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Die Individualisierungs-These

Author: Jürgen Friedrichs

Publisher: Springer-Verlag


Category: Social Science

Page: 302

View: 543

Die Beiträge dieses Bandes setzen sich kritisch mit derIndividualisierungsthese von Ulrich Beck auseinander. Es ist die erstesystematische Diskussion der These. Die Aufsätze richten sich zum einen aufdie theoretischen Grundlagen und eine strengere Formulierung der These, zumanderen darauf, an empirischen Beispielen zu untersuchen, ob sich tatsächlicheine steigende Individualisierung nachweisen läßt. Die These ist in mehrfacher Hinsicht unklar: Wie ist das Konzept¶Individualisierung¶ definiert? Ist Individualisierung ein Prozeßund/oder die Beschreibung eines (individuellen) Zustands? Welche Dimensionenumfaßt ¶Individualisierung¶? Läßt sich eine Individualisierung inverschiedenen Handlungsbereichen, z.B. Partnerschaft, Berufsausbildung,Freizeitverhalten, Wahlverhalten beobachten? Ferner: Welches ist der historische Geltungsbereich? Ist derSachverhalt einer Individualisierung erst nach 1945 besonders ausgeprägt neu,oder hat es frühere Epochen gegeben, für die sich ähnliche Prozessenachweisen lassen? Ist es eine spezifisch deutsche Sicht,¶verzerrt¶ durch die Rekonstruktionsphase der Republik in derAdenauer-Ära - während sich in Wirklichkeit die seit Ende der 60er Jahrebeobachteten Trends schon in den 20er Jahren abzeichneten?Die kritische Absicht der Beiträge des Bandes ist es, sowohl dieIndividualisierungs-These zu explizieren als auch sie empirisch zuüberprüfen. Aus dem Inhalt: Jürgen Friedrichs, Köln: Die Individualisierungsthese - EineExplikation im Rahmen der Rational-Choice Theorie Wolfgang Hardtwig, Berlin: Individualisierung und Soziabilität Johannes Huinink, Leipzig: Pluralisierung von Familienformen Wolfgang Jagodzinski, Köln/Markus Klein, Köln:Individualisierung und Wahlverhalten Matthias Junge, Chemnitz: Die Modernisierungsannahmen bei Beck:Subjektivierung der Vergesellschaftung? Cornelia Koppetsch/Maja S. Maier/Günter Burkart, Freiburg:Individualisierung, Geschlecht, Milieu Lutz Leisering, Bremen: Die Leistung traditionellerInstitutionen Michael Wag

The Role of Religion in Modern Societies

Author: Detlef Pollack

Publisher: Routledge


Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 658

Does modernization lead to the decline of religion? This question lies at the centre of a key debate in the sociology of religion. During the past decade American scholars, using primarily American data, have dominated this debate and have made a strong case that the answer to this question is no. Recently, however, a new crop of European scholars, working with new sources of European data, have uncovered evidence that points toward an affirmitive answer. This volume pays special attention to these trends and developments to provide the reader with a more well-rounded understanding of the many ways in which religion interacts with modernization. Respected scholars such as David Voas, Steve Bruce and Anthony Gill examine modern societies across the world in this splendid book which will interest sociologists, political scientists, historians, and theologians in equal measure.

Germany's Hidden Crisis

Social Decline in the Heart of Europe

Author: Oliver Nachtwey

Publisher: Verso Trade


Category: History

Page: 256

View: 115

An excellent study of how neoliberalism is causing a crisis in Germany One of the German-speaking world's leading young sociologists lays out modern Germany's social and political crisis and its implications for the future of the European hegemon. Upward social mobility represented a core promise of life under the "old" West German welfare state, in which millions of skilled workers upgraded their VWs to Audis, bought their first homes, and sent their children to university. Not so in today's Federal Republic, however, where the gears of the so-called "elevator society" have long since ground to a halt. In the absence of the social mobility of yesterday, widespread social exhaustion and anxiety have emerged across mainstream society. Oliver Nachtwey analyses the reasons for this social rupture in post-war German society and investigates the conflict potential emerging as a result, concluding that although the country has managed to muddle through the Eurocrisis largely unscathed thus far, simmering tensions beneath the surface nevertheless threaten to undermine the German system's stability in the years to come.

Developmental Psychology and Social Change

Research, History and Policy

Author: David B. Pillemer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press


Category: Psychology


View: 638

What is the unique mission of developmental psychology? How has it evolved historically? What are its current challenges? The chapters in this collection present the view that research, history and policy are essential and interlocking components of a mature developmental psychology. Patterns of human development differ markedly across historical epochs, cultures and social circumstances. Major societal changes examined by contributing authors - the advent of universal compulsory schooling, the adoption of a one-child policy in China, US policy shifts in healthcare, welfare and childcare - present 'natural experiments' in social design. Authors challenge the idea of a clear distinction between basic and applied developmental research. In sharp contrast with the view that science is value-neutral, developmental psychologists have from the outset pursued the betterment of children and families through educational, childcare and health initiatives. An historical perspective reveals the beneficial, if sometimes contentious, interplay between empirical research and social programs and policies.

Constructions of Women's Age at the Workplace

Author: Margret Beisheim

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 141

View: 252

A woman is seldom perceived as «ageless, but is habitually categorized and assessed according to her age. Age-specific expectations exist for her body, her behaviour, and her way of living. In an economic context, these social norms concerning age and ageing have important consequences for women. They affect the way positions, salaries and career options are distributed. What is noticeable, however, is that a woman's age is always held against her: A woman is too young for leadership, too unreliable to be promoted, too old to be retained in the company's workforce. From quite different perspectives, constructions of women's age at the workplace are discussed in this volume.

Ostdeutsche Frauen zwischen Individualisierung und Re-Traditionalisierung

ein Generationenvergleich

Author: Sarina Keiser

Publisher: Kovac


Category: Social Science

Page: 259

View: 169

Die Modernisierung moderner Gesellschaften

Verhandlungen des 25. Deutschen Soziologentages in Frankfurt am Main 1990

Author: Wolfgang Zapf



Category: Europe

Page: 823

View: 414

26. Deutscher Soziologentag: Sektionen, Arbeits- und Ad hoc-Gruppen

Author: Heiner Meulemann



Category: Europe

Page: 831

View: 119

Differenz und Integration: Without special title

Author: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Soziologie. Kongress



Category: Civilization, Modern

Page: 1108

View: 844

26. Deutscher Soziologentag: Sektionen, Arbeits- und Ad hoc-Gruppen

Author: Bernhard Schäfers



Category: Social change

Page: 831

View: 183

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