Search Results: women-and-reform-in-a-new-england-community-1815-1860

Women and Reform in a New England Community, 1815-1860

Author: Carolyn J. Lawes

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 0813148189

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 8190

Interpretations of women in the antebellum period have long dwelt upon the notion of public versus private gender spheres. As part of the ongoing reevaluation of the prehistory of the women's movement, Carolyn Lawes challenges this paradigm and the primacy of class motivation. She studies the women of antebellum Worcester, Massachusetts, discovering that whatever their economic background, women there publicly worked to remake and improve their community in their own image. Lawes analyzes the organized social activism of the mostly middle-class, urban, white women of Worcester and finds that they were at the center of community life and leadership. Drawing on rich local history collections, Lawes weaves together information from city and state documents, court cases, medical records, church collections, newspapers, and diaries and letters to create a portrait of a group of women for whom constant personal and social change was the norm. Throughout Women and Reform in a New England Community, conventional women make seemingly unconventional choices. A wealthy Worcester matron helped spark a women-led rebellion against ministerial authority in the town's orthodox Calvinist church. Similarly, a close look at the town's sewing circles reveals that they were vehicles for political exchange as well as social gatherings that included men but intentionally restricted them to a subordinate role. By the middle of the nineteenth century, the women of Worcester had taken up explicitly political and social causes, such as an orphan asylum they founded, funded, and directed. Lawes argues that economic and personal instability rather than a desire for social control motivated women, even relatively privileged ones, into social activism. She concludes that the local activism of the women of Worcester stimulated, and was stimulated by, their interest in the first two national women's rights conventions, held in Worcester in 1850 and 1851. Far from being marginalized from the vital economic, social, and political issues of their day, the women of this antebellum New England community insisted upon being active and ongoing participants in the debates and decisions of their society and nation.


Eine Kulturgeschichte

Author: Marilyn Yalom,Theresa Donovan Brown

Publisher: btb Verlag

ISBN: 3641184940

Category: Social Science

Page: 416

View: 9109

Freundinnen – jede Frau hat sie, jeder braucht sie. In der heutigen westlichen Welt gilt Freundschaft unter Frauen als Selbstverständlichkeit. Doch ein Blick zurück zeigt: noch vor einigen Jahrhunderten waren »Freundinnen« so gut wie unbekannt, Freundschaften unter Frauen waren verpönt. In der Antike galten Frauen als das schwache Geschlecht, nur Männer seien intellektuell und emotional fähig, wirklich tiefgehende Freundschaften zu entwickeln und zu pflegen. Und auch heute noch gibt es Kulturen, in denen Frauen keine eigenständigen Freundschaften pflegen dürfen. Anhand zahlreicher Quellen werfen Marilyn Yalom und ihre Co-Autorin Theresa Donovan Brown einen höchst informativen und unterhaltsamen Blick auf die Entwicklung und das Verständnis von Frauenfreundschaft im Wandel der Zeit: von der Bibel und den Römern bis zur Aufklärung, von der Frauenbewegung der 60er Jahre bis zu Sex and the City.

Creating a Nation of Joiners

Democracy and Civil Society in Early National Massachusetts

Author: Johann N NEEM

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674041372

Category: History

Page: 269

View: 3755

Ever since Alexis de Tocqueville published his observations in Democracy in America, Americans have recognized the distinctiveness of their voluntary tradition. In a work of political, legal, social, and intellectual history, Neem traces the origins of this venerable tradition to the vexed beginnings of American democracy in Massachusetts.

Without Benefit of Clergy

Women and the Pastoral Relationship in Nineteenth-Century American Culture

Author: Karin E. Gedge

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190284749

Category: Religion

Page: 304

View: 838

The common view of the nineteenth-century pastoral relationship--found in both contemporary popular accounts and 20th-century scholarship--was that women and clergymen formed a natural alliance and enjoyed a particular influence over each other. In Without Benefit of Clergy, Karin Gedge tests this thesis by examining the pastoral relationship from the perspective of the minister, the female parishioner, and the larger culture. The question that troubled religious women seeking counsel, says Gedge, was: would their minister respect them, help them, honor them? Surprisingly, she finds, the answer was frequently negative. Gedge supports her conclusion with evidence from a wide range of previously untapped primary sources including pastoral manuals, seminary students' and pastors' journals, women's diaries and letters, pamphlets, sentimental and sensational novels, and The Scarlet Letter.

