The theme of this book is that light is an inseparable part of architectural design, and is intended to provide students of architecture and interior design with a graphic guideline to the fundamental role lighting plays in this process. While simple light sources may be enough to satisfy practical needs, the design process must expand beyond basic illumination. The challenge for architects and designers is the creation of luminous environments offering visual interest and a sense of well-being, while also meeting basic seeing needs. Technological advances provide opportunities for the lighting designer's creative introduction of light, and the visual and psychological perceptions of the illuminated architectural environment. Fundamentals of Architectural Lighting offers a complete comprehensive guide to the basics of lighting design, equipping students and practitioners with the tools and ideas they need to master a variety of lighting techniques. The book is extensively illustrated with over 250 illustrations to demonstrate basic principles and procedures. It is an excellent resource for anyone interested in the fundamentals of integrated lighting for architectural interior spaces.
An introduction to the latest version of Maya provides detailed coverage of essential product and workflow data and covers such topics as materials and textures, lighting effects, and rendering stills and animation.
Time-Saver Standards for Architectural Design Data, The Reference of Architectural Fundamentals
Author: The McGraw-Hill Professional Book Group
With this the Seventh edition, a 60-year publishing tradition continues for Time-Saver Standards. Conceived in the mid- 1930s as a compilation of reference articles, Time-Saver Standards features first appeared in American Architect, which subsequently merged with and continued the series in Architectural Record. The first hardbound edition of Time-Saver Standards was published in 1946, with the purpose then stated as [to assist in] “the greatest possible efficiency in drafting, design and specification writing.” In the Second Edition in 1950, the editorial intent was described as “[a volume of] carefully edited reference data in condensed graphic style.” One contribution from this edition, authored by Sterling M. Palm, appears as a reprint in the present Volume’s Appendix. In the Third Edition of 1954, the Preface offered the commentary, “the underlying formula of these pages was established in 1935. Since 1937, Architectural Record has been presenting each month, articles, graphs, tables and charts, with a minimum of verbiage...its compilation in Time-Saver Standards was a ‘workbook’ of material of this kind.” The Fourth edition of Time-Saver Standards, published in 1966, was the first edited by John Hancock Callender, who continued as Editor-in-Chief for the subsequent Fifth and Sixth editions. In his 1966 Preface, he wrote that the volume was “intended primarily to meet the needs of those who design buildings [and]—almost equally useful to draftsmen, contractors, superintendents, maintenance engineers, and students—to all in fact who design, construct and maintain buildings.” The Preface to each ensuing edition carried short statements by the Editor-in-Chief. In the Fifth edition (1974), perhaps in relief of many months of editing, John Hancock Calendar offered that, Now and again we hear it said that building has not changed significantly since the age of the pyramids. Anyone who subscribes to this view should be given the task of trying to keep Time-Saver Standards up to date. Society’s needs and aspirations are constantly changing, making new demands on buildings; functional requirements change and new building types appear; building materials proliferate and new building techniques come into use, without displacing the old. The result is a constant increase in the amount of technical data needed by building designers. In his Preface to Sixth edition (1982), John Hancock Callender used the occasion to comment upon the need to adopt metrication in the U. S. building industry. The present edition carries metric equivalents throughout the text wherever practical. The Appendix to the present Volume carries the most recent update of the ASTM standard on metrication, along with an introduction written for architects. In preparing this the Seventh edition, the first revision in more than a dozen years, the editors were challenged in many respects. This is evident in the fact that the volume has been almost entirely rewritten, with new articles by over eighty authors. It is also evident in its new format and contents, expanded to include “Architectural Fundamentals.” Such dramatic changes respond to the substantial renewal of architectural knowledge and practice in the past decade. New materiasl and construction methods have replaced standard practices of even a dozen years ago. There is since then new information and recommended practices in architecture and new ways of communicating information throughout the architectural and building professions. Some of the topics in the present volume were not even identified much less considered as critical issues when the last edition of this volume was published. Updated design data and product details are increasingly available in electronic form from manufacturers, assisted by yearly updates in McGraw-Hill’s Sweet’s Catalog File. At the same time, the design fundamentals and selection guidelines by which to locate and evaluate such data become all the more critical. All of the articles in the present edition are written to assist the architect in the general principles of understanding, selecting and evaluating the professional information and knowledge needed for practice. Each article lists key references within each topic. Thus, at the beginning of its second half-century of publication, the purpose of the Seventh Edition of Time-Saver Standards can be summarized as a “knowledge guide”—a comprehensive overview