The chapters included in this book represent the work from the US, Canada, Japan, China, India, Iran, Netherlands, Turkey, Slovakia, and Portugal. The book attempts to cover the cellular manufacturing area from various angles. In terms of solution techniques, different approaches such as heuristics, mathematical models, networks models, genetic algorithm approaches, artificial neural networks, knowledge-based algorithms, a space search algorithm, simulated annealing, fuzzy concepts, analytic hierarchy processes and simulation are included in the book. As for performance measures, most chapters target a single objective whereas some others cover multiple objectives. In terms of the complexity of the problems, the authors divide them into simpler single phase problems versus more complex problems that require multiple-phase solutions. Most of the chapters discuss deterministic problems. On the other hand, a few of the chapters focus on stochastic cases. There are many new concepts and solution approaches covered in this book. The details of the material coverage is listed in the following paragraphs. The book starts with the evolution of cellular manufacturing. In terms of design-related issues, it covers the application of math modeling for cell formation, family and subfamily formation, production system selection, formation and evaluation of design alternatives, machine layout, dynamic cells, virtual cells, cell formation considering alternative routes, remainder cells, cell formation with product of life cycle considerations, demand-variability based cell formation, layered cellular design, assembly cells and a recent Japanese proposition called SERU cells. All types of cells, namely labor-intensive cells, machine-intensive cells and robotic cells are covered in the book. In terms of operational and control issues, human skills, manpower allocation, cell size determination, dispatching rules, parallel machine scheduling, flowshop scheduling, re-entrant flowshop scheduling, flexible job shop scheduling, assembly line balancing, process planning and scheduling, multiple-resource scheduling, cell loading and cell scheduling, synchronized flow, planning concepts such as period batch control, polka, Kanban, conwip and more are discussed. Cases studies include electromechanical assembly, bicycle manufacturing, igniter assembly system, jewelry manufacturing and semi-conductor industry. We believe that this book will be of value to students, researchers, academicians and practitioners.
Batch manufactcring is a dominant manufacturing activity in the world, generating a great deal of industrial output. In the coming years, we are going to witness an era of mass customization of products. The major problems in batch manufacturing are a high level of product variety and small manufacturing lot sizes. The product variations present design engineers with the problem of designing many different parts. The decisions made in the design stage significantly affect manufacturing cost, quality and delivery lead times. The impacts of these product variations in manufacturing are high investment in equipment, high tooling costs, complex scheduling and loading, lengthy setup time and costs, excessive scrap and high quality control costs. However, to compete in a global market, it is essential to improve the productivity in small batch manufacturing industries. For this purpose, some innovative methods are needed to reduce product cost, lead time and enhance product quality to help increase market share and profitability. What is also needed is a higher level of integration of the design and manufacturing activities in a company. Group technology provides such a link between design and manufacturing. The adoption of group technology concepts, which allow for small batch production to gain economic advantages similar to mass production while retaining the flexibility of job shop methods, will help address some of the problems.
Cellular manufacturing involves rearranging traditional operation-based factory layouts into process-based cells that promote a smooth production flow by cutting waste. Cellular Manufacturing: One-Piece Flow for Workteams introduces production teams to basic cellular manufacturing and teamwork concepts and orients them for participating in the design of a new production cell. Use this book to get everyone on board to reduce lead time, work-in-process inventory, and other profit-draining wastes.
Cellular manufacturing (CM) is the grouping of similar products for manufacture in discrete multi-machine cells. It has been proven to yield faster production cycles, lower in-process inventory levels, and enhanced product quality. Pioneered on a large scale by Russian, British, and German manufacturers, interest in CM methods has grown steadily over the past decade. However, there continues to be a dearth of practical guides for industrial engineers and production managers interested in implementing CM techniques in their plants. Bringing together contributions by an international team of CM experts, the Handbook of Cellular Manufacturing Systems bridges this gap in the engineering literature.
Describes how organizational change in manufacturing systems can be achieved if technology and management are integrated. This text presents the origins and effects of the mismatch of technological capability and management planning, illustrated by case studies.
