Search Results: world-agriculture-in-disarray

World Agriculture in Disarray

Author: David Gale Johnson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1349212482

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 365

View: 7411

Revised and updated, this edition makes use of new empirical material to examine the effect of market and trade restrictions on farm people. It argues that these policies have little or no effect on the welfare of such communities.

World Agriculture

Towards 2010 : an FAO Study

Author: Nikos Alexandratos

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9789251035900

Category: Agriculture

Page: 488

View: 5682

Finishing Global Farm Trade Reform:

Implications for developing countries

Author: Kym Anderson

Publisher: University of Adelaide Press

ISBN: 1925261352

Category: Political Science

Page: 144

View: 8141

This study reviews policy developments in recent years and, in the light of that, explores ways in which further consensus might be reached among WTO members to reduce farm trade distortions – and thereby also progress the multilateral trade reform agenda. Particular attention is given to ways that would boost well-being in developing countries, especially for those food-insecure households still suffering from poverty and hunger.

The Economics of Agriculture, Volume 2

Papers in Honor of D. Gale Johnson

Author: David Gale Johnson,John M. Antle

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226401751

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 456

View: 5539

D. Gale Johnson, one of the world's foremost agricultural economists, has over the last five decades changed the conduct of research on agricultural economics and policy. The papers brought together in The Economics of Agriculture reveal the breadth and depth of his influence on the creation of modern agricultural economics. Volume 1 collects for the first time in one source Johnson's most important work. These classic papers explore the consequences of government intervention in United States and world agriculture; the economics of agricultural supply and of rural labor and human capital issues; and the analysis of agricultural productivity in poor countries, including the centrally planned economies of China and Eastern Europe. Models of precise reasoning and powerful empirical research, the papers cover a wide range of topics—from U.S. commodity price policy to the economics of population control and farm policy reform in China. Volume 1 includes a definitive bibliography of Johnson's published writings. Volume 2 presents twenty-two papers by Johnson's former students and colleagues. International in scope, these papers explore themes and topics inspired by Johnson's work, including agricultural policy and U.S. farm prices; European Common Agricultural Policy; and agricultural and rural development in the Third World. Contributors to Volume 2 are David G. Abler, John M. Antle, Richard R. Barichello, Andrew P. Barkley, Karen Brooks, David S. Bullock, Robert E. Evenson, B. Delworth Gardner, Bruce L. Gardner, Dale M. Hoover, Wallace E. Huffman, Paul R. Johnson, Yoav Kislev, Justin Yifu Lin, Yair Mundlak, John Nash, Keijuro Otsuka, Willis Peterson, Todd E. Petzel, Vernon W. Ruttan, Maurice Schiff, G. Edward Schuh, Theodore W. Schultz, James Snyder, Vasant Sukhatme, Daniel A. Sumner, Vinod Thomas, George Tolley, and Alberto Valdes.

Disarray in World Food Markets

A Quantitative Assessment

Author: Rod Tyers,Kym Anderson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521351058

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 444

View: 6577

This book was first published in 1992. In the late twentieth century, the crisis in world agriculture had become increasingly evident as the protectionist agricultural policies of various countries distort the international market. Why had agricultural policies become more inward-looking as the world becomes increasingly interdependent economically? Disarray in World Food Markets addresses the nature and causes of this crisis in international trade policy. Its analysis of the effects of these food policies is complemented by a quantitative review of the long-term trends in world food markets. The study also extensively examines the reasons why governments choose to implement distortionary policies. This ambitious book, based on a dynamic, multi-commodity model of world food markets, will be an important reference work for all with an interest in trade policy, particularly in countries active in the trade negotiations.

Distortions to Agricultural Incentives

A Global Perspective, 1955-2007

Author: Kym Anderson

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821376667

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 644

View: 5056

This volume in the 'Distortions to Agricultural Incentives' series focus on distortions to agricultural incentives from a global perspective.

The World Trading System

Author: Robert Howse

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415123686

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 472

View: 1254

Volume 1 = Historical and conceptual foundations ; Volume 2 = Dispute settlement in the world ; Volume 3 = Administered protection ; Volume 4 = The Uruguay round and beyond.

Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Africa

Author: Kym Anderson,William A. Masters

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821376645

Category: Political Science

Page: 656

View: 7322

The vast majority of the world s poorest households depend on farming for their livelihoods. During the 1960s and 1970s, most developing countries imposed pro-urban and anti-agricultural policies, while many high-income countries restricted agricultural imports and subsidized their farmers. Both sets of policies inhibited economic growth and poverty alleviation in developing countries. Although progress has been made over the past two decades to reduce those policy biases, many trade- and welfare-reducing price distortions remain between agriculture and other sectors and within the agricultural sector of both rich and poor countries. Comprehensive empirical studies of the disarray in world agricultural markets appeared approximately 20 years ago. Since then, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development has provided estimates each year of market distortions in high-income countries, but there have been no comparable estimates for the world s developing countries. This volume is the third in a series (other volumes cover Asia, Europe s transition economies, and Latin America and the Caribbean) that not only fills that void for recent years but extends the estimates in a consistent and comparable way back in time and provides analytical narratives for scores of countries that shed light on the evolving nature and extent of policy interventions over the past half-century. 'Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Africa' provides an overview of the evolution of distortions to agricultural incentives caused by price and trade policies in the Arab Republic of Egypt plus 20 countries that account for about of 90 percent of Sub-Saharan Africa s population, farm households, agricultural output, and overall GDP. Sectoral, trade, and exchange rate policies in the region have changed greatly since the 1950s, and there have been substantial reforms since the 1980s. Nonetheless, numerous price distortions in this region remain, others have been added in recent years, and there has also been some backsliding, such as in Zimbabwe. The new empirical indicators in these country studies provide a strong evidence-based foundation for assessing the successes and failures of the past and for evaluating policy options for the years ahead.

Agriculture in Capitalist Europe, 1945–1960

From Food Shortages to Food Surpluses

Author: Carin Martiin,Juan Pan-Montojo,Paul Brassley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315465922

Category: History

Page: 298

View: 2276

In the years before the Second World War agriculture in most European states was carried out on peasant or small family farms using technologies that relied mainly on organic inputs and local knowledge and skills, supplying products into a market that was partly local or national, partly international. The war applied a profound shock to this system. In some countries farms became battlefields, causing the extensive destruction of buildings, crops and livestock. In others, farmers had to respond to calls from the state for increased production to cope with the effects of wartime disruption of international trade. By the end of the war food was rationed when it was obtainable at all. Only fifteen years later the erstwhile enemies were planning ways of bringing about a single agricultural market across much of continental western Europe, as farmers mechanised, motorized, shed labour, invested capital, and adopted new technologies to increase output. This volume brings together scholars working on this period of dramatic technical, commercial and political change in agriculture, from the end of the Second World War to the emergence of the Common Agricultural Policy in the early 1960s. Their work is structured around four themes: the changes in the international political order within which agriculture operated; the emergence of a range of different market regulation schemes that preceded the CAP; changes in technology and the extent to which they were promoted by state policy; and the impact of these political and technical changes on rural societies in western Europe.

Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Asia

Author: Kym Anderson,Will Martin

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821376638

Category: Political Science

Page: 608

View: 9572

The vast majority of the world's poorest households depend on farming for their livelihoods. During the 1960s and 1970s, most developing countries imposed pro-urban and anti-agricultural policies, while many high-income countries restricted agricultural imports and subsidized their farmers. Both sets of policies inhibited economic growth and poverty alleviation in developing countries. Although progress has been made over the past two decades to reduce those policy biases, many trade- and welfare-reducing price distortions remain between agriculture and other sectors and within the agricultural sector of both rich and poor countries. Comprehensive empirical studies of the disarray in world agricultural markets appeared approximately 20 years ago. Since then, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development had provided estimates each year of market distortions in high-income countries, but there have been no comparable estimates for the world's developing countries. This volume is the third in a series (other volumes cover Africa, Europe's transition economices, and Latin America and the Caribbean) that not only fills that void for recent years but extends the estimates in a consistent and comparable way back in time and provides analytical narratives for scores of countries that shed light on the evolving nature and extent of policy interventions over the past half-century. 'Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Asia' provides an overview of the evolution of distortions to agricultural incentives caused by price and trade policies in the 12 largest economies of East and South Asia. Together these countries constitute more than 95 percent of the region's population, agricultural output, and overall GDP. Sectoral, trade, and exchange rate policies in the region have changed greatly since the 1950s, and there have been substantial reforms since the 1980s, most notably in China and India. Nonetheless, numerous price distortions in this region remain and others have added in recent years. The new empirical indicators in these country studies provide a strong evidence-based foundation for assessing the successes and failures of the past and for evaluating policy options for the years ahead.