New Books on Women and Feminism

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Feminism

Page: N.A

View: 6998

Perfecting the Family

Antislavery Marriages in Nineteenth-century America

Author: Chris Dixon

Publisher: Univ of Massachusetts Press

ISBN: 9781558490680

Category: History

Page: 322

View: 642

For three turbulent decades before the outbreak of the Civil War, radical abolitionists labored to reform American society. Some carried the struggle beyond the public crusade against slavery, extending it into the private realm of family relations. Appalled by the horrors inflicted on black families in the Southern slave states, and concerned about the precise meaning of freedom in the North, they sought to make their own marriages into models of affection and equality. Chris Dixon creates a vivid portrait of these antislavery families, focusing on eight prominent couples. He examines the details of their domestic lives and reveals the relationship between their abolitionist and domestic ideologies, showing how they both confronted and conformed to the emergent bourgeois culture of ninteenth-century America. While radical abolitionists held men accountable for many of the corruptions that they felt were poisoning American life, they did not believe men were beyond redemption. As Dixon shows, the abolitionists set out to redefine masculinity by renouncing power and oppression in favor of intimacy and cooperation. Perfecting the Family examines the ways in which these reformers tried - with mixed success - to make those affectionate qualities the basis for a new, companionate type of marriage, in which women and men would go forward as equal partners.

Philanthropy and the Construction of Victorian Women's Citizenship

Lady Frederick Cavendish and Miss Emma Cons

Author: Andrea Geddes Poole

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442693541

Category: History

Page: 312

View: 3035

British social reformers Emma Cons (1838–1911) and Lucy Cavendish (1841–1924) broke new ground in their efforts to better the lot of the working poor in London: they hoped to transform these people’s lives through great art, music, high culture, and elite knowledge. Although they did not recognize it as such, their work was in many ways an affirmation and display of citizenship. This book uses Cons’s and Cavendish’s partnership and work as an illuminating point of departure for exploring the larger topic of women’s philanthropic campaigns in late Victorian and Edwardian society. Andrea Geddes Poole demonstrates that, beginning in the late 1860s, a shift was occurring from an emphasis on charity as a private, personal act of women’s virtuous duty to public philanthropy as evidence of citizenly, civic participation. She shows that, through philanthropic works, women were able to construct a separate public sphere through which they could speak directly to each other about how to affect matters of significant public policy – decades before women were finally granted the right to vote.

The Rise and Fall of Radical Westminster, 1780-1890

Author: M. Baer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137035293

Category: Political Science

Page: 363

View: 7943

The Rise and Fall of Radical Westminster, 1780-1890 explores a critical chapter in the story of Britain's transition to democracy. Utilising the remarkably rich documentation generated by Westminster elections, Baer reveals how the most radical political space in the age of oligarchy became the most conservative and tranquil in an age of democracy.

