A comprehensive History text on Europe in the late 19th and 20th centuries, written by experienced teachers who are also examiners. Chapters are: Europe 1870-1991: a synoptic assessment; The Consolidation of Russian Conservatism 1855-1894; Germany under Bismarck 1871-1890; Wilhelmine Germany, 1888-1918; The Crisis of Russian Autocracy 1894-1914; The Causes and Course of the First World War; The Russian Revolution 1917-1924; The USSR under Stalin 1924-1941; Italy 1870-1943; Germany, 1918-1945; The Twenty Years Truce: International Relations, 1919-1939; The Second World War; Europe and the Cold War, 1945-1991; The Development of Western Europe, 1945-1991; and a Further Reading Index.
When the Allies occupied Germany at the end of the Second World War, there were two million men present to witness the devastating end of the Third Reich. Few of them could have imagined just how long this occupation was going to last - right up to the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 and well into its aftermath. Today some 17,000 British troops remain in Germany. But over the past four and a half decades, tens of thousands of British men and women have alived and worked in British Zone as members of the British Army of the Rhine (BAOR) some for relatively short periods, many for much longer. Long enough, though, for the experience to have a profound effect on their lives and on their attitudes.THE LONG PATROL reveals what life has been like in the British Zone for those men and women and their families. As the post war worlds of Britain and Germany had little in common, they had to find their own identity, often suspended between the two. And what did the Germans make of the British? How did they react when whole streets, sometimes whole districts, were requisitioned and occupied? What were the psychological effects of a foreign army taking over the barracks of what had been, until so recently, the homes of the warriors of the 1,000 Year Reich? Eventually the British became more and more insulated against the culture around them, building their own camps, their own cinemas. In major centres like Berlin they lived a seperate life whilst all around them Germany got on with the massive task of reconstruction. In the background there lurked the ever-present spectre of a possible Third World War. Based largely on interviews and information culled from personal diaries and letters. THE LONG PATROL is primarily an oral history of the British in Germany. It also analyses and interprets experiences in an attempt to begin to make sense of an unusual, and still significant, part of British history in the twentieth century. Funny, tragic, bizarre and poignant in equal parts, THE LONG PATROL is an important contribution to the social history of post-war Britain and Germ
Top the TOEFL is a TOEFL book like no other. It recognizes an essential key to the problem: students who struggle with the TOEFL have problems mastering English. Hence, while other TOEFL books teach strategies with long wordy explanations that hardly make sense to the average student, Top the TOEFL focuses on teaching students in the most intuitive way possible: examples. Each unit is systematically broken down to make it simple for any student to Top the TOEFL. First, "Simple Steps" are condensed at the outset for easy reference. Next begins "Elaboration with Examples" — a section where the "Simple Steps" are put into practice. The unit concludes with the "TOEFL Trainer" which divides exercises according to the "Simple Steps", allowing students a chance to directly put the strategies to practice rather than just throwing students into the deep end by providing a full set of TOEFL practice tests. Contents:Topping the Reading Section:Reading Fast and Reading WellUnlocking VocabularyStructure and Organization IStructure and Organization IIPerfect ParaphrasingSuccinct SummariesIntelligent InferencesTopping the Independent Writing Section:Toning the ToneSkeletons to SuccessBridging IdeasIntroductions Made EasyTopic SentencesStitching the Essay TogetherTopping the Integrated Writing SectionEffective Note-TakingFraming Arguments Readership: Students who intend to take the TOEFL test, students who intend to improve their English language capabilities. Key Features:Systematic breakdown of TOEFL questions with specific strategies to tackle each questionStrategies taught via direct examples instead of abstract conceptsEach unit concludes with exercises specially designed for students on how to apply the strategiesKeywords:TOEFL;English;ESL;Admissions;Test;United States;USA
An annotated, critical bibliography of unclassified, English-language materials on military intelligence and its evolution; its role in air, ground, and naval operations; and specialties such as espionage, counter intelligence, and aerial photography. An introduction for general readers reviews the
The new editions of Access to History combine all the strengths of this well-loved series with features that allow all students access to the content and study skills needed to achieve exam success. This title starts by examining the crucial events of 1944-7, which led to the break down of the Second World War alliance between the 'Big Three' and the onset of the Cold War. It shows how the Cold War shaped post-war Europe through the creation of two great military and economic blocs. Key events such as the Berlin bockade of 1948-9, the Hungarian revolt of 1956, the second Berlin crisis of 1958-61 and collapse of Communism from 1989-91. In this new edition additional material on détente has been added. Throughout the book key dates, terms and issues are highlighted, and historical interpretations of key debates are outlined. Summary diagrams are included to consolidate knowledge and understanding of the period, and exam style questions and tips for each examination board provide the opportunity to develop exam skills.
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Mbh & Company
Category: Political Science
The Yearbook of European Administrative History is the only interdisciplinary and comparative scientific periodical of its type, dealing mainly with European administration from the 17th to 20th century. Each volume is dedicated to a principal topic of interest. Additionally, it offers criticisms and information on the status of research in individual European countries. The contributions appear in German, French, Italian, and English language, and contain an English summary.