BEA was formed in 1946 and took over most UK domestic and European routes under the British government's nationalisation policy. It began operations with a fleet of outdated and hopelessly uneconomic passenger aircraft that were derivatives of wartime types such as the DC-3, Avro Viking and Rapide. By the end of 1955 the airline had re-equipped with more modern types such as the jet-prop Viscount and moved into a profit for the first time. From 1960 onwards the airline introduced larger jets such as the Comet, Trident and BAC 1-11. BEA merged with the British Overseas Airways Corporation in 1974 to form British Airways. This book looks at BEA's predecessors, its formation and early operation from Croydon and Northolt and the move to the newly-opened London Heathrow. The evolving structure is explained with chapters covering engineering bases, terminals, European and domestic services, cargo services and helicopter operations. The aircraft flown are all described in detail and the book includes anecdotes from former crew and ground-staff, a full fleet list and is highly illustrated throughout.
Between 1939 and 1946 BOAC (the British Overseas Airways Corporation) was the nationalized airline of Great Britain – and between 1946 and 1974 as such it exclusively operated all long-haul British flights. With its iconic 'Speedbird' logo and its central role in the glamorous 'jet age' of the 1950s and 1960s, BOAC achieved a near cult-status. Yet, to date there has been no comprehensive history of the organization, covering its structure, fleet and the role it played in the critical events of the age – from World War II to the end of empire, a period when BOAC played a pivotal part in projecting British political power, even as that power was waning. Acclaimed historian Robin Higham here presents a complete study of BOAC from the early days before jet travel to the de Havilland Comet and the Vickers VC10 to the dawn of supersonic passenger aviation. Highly illustrated and meticulously researched, this book will be essential reading for all aviation enthusiasts and anyone interested in the history of modern Britain and the Empire.
This study explains how Westland dominated British helicopter production and why government funding and support failed to generate competitive "all-British" alternatives. In doing so, the book evaluates broader historiographic assumptions about the purported "failure" of british aircraft procurement during the early post-war period and considers the scope and limitations of licensed production as a government-mandated procurement strategy.
This first volume of the Official History studies the background to privatisation, and the privatisations of the first two Conservative Governments led by Margaret Thatcher from May 1979 to June 1987. First commissioned by the then Prime Minister Tony Blair as an authoritative history, this volume addresses a number of key questions: To what extent was privatisation a clear policy commitment within the Thatcher Governments of the 1980s - or did Government simply stumble on the idea? Why were particular public corporations sold early in the 1980s and other sales delayed until well into the 1990s? What were the privatisation objectives and how did they change over time, if at all? How was each privatisation planned and executed, how were different City advisers appointed and remunerated, what precise roles did they play? How was each privatisation administered; in what ways did the methods evolve and change and why? How were sale prices determined? Which government departments took the lead role; what was the input of the Treasury and Bank of England; and what was the relationship between Ministers and civil servants? The study draws heavily from the official records of the British Government to which the author was given full access and from interviews with leading figures involved in each of the privatisations – including ex-Ministers, civil servants, business and City figures, as well as academics that have studied the subject. This new official history will be of much interest to students of British political history, economics and business studies.
Airlines of the Jet Age provides the first comprehensive history of the world's airlines from the early 1960s to the present day. It begins with an informative introductory chapter on the infancy of flight and the development of air-transport craft used during the First and Second World Wars, and then wings into the "first" Jet Age--the advent of jet airlines. It continues through the "second" Jet Age of wide-bodied aircraft, such as the Boeing 747 and DC-10, and closes with the introduction of the "third" Jet Age, which begins with the giant double-decked Airbus A380. This reference book is an unparalelled reference for aviation buffs, covering airlines around the globe and throughout the modern eras of human flight. The last book written by renowned airline historian R.E.G. Davies, Airlines of the Jet Age is the ultimate resource for information and insight on modern air transport.
Seminar paper from the year 2012 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: B, Oxford University, language: English, abstract: History of British Airways is also the history of British aviation. The first cruise flight took place on August 25, 1919 year. AT&T along with two other airlines, being built from the ground up aviation services market in the UK. In time, AT&T has been transformed in Daimler Airways, later in 1924, along with four other airlines, formed Imperial Airways. In 1935, a number of smaller lines joined together - were British Airways Ltd. decision of the British government, both competitors were nationalized in 1939, and the lines are combined to form the British Overseas Airways Corporation. After the Second World War it became BOAC line of long-haul flights realizing, while local calls implemented as new airline - British European Airways (Neely, 2002). In the 50s BOAC was the first airline in the world to the jet aircraft traffic. The new standards also marked the BEA lines. In the 60s Trident jet these lines made the first automatic landing capability heralding the era of the takeoff and landing in bad weather. Dear both lines ran separately until 1974, when the British government decided on their combination. In this way born British Airways, in which the service until October 2003, the remains legendary Concorde. An important step in the history of British Airways was the decision to privatize. It started as early as 1979, but the process ended only in 1987. Mission In 1986, Lord Marshall, the chief executive of British Airways, BA presented the mission: "To be the best, reaching the most successful company in the airline industry." The main objective was to change the image of British Airways (Colling, 1995, 18-32). Reputation and company managed finance to rebuild by improving the quality of customer service, re-defining marketing objectives, sales and management mode. Ten years later for the next
Britain's premier airline is now among the world's elite. This book summarizes the early pioneering days and the nationalized postwar years of Britain European Airways and the British Overseas Airways Corporation. We then see the joining of these two under the banner of British Airways and follow its early history into successful privatization and the ailine's freedom to pursue new ventures. Every type of aircraft that has been operated by BA is described the nuances of livery styles are illustrated in color. British Airways has acquired airlines, invested in others and has franchise partners; these are identified and the aircraft described.