Search Results: war-and-peace-in-international-rivalry

War and Peace in International Rivalry

Author: Paul F. Diehl,Gary Goertz

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 0472026917

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 5913

This book provides the first detailed analysis of international rivalries, the long-standing and often violent confrontations between the same pairs of states. The book addresses conceptual components of rivalries and explores the origins, dynamics, and termination of the most dangerous form of rivalry--enduring rivalry--since 1816. Paul Diehl and Gary Goertz identify 1166 rivalries since 1816. They label sixty-three of those as enduring rivalries. These include the competitions between the United States and Soviet Union, India and Pakistan, and Israel and her Arab neighbors. The authors explain how rivalries form, evolve, and end. The first part of the book deals with how to conceptualize and measure rivalries and presents empirical patterns among rivalries in the period 1816-1992. The concepts derived from the study of rivalries are then used to reexamine two central pieces of international relations research, namely deterrence and "democratic peace" studies. The second half of the book builds an explanation of enduring rivalries based on a theory adapted from evolutionary biology, "punctuated equilibrium." The study of international rivalries has become one of the centerpieces of behavioral research on international conflict. This book, by two of the scholars who pioneered such studies, is the first comprehensive treatment of the subject. It will become the standard reference for all future studies of rivalries. Paul F. Diehl is Professor of Political Science and University Distinguished Teacher/Scholar, University of Illinois. He is the coeditor of Reconstructing Realpolitik and coauthor of Measuring the Correlates of War. Gary Goertz is Assistant Professor of Political Science, University of Arizona, and is the coauthor with Paul Diehl of Territorial Change and International Conflict.

War and Peace in International Rivalry

Author: Paul F. Diehl,Gary Goertz

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472088485

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 2629

How do enduring rivalries between states affect international relations?

War and Peace in International Rivalry

Author: Paul Francis Diehl,Gary Goertz

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 319

View: 2341

Scare Tactics

The Politics of International Rivalry

Author: Michael P. Colaresi

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

ISBN: 9780815630661

Category: Political Science

Page: 262

View: 7379

Colaresi contends, however, that if leaders avoid threat Inflation and rivalry outbidding, a deteriorating status quo can also spur cooperation and peace."--Jacket.

The Puzzle of Peace

The Evolution of Peace in the International System

Author: Gary Goertz,Alexandru Balas

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199301026

Category: Boundary disputes

Page: 260

View: 5515

The Puzzle of Peace moves beyond defining peace as the absence of war and develops a broader conceptualization and explanation for the increasing peacefulness of the international system. The authors track the rise of peace as a new phenomenon in international history starting after 1945. International peace has increased because international society has developed a set of norms dealing with territorial conflict, by far the greatest source of international war over previous centuries. These norms prohibit the use of military force in resolving territorial disputes and acquiring territory, thereby promoting border stability. This includes the prohibition of the acquisition of territory by military means as well as attempts by secessionist groups to form states through military force. International norms for managing international conflict have been accompanied by increased mediation and adjudication as means of managing existing territorial conflicts.

