Search Results: violence-and-war-in-culture-and-the-media

Violence and War in Culture and the Media

Five Disciplinary Lenses

Author: Athina Karatzogianni

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136500219

Category: History

Page: 296

View: 4832

This edited volume examines theoretical and empirical issues relating to violence and war and its implications for media, culture and society. Over the last two decades there has been a proliferation of books, films and art on the subject of violence and war. However, this is the first volume that offers a varied analysis which has wider implications for several disciplines, thus providing the reader with a text that is both multi-faceted and accessible. This book introduces the current debates surrounding this topic through five particular lenses: the historical involves an examination of historical patterns of the communication of violence and war through a variety sources the cultural utilises the cultural studies perspective to engage with issues of violence, visibility and spectatorship the sociological focuses on how terrorism, violence and war are remembered and negotiated in the public sphere the political offers an exploration into the politics of assigning blame for war, the influence of psychology on media actors, and new media political communication issues in relation to the state and the media the gender-studies perspective provides an analysis of violence and war from a gender studies viewpoint. Violence and War in Culture and the Media will be of much interest to students of war and conflict studies, media and communications studies, sociology, security studies and political science.

Digital Cultures and the Politics of Emotion

Feelings, Affect and Technological Change

Author: Athina Karatzogianni,Adi Kuntsman

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230391346

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 1015

Fifteen thought-provoking essays engage in an innovative dialogue between cultural studies of affect, feelings and emotions, and digital cultures, new media and technology. The volume provides a fascinating dialogue that cuts across disciplines, media platforms and geographic and linguistic boundaries.

Rethinking Insecurity, War and Violence

Beyond Savage Globalization?

Author: Damian Grenfell,Paul James

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134082428

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 8252

Rethinking Insecurity, War and Violence: Beyond Savage Globalization? is a collection of essays by scholars intent on rethinking the mainstream security paradigms. Overall, this collection is intended to provide a broad and systematic analysis of the long-term sources of political, military and cultural insecurity from the local to the global. The book provides a stronger basis for understanding the causes of conflict and violence in the world today, one that adds a different dimension to the dominant focus on finding proximate causes and making quick responses Too often the arenas of violence have been represented as if they have been triggered by reassertions of traditional and tribal forms of identity, primordial and irrational assertions of politics. Such ideas about the sources of insecurity have become entrenched in a wide variety of media sources, and have framed both government policies and academic arguments. Rather than treating the sources of insecurity as a retreat from modernity, this book complicates the patterns of global insecurity to a degree that takes the debates simply beyond assumptions that we are witnessing a savage return to a bloody and tribalized world. It will be of particular interest to students and scholars of international relations, security studies, gender studies and globalization studies.

Soldaten im Nachkrieg

Historische Deutungskonflikte und westdeutsche Demokratisierung 1945-1955

Author: Jörg Echternkamp

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110411393

Category: History

Page: 550

View: 3691

Echternkamp analysiert die Deutungen des Krieges in seiner Endphase und in der Besatzungszeit, die Selbstbilder soldatischer Erfahrungsgemeinschaften sowie die Neuerfindung der bundesdeutschen Soldaten. Die Kontroversen um Weltkrieg, Wehrmacht und Wertorientierung waren kein Hemmnis, sondern ein dynamisches Element jenes Prozesses, der die demokratisch-pluralistische Nachkriegsordnung in Westdeutschland legitimiert hat.

