Search Results: war-and-peace-in-international-rivalry

War and Peace in International Rivalry

Author: Paul F. Diehl,Gary Goertz

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472088485

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 462

How do enduring rivalries between states affect international relations?

Zones of Peace in the Third World

South America and West Africa in Comparative Perspective

Author: Arie Marcelo Kacowicz

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791439579

Category: Political Science

Page: 267

View: 1708

Provides a critique and an extention of the "democratic peace" theory by focusing on the regional level and by offering alternative explanations for the maintenance of democratic and non-democratic "zones of peace."

India-Pakistan in War and Peace

Author: J. N. Dixit

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0203301102

Category: Political Science

Page: 504

View: 823

As the Kashmir dispute brings India and Pakistan ominously close to nuclear war this book provides a compelling account of the history and politics of these two great South Asian rivals. Like the Israel-Palestine struggle, the Indian-Pakistan rivalry is a legacy of history. The two countries went to war within months of becoming independent and, over the following half-century, they have fought three other wars and clashed at the United Nations and every other global forum. It is a complex conflict, over religion and territory with two diametrically opposed views of nationhood and national imagination. J.N. Dixit, former Foreign Secretary of India, and one of the world's leading authorities on the region, has written a balanced and very readable account of the most tempestuous and potentially dangerous flashpoint in international politics.

Democracy, War, and Peace in the Middle East

Author: David Garnham,Mark A. Tessler

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253209399

Category: History

Page: 294

View: 8958

"... this volume is a highly valuable contribution to our understanding of the relation between democracy and peace in the Middle East, as well as in international politics in general.... this book will continue to be of value and interest for some time to come." --The Historian "This book is a useful collection of essays on Middle East politics and international relations presented in a reader-friendly interdisciplinary fashion." --Israel Studies Bulletin "... this is an important collection of challenging papers." --Studies in Contemporary Jewry "... one of the first books that specifically focuses on the possible links between democracy and peace in the region. It is entertaining and highly useful." --MESA Bulletin What are the prospects for continued movement toward democracy in the Arab world, and what form is democracy likely to take? What impact will democratization have on war and peace in the Middle East? Scholars explore these issues in this timely book.

From War to Peace

Altered Strategic Landscapes in the Twentieth Century

Author: Gualterus Burlaeus

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300080100

Category: History

Page: 325

View: 7187

In this collection, a dozen scholars of international affairs consider the 20th century's recurring failure to construct a peaceful and stable international order in the wake of war. They reflect on the difficulties faced by governments as they sought to secure a world order.

What Do We Know about War?

Author: John A. Vasquez

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442212632

Category: Political Science

Page: 390

View: 5380

What Do We Know about War? reviews the research on causes of war and the conditions of peace over the past forty-five years. Leading scholars explore the critical roles of territorial disputes, alliances, arms races, rivalry, and nuclear weapons in bringing about war as well as the factors promoting peace, including democracy, norms, stable borders, and capitalist economies. Considering what has been learned about the causes of war and the conditions of peace in the ten years since the publication of the first edition, this invaluable text offers an accessible and up-to-date overview of current knowledge and an agenda for future research. Contributions by: Brett V. Benson, Paul F. Diehl, Colin Flint, Daniel S. Geller, Douglas M. Gibler, Gary Goertz, Paul R. Hensel, Choong-Nam Kang, Jack S. Levy, Zeev Maoz, Sara McLaughlin Mitchell, Michael Mousseau, Karen Rasler, Susan G. Sample, William R. Thompson, Brandon Valeriano, John A. Vasquez, and Peter Wallensteen.