War and Peace in the 20th Century and Beyond

Author: Geir Lundestad,Olav Njølstad

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814487236

Category: Political Science

Page: 268

View: 6640

At the turn of the 21st Century, the world was immediately gripped by the War on Terrorism followed by the Iraq War. In reflection, the 20th Century was a period marked by tremendous technological and economic progress — but it was also the most violent century in human history. It witnessed two horrendous world wars, as well as the conflicts during the Cold War. Why do wars persistently erupt among nations, particularly the Great Powers? What are the primary factors that drive nations to violence — power, prestige, ideology or territory? Or is it motivated by pure fear and mistrust? Peering nervously at the 21st Century, we wonder whether American supremacy and globalization will help ensure peace and stability. Or will shifts in power with the emergence of new economic super-nations lead to further tensions and conflicts in this century? Together with 29 Peace Nobel laureates, an outstanding group of scholars gathered in Oslo, Norway, on December 6, 2001, for the three-day Nobel Centennial Symposium to discuss “The Conflicts of the 20th Century and the Solutions for the 21st Century”. Read this book for the scholars' candid insights and analyses, as well as their thought-provoking views on the factors that led to conflicts in the 20th Century and whether the 21st Century will be a more peaceful one. This is a rare — and possibly the best and only — book compilation of the highly intellectual analyses by world experts and Nobel Peace laureates on the perennial issues of War & Peace. Contents:Introduction: The Conflicts of the 20th Century and the Solutions for the 21st Century, Geir Lundestad & Olav Njølstad, The Norwegian Nobel InstituteDialogue and Cooperation to Achieve World Peace, Dae-Jung Kim, ex-President, The Republic of KoreaWar and Peace in the 20th Century, Eric Hobsbawm, Birkbeck College, University of LondonIdeologies and Polities: Liberal Democracy and National Dictatorship in Peace and, War Michael W Doyle, Princeton UniversityMaking Sense of Political Violence in Postcolonial Africa, Mahmood Mamdani, Columbia UniversityGlobal Inequality and Persistent Conflicts, Amartya Sen, University of Cambridge (UK), and the 1998 Nobel Prize winner in Economic SciencesThe Rise and Fall of Great Powers, Joseph S Nye, Harvard UniversityBeyond Militarism, Arms Races and Arms Control, Mary H Kaldor, London School of EconomicsRivalry over Territory and Resources and the Balance of Peace and War: The 20th Century, Louise Fawcett, St Catherine's College, Oxford UniversityMisperception, Mistrust, Fear, Akira Iriye, Harvard UniversityThe Nobel Peace Prize in Its Next Century: Old and New Dimensions, Geir Lundestad, The Norwegian Nobel Institute Readership: Students, researchers, academics, politicians, journalists, and anyone interested in 20th century history and peace and conflict studies. Keywords:War;Peace;20th Century;Conflicts and Solutions Nobel SymposiumReviews:“This beautifully produced and edited volume presents a fascinating collection of essays structured around the objectives engendered by the awarding of the Nobel Peace Prize … this ensemble of contributions provides an excellent insight into the evolution of thinking about war and peace. As a reflection upon these crucial issues, it is readable, informative and highly recommended.”Journal of Peace Research

Strategic Rivalries in World Politics

Position, Space and Conflict Escalation

Author: Michael P. Colaresi,Karen Rasler,William R. Thompson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139468790

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 9343

International conflict is neither random nor inexplicable. It is highly structured by antagonisms between a relatively small set of states that regard each other as rivals. Examining the 173 strategic rivalries in operation throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, this book identifies the differences rivalries make in the probability of conflict escalation and analyzes how they interact with serial crises, arms races, alliances and capability advantages. The authors distinguish between rivalries concerning territorial disagreement (space) and rivalries concerning status and influence (position) and show how each leads to markedly different patterns of conflict escalation. They argue that rivals are more likely to engage in international conflict with their antagonists than non-rival pairs of states and conclude with an assessment of whether we can expect democratic peace, economic development and economic interdependence to constrain rivalry-induced conflict.

Conflict, War, and Peace

An Introduction to Scientific Research

Author: Sara McLaughlin Mitchell,John A. Vasquez

Publisher: CQ Press

ISBN: 1483322106

Category: Political Science

Page: 440

View: 1245

Introducing students to the scientific study of peace and war, Conflict, War, and Peace: An Introduction to Scientific Research, edited by Sara McLaughlin Mitchell and John A. Vasquez, provides an overview of current scholarship in this dynamic area of study. Focusing on the factors that shape relationships between countries and that make war or peace more likely, this collection of articles by top scholars explores such key topics as dangerous dyads, alliances, territorial disputes, rivalry, arms races, democracy peace, trade, international organizations, territorial peace, and nuclear weapons. Each article is followed by the editors’ commentary: a “Major Contributions” section highlights the article’s theoretical advances and relates each study to the broader literature, while a “Methodological Notes” section carefully walks students through the techniques used in the analysis. Methodological topics include research design, percentages, probabilities, odds ratios, statistical significance, levels of analysis, selection bias, logic, duration models, and game theory models.