Gewalt

Eine neue Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Steven Pinker

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 310401616X

Category: History

Page: 1216

View: 8269

Die Geschichte der Menschheit – eine ewige Abfolge von Krieg, Genozid, Mord, Folter und Vergewaltigung. Und es wird immer schlimmer. Aber ist das richtig? In einem wahren Opus Magnum, einer groß angelegten Gesamtgeschichte unserer Zivilisation, untersucht der weltbekannte Evolutionspsychologe Steven Pinker die Entwicklung der Gewalt von der Urzeit bis heute und in allen ihren individuellen und kollektiven Formen, vom Verprügeln der Ehefrau bis zum geplanten Völkermord. Unter Rückgriff auf eine Fülle von wissenschaftlichen Belegen aus den unterschiedlichsten Disziplinen beweist er zunächst, dass die Gewalt im Laufe der Geschichte stetig abgenommen hat und wir heute in der friedlichsten Epoche der Menschheit leben. Diese verblüffende Tatsache verlangt nach einer Erklärung: Pinker schält in seiner Analyse sechs Entwicklungen heraus, die diesen Trend begünstigt haben, untersucht die Psychologie der Gewalt auf fünf innere Dämonen, die Gewaltausübung begünstigen, benennt vier Eigenschaften des Menschen, die den inneren Dämonen entgegenarbeiten und isoliert schließlich fünf historische Kräfte, die uns heute in der friedlichsten Zeit seit jeher leben lassen. Pinkers Darstellung revolutioniert den Blick auf die Welt und uns Menschen. Und sie macht Hoffnung und Mut. »Pinkers Studie ist eine leidenschaftliche Antithese zum verbreiteten Kulturpessimismus und dem Gefühl des moralischen Untergangs der Moderne.« Der Spiegel »Steven Pinker ist ein Top-Autor und verdient all die Superlative, mit denen man ihn überhäuft« New York Times» Die Argumente von Steven Pinker haben Gewicht [...]. Die Chance, heute Opfer von Gewalt zu werden, ist viel geringer als zu jeder anderen Zeit. Das ist eine spannende Nachricht, die konträr zur öffentlichen Wahrnehmung ist." Deutschlandfunk »Steven Pinker ist ein intellektueller Rockstar« The Guardian »Der Evolutionspsychologe Steven Pinker gilt als wichtigster Intellektueller« Süddeutsche Zeitung »Verflucht überzeugend« Hamburger Abendblatt

Killing Women

The Visual Culture of Gender and Violence

Author: Susan Lord,Annette Burfoot

Publisher: Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press

ISBN: 0889204977

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 8799

"The examination of women and violence has traditionally focused on women who are killed or who are the victims of violence. Women murderers were often portrayed as vengeful wronged women or as maternal protectors. Recently, however, there have been significant shifts in the characterization of women who kill, in both popular culture (Lara Croft, Buffy, and Kill Bill) and in the current global political landscape (the so-called angels of death in Palestine). The essays in this book explore gender and violence by focusing on visual culture -- films, museums, art, archives, and the news media -- and by engaging with contemporary theories and practices of identity politics and the debates about the ethics and politics of representation itself. Does representation create or recreate the conditions of violence? Is representation itself a form of violence? Weaving between fact and fiction, the contributors examine the powerful role culture plays in the production and reproduction of social meaning. The collection offers fresh analyses of well-established sources for the study of women and violence, including the horror film and the court trials of women who have killed their abusive husbands. It adds significant new dimensions to the characterization of gender and violence with the inclusion of nationalism and war, feminist media, and the exploration of violence circulated through non-obvious sources, such as medical cultural practice and the information society."--P. [4] of cover.

Violence, Political Culture & Development in Africa

Author: Preben Kaarsholm

Publisher: James Currey Publishers

ISBN: 0852558945

Category: Africa

Page: 208

View: 7029

This volume throws light on the ways in which violence, political culture and development have interacted in African history.

War, Media, and Propaganda

A Global Perspective

Author: Yahya R. Kamalipour,Nancy Snow

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742535633

Category: Social Science

Page: 261

View: 9169

This timely book presents a multifaceted look at war, media, and propaganda from international perspectives. Focusing on the media's role in global conflicts, prominent authors, journalists, scholars, and researchers provide an insightful overview of the impact of globalization on media practices. They explore war coverage, propaganda techniques, public opinion, and the effects of media globalization on human affairs and communication, as well as the cultural-political implications for the United States and other countries around the world.

