Edited by two pioneers of magneto-optics, this book is designed to provide graduate students and researchers with an introductory state-of-the-art review of recent developments in this subject. The field encompasses important areas in solid-state physics, chemical physics and electrical engineering. The book deals with optical spectroscopy of paramagnetic, antiferromagnetic, and ferromagnetic materials, photo-induced magnetism and their applications to opto-electronics.
Certain magnetic materials have optical properties that make them attractive for a wide variety of applications such as optical switches. This book describes the physics of one class of such magnetooptic materials, the insulating antiferromagnets. The authors summarize recent results concerning the structure, optical properties, spectroscopy, and magnetooptical properties of these materials. In particular, they consider magnetic phase transitions, symmetry effects, the linear magnetooptical effect, magnons, spectroscopic study of spin waves, photoinduced magnetic effects, and the effects of impurities.
The Advanced Study Institute on "Theoretical Aspects and New Developments in Magneto-Optics" was held at the University of Antwerpen (R.U.C.A.), from July 16 to July 28, 1979. The Institute was sponsored by NATO. Co-sponsors were: Agfa-Gevaert (Belgium), A.S.L.K. (Belgium), Bell Telephone Mfg. CO. (Belgium), Esso Belgium, Generale Bankmaatschappij (Belgium), General Motors (Belgium), I.B.M. (Belgium), Kredietbank (Belgium), Metallurgie Hoboken-Over pelt (Belgium), National Science Foundation (U.S.A). A total of 60 lecturers and participants attended the Institute. Scope of the Institute The magneto-optic phenomena are due to the change of the polarizability of a substance as a result of the splitting of the quantized energy bands. Most of these phenomena were discovered during the second half of this century. The understanding of the magneto-optical effects of all kinds, however, was brought by the advent of quantum mechanics, and since then important progress has been made in many fields of experimental methods and techniques.
The aim of this book is to review recent achievements in thetheoretical investigations of the electronic structure, optical, magneto-optical (MO), and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD)properties of compounds and Multilayered structures.Chapter 1 of this book is of an introductory character and presentsthe theoretical foundations of the band theory of solids such as thedensity functional theory for ground state properties of solidsincluding local density approximation (LDA). It also presents somemodifications to the LDA, such as gradient correction, self-interaction correction, LDA+U method, orbital polarizationcorrection, GW approximation, and dynamical mean- field theory. Thedescription of the magneto-optical effects and linear response theoryare also presented.The book describes the MO properties for a number of 3d materials, such as elemental ferromagnetic metals (Fe, Co and Ni) andparamagnetic metals in external magnetic fields (Pd and Pt), someimportant 3d compounds such as XPt3 (X=V, Cr, Mn, Fe and Co), Heusleralloys, chromium spinel chalcogenides, MnB and strongly correlatedmagnetite Fe304. It also describes the recent achievements in both theexperimental and theoretical investigations of the electronicstructure, optical and MO properties of transition metal multilayeredstructures (MLS).The book presents also the MO properties of f band ferromagneticmaterials: Tm, Nd, Sm, Ce and La monochalcogenides, some important Y
Magneto-Optical Imaging has developed rapidly over the last decade to emerge as a leading technique to directly visualise the static and dynamic magnetic behaviour of materials, capable of following magnetic processes on the scale of centimeters to sub-microns and at timescales from hours to nanoseconds. The images are direct, real-time, and give space-resolved information, such as ultrafast magnetic processes and revealing the motion of individual vortices in superconductors. The book is a fully up-to-date report of the present status of the technique.
"This book explores multilayered thin films, exchanged coupled layers, materials used in current products, and materials of potential interest not yet available in practical applications. A detailed analysis concerning the physics of magneto-optical recording will help you make informed decisions about materials properties. You will also find an extensive discussion of systems and engineering design features for magneto-optical storage devices.