India-Pakistan in War and Peace

Author: J. N. Dixit

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134407572

Category: Political Science

Page: 504

View: 3074

As the Kashmir dispute brings India and Pakistan ominously close to nuclear war this book provides a compelling account of the history and politics of these two great South Asian rivals. Like the Israel-Palestine struggle, the Indian-Pakistan rivalry is a legacy of history. The two countries went to war within months of becoming independent and, over the following half-century, they have fought three other wars and clashed at the United Nations and every other global forum. It is a complex conflict, over religion and territory with two diametrically opposed views of nationhood and national imagination. J.N. Dixit, former Foreign Secretary of India, and one of the world's leading authorities on the region, has written a balanced and very readable account of the most tempestuous and potentially dangerous flashpoint in international politics.

The India-Pakistan Conflict

An Enduring Rivalry

Author: T. V. Paul

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521671262

Category: History

Page: 273

View: 3248

This volume, first published in 2005, analyses the persistence of the India-Pakistan rivalry since 1947.

Superpower Rivalry and Conflict

The Long Shadow of the Cold War on the 21st Century

Author: Chandra Chari

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135224994

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 1189

Variously described by historians and thinkers as the ‘most terrible century in Western history’, ‘a century of massacres and wars’ and the ‘most violent century in human history’, the 20th century – and in particular the period between the First World War and the collapse of the USSR – forms a coherent historical period which changed the entire face of human history within a few decades. This book examines the trajectory of the Cold War and the fallouts for the rest of the world to seek lessons for the 21st century to manage international relations today and avoid conflict. Written by experts in their field, the chapters provide an alternative perspective to the Western-paradigm dominated international relations theory. The book examines for example whether now in the 21st century the unipolar moment has passed and if the changing economic balance of power, thrown up by globalization, has led to the emergence of a multipolar world capable of economic and multilateral cooperation. It discusses the potential of new cooperative security frameworks, which would provide an impetus to disarmament and protection of the environment globally and asks if nuclear disarmament is feasible and necessary. The book highlights areas in which the potential for conflict is ingrained. Offering Asian perspectives on these issues – perspectives from countries like Afganistan, Vietnam, West Asia and Pakistan which were embroiled in the Cold War as mere pawns and which have become flashpoints for conflict in our century – this book is an important contribution to the ongoing debate.

Grand Strategies in War and Peace

Author: Paul M. Kennedy

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300056662

Category: Political Science

Page: 228

View: 9838

In this book, eminent historians-among them Sir Michael Howard, J. H. Elliott, Douglas Porch, and Paul Kennedy-look at how the United States, the Soviet Union, and various European powers have developed their 'grand strategies'-how they have integrated their political, economic, and military goals in order to preserve their long-term interests in times of war and peace. While providing insightful historical analysis of past and present grand strategies, the contributors also offer incisive advice on the future directions nations should take.

Causes of War

Author: Jack S. Levy,William R. Thompson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444357093

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 5630

Written by leading scholars in the field, Causes of War provides the first comprehensive analysis of the leading theories relating to the origins of both interstate and civil wars. Utilizes historical examples to illustrate individual theories throughout Includes an analysis of theories of civil wars as well as interstate wars -- one of the only texts to do both Written by two former International Studies Association Presidents

Rivalry and Revenge

Author: Laia Balcells

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107118697

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 3329

This book explores the motives of local political elites and armed groups in carrying out violence against civilians during civil war.

Churchill and Company

Allies and Rivals in War and Peace

Author: David Dilks

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 1780769679

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 4263

Winston Churchill is one of the dominating figures of the 20th century. In this stimulating and original book, David Dilks presents Churchill, not only as a war leader and international statesman, but also as a private person with a rich variety of friendships and rivalries. New and penetrating light is directed on Churchill during World War II. This was a period of dramatic relationships: conflicts with General de Gaulle in contrast with respect and affection for Roosevelt (feelings not entirely reciprocated by the American president). In the post-war era, relations with Stalin, and precoccupation with the Soviet Union and the Cold War all dominated Churchill's subsequent career, a time when he was able to renew his working relationship with his wartime colleague General - now President - Eisenhower. Whether in or out of office, Churchill's influence was felt in all areas of British politics. David Dilks brings Churchill vividly to life for all those interested in modern British, military and international history.