of the fundamental knowledge and technology required for exemplary architectural practice. “Knowledge building” itself is an act of creation. How one understands and thinks about architecture and its process of construction is part of the creative design process. Understanding the knowledge base of architecture is a process that itself can “be built” upon a solid framework, constructed of understandable parts and in a manner that reveals insights and connections. The editors and authors of Time-Saver Standards hope to inform, and also to inspire, the reader in pursuit of that endeavor. Preface xiv Time-Saver Standards for Architectural Design Data Comments and submissions are welcomed Because the knowledge base of architecture is changing constantly as building practices change in response to new materials, processes and project types, the succeeding volumes of Time-Saver Standards Series will build upon both electronic access and a regular revision print schedule. For this reason, reader responses to the contents of the present Volume and proposals for the Eighth Edition are solicited in the note below and the Reader Response Form found at the end of this Volume. Any and all corrections, comments, critiques and suggestions regarding the contents and topics covered in this book are invited and will be gratefully received and acknowledged. A Reader Response Form is appended at the end of this volume, for your evaluation and comment. These and/or errors or omissions should be brought to the attention of the Editor-in-Chief. Submissions of manuscripts or proposals for articles are invited on any topics related to the contents of Time-Saver Standards for Architectural Design Data, Eighth edition, now in preparation. Two print copies of proposed manuscripts and illustrations should be addressed to the Editor-in-Chief. Receipt of manuscripts will be acknowledged and, for those selected for consideration, author guidelines will be issued for final submission format. Donald Watson, FAIA, Editor-in-Chief Time-Saver Standards 54 Larkspur Drive Trumbull, CT 06611 USA [email protected] Editors of the Seventh Edition Donald Watson, FAIA is former Dean and currently Professor of Architecture at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York. He served as a U. S. Peace Corps Architect in Tunisia, North Africa from 1962-1965, becoming involved at the time in the research in indigenous architecture and its application to bioclimatic design. From 1970 to 1990, he was Visiting Professor at Yale School of Architecture and Chair of Yale’s Master of Environmental Design Program. His architectural work has received design awards from AIA New England Region, Owens Corning Prize, U. S. DoE Energy Innovations, New England Governor’s/Canadian Premiers, Energy Efficient Building Association, Compact House competition and Connecticut Society of Architects. He was founding principal and managing partner of ABODE, a design/ build firm from 1982-1990. His major books include Designing and Building a Solar House (Garden Way) 1977, Energy Conservation through Building Design (McGraw-Hill) 1979, and Climatic Building Design, co-authored with Kenneth Labs, (McGraw-Hill) 1983, recipient of the 1984 Best Book in Architecture and Planning Award from the American Publishers Association. Michael J. Crosbie, Ph.D., is active in architectural journalism, research, teaching, and practice. He received his doctorate in architecture from Catholic University. He has previously served as technical editor for Architecture and Progressive Architecture, magazines and is contributing editor to Construction Specifier. He is a senior architect at Steven Winter Associates, a building systems research and consulting firm in Norwalk, CT. Dr. Crosbie has won several journalism awards. He is the author of ten books on architectural subjects, and several hundred articles which have appeared in publications such as Architectural Record, Architecture, Collier’s Encyclopedia Yearbook, Construction Specifier, Fine Homebuilding, Historic Preservation, Landscape Architecture, Progressive Architecture, and Wiley’s Encyclopedia of Architecture, Design, Engineering & Construction. He has been a visiting lecturer/critic at University of Pennsylvania, Columbia University, University of California, Berkeley, University of Wisconsin/Milwaukee, Yale School of Architecture, and the Moscow Architectural Institute and is adjunct professor of architecture at the Roger Williams University School of Architecture. In memorium John Hancock Callender was responsible for the editorial direction of Time-Saver Standards from 1966 to 1984. The present edition carries the name of John Hancock Callender in recognition of his lifelong editorial contributions to the knowledge and practice of architecture. John Hancock Callender, AIA (1908-1995) graduated from Yale College in 1928 and New York University School of Architecture 1939. He was researcher in low-cost housing materials at John B. Pierce Foundation from 1931 to 1943 and served with the Army Engineers 1943-45. He was consultant for the Revere Quality House Institute from 1948-1953, which became the Housing Research Foundation of Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, Texas, pioneering in research in low cost housing innovations in the United States. He was a member of the faculties of Columbia University, Princeton University and Professor of Architecture at Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, New York, 1954 uÅ†1973. He authored Before You Buy a House (Crown Publishers) 1953. John Hancock Callender served as Editor-in-Chief of the Fourth, Fifth and Sixth editions of Time-Saver Standards and was founding editor of Time-Saver Standards for Building Types. Preface Time-Saver Standards for Architectural Design Data xv Time-Saver Standards Editors’ Selections Exemplary professional and technical reference books First juried selection. 