Nursing before Nightingale, 1815–1899

Author: Dr Judith Godden,Ms Carol Helmstadter

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 140948260X

Category: Medical

Page: 242

View: 7510

Nursing Before Nightingale is a study of the transformation of nursing in England from the beginning of the nineteenth century until the emergence of the Nightingale nurse as the standard model in the 1890s. From the nineteenth century on historians have considered Florence Nightingale, with her training school established at St. Thomas's Hospital in 1860, the founder of modern nursing. This book investigates two major earlier reforms in nursing: a doctor-driven reform which came to be called the 'ward system,' and the reforms of the Anglican Sisters, known as the 'central system' of nursing. Rather than being the beginning of nursing reform, Nightingale nursing was the culmination of these two earlier reforms. Recent historians of nursing have ascribed the nineteenth century makeover of nursing to two causes: medicalization by hospital doctors who found the old independent nurse practitioners a threat, and the inculcation of middle class values by philanthropists. By contrast this volume demonstrates that the real cause of nursing reform was the development of the new scientific medicine which emphasized supportive therapeutics and, as a result, became heavily dependent on skilled nursing for successful implementation of these treatments. The pre-industrial work ethic of the old hospital nurses could not meet the requirements of the new medicine. Recruitment and retention of working-class persons was also extremely difficult because nursing in the early nineteenth century formed the lowest rung of the occupation of domestic service and was a job of last resort. It was still more difficult to recruit educated women or 'ladies.' There were intricate interactions between the requirements of clinical nursing under hospital medicine's new regime on the one hand, and on the other, the contemporary ideal of a lady, class structure, economic realities, the reformation of manners, and the detrimental impact of violent denominational controversies in a very religious society. This book, therefore, will be of great value to those studying the history of medicine, labour, religion, gender studies and the rise of a respectable society in the nineteenth century.

Krone, Kirche und Verfassung

Konservatismus in den englischen Unterschichten 1815-1867

Author: Jörg Neuheiser

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3525370091

Category: History

Page: 349

View: 7494

"Warum kommt es in England im 19. Jahrhundert zu keiner Revolution? Historiker verbinden die auffällige Stabilität der englischen Gesellschaft mit einem doppelten Problem: Schon sehr früh gab es in England eine Arbeiterbewegung, die gemeinsam mit den Liberalen Reformen forderte und auch revolutionäre Vorstellungen entwickelte. Trotz einer nach 1815 scheinbar stark radikalisierten Bevölkerung blieb eine Revolution aber aus, und eine Arbeiterpartei entstand in England später als in anderen europäischen Staaten. Seit 20 Jahren wird dieser Widerspruch üblicherweise mit der Komplexität sozialer und politischer Identitätsbildung innerhalb der Unterschichten erklärt. Verwiesen wird auf die lange dominante Tradition des englischen Liberalismus und Radikalismus, der auch die Reformbewegungen der Arbeiterschaft prägte. Mit dem vorliegenden Buch müssen solche Erklärungen erweitert werden. Es beschreibt eine bisher ignorierte lange Tradition des Konservatismus, die erhebliche Teile der englischen Unterschichten beeinflusste und zur Stabilität der englischen Gesellschaft beitrug. Dieser "Konservatismus von unten" kreiste um die Popularität der Monarchie, einem loyalistischen Patriotismus und ein protestantisches Selbstverständnis. Damit verbunden waren antikatholische Haltungen und ein paternalistisches Ideal von sozialer Gerechtigkeit, das einen Ausgleich zwischen sozialen Eliten und Unterschichten ermöglichte. In einer vergleichenden Lokalstudie werden bekannte Phänomene wie antikatholische Ausschreitungen neu interpretiert und bisher kaum erforschte Entwicklungen wie die frühen konservativen Arbeitervereine und Feiern im Umfeld der Monarchie untersucht, um das Bild der politischen Vorstellungen innerhalb der englischen Unterschichten um eine konservative Dimension zu erweitern."--Publisher's website.

Appletons' Annual Cyclopedia and Register of Important Events

Embracing Political, Military, and Ecclesiastical Affairs; Public Documents; Biography, Statistics, Commerce, Finance, Literature, Science, Agriculture, and Mechanical Industry

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Encyclopedias and dictionaries