The Economics of Agriculture, Volume 1

Selected Papers of D. Gale Johnson

Author: David Gale Johnson,John M. Antle

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226401720

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 362

View: 7934

D. Gale Johnson, one of the world's foremost agricultural economists, has over the last five decades changed the conduct of research on agricultural economics and policy. The papers brought together in The Economics of Agriculture reveal the breadth and depth of his influence on the creation of modern agricultural economics. Volume 1 collects for the first time in one source Johnson's most important work. These classic papers explore the consequences of government intervention in United States and world agriculture; the economics of agricultural supply and of rural labor and human capital issues; and the analysis of agricultural productivity in poor countries, including the centrally planned economies of China and Eastern Europe. Models of precise reasoning and powerful empirical research, the papers cover a wide range of topics—from U.S. commodity price policy to the economics of population control and farm policy reform in China. Volume 1 includes a definitive bibliography of Johnson's published writings. Volume 2 presents twenty-two papers by Johnson's former students and colleagues. International in scope, these papers explore themes and topics inspired by Johnson's work, including agricultural policy and U.S. farm prices; European Common Agricultural Policy; and agricultural and rural development in the Third World. Contributors to Volume 2 are David G. Abler, John M. Antle, Richard R. Barichello, Andrew P. Barkley, Karen Brooks, David S. Bullock, Robert E. Evenson, B. Delworth Gardner, Bruce L. Gardner, Dale M. Hoover, Wallace E. Huffman, Paul R. Johnson, Yoav Kislev, Justin Yifu Lin, Yair Mundlak, John Nash, Keijuro Otsuka, Willis Peterson, Todd E. Petzel, Vernon W. Ruttan, Maurice Schiff, G. Edward Schuh, Theodore W. Schultz, James Snyder, Vasant Sukhatme, Daniel A. Sumner, Vinod Thomas, George Tolley, and Alberto Valdes.

Shared Harvests

Agriculture, Trade and Employment

Author: David Cheong,Marion Jansen,Ralf Peters

Publisher: International Labour Organisation

ISBN: 9789221268123

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 392

View: 9123

Agriculture employs more than a billion people in developing countries, representing 48 percent of the labor force. Since many agricultural workers are members of poor households, the relationship between trade and jobs in the sector is highly relevant for poverty reduction and broader development strategies. Shared Harvests analyzes agricultural trade and labor markets in developing countries, particularly the creation and destruction of jobs in the agricultural sector. This volume assesses the employment impacts of agricultural trade at the country, regional, national, and global level and discusses national trade policies and regional and multilateral trade agreements. It examines how changes in productivity, food security, ruralurban migration, skills, and domestic regulation affect the relationship between trade and employment in the agricultural sector. The analysis highlights the importance of gradual trade liberalization with social protection and targeted promotion of agricultural productivity to enhance global competitiveness. Contributors include Ir Faridath Aboudou (Laboratoire d'Analyse Régionale et d'Expertise Sociale [LARES] Benin), Epiphane Adjovi (Conception et Analyse des Politiques de Développement [CAPOD], Benin), Taisuke Ito (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development [UNCTAD]), Stephen Karingi (United Nations Economic Commission for Africa [UNECA]), Ethiopia), Luis Linares (Asociación de Investigación y Estudios Sociales [ASIES], Guatemala), Mina Mashayekhi (UNCTAD), Simon Mevel (UNECA), Aleksandra Nikolić (University of Sarajevo), Pedro Prado (ASIES), Selim Raihan (University of Dhaka and South Asian Network on Economic Modeling, Bangladesh), Bio Goura Soulé (LARES), David Vanzetti (National University, Australia), and Raquel Zelaya (ASIES). Copublished with the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

Distortions to Agricultural Incentives

A Global Perspective, 1955-2007

Author: Kym Anderson

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821376667

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 644

View: 5680

This volume in the 'Distortions to Agricultural Incentives' series focus on distortions to agricultural incentives from a global perspective.

Evolving Food Gaps in the Middle East/North Africa

Prospects and Policy Implications

Author: Nabil Khaldi

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 9780896290488

Category: Social Science

Page: 74

View: 1407

World Agricultural Trade

Building a Consensus

Author: William Manning Miner,Dale E. Hathaway,Institute for Research on Public Policy,Institute for International Economics (U.S.)