Becoming Rivals

The Process of Interstate Rivalry Development

Author: Brandon Valeriano

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136245308

Category: Political Science

Page: 168

View: 6144

Rivalries are a fundamental aspect of all international interactions. The concept of rivalry suggests that historic animosity may be the most fundamental variable in explaining and understanding why states commit international violence against each other. By understanding the historic factors behind the emergence of rivalry, the strategies employed by states to deal with potential threats, and the issues endemic to enemies, this book seeks to understand and predict why states become rivals. The recent increase in the quantitative study of rivalry has largely identified who the rivals are, but not how they form and escalate. Questions about the escalation of rivalry are important if we are to understand the nature of conflictual interactions. This book addresses an important research gap in the field by directly tackling the question of rivalry formation. In addition to making new contributions to the literature, this book will summarize a cohesive model of how all interstate rivalries form by using both quantitative and qualitative methods and sources.

South Asia

Beyond the Global Financial Crisis

Author: Amitendu Palit

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814335258

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 179

View: 8915

South Asia: Beyond the Global Financial Crisis (K Shanmugam); South Asia and the Global Financial Crisis: Impacts and Implications (A Palit); Global Crisis, Financial Institutions and Reforms: An EME Perspective (D M Nachane); Socio-Economic Developments in South Asia: Issues and Outlook (M S Aiyar); Political Developments in South Asia: Issues and Outlook (S Aziz); The Major Powers and Conflicts in South Asia (T V Paul); Religious Extremism and Terrorism in Pakistan: Challenges for National Security (R B Rais); Prospects for Conflict Resolutions in South Asia (D Jayatilleka); India, Pakistan and Bangladesh: 'Trilateralism' in South Asia? (I A Chowdhury).

International Mediation

Author: Paul F. Diehl,J. Michael Greig

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745661440

Category: Political Science

Page: 160

View: 6156

Conflicts in the international system, both among and within states, bring death, destruction, and human misery. Understanding how third parties use mediation to encourage settlements and establish a durable peace among belligerents is vital for managing these conflicts. Among many features, this book empirically examines the history of post-World War II mediation efforts to: Chart the historical changes in the types of conflicts that mediation addresses and the links between different mediation efforts across time. Explore the roles played by providers of mediation in the international system - namely, individuals, states, and organizations - in managing violent conflicts. Gauge the influence of self-interest and altruism as motivating forces that determine which conflicts are mediated and which are ignored. Evaluate what we know about the willingness of parties in conflict to accept mediation, when and why it is most effective, and discuss the future challenges facing mediators in the contemporary world. Drawing on a wide range of examples from the Oslo Accords and Good Friday Agreement to efforts to manage the civil wars in Burundi, Tajikistan, and Bosnia, this book is an indispensable guide to international mediation for students, practitioners, and general readers seeking to understand better how third parties can use mediation to deal with the globe’s trouble spots.

Scare Tactics

The Politics of International Rivalry

Author: Michael P. Colaresi

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

ISBN: 9780815630661

Category: Political Science

Page: 262

View: 1414

Colaresi contends, however, that if leaders avoid threat Inflation and rivalry outbidding, a deteriorating status quo can also spur cooperation and peace."--Jacket.

The War Puzzle

Author: John A. Vasquez

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521366748

Category: Political Science

Page: 378

View: 9115

This book constructs a new scientific explanation of the causes of war. The author describes systematically those factors common to wars between equal states to see if there is a pattern that suggests why war occurs and delineates the typical path by which relatively equal states have become embroiled in wars with one another in the modern global system. The book differs from others in that it employs the large number of empirical findings generated in the past twenty-five years to solve the puzzle of war and peace.

Sex and World Peace

Author: Valerie M. Hudson,Bonnie Ballif-Spanvill,Mary Caprioli,Chad F. Emmett

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231520093

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 5880

Sex and World Peace unsettles a variety of assumptions in political and security discourse, demonstrating that the security of women is a vital factor in the security of the state and its incidence of conflict and war. The authors compare micro-level gender violence and macro-level state peacefulness in global settings, supporting their findings with detailed analyses and color maps. Harnessing an immense amount of data, they call attention to discrepancies between national laws protecting women and the enforcement of those laws, and they note the adverse effects on state security of abnormal sex ratios favoring males, the practice of polygamy, and inequitable realities in family law, among other gendered aggressions. The authors find that the treatment of women informs human interaction at all levels of society. Their research challenges conventional definitions of security and democracy and shows that the treatment of gender, played out on the world stage, informs the true clash of civilizations. In terms of resolving these injustices, the authors examine top-down and bottom-up approaches to healing wounds of violence against women, as well as ways to rectify inequalities in family law and the lack of parity in decision-making councils. Emphasizing the importance of an R2PW, or state responsibility to protect women, they mount a solid campaign against women's systemic insecurity, which effectively unravels the security of all.

