Handbook of Grid Generation addresses the use of grids (meshes) in the numerical solutions of partial differential equations by finite elements, finite volume, finite differences, and boundary elements. Four parts divide the chapters: structured grids, unstructured girds, surface definition, and adaption/quality. An introduction to each section provides a roadmap through the material. This handbook covers: Fundamental concepts and approaches Grid generation process Essential mathematical elements from tensor analysis and differential geometry, particularly relevant to curves and surfaces Cells of any shape - Cartesian, structured curvilinear coordinates, unstructured tetrahedra, unstructured hexahedra, or various combinations Separate grids overlaid on one another, communicating data through interpolation Moving boundaries and internal interfaces in the field Resolving gradients and controlling solution error Grid generation codes, both commercial and freeware, as well as representative and illustrative grid configurations Handbook of Grid Generation contains 37 chapters as well as contributions from more than 100 experts from around the world, comprehensively evaluating this expanding field and providing a fundamental orientation for practitioners.
Handbook of Fluid Dynamics offers balanced coverage of the three traditional areas of fluid dynamics-theoretical, computational, and experimental-complete with valuable appendices presenting the mathematics of fluid dynamics, tables of dimensionless numbers, and tables of the properties of gases and vapors. Each chapter introduces a different fluid
Computational Geometry is an area that provides solutions to geometric problems which arise in applications including Geographic Information Systems, Robotics and Computer Graphics. This Handbook provides an overview of key concepts and results in Computational Geometry. It may serve as a reference and study guide to the field. Not only the most advanced methods or solutions are described, but also many alternate ways of looking at problems and how to solve them.
This text is an introduction to methods of grid generation technology in scientific computing. Special attention is given to methods developed by the author for the treatment of singularly-perturbed equations, e.g. in modeling high Reynolds number flows. Functionals of conformality, orthogonality, energy and alignment are discussed.
As one of the results of an ambitious project, this handbook provides a well-structured directory of globally available software tools in the area of Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME). The compilation covers models, software tools, and numerical methods allowing describing electronic, atomistic, and mesoscopic phenomena, which in their combination determine the microstructure and the properties of materials. It reaches out to simulations of component manufacture comprising primary shaping, forming, joining, coating, heat treatment, and machining processes. Models and tools addressing the in-service behavior like fatigue, corrosion, and eventually recycling complete the compilation. An introductory overview is provided for each of these different modelling areas highlighting the relevant phenomena and also discussing the current state for the different simulation approaches. A must-have for researchers, application engineers, and simulation software providers seeking a holistic overview about the current state of the art in a huge variety of modelling topics. This handbook equally serves as a reference manual for academic and commercial software developers and providers, for industrial users of simulation software, and for decision makers seeking to optimize their production by simulations. In view of its sound introductions into the different fields of materials physics, materials chemistry, materials engineering and materials processing it also serves as a tutorial for students in the emerging discipline of ICME, which requires a broad view on things and at least a basic education in adjacent fields.
This handbook covers computational fluid dynamics from fundamentals to applications. This text provides a well documented critical survey of numerical methods for fluid mechanics, and gives a state-of-the-art description of computational fluid mechanics, considering numerical analysis, computer technology, and visualization tools. The chapters in this book are invaluable tools for reaching a deeper understanding of the problems associated with the calculation of fluid motion in various situations: inviscid and viscous, incompressible and compressible, steady and unsteady, laminar and turbulent flows, as well as simple and complex geometries. Each chapter includes a related bibliography Covers fundamentals and applications Provides a deeper understanding of the problems associated with the calculation of fluid motion
Electric Power Technologies, Economics and Environmental Impacts
Author: Ramesh Bansal
Category: Technology & Engineering
This book features extensive coverage of all Distributed Energy Generation technologies, highlighting the technical, environmental and economic aspects of distributed resource integration, such as line loss reduction, protection, control, storage, power electronics, reliability improvement, and voltage profile optimization. It explains how electric power system planners, developers, operators, designers, regulators and policy makers can derive many benefits with increased penetration of distributed generation units into smart distribution networks. It further demonstrates how to best realize these benefits via skillful integration of distributed energy sources, based upon an understanding of the characteristics of loads and network configuration.
Grid generation deals with the use of grids (meshes) in the numerical solution of partial differential equations by finite elements, finite volume, finite differences and boundary elements. Grid generation is applied in the aerospace, mechanical engineering and scientific computing fields. This book presents new research in the field.
The present monograph is intended to provide a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the optimization of elliptic systems. This area of mathematical research, which has many important applications in science and technology. has experienced an impressive development during the past two decades. There are already many good textbooks dealing with various aspects of optimal design problems. In this regard, we refer to the works of Pironneau , Haslinger and Neittaanmaki , , Sokolowski and Zolksio , Litvinov , Allaire , Mohammadi and Pironneau , Delfour and Zolksio , and Makinen and Haslinger . Already Lions [I9681 devoted a major part of his classical monograph on the optimal control of partial differential equations to the optimization of elliptic systems. Let us also mention that even the very first known problem of the calculus of variations, the brachistochrone studied by Bernoulli back in 1696. is in fact a shape optimization problem. The natural richness of this mathematical research subject, as well as the extremely large field of possible applications, has created the unusual situation that although many important results and methods have already been est- lished, there are still pressing unsolved questions. In this monograph, we aim to address some of these open problems; as a consequence, there is only a minor overlap with the textbooks already existing in the field.
This book provides a comprehensive look at the Schwarz-Christoffel transformation, including its history and foundations, practical computation, common and less common variations, and many applications in fields such as electromagnetism, fluid flow, design and inverse problems, and the solution of linear systems of equations. It is an accessible resource for engineers, scientists, and applied mathematicians who seek more experience with theoretical or computational conformal mapping techniques. The most important theoretical results are stated and proved, but the emphasis throughout remains on concrete understanding and implementation, as evidenced by the 76 figures based on quantitatively correct illustrative examples. There are over 150 classical and modern reference works cited for readers needing more details. There is also a brief appendix illustrating the use of the Schwarz-Christoffel Toolbox for MATLAB, a package for computation of these maps.