Statistics, big data, and machine learning for Clojure programmers About This Book Write code using Clojure to harness the power of your data Discover the libraries and frameworks that will help you succeed A practical guide to understanding how the Clojure programming language can be used to derive insights from data Who This Book Is For This book is aimed at developers who are already productive in Clojure but who are overwhelmed by the breadth and depth of understanding required to be effective in the field of data science. Whether you're tasked with delivering a specific analytics project or simply suspect that you could be deriving more value from your data, this book will inspire you with the opportunities–and inform you of the risks–that exist in data of all shapes and sizes. What You Will Learn Perform hypothesis testing and understand feature selection and statistical significance to interpret your results with confidence Implement the core machine learning techniques of regression, classification, clustering and recommendation Understand the importance of the value of simple statistics and distributions in exploratory data analysis Scale algorithms to web-sized datasets efficiently using distributed programming models on Hadoop and Spark Apply suitable analytic approaches for text, graph, and time series data Interpret the terminology that you will encounter in technical papers Import libraries from other JVM languages such as Java and Scala Communicate your findings clearly and convincingly to nontechnical colleagues In Detail The term “data science” has been widely used to define this new profession that is expected to interpret vast datasets and translate them to improved decision-making and performance. Clojure is a powerful language that combines the interactivity of a scripting language with the speed of a compiled language. Together with its rich ecosystem of native libraries and an extremely simple and consistent functional approach to data manipulation, which maps closely to mathematical formula, it is an ideal, practical, and flexible language to meet a data scientist's diverse needs. Taking you on a journey from simple summary statistics to sophisticated machine learning algorithms, this book shows how the Clojure programming language can be used to derive insights from data. Data scientists often forge a novel path, and you'll see how to make use of Clojure's Java interoperability capabilities to access libraries such as Mahout and Mllib for which Clojure wrappers don't yet exist. Even seasoned Clojure developers will develop a deeper appreciation for their language's flexibility! You'll learn how to apply statistical thinking to your own data and use Clojure to explore, analyze, and visualize it in a technically and statistically robust way. You can also use Incanter for local data processing and ClojureScript to present interactive visualisations and understand how distributed platforms such as Hadoop sand Spark's MapReduce and GraphX's BSP solve the challenges of data analysis at scale, and how to explain algorithms using those programming models. Above all, by following the explanations in this book, you'll learn not just how to be effective using the current state-of-the-art methods in data science, but why such methods work so that you can continue to be productive as the field evolves into the future. Style and approach This is a practical guide to data science that teaches theory by example through the libraries and frameworks accessible from the Clojure programming language.
This book consists of a practical, exampleoriented approach that aims to help you learn how to use Clojure for data analysis quickly and efficiently. This book is great for those who have experience with Clojure and need to use it to perform data analysis. This book will also be hugely beneficial for readers with basic experience in data analysis and statistics.
R for Cloud Computing looks at some of the tasks performed by business analysts on the desktop (PC era) and helps the user navigate the wealth of information in R and its 4000 packages as well as transition the same analytics using the cloud. With this information the reader can select both cloud vendors and the sometimes confusing cloud ecosystem as well as the R packages that can help process the analytical tasks with minimum effort, cost and maximum usefulness and customization. The use of Graphical User Interfaces (GUI) and Step by Step screenshot tutorials is emphasized in this book to lessen the famous learning curve in learning R and some of the needless confusion created in cloud computing that hinders its widespread adoption. This will help you kick-start analytics on the cloud including chapters on both cloud computing, R, common tasks performed in analytics including the current focus and scrutiny of Big Data Analytics, setting up and navigating cloud providers. Readers are exposed to a breadth of cloud computing choices and analytics topics without being buried in needless depth. The included references and links allow the reader to pursue business analytics on the cloud easily. It is aimed at practical analytics and is easy to transition from existing analytical set up to the cloud on an open source system based primarily on R. This book is aimed at industry practitioners with basic programming skills and students who want to enter analytics as a profession. Note the scope of the book is neither statistical theory nor graduate level research for statistics, but rather it is for business analytics practitioners. It will also help researchers and academics but at a practical rather than conceptual level. The R statistical software is the fastest growing analytics platform in the world, and is established in both academia and corporations for robustness, reliability and accuracy. The cloud computing paradigm is firmly established as the next generation of computing from microprocessors to desktop PCs to cloud.
This book is intended for anyone who wants to learn how to efficiently analyze geospatial data with R, including GIS analysts, researchers, educators, and students who work with spatial data and who are interested in expanding their capabilities through programming. The book assumes familiarity with the basic geographic information concepts (such as spatial coordinates), but no prior experience with R and/or programming is required. By focusing on R exclusively, you will not need to depend on any external software—a working installation of R is all that is necessary to begin.