A Separate Peace

Author: John Knowles

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1476777039

Category: Fiction

Page: 204

View: 6528

An American classic and great bestseller for over thirty years, A Separate Peace is timeless in its description of adolescence during a period when the entire country was losing its innocence to World War II. Set at a boys' boarding school in New England during the early years of World War II, A Separate Peace is a harrowing and luminous parable of the dark side of adolescence. Gene is a lonely, introverted intellectual. Phineas is a handsome, taunting, daredevil athlete. What happens between the two friends one summer, like the war itself, banishes the innocence of these boys and their world.

Creating Peace in Sri Lanka

Civil War and Reconciliation

Author: Robert I. Rotberg

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815713494

Category: Political Science

Page: 234

View: 6144

Sri Lanka, one of the most promising states in Asia following independence in 1948, has been torn apart for the past fifteen years by a vicious civil war. The majority Sinhala and minority Tamils have killed each other with increasing ferocity. The Tamils, who are primarily Hindu, fear losing their identity and being overwhelmed by the majority, who are Buddhist. The Sinhala, in turn, fear that the Tamils, with the backing of their ethnic kin in the Indian province of Tamil Nadu, will destabilize and take over control of the Sri Lankan government. Colonial-era rivalries and deep-rooted distrust fuel the tensions. What will bring about an end to this destructive conflict, and how will the island nation heal its physical and psychic wounds following a peace? How will a sustainable peace be arranged? Can mediation help? This book of essays by Sri Lankan and Western authors examines the causes of war and the possibilities for peace. Contributors are Chandra R. de Silva, Old Dominion University; Rohan Edrisinha, University of Colombo; Saman Kelegama, Institute of Policy Studies of Sri Lanka; David Little, United States Institute of Peace; Darini Rajasingham-Senanayake, Columbia University; Teresita C. Schaffer, former U.S. Ambassador to Sri Lanka; David Scott, Johns Hopkins University; Donald R. Snodgrass, Harvard Institute for International Development; Jayadeva Uyangoda, Sri Lanka Foundation; William Weisberg and Donna Hicks, Harvard University. A World Peace Foundation Book

The Great War for Peace

Author: William Mulligan

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300173776

Category: History

Page: 456

View: 6348

Offers an assessment of the first two decades of the twentieth century, and especially the First World War, that argues that these years played an essential part in the creation of a peaceful global order.

Making Peace in Drug Wars

Crackdowns and Cartels in Latin America

Author: Benjamin Lessing

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108196357

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 7446

Over the past thirty years, a new form of conflict has ravaged Latin America's largest countries, with well-armed drug cartels fighting not only one another but the state itself. In Colombia, Mexico, and Brazil, leaders cracked down on cartels in hopes of restoring the rule of law and the state's monopoly on force. Instead, cartels fought back - with bullets and bribes - driving spirals of violence and corruption that make mockeries of leaders' state-building aims. Fortunately, some policy reforms quickly curtailed cartel-state conflict, but they proved tragically difficult to sustain. Why do cartels fight states, if not to topple or secede from them? Why do some state crackdowns trigger and exacerbate cartel-state conflict, while others curb it? This study argues that brute-force repression generates incentives for cartels to fight back, while policies that condition repression on cartel violence can effectively deter cartel-state conflict. The politics of drug war, however, make conditional policies all too fragile.

The Trouble with the Congo

Local Violence and the Failure of International Peacebuilding

Author: Séverine Autesserre

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521191009

Category: History

Page: 311

View: 9334

The Trouble with the Congo suggests a new explanation for international peacebuilding failures in civil wars. Drawing from more than 330 interviews and a year and a half of field research, it develops a case study of the international intervention during the Democratic Republic of the Congo's unsuccessful transition from war to peace and democracy (2003-2006). Grassroots rivalries over land, resources, and political power motivated widespread violence. However, a dominant peacebuilding culture shaped the intervention strategy in a way that precluded action on local conflicts, ultimately dooming the international efforts to end the deadliest conflict since World War II. Most international actors interpreted continued fighting as the consequence of national and regional tensions alone. UN staff and diplomats viewed intervention at the macro levels as their only legitimate responsibility. The dominant culture constructed local peacebuilding as such an unimportant, unfamiliar, and unmanageable task that neither shocking events nor resistance from select individuals could convince international actors to reevaluate their understanding of violence and intervention.

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