Great Power Rivalries

Author: William R. Thompson

Publisher: Univ of South Carolina Press

ISBN: 9781570032790

Category: History

Page: 414

View: 5969

Rivalries are one of the most important and most misunderstood elements in world politics. While studies of wars, crises, and disputes are common in the international arena, scholars have been slow to appreciate that these violent events tend to be the outcomes of protracted conflict relationships. Rather than focus solely on the dramatic outbursts of interstate feuds, studies are beginning to examine their antecedents and view rivalries as ongoing processes.Great Power Rivalries edited by William R. Thompson concentrates on major interstate rivalries of the past 500 years, ranging from that between Britain and France to the cold-war rivalry of the United States and the Soviet Union. In thirteen case studies, the contributors focus on strategic competition, paying particular attention to the transition from commercial to strategic rivalry. Each case study, in conjunction with other arguments, answers a common set of questions pertaining to the rivalry's life cycle, stakes, escalatory dynamics,priority in the foreign policy agendas of its decision-makers, and intersections with other rivalries.The studies are presented in three groups: rivalries between land powers with continental orientations; leading maritime powers and challengers from within their ranks; and leading maritime powers and challengers from outside the maritime ranks. The essays are biased toward leading sea powers and their challengers for political and economic predominance because these powers have been so important in the evolution of world politics, as have their rivalries, which have formed a fundamental conflict armature for the international system.While world politics is currently in a phase ofunusually limited great power rivalry in the aftermath of the cold war, there is no guarantee that this relative peace will become a permanent feature of international relations. Regardless of the nature of the great power rivalries

Social Science Concepts

A User's Guide

Author: Gary Goertz

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691124116

Category: Political Science

Page: 296

View: 8274

Concepts lie at the core of social science theory and methodology. They provide substance to theories; they form the basis of measurement; they influence the selection of cases. Social Science Concepts: A Users Guide explores alternative means of concept construction and their impact on the role of concepts in measurement, case selection, and theories. While there exists a plethora of books on measurement, scaling, and the like, there are virtually no books devoted to the construction and analysis of concepts and their role in the research enterprise. Social Science Concepts: A Users Guide provides detailed and practical advice on the construction and use of social science concepts; a Web site provides classroom exercises. It uses a wide range of examples from political science and sociology such as revolution, welfare state, international disputes and war, and democracy to illustrate the theoretical and practical issues of concept construction and use. It explores the means of constructing complex, multilevel, and multidimensional concepts. In particular, it examines the classic necessary and sufficient condition approach to concept building and contrasts it with the family resemblance approach. The consequences of valid concept construction are explored in both qualitative and quantitative analyses. Social Science Concepts: A Users Guide will prove an indispensable guide for graduate students and scholars in the social sciences. More broadly, it will appeal to scholars in any field who wish to think more carefully about the concepts used to create theories and research designs. For Course Use: Social Science Concepts: A Users Guide has been written with classroom use in mind. Many of the chapters have been successfully taught at the Annual Training Institute on Qualitative Research Methods which is sponsored by the Consortium on Qualitative Research Methods. Feedback from those experiences has been incorporated into the text. Each chapter provides useful, practical, and detailed advice on how to construct, evaluate, and use concepts. To make the volume more useful, an extensive set of classroom exercises is available from the author's Web page at http://www.u.arizona.edu/~ggoertz/social_science_concepts.html. These include questions about prominent published work on concepts, measures, and case selection; in addition there are logic exercises and questions regarding large-N applications.

