How Leaders Assess Military Threats
Author: Daryl G. Press
Publisher: Cornell University Press
Calculating Credibility examines—and ultimately rejects—a fundamental belief held by laypeople and the makers of American foreign policy: the notion that backing down during a crisis reduces a country's future credibility. Fear of diminished credibility motivated America's costly participation in the Korean and Vietnam wars, and, since the end of the Cold War, this concern has continued to guide American policy decisions. Daryl G. Press uses historical evidence, including declassified documents, to answer two crucial questions: When a country backs down in a crisis, does its credibility suffer? How do leaders assess their adversaries' credibility? Press illuminates the decision-making processes behind events such as the crises in Europe that preceded World War II, the superpower showdowns over Berlin in the 1950s and 60s, and the Cuban Missile Crisis. When leaders face the prospect of high-stakes military conflicts, Press shows, they do not assess their adversaries' credibility by peering into their opponents' past and evaluating their history of keeping or breaking commitments. Power and interests in the current crisis—not past actions—determine the credibility of a threat. Press demonstrates that threats are credible only if backed by sufficient power and only if pursuing important interests. Press believes that Washington's obsession with the dangers of backing down has made U.S. foreign policy unnecessarily rigid. In every competitive environment—sports, gambling, warfare—competitors use feints and bluffs to tremendous advantage. Understanding the real sources of credibility, Press asserts, would permit a more flexible, and more effective, foreign policy.
Author: Susan M. Collins,Dani Rodrik
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
Category: Political Science
This annual series provides comprehensive analysis on current and emerging issues of international trade and macroeconomics. Practitioners and academics contribute to each volume, with papers that provide an in-depth look at a particular topic. The third edition focuses on policy challenges for the next millennium. Contents include: "Fixing for Your Life" Guillermo Calvo and Carmen Reinhart (University of Maryland) "Verifiability and the Vanishing Intermediate Exchange Rate Regime" Jeffrey Frankel (Harvard University), Sergio Schmukler, and Luis Servén (World Bank) "Short- and Long-Run Integration: Do Capital Controls Matter?" Graciela Kaminsky (George Washington University) and Sergio Schmukler (World Bank) "The Role and Effectiveness of the WTO Dispute Settlement Mechanism" John H. Jackson (Georgetown University) "Regulatory Protectionism, Developing Nations, and a Two-Tier World Trade System" Richard E. Baldwin (Graduate Institute of International Studies) "Trade Policy: What's Next?" W. Bowman Cutter (Warburg Pincus), Richard Haass (Brookings Institution), and Daniel Tarullo (Georgetown University)
Saving Journalism in the Information Age
Author: Philip Meyer
Publisher: University of Missouri Press
"In this edition, Meyer's analysis of the correlation between newspaper quality and profitability is updated and applied to recent developments in the newspaper industry. Meyer argues that understanding the relationship between quality and profit is central to sustaining journalistic excellence and preserving journalism's unique social functions." -- Provided by the publisher.
Author: Stewart I. Donaldson,Christina A. Christie,Melvin M. Mark
Category: Social Science
What Counts as Credible Evidence in Applied Research and Evaluation thoroughly covers one of the most fundamental issues facing applied research and evaluation practice today - what counts as sound evidence for decision making? An internationally renowned line up of authors explore a wide range of issues that address the fundamental challenges of designing and executing high quality applied research and evaluation studies. Readers will come away from this volume with a new and clear understanding of the philosophical, theoretical, methodological, political, and ethical dimensions of gathering credible evidence to answer fundamental research and evaluation questions across diverse disciplinary boundaries and "real world" contexts.