Publisher: IRPP

ISBN: 9780886450717

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 218

View: 583

Companion Encyclopedia of Geography

The Environment and Humankind

Author: Ian Douglas,Richard John Huggett,Mike Robinson

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415277501

Category: Political Science

Page: 1021

View: 7780

The Companion Encyclopedia of Geography provides an authoritative and provocative source of reference for all those concerned with the earth and its people. Examining both physical and human geography and charting human activities within their habitat up to the present day, this Companion also asks what lies in the future: * A differentiated world * A world transformed by the growth of a global economy * The global scale of habitat modification * A world of questions * Changing worlds, changing geographies * Geographical futures. The forty-five self contained chapters are bound into a unifying whole by the editors' general and part introductions; each chapter provides details of the most useful sources of further reading and research, and the volume is concluded with a comprehensive index. This is an invaluable resource not only for students, teachers and researchers in the academic domain but also professionals in interested commercial and public-sector organisations.

The Oxford Companion to the Economics of China

Author: Shenggen Fan,Ravi Kanbur,Shang-Jin Wei,Xiaobo Zhang

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191030236

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 448

View: 3142

China's rise as an economic powerhouse raises a number of questions that are the subject of lively debate. How did the country do it? How applicable are the lessons of China's economic reform of the past thirty years to the challenges it faces in the next three decades? What does the detailed pattern of China's success and challenges look like the sub-sectoral and sub-national levels, and what does this mean for future policy? How will China's role as a global economic player evolve? This Oxford Companion to the Economics of China presents an original collection of perspectives on the Chinese economy's past, present and future. The contributors of these entries include: the best of young Chinese researchers based in China and outside; renowned academics from the top universities in China, Europe, and North America; present and past senior officials of international agencies like the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund; senior Chinese government officials from the Centre and the Provinces; and four recipients of the Nobel Prize in Economics. The Companion consists of 99 entries written by the leading China analysts of our time. The topics covered include: The China Model, Future Prospects for China , China and the Global Economy, Trade and the Chinese Economy, Macroeconomics and Finance, Urbanisation, Industry and Markets, Agriculture and Rural Development, Land, Infrastructure and Environment, Population and Labour, Dimensions of Wellbeing and Inequality, Health and Education, Gender Equity, Regional Divergence in China, and China's Provinces: Selected Perspectives. The Editors are four global leaders in Chinese economic analysis and policy who between them have held or hold the following positions: Director General, International Food Policy Research Institute; Co-Editor, China Economic Review; President Chinese Economists Society; Assistant Director of Research at the IMF; Principal Adviser to the Chief Economist of the World Bank; and Professors of Economics at Ivy League Universities.

Global Capitalism in Disarray

Inequality, Debt, and Austerity

Author: Andrés Solimano

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190626275

Category:

Page: 264

View: 4078

Global capitalism is affected by the malaises of stagnation, financial fragility, increased income inequality, growing wealth concentration at the top, and a vanishing fair social contract. This book focuses on the incidence of these phenomena in the US, UK, Greece, Spain, Chile, South Africa, Australia, China, and other countries. The book looks at the effects of IMF-ECB led austerity policies in Europe. The book examines concrete country and global conditions combining theory, country studies, historical evidence, and international comparative analysis. The book also proposes new policy priorities to restore stability, reduce inequality, and consolidate democracy in 21st century capitalism.

Lao Economic Reform & WTO Accession

Implications for Agriculture and Rural Development

Author: Kym Anderson

Publisher: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies

ISBN: 9812300481

Category: Agriculture

Page: 126

View: 7224

The unilateral and regional (ASEAN) trade and investment liberalizations pursued by the Lao PDR during the past few years have begun transforming the economy. The next logical step is to join the World Trade Organization, an application for which was submitted in 1998. The WTO legal bindings will give traders and investors increased confidence in the Lao reform programme. This book outlines what the WTO accession process involves, what policies the Lao Government will have to change, and what the economic effects will be, particularly on rural development.

Agricultural Protection in OECD Countries

Its Cost to Less-developed Countries

Author: Alberto Valdés,Joachim Zietz

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 9780896290228

Category: Social Science

Page: 58

View: 1835

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