Rivalry and Alliance Politics in Cold War Latin America

Author: Christopher Darnton

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421413612

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 5036

Rivalry and Alliance Politics in Cold War Latin America, Christopher Darnton’s comparative study of the nature of conflict between Latin American states during the Cold War, provides a counterintuitive and shrewd explanation of why diplomacy does or doesn’t work. Specifically, he develops a theory that shows how the "parochial interests" of state bureaucracies can overwhelm national leaders’ foreign policy initiatives and complicate regional alliances. His thorough evaluation of several twentieth-century Latin American conflicts covers the gamut of diplomatic disputes from border clashes to economic provocations to regional power struggles. Darnton examines the domestic political and economic conditions that contribute either to rivalry (continued conflict) or rapprochement (diplomatic reconciliation) while assessing the impact of U.S. foreign policy. Detailed case studies provide not only a robust test of the theory but also a fascinating tour of Latin American history and Cold War politics, including a multilayered examination of Argentine-Brazilian strategic competition and presidential summits over four decades; three rivalries in Central America following Cuba’s 1959 revolution; and how the 1980s debt crisis entangled the diplomatic affairs of several Andean countries. These questions about international rivalry and rapprochement are of particular interest to security studies and international relations scholars, as they seek to understand what defuses regional conflicts, creates stronger incentives for improving diplomatic ties between states, and builds effective alliances. The analysis also bears fruit for contemporary studies of counterterrorism in its critique of parallels between the Cold War and the Global War on Terror, its examination of failed rapprochement efforts between Algeria and Morocco, and its assessment of obstacles to U.S. coalition-building efforts.

The Transformation of European Politics, 1763-1848

Author: Paul W. Schroeder

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198206545

Category: Political Science

Page: 894

View: 2670

This is the only modern study of European international politics to cover the entire timespan from the end of the Seven Years' War in 1763 to the revolutionary year of 1848.

Environmental Conflict

Author: Paul Francis Diehl,Nils Petter Gleditsch

Publisher: Boulder, Colo. : Westview Press

ISBN: 9780813397542

Category: Nature

Page: 343

View: 1954

This book is a collection of articles that deal with different aspects of the role of environmental factors in interstate and intrastate conflict. Specifically, the book considers the role of environmental change and degradation in promotion violent conflict, but also how cooperative efforts might forestall such undesirable consequences. In doing so, the chapters encompass much of the cutting-edge research in the area of the environmental security. All chapters have a strong empirical base and build upon the most recent research in the field of international conflict. Although there is heterogeneity in approach and scope, all the chapters are broadly concerned with theoretical issues and generally form a coherent whole around the theme that environmental factors may influence group and state decisions to employ violence. The book does not begin with a predisposition to a specific answer to what is an empirical question.

Strategic Rivalries in World Politics

Position, Space and Conflict Escalation

Author: Michael P. Colaresi,Karen Rasler,William R. Thompson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139468790

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 4186

International conflict is neither random nor inexplicable. It is highly structured by antagonisms between a relatively small set of states that regard each other as rivals. Examining the 173 strategic rivalries in operation throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, this book identifies the differences rivalries make in the probability of conflict escalation and analyzes how they interact with serial crises, arms races, alliances and capability advantages. The authors distinguish between rivalries concerning territorial disagreement (space) and rivalries concerning status and influence (position) and show how each leads to markedly different patterns of conflict escalation. They argue that rivals are more likely to engage in international conflict with their antagonists than non-rival pairs of states and conclude with an assessment of whether we can expect democratic peace, economic development and economic interdependence to constrain rivalry-induced conflict.

The Global Rivals

Author: Seweryn Bialer,Michael Mandelbaum

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 9781850431268

Category: Arms race

Page: 210

View: 3562

The India-Pakistan Conflict

An Enduring Rivalry

Author: T. V. Paul

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521671262

Category: History

Page: 273

View: 9496

This volume, first published in 2005, analyses the persistence of the India-Pakistan rivalry since 1947.

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