Knowledge, Society and Textbooks in a Modernizing World, 1902–1937
Author: Peter Zarrow
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
In this major study, Peter Zarrow examines how textbooks published for the Chinese school system played a major role in shaping new social, cultural, and political trends, the ways in which schools conveyed traditional and 'new style' knowledge and how they sought to socialize students in a rapidly changing society in the first decades of the twentieth century. Focusing on language, morality and civics, history, and geography, Zarrow shows that textbooks were quick to reflect the changing views of Chinese elites during this period. Officials and educators wanted children to understand the physical and human worlds, including the evolution of society, the institutions of the economy, and the foundations of the nation-state. Through textbooks, Chinese elites sought ways to link these abstractions to the concrete lives of children, conveying a variety of interpretations of enlightenment, citizenship, and nationalism that would shape a generation as modern citizens of a new China.
Weaving together a richly diverse range of student voices, perspectives, and insights, this collection of studies from around the world offers the educational community a better understanding of K-12 and adult Chinese–heritage students’ languages, cultures, identities, motivations, achievements, and challenges in various cross-cultural settings outside North America. Specifically, it addresses these overarching questions: What are Chinese–heritage students’ experiences in language and education in and outside schools? How do they make sense of their multiple ethnic and sociocultural identities? What unique educational challenges and difficulties do they encounter as they acculturate, socialize, and integrate in their host country? What are their common struggles and coping strategies? What are the instructional practices that work for these learners in their specific contexts? What educational implications can be drawn to inform their teachers, fellow students, parents, and their educational communities in a global context? Individual chapters employ different theoretical frameworks and methodological instruments to wrestle with these questions and critical issues faced by Chinese–heritage learners.
This book, first published in 1982, is an in-depth study of the process of ‘re-education’ undergone by those who had opposed the Communist revolution in China. Told at first hand by several men who had occupied military or government positions of influence, it records their long years in prison and the system of ‘re-education’ – and also, in the interests of balance, examines the system from the side of the Communist leadership.
Shortlisted for the 2014 BAAL Book Prize This book explores the meaning of modernization in contemporary Chinese education. It examines the implications of the implementation of reforms in English language education for experimental-urban schools in the People’s Republic of China. Pérez-Milans sheds light on how national, linguistic, and cultural ideologies linked to modernization are being institutionally (re)produced, legitimated, and inter-personally negotiated through everyday practice in the current context of Chinese educational reforms. He places special emphasis on those reforms regarding English language education, with respect to the economic processes of globalization that are shaping (and being shaped by) the contemporary Chinese nation-state. In particular, the book analyzes the processes of institutional categorization of the "good experimental school", the "good student", and the "appropriate knowledge" that emerge from the daily discursive organization of those schools, with special attention to the related contradictions, uncertainties and dilemmas. Thus, it provides an account of the on-going cultural processes of change faced by contemporary Chinese educational institutions under conditions of late modernity. Winner of The University of Hong Kong's Faculty Early Career Research Output Award for outstanding book publication, by the Faculty of Education
The Career of Margaret Moninger in China, 1915-1942
Author: Kathleen L. Lodwick
Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
Category: Biography & Autobiography
For Margaret Moninger -- a brilliant, fun-loving, and dedicated young woman from Iowa -- a career as a missionary in China promised adventure and the chance for responsibility and authority denied most American women of her time. In 1915 she went as a Presbyterian missionary to Hainan Island, China's southernmost territory, where she remained until repatriated in 1942. During her years in Hainan, Moninger played many roles: she headed a girls' mission school, wrote scholarly articles on the Miao aborigines, collected botanical specimens for scientists at home, and served as mission treasurer. She was responsible for communications with American diplomatic personnel and was one of only six women appointed to the Presbyterian China Council, which set mission policies for all of China. Kathleen Lodwick's biography, the first devoted to a single woman missionary, is based primarily on the long, newsy letters Moninger wrote her family every Sunday of her missionary years, and on those of a fellow missionary. It will be of interest to scholars in Asian studies, religious studies, and anthropology.
