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Models of Discovery

and Other Topics in the Methods of Science

Author: Herbert A. Simon

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media


Category: Science

Page: 475

View: 862

We respect Herbert A. Simon as an established leader of empirical and logical analysis in the human sciences while we happily think of him as also the loner; of course he works with many colleagues but none can match him. He has been writing fruitfully and steadily for four decades in many fields, among them psychology, logic, decision theory, economics, computer science, management, production engineering, information and control theory, operations research, confirmation theory, and we must have omitted several. With all of them, he is at once the technical scientist and the philosophical critic and analyst. When writing of decisions and actions, he is at the interface of philosophy of science, decision theory, philosophy of the specific social sciences, and inventory theory (itself, for him, at the interface of economic theory, production engineering and information theory). When writing on causality, he is at the interface of methodology, metaphysics, logic and philosophy of physics, systems theory, and so on. Not that the interdisciplinary is his orthodoxy; we are delighted that he has chosen to include in this book both his early and little-appreciated treatment of straightforward philosophy of physics - the axioms of Newtonian mechanics, and also his fine papers on pure confirmation theory.

Discovery Science

4th International Conference, DS 2001, Washington, DC, USA, November 25-28, 2001 Proceedings

Author: Klaus P. Jantke

Publisher: Springer


Category: Computers

Page: 500

View: 286

These are the conference proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Discovery Science (DS 2001). Although discovery is naturally ubiquitous in s- ence, and scientific discovery itself has been subject to scientific investigation for centuries, the term Discovery Science is comparably new. It came up in conn- tion with the Japanese Discovery Science project (cf. Arikawa's invited lecture on The Discovery Science Project in Japan in the present volume) some time during the last few years. Setsuo Arikawa is the father in spirit of the Discovery Science conference series. He led the above mentioned project, and he is currently serving as the chairman of the international steering committee for the Discovery Science c- ference series. The other members of this board are currently (in alphabetical order) Klaus P. Jantke, Masahiko Sato, Ayumi Shinohara, Carl H. Smith, and Thomas Zeugmann. Colleagues and friends from all over the world took the opportunity of me- ing for this conference to celebrate Arikawa's 60th birthday and to pay tribute to his manifold contributions to science, in general, and to Learning Theory and Discovery Science, in particular. Algorithmic Learning Theory (ALT, for short) is another conference series initiated by Setsuo Arikawa in Japan in 1990. In 1994, it amalgamated with the conference series on Analogical and Inductive Inference (AII), when ALT was held outside of Japan for the first time.

Models of Exploration for Oil and Natural Gas

Author: Kenneth Hendricks



Category: Natural gas

Page: 342

View: 204

Drug Discovery and Evaluation

Safety and Pharmacokinetic Assays ; with 125 Tables

Author: H. Gerhard Vogel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media


Category: Medical

Page: 889

View: 897

This book is a landmark in the continuously changing world of drugs. It is essential reading for scientists and managers in the pharmaceutical industry who are involved in drug finding, drug development and decision making in the development process.

Fuzzy Systems and Knowledge Discovery

Third International Conference, FSKD 2006, Xi'an, China, September 24-28, 2006, Proceedings

Author: Lipo Wang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media


Category: Computers

Page: 1340

View: 300

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Third International Conference on Fuzzy Systems and Knowledge Discovery, FSKD 2006, held in federation with the Second International Conference on Natural Computation ICNC 2006. The book presents 115 revised full papers and 50 revised short papers. Coverage includes neural computation, quantum computation, evolutionary computation, DNA computation, fuzzy computation, granular computation, artificial life, innovative applications to knowledge discovery, finance, operations research, and more.

Drug Discovery and Development for Alzheimer's Disease, 2000

Author: Howard M. Fillit, MD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company


Category: Medical

Page: 296

View: 526

This prestigious volume presents the findings of an international group of academic and biotechnological researchers. Topics range from early detection programs focusing on genetic factors, novel probes for detecting B-amyloid in the living brain, and the use of telephonic screening and MRI's to the diversity of therapeutic areas such as antioxidants, estrogen agonists and various anti-B-amyloid and anti-tangle approaches. The volume is still an indispensable resource for the psychogeriatrician, psychiatrist, clinical investigator, and neurobiologist, and a must for medical libraries.

