Search Results: war-and-conflict-in-africa

War and Conflict in Africa

Author: Paul D. Williams

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1509509089

Category: Political Science

Page: 400

View: 8766

After the Cold War, Africa earned the dubious distinction of being the world's most bloody continent. But how can we explain this proliferation of armed conflicts? What caused them and what were their main characteristics? And what did the world's governments do to stop them? In this fully revised and updated second edition of his popular text, Paul Williams offers an in-depth and wide-ranging assessment of more than six hundred armed conflicts which took place in Africa from 1990 to the present day - from the continental catastrophe in the Great Lakes region to the sprawling conflicts across the Sahel and the web of wars in the Horn of Africa. Taking a broad comparative approach to examine the political contexts in which these wars occurred, he explores the major patterns of organized violence, the key ingredients that provoked them and the major international responses undertaken to deliver lasting peace. Part I, Contexts provides an overview of the most important attempts to measure the number, scale and location of Africa's armed conflicts and provides a conceptual and political sketch of the terrain of struggle upon which these wars were waged. Part II, Ingredients analyses the role of five widely debated features of Africa's wars: the dynamics of neopatrimonial systems of governance; the construction and manipulation of ethnic identities; questions of sovereignty and self-determination; as well as the impact of natural resources and religion. Part III, Responses, discusses four major international reactions to Africa's wars: attempts to build a new institutional architecture to help promote peace and security on the continent; this architecture's two main policy instruments, peacemaking initiatives and peace operations; and efforts to develop the continent. War and Conflict in Africa will be essential reading for all students of international peace and security studies as well as Africa's international relations.

Narrating War and Peace in Africa

Author: Solimar Otero

Publisher: University Rochester Press

ISBN: 1580463304

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 328

View: 5571

A comprehensive volume that offers historical and nuanced representations of war and peace in Africa from the fields of African studies and cultural studies, linguistics, journalism and the media, literature, film, drama and performance, women's and gender studies, and human rights.

Africa: War and Conflict in the Twentieth Century

Author: Tim Stapleton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781138281950


Page: 224

View: 9016

This book examines the causes, course and consequences of warfare in twentieth century Africa, a period which spanned colonial rebellions, both World Wars, and the decolonization process. Timothy Stapleton contextualizes the essential debates and controversies surrounding African conflict in the twentieth century while providing insightful introductions to such conflicts as: African rebellions against colonial regimes in the early twentieth century, including the rebellion and infamous genocide of the Herero and Nama people in present-day Namibia; The African fronts of World War I and World War II, and the involvement of colonized African peoples in these global conflicts; Conflict surrounding the widespread decolonization of Africa in the 1950s and 1960s; Rebellion and civil war in Africa during the Cold War, when American and Soviet elements often intervened in efforts to turn African battlegrounds into Cold War proxy conflicts; The Second Congo Civil War, which is arguably the bloodiest conflict in any region since World War II; Supported by a glossary, a who's who of key figures, a timeline of major events, a rich bibliography, and a set of documents which highlight the themes of the book, Africa: War and Conflict in the Twentieth Century is the best available resource for students and scholars seeking an introduction to violent conflict in recent African history.

Die unterste Milliarde

Warum die ärmsten Länder scheitern und was man dagegen tun kann

Author: Paul Collier

Publisher: Pantheon Verlag

ISBN: 3641204941

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 2571

Der vielfach preisgekrönte Longseller jetzt in einer neuen Ausgabe Die unterste Milliarde – das sind die ärmsten Menschen der Erde, die am weltweit steigenden Wirtschaftswachstum keinen Anteil haben. Ihre Lebenserwartung ist auf fünfzig Jahre gesunken, jedes siebte Kind stirbt vor dem fünften Lebensjahr. Seit Jahrzehnten befinden sich die Ökonomien dieser Länder im freien Fall – ohne Aussicht auf Besserung. In seinem vielfach preisgekrönten Bestseller erklärt Paul Collier, wie es zu dieser krassen Armut gekommen ist und was man gegen sie tun kann.

African Women Under Fire

Literary Discourses in War and Conflict

Author: Pauline Ada Uwakweh

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1498529194

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 1855

This book brings insight and scholarly breadth through literary criticism to the growing research on women, war, and conflict in Africa. The contributors establish compelling evidence for the significance of gender in the analyses of contemporary warfare and conflict.