Exit West

Roman

Author: Mohsin Hamid

Publisher: Dumont Buchverlag

ISBN: 3832189645

Category: Fiction

Page: 224

View: 7902

In einer Welt, die aus den Fugen geraten ist, in einem muslimisch geprägten Land, das am Rande eines Bürgerkriegs steht, in einer Stadt, die namenlos bleibt, lernen sie sich kennen: Nadia und Saeed. Sie hat mit ihrer Familie gebrochen, fährt Motorrad, lebt säkular und trägt ihr dunkles Gewand nur als Schutz vor den Zudringlichkeiten fremder Männer. Er wohnt noch bei seinen Eltern, ist eher schüchtern und nimmt die Ausübung seiner Religion sehr ernst. Doch während die Stadt um sie herum in Flammen aufgeht, sich Anschläge häufen und die Sicherheitslage immer prekärer wird, finden die beiden zusammen. Sie wollen eine gemeinsame Zukunft, in Freiheit. Und da sind diese Gerüchte über Türen, die diejenigen, die sie passieren, an ferne Orte bringen können. Doch den Weg durch diese Türen muss man sich mit viel Geld erkaufen. Als die Gewalt weiter eskaliert, entscheiden sich Nadia und Saeed, diesen Schritt zu gehen. Sie lassen ihr Land und ihr altes Leben zurück ... ›Exit West‹ ist ein überaus berührender Roman, der sich mit den zentralen Themen unserer Zeit beschäftigt: Flucht und Migration. Mohsin Hamid beweist, dass Literatur poetisch und zugleich politisch sein kann. Mit diesem »fesselnden Roman« (New York Times) steht Mohsin Hamid auf der Longlist des diesjährigen Man Booker Preises.

The Media of Conflict

War Reporting and Representations of Ethnic Violence

Author: Tim Allen,Jean Seaton

Publisher: Zed Books

ISBN: 9781856495707

Category: History

Page: 312

View: 742

Savage wars in Bosnia, Rwanda, Liberia, Iraq and many other places continue to fill our television screens and newspapers with terrible images of conflict. Despite the optimism about world peace, brought about by the collapse of super-power hostilities in the early 1990s, we seem to be encountering more wars, or at least wars that are more socially traumatic. All too often, the media suggest that these conflicts are caused by the return of primordial loyalties and hatreds after the collapse of the Cold War, or that mass slaughter can be explained by reference to the inherently evil nature of individuals or groups. This book counters this kind of nonsense, and asks why such views have gained a currency. It examines the role of the media in inciting conflicts within nations, as well as the adverse impacts of news reporting on international perceptions - and on policy-making. But it also reveals how valuable informed journalism can be. Above all, it highlights the dangers of basing analysis on vague assertions about deep human motivation, or on mythologies of the past and the present promoted by the protagonists themselves

Communication and Culture in War and Peace

Author: Colleen Roach

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1452253471

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 276

View: 2643

By exploring the role of both culture and the mass media, this volume fills a gap in the literature on war and peace. Outstanding scholars provide an overview of critical mass media research and open up entirely new perspectives on the ongoing debate over communications issues in war and peace. The contributions bring together common themes including the military-industrial-communications complex, cultural imperialism and transnational control of communications. Various perspectives are covered, such as gender issues, language study and bureaucratization.

Journalism and Conflict in Indonesia

From Reporting Violence to Promoting Peace

Author: Steve Sharp

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415531497

Category: Social Science

Page: 255

View: 8294

This book examines, through the case study of Indonesia over recent decades, how the reporting of violence can drive the escalation of violence, and how journalists can alter their reporting practices in order to have the opposite effect and promote peace. It discusses the nature of press freedom in Indonesia from 1966 onwards, considers the relationship between the press and politicians, and explores journalistse(tm) working methods. It goes on to outline in detail the communal wars in eastern Indonesia in the period 1999-2000, arguing that communication as much as physical preparations for violence were key to bringing about the wars, with journalistse(tm) rigid professional routines and newswriting conventions causing them to reproduce and enlarge the battle cries of those at war. The book concludes by advocating a "development communication" approach to journalism in transitional settings, in order to help journalists to counter the disintegrative tendencies of failing states and the communal strife that can result.

