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Everyday Probability and Statistics

Health, Elections, Gambling and War

Author: Michael Mark Woolfson

Publisher: World Scientific


Category: Mathematics

Page: 288

View: 508

Probability and statistics impinge on the life of the average person in a variety of ways — as is suggested by the title of this book. Very often information is provided that is factually accurate but intended to give a biased view. This book presents the important results of probability and statistics without making heavy mathematical demands on the reader. It should enable an intelligent reader to properly assess statistical information and to understand that the same information can be presented in different ways. In this second edition the author presents a new chapter exploring science and society including the way that scientists communicate with the public on current topics, such as global warming. The book also investigates pensions and pension policy, and how they are influenced by changing actuarial tables. Contents:The Nature of ProbabilityCombining ProbabilitiesA Day at the RacesMaking Choices and SelectionsNon-Intuitive Examples of ProbabilityProbability and HealthCombining Probabilities: The Craps Game RevealedThe UK National Lottery, Loaded Dice and Crooked WheelsBlock DiagramsThe Normal (or Gaussian) DistributionStatistics: The Collection and Analysis of Numerical DataThe Poisson Distribution and Death by Horse KicksPredicting Voting PatternsTaking Samples: How Many Fish in the Pond?Differences: Rats and IQsCrime is Increasing and DecreasingMy Uncle Joe Smoked 60 a DayChance, Luck and Making DecisionsScience and SocietyThe Pensions Problem Readership: Undergraduate students in mathematics; general public interested in probability and statistics. Keywords:Probability;StatisticsKey Features:Assumes a modest mathematical backgroundDeals with matters of everyday lifePresents problems and solutions for the reader to test their level of understanding

Introduction to Probability and Statistics for Engineers and Scientists

Author: Sheldon M. Ross

Publisher: Academic Press


Category: Mathematics

Page: 680

View: 719

This updated text provides a superior introduction to applied probability and statistics for engineering or science majors. Ross emphasizes the manner in which probability yields insight into statistical problems; ultimately resulting in an intuitive understanding of the statistical procedures most often used by practicing engineers and scientists. Real data sets are incorporated in a wide variety of exercises and examples throughout the book, and this emphasis on data motivates the probability coverage. As with the previous editions, Ross' text has remendously clear exposition, plus real-data examples and exercises throughout the text. Numerous exercises, examples, and applications apply probability theory to everyday statistical problems and situations. New to the 4th Edition: - New Chapter on Simulation, Bootstrap Statistical Methods, and Permutation Tests - 20% New Updated problem sets and applications, that demonstrate updated applications to engineering as well as biological, physical and computer science - New Real data examples that use significant real data from actual studies across life science, engineering, computing and business - New End of Chapter review material that emphasizes key ideas as well as the risks associated with practical application of the material

Applying Statistics and Probability to Everyday Life

Author: Erik Richardson

Publisher: Cavendish Square Publishing, LLC


Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 128

View: 799

Stopping a plague (even zombies), tomorrow’s likelihood of rain, and buying a lottery ticket are united by chance. Wildlife conservation, a baseball box score, and governmental spending are united by the need to record numbers. Statistics and probability measure the current state of something and the relative likelihood of potential future states. This book will explore how common experiences are counted, evaluated, and used to make intelligent decisions for the future based on uncertain outcomes.

Probably Not

Future Prediction Using Probability and Statistical Inference

Author: Lawrence N. Dworsky

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons


Category: Mathematics

Page: 328

View: 479

An engaging, entertaining, and informative introduction to probability and prediction in our everyday lives Although Probably Not deals with probability and statistics, it is not heavily mathematical and is not filled with complex derivations, proofs, and theoretical problem sets. This book unveils the world of statistics through questions such as what is known based upon the information at hand and what can be expected to happen. While learning essential concepts including "the confidence factor" and "random walks," readers will be entertained and intrigued as they move from chapter to chapter. Moreover, the author provides a foundation of basic principles to guide decision making in almost all facets of life including playing games, developing winning business strategies, and managing personal finances. Much of the book is organized around easy-to-follow examples that address common, everyday issues such as: How travel time is affected by congestion, driving speed, and traffic lights Why different gambling casino strategies ultimately offer players no advantage How to estimate how many different birds of one species are seen on a walk through the woods Seemingly random events—coin flip games, the Central Limit Theorem, binomial distributions and Poisson distributions, Parrando's Paradox, and Benford's Law—are addressed and treated through key concepts and methods in probability. In addition, fun-to-solve problems including "the shared birthday" and "the prize behind door number one, two, or three" are found throughout the book, which allow readers to test and practice their new probability skills. Requiring little background knowledge of mathematics, readers will gain a greater understanding of the many daily activities and events that involve random processes and statistics. Combining the mathematics of probability with real-world examples, Probably Not is an ideal reference for practitioners and students who would like to learn more about the role of probability and statistics in everyday decision making.