Civil Wars in Africa

Roots and Resolution

Author: Taisier Mohamed Ahmed Ali,Robert O. Matthews

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 0773517774

Category: History

Page: 322

View: 4943

John Kiyaga-Nsubuga focuses on Yoweri Museveni and his National Resistance Movement regime's attempt to bring peace to Uganda. John Prendergast and Mark Duffield look at Ethiopia's long civil war and the role of liberation politics and external engagement. Bruce Jones studies the ethnic roots of the civil war in Rwanda. Elwood Dunn explores political manipulation and ethnic differences as causes of civil strife in Liberia. John Saul examines the role of Western powers in establishing peace in Mozambique. Hussein Adam describes the collapse of the authoritarian regime in Somalia and the subsequent rise of inter-clan and sub-clan rivalry. Taisier Ali and Robert Matthews argue that the forty-year conflict in Sudan is much more complex than the usual view that it results from the pitting of the Arab, Islamic North against the African, Christian South.

The A to Z of Civil Wars in Africa

Author: Guy Arnold

Publisher: Scarecrow Press

ISBN: 0810868857

Category: History

Page: 538

View: 3934

Ever since the end of World War II, and even more so since 1960, when 17 African colonies became independent of colonial rule, the African continent has been ravaged by a series of wars. These wars have ranged from liberation struggles against former colonial powers to power struggles between different factions in the aftermath of independence. They have ranged from border wars between newly independent states to civil wars between ethnic groups. As with many conflicts, outside forces were drawn into these wars, and major powers outside the continent intervened on one side or the other for a variety of reasons: political ideology, Cold War considerations, ethnic alignments, and stemming the flow of violence. Whether referring to Algeria's struggle for independence from French colonial rule, Nigeria's internal struggles to achieve a balanced state after the British departure, the Rwandan genocide of 1994, or the current ethnic cleansing in Darfur, The A to Z of Civil Wars in Africa covers all of the wars that have occurred in Africa since independence. This is done through a chronology broken down by country, an introductory essay, a bibliography, and cross-referenced dictionary entries covering the wars, conflicts, major political and military figures, child soldiers, mercenaries, and blood diamonds.

Epistemologies of African Conflicts

Violence, Evolutionism, and the War in Sierra Leone

Author: Zubairu Wai

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 1137280794

Category: Philosophy

Page: 263

View: 3290

Epistemologies of African Conflicts is a bold and ground-breaking epistemological critique of the dominant discourses on contemporary African conflicts. Using the Sierra Leone civil war as its empirical case, and through a detailed and painstaking examination of the dominant ways in which that conflict has been interpreted, theorised and understood, this provocative study considers how Africa is constructed as a reality for knowledge and the power political implications that this construction has for the continent and its people. This study goes beyond the immediate concerns about how the empirical aspect of Africanist discourses attest to their theoretical formulations, to focus on questions about the formal character of Africanist knowledge, their conditions of possibility, the ways in which they produce African subjectivities, define African realities and shape Western attitudes towards the continent as a result of these conflicts. This study situates the current discourses on contemporary African conflicts within the centuries-long Eurocentric conceptions of Africa conveyed through the 'colonial library' and investigates the historical linkages between 'Africanism' as the body of knowledge on and about Africa and a Western will to power which since the fifteenth century has also perfectly espoused and necessitated an Africanist will to truth. Identifying evolutionism as a major condition of Africanist knowledge linked to these power knowledge systems, it argues that the scripts of these conflicts are always already written long before the first shots are fired. Thus, the predicament of Africanist discourses emanates not only from their conceptual and epistemological dependence on the conceptualities of the colonial library, as well as their fidelity to an evolutionist epistemology, but also their devotion to the power/knowledge regimes of the Western will to power which makes them possible.

Writers, Writing on Conflicts and Wars in Africa

Author: Okey Ndibe,Chenjerai Hove

Publisher: Adonis & Abbey Pub Limited


Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 191

View: 8959

A collection of testimonies by various writers and scholars who have experienced, or explored, the continent's conflicts and woes, including how the disruptions shape artistic and literary production. The book is divided into two broad categories: in one, several writers speak directly, and with rich anecdotal details about the impact wars and conflicts have had in the formation of their experience and work; in the second, a number of scholars articulate how particular writers have assimilated the horrors of wars and conflicts in their literary creations. The result is an invaluable harvest of reflections and perspectives that open the window into an essential, but until now sadly unexplored, facet of the cultural and political experience of African writers.