1997. Time Saver Standards Editors’ Exemplary Book selections is a newly created award program to recognize outstanding professional and technical books in architecture and construction. Professional and technical reference books for architecture are not easily composed. Information must be useful, authoritative and understandable, with a balance of visual representation and explanation for its integration in design. In the following selections, the jury lauds the accomplishments of the authors, editors and publishers of books that are technically relevant and also inspirational in promoting technical and professional excellence in architecture. 1997 Jury: Donald Baerman, Michael J. Crosbie, Martin Gehner, Richard Rittelmann, and Donald Watson. Allen, Edward and Joseph Iano. 1995. The Architect’s Studio Companion: Rules of Thumb for Preliminary Design Second Edition New York: John Wiley & Sons. Design data organized for preliminary design, especially helpful for students of architecture and construction. American Institute of Architects. 1996. Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice Student Edition. David Haviland, Hon. AIA, Editor. Washington, DC: AIA Press. A comprehensive summary of information essential for professional practice. The student edition is in one volume and is especially helpful for both student and professional reference. American Institute of Architects. 1994. Architectural Graphic Standards. Ninth Edition John Ray Hoke, FAIA, Editor-in-Chief New York: John Wiley & Sons. A digest of design data and details organized for easy reference, on all topics related to architecture and construction, with emphasis on graphic and visual information. American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers. 1993. ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamentals. Atlanta: GA: American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air- Conditioning Engineers. An essential reference for designers of mechanical systems for buildings, the standard professional reference for the HVAC and building design community. Berger, Horst. 1996. Light Structures Structures of Light: The Art and Engineering of Tensile Structures. Basel-Boston-Berlin: Birkhauser Verlag. A record of the author’s career in development of inspired tensile structures integrating engineering and architecture. Brantley, L. Reed and Ruth T. Brantley. 1996. Building Materials Technology: Structural Performance and Environmental Impact. New York: McGraw-Hill. An authoritative review of building materials, explained in terms of their chemical and physical properties and the environmental implications of their use in buildings. Canadian Wood Council. 1991. Wood Reference Book. Ottawa: Canadian Wood Council. An excellent compilation of data for wood products, manufacturing processes, wood structural systems, connections and finishes, with excellent details and applications. Elliott, Cecil D. 1991. Technics and Architecture: The Development of Materials and Systems for Buildings. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. An insightful and well documented history of the development of architectural and building technologies. Givoni, Baruch. 1987. Man, Climate and Architecture. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold. First Edition (1969) published by Applied Science Publishers, Ltd., London. A classic work in the experimental tradition of building science, summarizing extensive monitoring and principles of building bioclimatology. Illuminating Engineering Society of North America. 1993. Lighting Handbook: Reference & Application. 8th edition Mark S. Rea, Editor-in-Chief. The authoritative and comprehensive reference for lighting applications in architecture. Millet, Marietta S. 1996. Light Revealing Architecture. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold. Lighting for architecture, with an emphasis upon daylighting, presented as a design inspiration for architects as a way to understand technique, from historical and contemporary exemplars. Orton, Andrew. 1988. The Way We Build Now: form, scale and technique. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold. An introduction to materials, structures, building physics and fire safety with excellent illustrations and examples. Schodek, Daniel L. 1992. Structures. Second Edition. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall. A basic text on structures, clearly written for the architect student and professional reference, with comprehensive illustrations and metric equivalency. Stein, Benjamin and John S. Reynolds. 1992. Mechanical and Electrical Equipment for Buildings. New York: John Wiley & Sons. The long established classic reference on the topic, with complete technical description of building service systems for architects. Tilley, Alvin R. and Henry Dreyfuss Associates. 1993 The Measure of Man and Woman: Human Factors in Design New York: The Whitney Library of Design. A documentation of human proportion and stature, including safety and accommodation for children and for differently abled. An essential reference for ergonomic design, by the founders of the field. Templer, John. 1994. The Staircase: History and Theory and Studies of Hazards, Falls and Safer Design. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. A comprehensive treatment of precedents in stair design and contemporary design criteria, equally diligent in both its historical and technical analysis, including extensive research related to stair use and safety. U. S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service. 1987. Wood Handbook. Forest Products Laboratory Agricultural Handbook No. 72. Springfield, VA: National Technical Information Service. Comprehensive reference for use of wood in construction. xvi Time