Reflections on Muslims, Minorities, and Other Subaltern Subjects
Author: Dru C. Gladney
Publisher: C. HURST & CO. PUBLISHERS
This book seeks to challenge the way in which China and Chinese-ness is generally understood, privileged on a central tradition, a core culture, that tends to marginalise or peripheralise anything or anyone who does not fit that essential core. The Hui Muslim Chinese discussed in this volume demonstrate that one can be an integral part of Chinese society and yet challenge many of ourassumptions about that society itself. For that reason they and other so-called minority ethnics have generally been ignored by Western scholarship.
There is a flourishing literature on citizenship education in China that is mostly unknown in the West. Liberal political theorists often assume that only in democracy should citizens be prepared for their future responsibilities, yet citizenship education in China has undergone a number of transformations as the political system has sought to cope with market reforms, globalization and pressures both externally and within the country for broader political reforms. Over the past decade, Chinese scholars have been struggling for official recognition of citizenship education as a key component of the school curriculum in these changing contexts. This book analyzes the citizenship education issues under discussion within China, and aims to provide a voice for its scholars at a time when China’s international role is becoming increasingly important.
This is the first book in English, or any other Western language, to give a comprehensive overview of education provision and policy in thje Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) during the half century since China asserted control over the region. The author sets her modern history of education in the TAR against the wider context of the political and educational shifts which have taken place in China since the Communist Party cam to power in 1949.Catriona Bass presents the best information available about each educational sector, focussing on issues such as access, funding, quality of provision, the little-known role of the monasteries in education and the controversial issue of the medium of instruction. She also uses a judicious combination of sources including first-hand observation, interviews with Tibetan refugees and with educationalists in China and Tibet, and official sources in both Chinese and Tibetan. Some of the statistical data here has not been made outside China before.This unique work is essential reading for Sinologists and for those with a general interest in education in China, as well as those with a specific interest in Tibet
Higher education is a complex package of issues which never seems to leave the limelight. The primary wedge issues are tuition cost, access, accountability, financial aid, government funding, sports and their place within higher education, academic results, societal gains as a whole in terms of international competition, and continuing education. This new book examines current issues with special attention to the Higher Education Act and its reauthorisation and the aspects of higher education related to it.
John King Fairbank was the West's doyen on China, and this book is the full and final expression of his lifelong engagement with this vast ancient civilization. The distinguished historian Merle Goldman brings the book up to date and provides an epilogue discussing the changes in contemporary China that will shape the nation in the years to come.
Balancing Unity and Diversity in an Era of Critical Pluralism
Author: James Leibold
Publisher: Hong Kong University Press
China has been ethnically, linguistically, and religiously diverse. This volume recasts the pedagogical and policy challenges of minority education in China in the light of the state's efforts to balance unity and diversity. It brings together leading experts including both critical voices writing from outside China and those working inside China's educational system. The essays explore different aspects of ethnic minority education in China: the challenges associated with bilingual and trilingual education in Xinjiang and Tibet; Han Chinese reactions to preferential minority education; the ro.
Social stratification, gender and educational inequality
Author: Xiaoming Sheng
Category: Social Science
Much of the existing research on parental involvement and higher education choice examines the difference between the working class and the middle class, but little literature looks at different factions within the social classes. This book discusses higher education choice in China, particularly through the examination of social issues such as social stratification, parental involvement, and gender and educational inequality. Drawing from an empirical study based on Bourdieu’s theory, the book explores both inter-class and intra-class differences in China, providing an insight into how social class differences influence a number of issues, including: educational equality the role parents, especially mothers, play in higher education decision-making the relationship between traditional cultural norms gendered relationships within Chinese families. The sociology of higher education choices are derived through feedback from various sources, including both parents and students themselves. The book will be key reading for postgraduates and researchers in the fields of sociology, sociology of education, Chinese studies and Asian studies.