Zones of Conflict in Africa

Theories and Cases

Author: George M. Muldrow

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275974473

Category: Political Science

Page: 174

View: 2028

Torn by ongoing civil and military violence, Africa presents a challenge to scholars interested in the root causes of conflict. The contributors of this book employ an eclectic array of current explanations of civil strife and how to resolve it. The first half of the book provides the relevant theoretical background, while the remaining chapters of this volume gauge the accuracy and usefulness of the current thinking on African conflicts by grounding it in case studies drawn from the Great Lakes Region, Liberia, Nigeria, and Zambia.

Conflict in Africa

Author: Oliver Furley

Publisher: I. B. Tauris


Category: History

Page: 324

View: 5882

Conflict prevention and resolution, early warning systems and peace-keeping are becoming issues of pressing concern in Africa today, and are now the subject of much research by academics, government bodies, the UN, the World Bank, the OAU, non-government organizations, aid agencies and human rights groups. The search for solutions to the many causes of violent conflict grows apace at a time when Africa has been afflicted by a series of wars and disasters that have resulted in human tragedy on an unimaginable scale. This book brings together many of the most prominent writers in the field to treat conflict in its widest sense. Essays on individual countries cover the issues of international and civil wars, rebellion, ethnic and religious disturbance, criminality and warlordism. The authors adopt a multi-disciplinary approach to analyse the roots of conflict. Particular attention is paid to both internal and external political and economic influences, artificial state boundaries, divisions based on ethnicity and religion, poverty and inequality, neglect of the rural sector and the effects of rapid urbanization. In addition there are three chapters that give a wider overview of conflict in Africa, examining the colonial legacy, the effect of conflict on the economies of African states, and human rights issues.

Armed Conflict in Africa

Author: Carolyn Wilson Pumphrey,Rye Schwartz-Barcott

Publisher: N.A


Category: History

Page: 313

View: 3329

Armed Conflict in Africa offers a multidisciplinary look at the causes and remedies of armed conflict in Africa. It contains a collection of essays written by leading African Studies scholars and designed for both the student and practitioner alike.

Civil Wars in Rwanda and Burundi

Conflict Resolution in Africa

Author: Godfrey Mwakikagile

Publisher: New Africa Press

ISBN: 0981425844

Category: Computers

Page: 662

View: 3056

This is a historical survey and analysis of some of the bloodiest conflicts in modern times. The civil wars in Rwanda and Burundi, twin states in the Great Lakes region of East Africa, are often explained in simplistic terms even by some political pundits as mere tribal wars, rooted in anciet hatred, between the Hutu and the Tutsi. Ethnicity is indeed a factor. But of paramount importance in this conflict between the Hutu and the Tutsi, in both countries, is the struggle for power although with "racial" overtones, and the exclusion of the Hutu majority from meaningful participation in the political process. Therefore the conflicts are not tribal wars but political statements as well, probably more than anything else; what Tanzanian President Benjamin Mkapa aptly described as "military expressions of political intent." In this comprehensive study, the author also addresses one of the most controversial subjects today: conflict resolution in Africa. There are no easy answers, but the author attempts to provide some of them. He covers as much ground as possible, trying to come up with solutions not only to the wars in Africa's Great Lakes region, but in other parts of the continent as well.


der "uneindeutige" Genozid

Author: Gérard Prunier

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783936096668


Page: 274

View: 5380

War and famine

indigenous perspectives on conflict in the Horn of Africa : a public education document

