optimum estimator; and extension to the continuous systems. The book also presents a summary of potential applications, including complex control systems and on-line computer control. The text is recommended to readers and students wanting to explore the design of automatic controls.

This book contains the proceedings ofthe meeting on "Applied Mathematics in the Aerospace Field," held in Erice, Sicily, Italy from September 3 to September 10, 1991. The occasion of the meeting was the 12th Course of the School of Mathematics "Guido Stampacchia," directed by Professor Franco Giannessi of the University of Pisa. The school is affiliated with the International Center for Scientific Culture "Ettore Majorana," which is directed by Professor Antonino Zichichi of the University of Bologna. The objective of the course was to give a perspective on the state-of the-art and research trends concerning the application of mathematics to aerospace science and engineering. The course was structured with invited lectures and seminars concerning fundamental aspects of differential equa tions, mathematical programming, optimal control, numerical methods, per turbation methods, and variational methods occurring in flight mechanics, astrodynamics, guidance, control, aircraft design, fluid mechanics, rarefied gas dynamics, and solid mechanics. The book includes 20 chapters by 23 contributors from the United States, Germany, and Italy and is intended to be an important reference work on the application of mathematics to the aerospace field. It reflects the belief of the course directors that strong interaction between mathematics and engineering is beneficial, indeed essential, to progresses in both areas.

The book includes lectures given by the plenary and key speakers at the 9th International ISAAC Congress held 2013 in Krakow, Poland. The contributions treat recent developments in analysis and surrounding areas, concerning topics from the theory of partial differential equations, function spaces, scattering, probability theory, and others, as well as applications to biomathematics, queueing models, fractured porous media and geomechanics.