Page: N.A

View: 1808

Uneasy Allies

Working for Labor Reform in Nineteenth-century Boston

Author: David A. Zonderman

Publisher: Univ of Massachusetts Press

ISBN: 1558498664

Category: History

Page: 312

View: 3365

Throughout the nineteenth century, working-class activists and middle-class reformers in Boston strived to build alliances in the campaign for labor reform. Though some of these organizations have been familiar to historians for more than a century, this is the first study to trace these cross-class groups from their origins in the early 1830s to the dawn of the Progressive Era. In addition to analyzing what motivated these workers and reformers to work together, David Zonderman examines the internal tactical debates and external political pressures that fractured them, even as new alliances were formed, and shows how these influences changed over time. He describes what workers and reformers learned about politics and social change within these complex and volatile alliances, and speculates as to whether those lessons have relevance for activists and reformers today. "In this thoroughly researched and engagingly written study, we have the opportunity to see how communitarians, antislavery activists, shorter workday advocates, and those outraged by the exploitation of women and children attempted to cooperate with working-class organizations. This important work not only helps us understand the past but also think about the future of work, reform, and political strategies.” ---Ken Fones-Wolf, author of Glass Towns: Industry, Labor and Political Economy in Central Appalachia, 1890-1930s "By illuminating how laboring people and non-working class reformers joined together in nineteenth-century America to strive for social justice, David Zonderman throws valuable light on a topic that has too often received only intermittent and sidelong attention. The story is complex, but his analysis is cogent and persuasive. We will be referring to these pages for years to come.” ---Jonathan Prude, author of The Coming of the Industrial Order: Town and Factory Life in Rural Massachusetts, 1810-1860

The new American cyclopædia, ed. by G. Ripley and C.A. Dana

Author: American cyclopaedia

Publisher: N.A



Page: N.A

View: 744


Author: N.A

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Page: N.A

View: 8472

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 9969

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.


Author: N.A

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Achtzig Jahre und mehr

Author: Elizabeth Cady Stanton

Publisher: ein-FACH-verlag

ISBN: 3928089587


Page: 410

View: 2191

The New American Cyclopaedia

A Popular Dictionary of General Knowledge

Author: George Ripley,Charles Anderson Dana

Publisher: N.A


Category: Encyclopedias and dictionaries

Page: N.A

View: 2762

American Christianities

A History of Dominance and Diversity

Author: Catherine A. Brekus,W. Clark Gilpin

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 0807869147

Category: Religion

Page: 544

View: 7347

From the founding of the first colonies until the present, the influence of Christianity, as the dominant faith in American society, has extended far beyond church pews into the wider culture. Yet, at the same time, Christians in the United States have disagreed sharply about the meaning of their shared tradition, and, divided by denominational affiliation, race, and ethnicity, they have taken stances on every side of contested public issues from slavery to women's rights. This volume of twenty-two original essays, contributed by a group of prominent thinkers in American religious studies, provides a sophisticated understanding of both the diversity and the alliances among Christianities in the United States and the influences that have shaped churches and the nation in reciprocal ways. American Christianities explores this paradoxical dynamic of dominance and diversity that are the true marks of a faith too often perceived as homogeneous and monolithic. Contributors: Catherine L. Albanese, University of California, Santa Barbara James B. Bennett, Santa Clara University Edith Blumhofer, Wheaton College Ann Braude, Harvard Divinity School Catherine A. Brekus, University of Chicago Divinity School Kristina Bross, Purdue University Rebecca L. Davis, University of Delaware Curtis J. Evans, University of Chicago Divinity School Tracy Fessenden, Arizona State University Kathleen Flake, Vanderbilt University Divinity School W. Clark Gilpin, University of Chicago Divinity School Stewart M. Hoover, University of Colorado at Boulder Jeanne Halgren Kilde, University of Minnesota David W. Kling, University of Miami Timothy S. Lee, Brite Divinity School, Texas Christian University Dan McKanan, Harvard Divinity School Michael D. McNally, Carleton College Mark A. Noll, University of Notre Dame Jon Pahl, The Lutheran Theological Seminary at Philadelphia Sally M. Promey, Yale University Jon H. Roberts, Boston University Jonathan D. Sarna, Brandeis University

Citizens and Saints

Politics and Anti-Politics in Early British Socialism

Author: Gregory Claeys

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521364904

Category: History

Page: 360

View: 1521

This book examines the emergence of early socialist ideas, focusing on British Owenite socialism.

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