''This book is densely packed with useful and interesting geometrical insights whilst the written style is engaging and often amusing... John Silvester has written a work of quality and substance and I strongly recommended it for use by anyone seeking to extend their knowledge of geometry beyond the A level stage. As one who is intrigued by geometry, I shall certainly keep my copy permanently close to hand'' -The Mathematical GazetteThis book offers a guided tour of geometry from euclid through to algebraic geometry. It shows how mathematicians use a variety of techniques to tackle problems , and it links geometry to other branches of mathematics. Many problems and examples are included to aid understanding.
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For textual studies relating to the ancient mathematical corpus the efforts by the Danish philologist, 1. L. Heiberg (1854-1928), are especially significant. Beginning with his doctoral dissertation, Quaestiones Archimedeae (Copen hagen, 1879), Heiberg produced an astonishing series of editions and critical studies that remain the foundation of scholarship on Greek mathematical 4 science. For comprehensiveness and accuracy, his editions are exemplary. In his textual studies, as also in the prolegomena to his editions, he carefully described the extant evidence, organized the manuscripts into stemmata, and drew out the implications for the state of the text. 5 With regard to his Archimedean work, Heiberg sometimes betrayed signs of the philologist's occupational disease - the tendency to rewrite a text deemed on subjective grounds to be unworthy. 6 But he did so less often than his prominent 7 contemporaries, and not as to detract appreciably from the value of his editions. In examining textual questions bearing on the Archimedean corpus, he attempted to exploit as much as possible evidence from the ancient commentators, and in some instances from the medieval translations. It is here that opportunities abound for new work, extending, and in some instances superseding, Heiberg's findings. For at his time the availability of the medieval materials was limited. In recent years Marshall Clagett has completed a mammoth critical edition of the medieval Latin tradition of Archimedes,8 while the bibliographical instruments for the Arabic tradition are in good order thanks to the work of Fuat Sezgin.
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This book is a geometrical survey of the Sanskrit and Prakrt scientific and quasi-scientific literature of India, beginning with the Vedic literature and ending with the early part of the 17th century. It deals in detail with the Sulbasutras in the Vedic literature, with the mathematical parts of Jaina Canonical works and of the Hindu Siddhantas and with the contributions to geometry made by the astronomer mathematicians Aryabhata I & II, Sripati, Bhaskara I & II, Sangamagrama Madhava, Paramesvara, Nilakantha, his disciples and a host of others. The works of the mathematicians Mahavira, Sridhara and Narayana Pandita and the Bakshali Manuscript have also been studied. The work seeks to explode the theory that the Indian mathematical genius was predominantly algebraic and computational and that it eschewed proofs and rationales. There was a school in India which delighted to demonstrate even algebraical results geometrically. In their search for a sufficiently good approximation for the value of pie Indian mathematicians had discovered the tool of integration. Which they used equally effectively for finding the surface area and volume of a sphere and in other fields. This discovery of integration was the sequel of the inextricable blending of geometry and series mathematics.
Hallmark features include: * A focus on the important ideas of mathematics that students will retain long after their formal studies are complete. * An engaging and humorous style, written to be read and enjoyed. * Ten Life Lessons that readers will apply beyond their study of mathematics. * Use of a variety of visualization techniques that direct students to model their thinking and to actively explore the world around them. New to this Edition: * A new chapter, Deciding Wisely: Applications of Rigorous Thought, provides a thought-provoking capstone. * Expanded and improved statistics and probability content in Chapter 7, Taming Uncertainty. * Enhanced Mindscapes at the end of each section which ask the reader to review, apply and think deeply about the ideas presented in the chapter. * Radically superior ancillary package.
The great work that founded analytical geometry. Includes the original French text, Descartes' own diagrams, and the definitive Smith-Latham translation. "The greatest single step ever made in the progress of the exact sciences." — John Stuart Mill.