Everyday Statistical Reasoning

Possibilities and Pitfalls

Author: Timothy J. Lawson

Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company


Category: Education

Page: 142

View: 656

Lawson uses scientific research and interesting examples to explain to students how statistical concepts can be applied to everyday decisions and judgements. Practical, user-friendly discussion of topics such as probability, correlation, and covariance help students make the connections between statistical concepts and the work they do in their psychology courses and labs.

The Empire of Chance

How Probability Changed Science and Everyday Life

Author: Gerd Gigerenzer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press


Category: History

Page: 340

View: 345

This book tells how quantitative ideas of chance have transformed the natural and social sciences as well as everyday life over the past three centuries. A continuous narrative connects the earliest application of probability and statistics in gambling and insurance to the most recent forays into law, medicine, polling, and baseball. Separate chapters explore the theoretical and methodological impact on biology, physics, and psychology. In contrast to the literature on the mathematical development of probability and statistics, this book centers on how these technical innovations recreated our conceptions of nature, mind, and society.

Probabilities in Everyday Life

Author: John D. McGervey

Publisher: Ivy Books


Category: Mathematics

Page: 288

View: 746

Life can be unpredictable. And the more you can predict, the more control you will have over your own life. From calculating the health risks of smoking a pack of cigarettes a day to deciding on the best investments for your money, probabilities play a part in nearly all aspects of everyday life. Now, physics professor John D. McGervey puts all the facts and figures at your fingertips to help you make savvy, informed choices at home, at work, and at play. You will learn how the author believes you can: * Increase your chances of winning blackjack, contract bridge, horse racing, sports betting, and more * Get the most for your dollar when investing or buying insurance * Judge the risks of such common activities as smoking, using drugs, owning a handgun, and driving without a seat belt * Avoid faulty gambling systems and identify misleading statistics that can be used to draw you into poor investments * And much more. Inside you'll find a lively, entertaining, enlightening approach to minimizing your risks and maximizing your results -- simple strategies designed to give you the edge in life.

Struck By Lightning

The Curious World Of Probabilities

Author: Jeffrey S. Rosenthal

Publisher: Granta Books


Category: Mathematics


View: 291

Human beings have long been both fascinated and appalled by randomness. On the one hand, we love the thrill of a surprise party or the freedom of not knowing what tomorrow will bring. We are inexplicably delighted by strange coincidences and striking similarities. But we also hate uncertainty's dark side. From cancer to bird flu, diseases may strike with no apparent pattern. Terrorists attack, airplanes crash, bridges collapse, and we never know if we'll be that one-in-a-million statistic. In this entertaining look at the world of probabilities, Jeffrey Rosenthal, maths professor and improvisational comedian, explains the mechanics of randomness in fields as diverse as poker hands, email spam, crime statistics, opinion polls and lottery jackpots. Read Struck by Lightning and, chances are, you will never look at the world the same way again.

Merriam-Webster's Guide to Everyday Math

A Home and Business Reference

Author: Brian Burrell

Publisher: Merriam-Webster


Category: Mathematics

Page: 373

View: 128

Step-by-step guidance for clear answers to common math problems, this guide has extensive coverage of all situations involving numbers. Technical terms are highlighted and cross-referenced, and the book includes a concise directory to all information.

Understanding the World Around Through Simple Mathematics

Author: M. Kemal Atesmen

Publisher: Mehmet Kemal Atesmen


Category: Mathematics

Page: 291

View: 489

This book uses different mathematical tools that we learned in high school and in college to solve in detail one hundred everyday problems from credit card interest, basal metabolic rate to earthquake magnitude.

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