In the World Library of Educationalists series, international experts compile career-long collections of what they judge to be their finest pieces – extracts from books, key articles, salient research findings, major theoretical and practical contributions – so the world can read them in a single, manageable volume. Readers will be able to follow the themes and strands and see how their work contributes to the development of the field. Ruth Hayhoe is a distinguished scholar in comparative education and higher education, as well as one of the most highly regarded experts on Chinese education in the world. Extremely well respected throughout China, she has authored about 75 articles and book chapters, as well as several books on Chinese education and East-West relations in education. This selection of 15 of her most representative papers and chapters documents the most significant works of her research on Chinese education, higher education and comparative education. The three sections cover: comparative education and China higher education and history religion, culture and education. The collection not only helps foreign scholars understand Chinese education development in its cultural context comprehensively and systemically, but also provides a fresh point of view for education practitioners and policy makers in China. Podcast of Professor Ruth Hayhoe's interview at New Books Network discussing this book and her distinguished career: http://newbooksnetwork.com/ruth-hayhoe-china-through-the-lens-of-comparative-education-the-selected-works-of-ruth-hayhoe-routledge-2015/
To many education students, Russian and/or Chinese education is at the same time their introduction to Marxism, and many students go no further. This book sets the record straight by giving a thorough introduction to the writings of Marx himself as they relate to education. It shows what Marxism implies for education, as aim, method and content. It then proceeds to compare educational developments in the former USSR and China in the light of this analysis, attempting to answer the question as to how Marxist this has been, in the schools and outside them.
The field of education is consistently on the top of priority lists of every country in the world, yet few educators are aware of the progress elsewhere. Many techniques, programmes and methods are directly applicable across borders. This volume deals with education in China.
Educating the Children of Migrant Workers in Beijing is a timely book that addresses the gap in the provision of basic education to migrant children in China. It examines the case of Beijing, with a focus on policy implementation at the municipal and district levels and its impacts on migrant schools and their students. Rural migrant workers in the cities usually lack local hukou (household registration) and face serious obstacles in accessing basic social services, including schooling for their children. The educational situation of these children, however, can vary both across and within localities, and, despite policies and regulations from the central government, there have emerged broad and sometimes even extreme differences in the implementation of these policies at the local levels. This book uses evidence from qualitative interviews and the analysis of policy documents and materials to provide readers with a rare glimpse into the local politics surrounding migrant children’s education in China’s political center, including the nature of and motives behind policy implementation at the municipal and district levels and the implications for the survival and development of migrant schools in the city. Educating the Children of Migrant Workers in Beijing is a unique and in-depth contribution to an important area and will appeal to scholars and students across a range of disciplines, including China studies, migration studies, education, social policy, and development studies, as well as to practitioners and policymakers working on migrant issues and social welfare provision in China.
This report traces and evaluates donor and African government strategies for agricultural and rural development in Sub-Saharan Africa over the past 30 years. The author reviews the history and effects of the failed strategies of the 1970s and 1980s (for example, integrated rural development, single-crop development, agricultural credit projects, irrigation projects, and support for social and agricultural services) and analyzes why they were unsuccessful. He also looks at recent approaches to agricultural and rural development in Africa and makes recommendations regarding the World Bank's role in these areas. The book concludes with a summary of comments by African government leaders and nongovernmental organizations. A detailed set of tables from the World Bank's Africa database is provided.
A Companion to the Anthropology of Education presents a comprehensive and state-of-the-art overview of the field, exploring the social and cultural dimension of educational processes in both formal and nonformal settings. Explores theoretical and applied approaches to cultural practice in a diverse range of educational settings around the world, in both formal and non-formal contexts Includes contributions by leading educational anthropologists Integrates work from and on many different national systems of scholarship, including China, the United States, Africa, the Middle East, Colombia, Mexico, India, the United Kingdom, and Denmark Examines the consequences of history, cultural diversity, language policies, governmental mandates, inequality, and literacy for everyday educational processes
This book addresses the difficult challenges that children with autism present educators. By comprehensively examining the scientific knowledge underlying educational practices, programs and strategies in China and Finland, it provides valuable information for parents, administrators, researchers, and policy makers. This book examines the following fundamental issues related to the education of children with autism: •How children's specific diagnoses should affect educational assessment and planning •How we can support the families of children with autism •Features of effective instructional and comprehensive programs and strategies •How we can better prepare teachers, school staff, professionals and parents when it comes to educating children with autism •What policies at the national and local levels will best ensure appropriate education, examining strategies and resources needed to address the rights of children with autism to appropriate education