Global Banks and Monetary Regimes
Author: Jana Grittersová
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
Category: Political Science
Explores multinational banks' role in enhancing monetary credibility, revealing the importance of market confidence in an interconnected world
A Multidisciplinary Approach, Fourth Edition
Author: Robert R. Hazelwood,Ann Wolbert Burgess
Publisher: CRC Press
U.S. Justice Department statistics indicate that only 26 percent of all rapes or attempted rapes are reported to law enforcement officials, and only slightly more than half of these result in the arrest of a suspect. Part of the problem lies in the public’s lack of faith in the criminal justice system’s ability to effectively deal with rape, victims, and the offenders. Practical Aspects of Rape Investigation: A Multidisciplinary Approach, Fourth Edition presents several new research findings and forensic techniques which enable agencies to overcome past impediments to successful intervention and prosecution. This revision of the perennial bestseller adds several new chapters and expertly advances the state of knowledge for police, health professionals, rape crisis staffs, and other criminal justice professionals. The book begins with a focus on the victim and reviews contemporary issues in the field of sexual violence, discusses the impact of sexual assault on the victim, and outlines victim care services. Then, from an investigative perspective, the book examines the relevance of fantasy, impulsive and ritualistic behavior, the personality of the offender, victim and offender interviews, geographic profiling, false allegations, and false confessions. A discussion of forensics and the court includes topics on collection of evidence, medical examinations and treatment, and trial preparation issues. Lastly, the book examines special populations with sections on pedophiles, female and juvenile offenders, drug-facilitated rape, sexual sadism, abuse of the elderly, and the timely topic of educator misconduct. This work was compiled by former FBI Agent Robert R. “Roy” Hazelwood and Ann Wolbert Burgess, Professor of Psychiatric Nursing at Boston College. The comprehensive text they have assembled is the definitive resource for those who must contend with the crimes of rape and other sexual assaults.
Author: Garth J.O. Fletcher
Publisher: Psychology Press
The examination and evaluation of folk psychology and lay cognition has been carried out predominantly in two domains: personality and social psychology, and the philosophy of psychology. Yet, work in these two areas has largely proceeded independently. The assumption on which this volume is founded is that a proper comparison between scientific cognition and folk ways of thought rests on an adequate study of both science and folk psychology. With this in mind, the author provides an analysis of the intricate, and often hidden, links between these two spheres. In doing so, the book poses two related questions. First, what is the nature of folk psychology and how is it related to scientific psychology? Second, of what should the relationship between folk psychology and scientific psychology consist? In answering these two questions, the author draws extensively from research and arguments in social psychology and social cognition, cognitive science, and the philosophy of science. The interdisciplinary approach gives the book a unique perspective that will be of interest to scholars working in social psychology, cognitive science, and philosophy of science. Written in a concise and accessible style, this volume is suitable for undergraduate and graduate students as well as a general psychological audience.
Author: Julia Weis
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
Category: Business & Economics
Master's Thesis from the year 2016 in the subject Tourism, grade: 1,5, Oxford Brookes University, language: English, abstract: Green marketing and branding is not a widely researched topic in a destination context. Therefore, this dissertation uses Switzerland and the new sustainable tourism campaign in 2017 as a case study to explore the field in terms of credibility and perception. The research is based on a document/website analysis, expert interviews and tourist questionnaires to explore and analyse opinions and views on the topic.
Author: Eric H. Boehm
Category: United States
Provides historical coverage of the United States and Canada from prehistory to the present. Includes information abstracted from over 2,000 journals published worldwide.
Create Value for Training, Get Respect for Your Ideas, and Boost Your Career
Author: Robert J. Rosania
Publisher: American Society for Training and Development
Category: Business & Economics
Training professionals are known for their dedication to the profession. However, many trainers are frustrated in their jobs because they feel the organization does not understand or respect the contribution they make. Bridging the gap is the purpose of the Credible Trainer. This book is designed to provide both new and experienced trainers with the tools, encouragment, and guidance to create value for themselves and the profession of training. One or two comprehensive self-assessment questionnaires to help readers assess their own path to prganizational credibility are featured in each chapter. -- Back Cover.
A New Deal
Author: Felix Dodds
Category: Business & Economics
'As we start the preparations for the Earth Summit in 2002, 10 years from Rio and 30 years from Stockholm, we need to set targets and dates that are realistic to deliver the change that is needed. There will also need to be a debate on the international machinery to achieve what we want, and 2002 will be significant in setting out the direction. This book has drawn in some of the key people who are working to make 2002 a significant event' FROM THE FOREWORD BY KLAUS TOPFER, EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR, UNITED NATIONS ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMME AND CENTRE FOR HUMAN SETTLEMENTS At the Earth Summit in Rio in 1992, world leaders adopted a comprehensive programme of action for implementing sustainable development worldwide. As preparations for Earth Summit 2002 proceed, leading players from around the world present a frank assessment of progress to date. They set goals and describe mechanisms that will enable the international community to complete the tasks set in Rio and prepare for new challenges and opportunities. This book will be a catalyst for the public and political momentum required to push forward the global sustainable development agenda.