Asian Women for a Culture of Peace

Report of the Regional Conference : Asian Women for a Culture of Peace, 6-9 December 2000, Hanoi

Author: United Nations. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific,Unesco

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: 9789211200539

Category: Women and peace

Page: 135

View: 5068

The regional conference was held in Hanoi in December 2000, organised by the Vietnamese government in co-operation with UNESCO and the UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP). The main themes of the conference included: a gender perspective on peace-building and political decision-making; and identifying strategies to promote greater economic opportunities for women. This publication contains the report of the conference, the Hanoi Declaration and the Asian Women's Plan of Action for a Culture of Peace and Sustainable Development developed and adopted by the participants to the conference.

Cultural Shaping of Violence

Victimization, Escalation, Response

Author: Myrdene Anderson

Publisher: Purdue University Press

ISBN: 9781557533456

Category: Social Science

Page: 330

View: 7511

Violence and increasing public awareness of violence mark society's contemporary condition. Sept. 11, 2001 made this condition even more indelible. Cultural Shaping of Violence proposes that violence cannot be described, let alone understond or addressed, unless tied to the cultural settings that influence it. The book's 27 chapters, researched and written by 28 scholars of seven nationalities, document violence in 22 distinct cultural settings in 17 nation-states on five continents. Internal to each society, a number of sites of violence may thrive, from the domestic sphere to social institutions and political arenas. In whatever site or guise, violence reverberates throughout the social fabric and beyond.

Ausgewählte Schriften

Cultural studies : ein politisches Theorieprojekt / hrsg. und übers. von Nora Räthzel

Author: Stuart Hall

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783886192601

Category: Critical theory

Page: 158

View: 6287

Guns in American Society: An Encyclopedia of History, Politics, Culture, and the Law, 2nd Edition [3 volumes]

An Encyclopedia of History, Politics, Culture, and the Law

Author: Gregg Lee Carter

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0313386714

Category: History

Page: 1096

View: 3583

Thoroughly updated and greatly expanded from its original edition, this three-volume set is the go-to comprehensive resource on the legal, social, psychological, political, and public health aspects of guns in American life. • 450 alphabetically organized entries, including 100 new for this edition, covering key issues (suicide, video games and gun violence, firearm injury statistics) and events (workplace shootings, the Virginia Tech massacre) • 102 expert contributors from all academic fields involved in studying the causes and effects of gun violence • A chronology of pivotal moments and controversies in the history of firearm ownership and use in the United States • An exhaustive bibliography of print and online resources covering all aspects of the study of guns in the United States • Appendices on federal gun laws, state gun laws, and pro- and anti-gun-control organizations

War, Culture, and the Media

Representations of the Military in 20th Century Britain

Author: Ian Stewart,Susan Lisa Carruthers

Publisher: Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press

ISBN: 9780838637029

Category: History

Page: 202

View: 5342

"What is the role of the British media in our perception of warfare? Are the impressions which we glean from war films, television news reports and newspaper stories reliable? What are the issues - practical and political - involved in bringing reports of armed conflict to our television screens? Are British military institutions fairly represented, and how are enemy forces portrayed? How are ideas of nationalism and patriotism incorporated into the presentation of war?" "These are some of the questions addressed in this new collection of essays. The book is intended to provide students and general readers with a concise introduction to the main arguments and issues surrounding war and the moving image media in 20th century Britain, as well as contributing new perspectives to this increasingly important area of debate." "Among the subjects discussed are: the media build-up to the Gulf War; representations of the First World War; reporting terrorism; British imperialism in film; transmission technologies and the news reporting of armed conflict; the meaning of war-toys and war-games; and postmodernism and military history."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Hillbilly-Elegie