Microbial Biofilms

Author: Mahmoud Ghannoum

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons


Category: Science

Page: 404

View: 731

An examination of the research and translational application to prevent and treat biofilm-associated diseases In the decade since the first edition of Microbial Biofilms was published, the interest in this field has expanded, spurring breakthrough research that has advanced the treatment of biofilm-associated diseases. This second edition takes the reader on an exciting, extensive review of bacterial and fungal biofilms, ranging from basic molecular interactions to innovative therapies, with particular emphasis on the division of labor in biofilms, new approaches to combat the threat of microbial biofilms, and how biofilms evade the host defense. Chapters written by established investigators cover recent findings, and contributions from investigators new to the field provide unique and fresh insights. Specifically, Microbial Biofilms provides state-of-the-art research in the field of bacterial and fungal biofilms detailed descriptions of the in vitro and in vivo models available to evaluate microbial biofilms future areas of research and their translational and clinical applications Microbial Biofilms is a useful reference for researchers and clinicians. It will also provide insight in the dynamic field of microbial biofilms for graduate and postgraduate students.

Metabolic Profiling: Its Role in Biomarker Discovery and Gene Function Analysis

Its Role in Biomarker Discovery and Gene Function Analysis

Author: George G. Harrigan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media


Category: Medical

Page: 335

View: 382

It is evident that biochemical control is not strictly hierarchical and that intermediary metabolism can contribute to control of regulatory pathways. Metabolic studies are therefore increasingly important in gene function analyses, and an increased interest in metabolites as biomarkers for disease progression or response to therapeutic intervention is also evident in the pharmaceutical industry. This book offers guidelines to currently available technology and bioinformatics and database strategies now being developed. Evidence is presented that metabolic profiling is a valuable addition to genomics and proteomics strategies devoted to drug discovery and development, and that metabolic profiling offers numerous advantages.

Terrestrial Ecosystem Research Infrastructures

Challenges and Opportunities

Author: Abad Chabbi

Publisher: CRC Press


Category: Nature

Page: 534

View: 918

Terrestrial Ecosystem Research Infrastructures: Challenges and Opportunities reveals how environmental research infrastructures (RIs) provide new valuable insights on ecological processes that cannot be realized by more traditional short-term funding cycles and are integral to understand our changing world. This book bonds the latest state-of-the-science knowledge on environmental RIs, the challenges in creating them, their place in addressing scientific frontiers, and the new perspectives they bear. Each chapter is thoughtfully invested with fresh viewpoints from the environmental RI vantage as the authors explore and explain many topics such as the rationale and challenges in global change, field and modeling platforms, new tools, challenges in data management, distilling information into knowledge, and new developments in large-scale RIs. This work serves an advantageous guide for academics and practitioners alike who aim to deepen their knowledge in the field of science and project management, and logistics operations.

Discovery Science

13th International Conference, DS 2010, Canberra, Australia, October 6-8, 2010, Proceedings

Author: Bernahrd Pfahringer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media


Category: Computers

Page: 384

View: 718

The LNAI series reports state-of-the-art results in artificial intelligence research, development, and education, at a high level and in both printed and electronic form. Enjoying tight cooperation with the R & D community, with numerous individuals, as well as with prestigious organizations and societies, LNAI has grown into the most comprehensive artificial intelligence research forum available. The scope of LNAI spans the whole range of artificial intelligence and intelligent information processing including interdisciplinary topics in a variety of application fields. The type of material published traditionally includes proceedings (published in time for the respective conference) post-proceedings (consisting of thoroughly revised final full papers) research monographs (which may be based on PhD work) More recently, several color-cover sublines have been added featuring, beyond a collection of papers, various added-value components; these sublines include tutorials (textbook-like monographs or collections of lectures given at advance courses) state-of-the-art surveys (offering complete and mediated coverage of a topic) hot topics (introducing emergent topics to the broader community) In parallel to the printed book, each new volume is published electronically in LNCS Online. Book jacket.

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