Author: Horn of Africa Project

Publisher: The Institute


Category: History

Page: 24

View: 1971


Eine neue Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Steven Pinker

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 310401616X

Category: History

Page: 1216

View: 632

Die Geschichte der Menschheit – eine ewige Abfolge von Krieg, Genozid, Mord, Folter und Vergewaltigung. Und es wird immer schlimmer. Aber ist das richtig? In einem wahren Opus Magnum, einer groß angelegten Gesamtgeschichte unserer Zivilisation, untersucht der weltbekannte Evolutionspsychologe Steven Pinker die Entwicklung der Gewalt von der Urzeit bis heute und in allen ihren individuellen und kollektiven Formen, vom Verprügeln der Ehefrau bis zum geplanten Völkermord. Unter Rückgriff auf eine Fülle von wissenschaftlichen Belegen aus den unterschiedlichsten Disziplinen beweist er zunächst, dass die Gewalt im Laufe der Geschichte stetig abgenommen hat und wir heute in der friedlichsten Epoche der Menschheit leben. Diese verblüffende Tatsache verlangt nach einer Erklärung: Pinker schält in seiner Analyse sechs Entwicklungen heraus, die diesen Trend begünstigt haben, untersucht die Psychologie der Gewalt auf fünf innere Dämonen, die Gewaltausübung begünstigen, benennt vier Eigenschaften des Menschen, die den inneren Dämonen entgegenarbeiten und isoliert schließlich fünf historische Kräfte, die uns heute in der friedlichsten Zeit seit jeher leben lassen. Pinkers Darstellung revolutioniert den Blick auf die Welt und uns Menschen. Und sie macht Hoffnung und Mut. »Pinkers Studie ist eine leidenschaftliche Antithese zum verbreiteten Kulturpessimismus und dem Gefühl des moralischen Untergangs der Moderne.« Der Spiegel »Steven Pinker ist ein Top-Autor und verdient all die Superlative, mit denen man ihn überhäuft« New York Times» Die Argumente von Steven Pinker haben Gewicht [...]. Die Chance, heute Opfer von Gewalt zu werden, ist viel geringer als zu jeder anderen Zeit. Das ist eine spannende Nachricht, die konträr zur öffentlichen Wahrnehmung ist." Deutschlandfunk »Steven Pinker ist ein intellektueller Rockstar« The Guardian »Der Evolutionspsychologe Steven Pinker gilt als wichtigster Intellektueller« Süddeutsche Zeitung »Verflucht überzeugend« Hamburger Abendblatt


Eine Geschichte

Author: David Van Reybrouck

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518778005

Category: History

Page: 783

View: 9036

Fesselnd und atemberaubend erzählt David van Reybrouck die Geschichte Kongos, wie wir sie noch nie gelesen haben. Der Autor, der den Bogen von der kolonialen Gewaltherrschaft unter Leopold II. über die 32jährige Mobutu-Diktatur bis hinein in die Gegenwart spannt, berichtet aus der eindrücklichen Perspektive derjenigen, die in ihrem Land leiden, kämpfen, leben – im Mittelpunkt stehen die Träume, Hoffnungen und Schicksale der sogenannten einfachen Bevölkerung. Für sein mehrfach preisgekröntes Buch hat der Autor zahlreiche Reisen in das zentralafrikanische Land unternommen, in dem er einzigartige Interviews führen konnte. Der Älteste, mit dem er sprach, wurde 1882 geboren. Seine Stimme und die vieler hundert anderer, Kindersoldaten und Rebellenführer, Politiker und Missionare, machen dieses Buch zu einer Sensation. Mit zahlreichen Augenzeugenberichten, bisher unbekannten Dokumenten aus Archiven und Van Reybroucks fundierter Kenntnis der Forschung stellt es einen Meilenstein auf dem Gebiet der Sachbuchliteratur dar.

American War


Author: Omar El Akkad

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104905177

Category: Fiction

Page: 448

View: 4988

»American War« - das Buch der Stunde. »Ein gewaltiger Roman«, schreibt die renommierteste Literaturkritikerin der USA, Michiko Kakutani. Ein Roman über den nächsten amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg und das dramatische Schicksal einer Familie. Was wird sein, wenn die erschütternde Realität der Gegenwart - Drohnenangriffe, Folter, Selbstmordattentate und die Folgen von Umweltkatastrophen - mit aller Gewalt in die USA zurückkehrt? Vor diesem Hintergrund entfaltet Omar El Akkad mit großer erzählerischer Kraft den dramatischen Kampf der jungen Sarat Chestnut, die beschließt, mit allen Mitteln für das Überleben zu kämpfen. »American War« ist in den USA ein literarisches Ereignis, das schon jetzt mit Cormac McCarthy »Die Straße« und Philip Roth »Verschwörung gegen Amerika« verglichen wird.

Foreign Intervention in Africa

From the Cold War to the War on Terror

Author: Elizabeth Schmidt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521882389

Category: History

Page: 267

View: 6700

This book chronicles foreign political and military interventions in Africa from 1956 to 2010, helping readers understand the historical roots of Africa's problems.

Multinational Companies and Conflicts in Africa

The Case of the Niger Delta - Nigeria

Author: Rose Ngomba-Roth

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 3825804925

Category: Political Science

Page: 360

View: 9988

Nigeria, Africa's most populated country is rich in ethnic diversity - a reason why it suffers from many conflicts. The country is one of the top five oil producers. The recent resource crisis in the Niger Delta is caused by poor division of resources, underdevelopment, and mismanagement. The failure of the young democracy would have a vehement effect in the country and in Africa as a whole. The government has to consolidate its democracy, uphold unity and sovereignty. To secure democracy it will need support from the Nigerians themselves, the multinational oil companies and the international world.

Find eBook