Die Geschichte meiner Familie und einer Gesellschaft in der Krise

Author: J. D. Vance

Publisher: Ullstein Buchverlage

ISBN: 3843715777

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 304

View: 2900

Seine Großeltern versuchten, mit Fleiß und Mobilität der Armut zu entkommen und sich in der Mitte der Gesellschaft zu etablieren. Doch letztlich war alles vergeblich. J. D. Vance erzählt die Geschichte seiner Familie — eine Geschichte vom Scheitern und von der Resignation einer ganzen Bevölkerungsschicht. Armut und Chaos, Hilflosigkeit und Gewalt, Drogen und Alkohol: Genau in diesem Teufelskreis befinden sich viele weiße Arbeiterfamilien in den USA — entfremdet von der politischen Führung, abgehängt vom Rest der Gesellschaft, anfällig für populistische Parolen. Früher konnten sich die »Hillbillys«, die weißen Fabrikarbeiter, erhoffen, sich zu Wohlstand zu schuften. Doch spätestens gegen Ende des 20sten Jahrhunderts zog der Niedergang der alten Industrien ihre Familien in eine Abwärtsspirale, in der sie bis heute stecken. Vance gelingt es wie keinem anderen, diese ausweglose Situation und die Krise einer ganzen Gesellschaft eindrücklich zu schildern. Sein Buch bewegte Millionen von Lesern in den USA und erklärt nicht zuletzt den Wahltriumph eines Donald Trump.

Krieg im Mittelalter

Author: Hans-Henning Kortüm

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3050056312

Category: History

Page: 309

View: 9493

Die brennende Aktualität des Themas "Krieg" bedarf keiner Erläuterung. Doch sollte die bedrückende Realität den Blickwinkel auf dieses Phänomen keineswegs ausschließlich auf die gegenwärtige Situation beschränken. Wesentliche Aspekte – insbesondere grundlegende, langdauernde Faktoren und Strukturen – würden so nicht wahrgenommen. In dem von Hans-Henning Kortüm herausgegebenen Buch wird nicht nur der ganze Zeitraum des Mittelalters berücksichtigt, sondern es wird auch die Fülle der thematischen und methodischen Zugangsweisen demonstriert. Besonderes Gewicht kommt dabei dem Bemühen zu, die Chancen eines interdisziplinären Zugangs zum Thema zu nutzen: Die einzelnen Beiträge verfolgen historische, philosophische, kunsthistorische, wissenschaftshistorische und politikwissenschaftliche Fragestellungen. Der gemeinsame Ausgangspunkt ist in der Erkenntnis begründet, dass eine historische Betrachtung Krieg als kulturelles Phänomen ernst nehmen muss.

Women as Weapons of War

Iraq, Sex, and the Media

Author: Kelly Oliver

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231512457

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 1230

Ever since Eve tempted Adam with her apple, women have been regarded as a corrupting and destructive force. The very idea that women can be used as interrogation tools, as evidenced in the infamous Abu Ghraib torture photos, plays on age-old fears of women as sexually threatening weapons, and therefore the literal explosion of women onto the war scene should come as no surprise. From the female soldiers involved in Abu Ghraib to Palestinian women suicide bombers, women and their bodies have become powerful weapons in the Afghanistan and Iraq wars. In Women as Weapons of War, Kelly Oliver reveals how the media and the administration frequently use metaphors of weaponry to describe women and female sexuality and forge a deliberate link between notions of vulnerability and images of violence. Focusing specifically on the U.S. campaigns in Afghanistan and Iraq, Oliver analyzes contemporary discourse surrounding women, sex, and gender and the use of women to justify America's decision to go to war. For example, the administration's call to liberate "women of cover," suggesting a woman's right to bare arms is a sign of freedom and progress. Oliver also considers what forms of cultural meaning, or lack of meaning, could cause both the guiltlessness demonstrated by female soldiers at Abu Ghraib and the profound commitment to death made by suicide bombers. She examines the pleasure taken in violence and the passion for death exhibited by these women and what kind of contexts created them. In conclusion, Oliver diagnoses our cultural fascination with sex, violence, and death and its relationship with live news coverage and embedded reporting, which naturalizes horrific events and stymies critical reflection. This process, she argues, further compromises the borders between fantasy and reality, fueling a kind of paranoid patriotism that results in extreme forms of violence.

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