Data will not help you if you can’t see it where you need it. Or can’t collect it where you need it. Upon these principles, wearable technology was born. And although smart watches and fitness trackers have become almost ubiquitous, with in-body sensors on the horizon, the future applications of wearable computers hold so much more. A trusted reference for almost 15 years, Fundamentals of Wearable Computers and Augmented Reality goes beyond smart clothing to explore user interface design issues specific to wearable tech and areas in which it can be applied. Upon its initial publication, the first edition almost instantly became a trusted reference, setting the stage for the coming decade, in which the explosion in research and applications of wearable computers and augmented reality occurred. Written by expert researchers and teachers, each chapter in the second edition has been revised and updated to reflect advances in the field and provide fundamental knowledge on each topic, solidifying the book’s reputation as a valuable technical resource as well as a textbook for augmented reality and ubiquitous computing courses. New Chapters in the Second Edition Explore: Haptics Visual displays Use of augmented reality for surgery and manufacturing Technical issues of image registration and tracking Augmenting the environment with wearable audio interfaces Use of augmented reality in preserving cultural heritage Human-computer interaction and augmented reality technology Spatialized sound and augmented reality Augmented reality and robotics Computational clothing From a technology perspective, much of what is happening now with wearables and augmented reality would not have been possible even five years ago. In the fourteen years since the first edition burst on the scene, the capabilities and applications of both technologies are orders of magnitude faster, smaller, and cheaper. Yet the book’s overarching mission remains the same: to supply the fundamental information and basic knowledge about the design and use of wearable computers and augmented reality with the goal of enhancing people’s lives.
Learn time-saving techniques and tested production-ready tips for maximum speed and efficiency in creating professional-level architectural visualizations in 3ds Max. Move from intermediate to an advanced level with specific and comprehensive instruction with this collaboration from nine different authors from around the world. Get their experience and skills in this full-color book, which not only teaches more advanced features, but also demonstrates the practical applications of those features to get readers ready for a real production environment. Fully updated for the most recent version of 3ds Max.
Architecture is an experience – with the intellect and with all our senses, in motion, and in use. But in order to actually discuss and assess it with relevance, a clarification of terms is essential in order to avoid the vagueness that often prevails when talking about architecture. This dictionary provides a vocabulary that allows the architecture discourse to go beyond the declaration of constructive relationships or the description of architectonic forms in familiar terms like “roof,” “base,” “wall,” and “axis” or “proportion”. The point is to describe the experience of architecture: how exactly does it contribute to the experience of a situation? For instance, the staging of an entrance situation, or the layout and visitor routes through a museum. From “context,” through “guidance,” “readability,” “patina,” “spatial structure,” “symmetry” and “tectonics,” to “width” (and “narrowness”) or “window,” the most important terms in architectural language are explained precisely and in detail.
Revitalize your architectural visualizations by bringing new levels of realism to them with an enhanced command of the mental ray toolset in 3ds Max. Full-color step-by-step tutorials give you a firm understanding of the processes and techniques needed to create impressive interior and exterior visualizations. You'll learn how to prepare materials, light a daytime interior scene, use mr Physical Sky, and how to save time during complex renders. The companion website includes all of the tutorial files and sample files from the book.
Computer aided design (CAD) is the rendering of architectural drawings using the computer, which today plays a central role in almost all architectural firms. This volume explains the principles and fundamentals of CAD and provides the student with a simple and easily understandable path to using the computer as a tool and medium. Subjects: The architectural design in dialogue with the computer; An introduction to working with software and hardware; Practical, user-oriented explanations of CAD functions; Digital visualization; Interfaces and data processing.
Component-Based Modeling, Plugins, Rendering, and Scripting
Author: Alexander C. Schreyer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
“... the book is wonderfully illustrated with full color and descriptive images that complement each tutorial or exercise. Alex’s teaching background really rings through as every item is nicely structured and very informative. Overall Alex’s book is a winner. Well structured, illustrated and most of all easy to read and understand. While the overall theme is based in architecture, the techniques can be applied to any discipline and the wide range of topics covered are excellently delivered.” -Richard O’Brien, CatchUp Editor, the official SketchUcation newsletter The one-stop guide to SketchUp for architects, designers, and builders SketchUp is the tool of choice for architects, interior designers, and construction professionals. Though the basics are simple to understand, getting the most out of it requires deeper instruction and guidance. Architectural Design with Google SketchUp uses easy-to-understand tutorials to describe both common and advanced process, illustrated throughout with full-color renderings. Handy sidebars throughout the book cover fundamentals and background information End-of-chapter exercises help readers master new skills and techniques A robust companion website includes helpful videos, sample files, and plug-ins