The Soviet Union was the largest state in the twentieth-century world, but its repressive power and terrible ambition were most clearly on display in Europe. Under the leadership of Joseph Stalin, the Soviet Union transformed itself and then all of the European countries with which it came into contact. This volume considers each aspect of the encounter of Stalin with Europe: the attempt to create a kind of European state by accelerating the European model of industrial development in the USSR; mass murder in anticipation of a war against European powers; the actual contact with Europe's greatest power, Nazi Germany, first as ally and then as enemy; four years of war fought chiefly on Soviet territory and bringing untold millions of deaths, including much of the Holocaust; and finally the reestablishment of the Soviet system, not just in prewar territory of the USSR, but in Western Ukraine, Western Belarus, the Baltic States, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Romania, Hungary, Bulgaria, and East Germany.
The first edition of The Thirty Years' War offered an unrivalled survey of a central period in European history. Drawing on a huge body of source material from different languages and countries throughout Europe, it provided a clear and comprehensive narrative and analytical account of the subject. It has established itself as the classic text with reviewers, students and the general reader. This second edition has been thoroughly revised to include the very latest research. The updated bibliographical information provides an invaluable resource, synthesising the major work in the field, in all languages, up to 1996. Written with great clarity and liveliness, the book brings alive the period in all its aspects. It covers the horrors of the war and the contorted politics of the period. It deals with all the major figures, including Wallerstein and Richelieu, Gustavus Adolphus and Tilly, the Winter King and the Habsburg emperors. For range and depth of coverage there is no other work like it. It has become the definitive book on the subject.
During the last two centuries, the political map of Europe has changed considerably. More recently, there are remarkably contrasting tendencies concerning the functions and densities of borders. The borders inside the European Union lost their importance, whereas Central and Eastern Europe saw the birth of a multitude of new state borders. The long-term study of border regions, therefore, is a fascinating subject for geographers, historians, social scientists, and political scientists. The main thesis of this book is that the rise of the modern nation-state reinforced the separating function of state borders by nationalising the people on both sides of it. This process gained strength in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and was challenged in the second half of this century by processes of supra-national integration, globalisation and the revolution in communication and transport, as the case studies from different parts of Europe of this book will show. Audience: This book will be of interest to academics, researchers and practitioners in geography, history, political sciences, European studies and East-European studies.
This bibliography has been compiled as a companion volume to the Bibliography on Land Settlement issued in 1934 by the United States Department of Agriculture as Miscellaneous Publication 172. It contains selected references to the literature on the economic aspects of land utilization and land policy in the United States and in foreign countries, published for the most part during the period 1918-36.
Stealing a march on the E.E.C., Kaelbe (social history, Free U., Berlin) contends that European social integration is well advanced. He presents a European history, rather than a series of national histories, of such aspects of society as family, employment, business, class, and education. Translate
Der russisch-israelische Papyrologe und Althistoriker I. F. Fikhman zahlt zu den bedeutendsten Forschern des 20. Jhs. auf dem Gebiet der Wirtschafts- und Sozialgeschichte des romischen und vor allem byzantinischen Agypten. Der Schwerpunkt seiner Arbeiten liegt auf der Stadt Oxyrhynchos, der besonders reiches Material zu dieser Epoche zu verdanken ist, sowie auf Fragen des Kolonats und der Struktur des Groagrundbesitzes. Viele seiner auf breitester Quellenbasis erarbeiteten Beitrage sind in schwer erreichbaren Publikationen erschienen - eine Reihe davon allein in russischer Sprache - und deshalb bisher kaum zuganglich. Der zu Ehren seines 85. Geburtstages publizierte Band bietet eine Auswahl von 28 der bedeutendsten Aufsatze in deutscher, englischer und franzosischer Sprache, von denen acht hier erstmals auf Deutsch vorgelegt werden. .