Cellular Manufacturing: One-Piece Flow for Workteams introduces production teams to basic cellular manufacturing and teamwork concepts and orients them for participating in the design of a new production cell. Use this book to get everyone on board to reduce lead time, work-in-process inventory, and other profit-draining wastes. Each chapter includes an overview and a summary to reinforce concepts, as well as reflection questions, which can be used to encourage group discussions. This volume is part of Productivity Press’ Shopfloor Series, which offers a simple, cost-effective approach for building basic knowledge about key manufacturing improvement topics
Cellular manufacturing, an application of group technology, is a stepping stone to achieve world class manufacturing status. It has emerged as an important technique to cope up with fast changing industrial demands for the application of newer manufacturing systems. This comprehensive and well written text deals with all facets of cellular manufacturing right from introduction to application in a chronological order. The book first introduces cell formation techniques, followed by elimination of exceptional components, evaluation of solutions, cell characteristics, and production control issues like scheduling; line balancing and inventory control. Finally it discusses about the application of cellular manufacturing in a large public sector.The text is supported by numerous figures, tables and examples, and also furnishes simple algorithms for complex methods. Primarily intended for the postgraduate students of mechanical engineering and production engineering with specialization in manufacturing systems/group technology, it will also be useful for the researchers, scientists and professionals as a reference book.
This book provides the latest up-to-date documentation on the scope of research in Group Technology (GT) and Cellular Manufacturing (CM). It is a comprehensive listing of the methodologies, techniques, algorithms and tools used for practical implementation of the concepts of GT and CM.
Leading researchers in the field of cellular manufacturing systems from academia and industry have contributed to this volume. The book aims to report the latest developments and address the central issues in the design and implementation of cellular manufacturing systems. Cellular Manufacturing (CM) is one of the major concepts used in the design of flexible manufacturing systems. CM, also known as group production or family programming, can be described as a manufacturing technique that produces families of parts within a single line or cell of machines. The first part of the book describes various techniques for design and modeling of cellular manufacturing systems. The second part is concerned with performance measure and analysis, followed by a section which presents the applications of artifical intelligence and computer tools in cellular manufacturing systems.
A State-of-the-Art Synthesis of Research and Practice
Author: Nallan C. Suresh
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Business & Economics
Group Technology and Cellular Manufacturing (GT/CM) have been widely-researched areas in the past 15 years and much progress has been made in all branches of GT/CM. Resulting from this research activity has been a proliferation of techniques for part-machine grouping, engineering data bases, expert system-based design methods for identifying part families, new analytical and simulation tools for evaluating performance of cells, new types of cell incorporating robotics and flexible automation, team-based approaches for organizing the work force and much more; however, the field lacks a careful compilation of this research and its outcomes. The editors of this book have commissioned leading researchers and implementers to prepare specific treatments of topics for their special areas of expertise in this broad-based philosophy of manufacturing. The editors have sought to be global both in coverage of topic matters and contributors. Group Technology and Cellular Manufacturing addresses the needs and interests of three groups of individuals in the manufacturing field: academic researchers, industry practitioners, and students. (1) The book provides an up-to-date perspective, incorporating the advances made in GT/CM during the past 15 years. As a natural extension to this research, it synthesizes the latest industry practices and outcomes to guide research to greater real-world relevance. (2) The book makes clear the foundations of GT/CM from the core elements of new developments which are aimed at reducing developmental and manufacturing lead times, costs, and at improving business quality and performance. (3) Finally, the book can be used as a textbook for graduate students in engineering and management for studying the field of Group Technology and Cellular Manufacturing.
In today’s business world, competitiveness defines the industrial leading edge. Organizations and businesses of all sizes are adopting Lean manufacturing practices to increase efficiency and address worries about their bottom lines. In a detailed review of this staple of Lean manufacturing, Cellular Manufacturing: Mitigating Risk and Uncertainty outlines how cellular manufacturing can do just that. It demonstrates how this approach can help you and your teams build a variety of products with as little waste as possible. The book begins by presenting a survey of the current state of existing methods that can best be used in the handling of the bottleneck machines and parts problem, which results from the cellular manufacturing system design. It then explores how decision making under risk is used to help the designer select the best cell arrangement in case of probabilistic production volume and maximize the profit imposed by resource capacity constraints. The author then presents a method for the system design of a manufacturing cell that aims for profit maximization over a certain period of time. He also discusses robust design, illustrated with a real application. Put simply, cellular manufacturing integrates machinery and a small team of staff, directed by a team leader, so all the work on a product or part can be accomplished in the same cell eliminating resources that do not add value to the product. A concise yet unique reference, this book incorporates decision making under risk into cellular manufacturing. The text makes the link that ties cellular manufacturing to the bottom line. It helps you recognize savings opportunities from elimination of downtime between operations, decreased material handling costs, decreased work-in-progress inventory and associated costs, reduced opportunity for handling errors, decreased downtime spent waiting for supplies or materials, and reduced losses from defective or obsolete products.