25 recipes to deeply understand and implement advanced algorithms in Clojure About This Book Explore various advanced algorithms and learn how they are used to address many real-world computing challenges Construct elegant solutions using impressive techniques including zippers, parsing, and pattern matching Solve complex problems by adopting innovative approaches such as logic or asynchronous programming In Detail Data-structures and algorithms often cross your path when you compress files, compile programs, access databases, or simply use your favourite text editor. Understanding and implementing them can be daunting. Curious learners and industrial developers can find these complex, especially if they focus on the detailed implementation of these data structures. Clojure is a highly pragmatic and expressive language with efficient and easy data manipulation capabilities. As such, it is great for implementing these algorithms. By abstracting away a great share of the unnecessary complexity resulting from implementation, Clojure and its contrib libraries will help you address various algorithmic challenges, making your data exploration both profitable and enjoyable. Through 25 recipes, you'll explore advanced algorithms and data-structures, well served by a sound Clojure implementation. This book opens with an exploration of alternative uses of the array data-structure, covering LZ77 compression, drawing fractals using Pascal's triangles, simulating a multi-threaded program execution, and implementing a call-stack winding and un-winding operations. The book elaborates on linked lists, showing you how to construct doubly linked ones, speed up search times over the elements of such structures, use a linked-list as the foundation of a shift-reduce parser, and implement an immutable linked-list using skew binary numbers representation. After that, the tree data-structure is explored, focusing on building self-balancing Splay Trees, designing a B-Tree backing-up an efficient key-value data-store, constructing an undo capable Rope, and showing how Tries can make for an auto-completing facility. Next, some optimization and machine learning techniques are discussed, namely for building a co-occurrence-based recommendation engine, using branch-and-bound to optimize integral cost and profit problems, using Dijkstra's algorithm to determine optimal paths and summarizing texts using the LexRank algorithm. Particular attention is given to logic programming, you will learn to use this to discover interesting relations between social website data, by designing a simple type inferencer for a mini Java-like language, and by building a simple checkers game engine. Asynchronous programming will be addressed and you will design a concurrent web-crawler, an interactive HTML5 game, and an online taxi booking platform. Finally, you'll explore advanced cases for higher order functions in Clojure while implementing a recursive descent parser using efficient mutual resucrsion, devising a mini resusable firewall simulator thanks to Clojure 1.7 new tansducers feature or building a simple unification engine with the help of Continuation Passing Style. What You Will Learn Explore alternative uses of classical data-structures like arrays and linked-lists Discover advanced types of tree data-structures Explore advanced machine learning and optimization techniques Utilise powerful Clojure libraries, such as Instaparse for parsing, core.match for pattern matching, clojure.zip for zippers, and clojure.matrix for matrix operations Learn logic programming through the usage of the library core.logic Master asynchronous programming using the core.async library See the transducers in action while resolving real-world use-cases Who This Book Is For If you are an experienced Clojure developer, longing to take your knowledge to the next level by discovering and using advanced algorithms and seeing how they can be applied to real-world problems, then this book is for you. Style and approach This book consists of a set of step-by-step recipes, each demonstrating the material covered in action so it is put in context. When necessary, pointers to further resources are provided.
There is an easier way to build Hadoop applications. With this hands-on book, you’ll learn how to use Cascading, the open source abstraction framework for Hadoop that lets you easily create and manage powerful enterprise-grade data processing applications—without having to learn the intricacies of MapReduce. Working with sample apps based on Java and other JVM languages, you’ll quickly learn Cascading’s streamlined approach to data processing, data filtering, and workflow optimization. This book demonstrates how this framework can help your business extract meaningful information from large amounts of distributed data. Start working on Cascading example projects right away Model and analyze unstructured data in any format, from any source Build and test applications with familiar constructs and reusable components Work with the Scalding and Cascalog Domain-Specific Languages Easily deploy applications to Hadoop, regardless of cluster location or data size Build workflows that integrate several big data frameworks and processes Explore common use cases for Cascading, including features and tools that support them Examine a case study that uses a dataset from the Open Data Initiative
This book is for anyone who's worked with Clojure and wants to use it to start developing applications for the Web. Experience or familiarity with basic Clojure syntax is a must, and exposure to Leiningen (or other similar build tools such as Maven) would be helpful.
Learn functional data structures and algorithms for your applications and bring their benefits to your work now About This Book Moving from object-oriented programming to functional programming? This book will help you get started with functional programming. Easy-to-understand explanations of practical topics will help you get started with functional data structures. Illustrative diagrams to explain the algorithms in detail. Get hands-on practice of Scala to get the most out of functional programming. Who This Book Is For This book is for those who have some experience in functional programming languages. The data structures in this book are primarily written in Scala, however implementing the algorithms in other functional languages should be straight forward. What You Will Learn Learn to think in the functional paradigm Understand common data structures and the associated algorithms, as well as the context in which they are commonly used Take a look at the runtime and space complexities with the O notation See how ADTs are implemented in a functional setting Explore the basic theme of immutability and persistent data structures Find out how the internal algorithms are redesigned to exploit structural sharing, so that the persistent data structures perform well, avoiding needless copying. Get to know functional features like lazy evaluation and recursion used to implement efficient algorithms Gain Scala best practices and idioms In Detail Functional data structures have the power to improve the codebase of an application and improve efficiency. With the advent of functional programming and with powerful functional languages such as Scala, Clojure and Elixir becoming part of important enterprise applications, functional data structures have gained an important place in the developer toolkit. Immutability is a cornerstone of functional programming. Immutable and persistent data structures are thread safe by definition and hence very appealing for writing robust concurrent programs. How do we express traditional algorithms in functional setting? Won't we end up copying too much? Do we trade performance for versioned data structures? This book attempts to answer these questions by looking at functional implementations of traditional algorithms. It begins with a refresher and consolidation of what functional programming is all about. Next, you'll get to know about Lists, the work horse data type for most functional languages. We show what structural sharing means and how it helps to make immutable data structures efficient and practical. Scala is the primary implementation languages for most of the examples. At times, we also present Clojure snippets to illustrate the underlying fundamental theme. While writing code, we use ADTs (abstract data types). Stacks, Queues, Trees and Graphs are all familiar ADTs. You will see how these ADTs are implemented in a functional setting. We look at implementation techniques like amortization and lazy evaluation to ensure efficiency. By the end of the book, you will be able to write efficient functional data structures and algorithms for your applications. Style and approach Step-by-step topics will help you get started with functional programming. Learn by doing with hands-on code snippets that give you practical experience of the subject.