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Smoking Privileges

Psychiatry, the Mentally Ill, and the Tobacco Industry in America

Author: Laura D. Hirshbein

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 228

View: 248

Current public health literature suggests that the mentally ill may represent as much as half of the smokers in America. In Smoking Privileges, Laura D. Hirshbein highlights the complex problem of mentally ill smokers, placing it in the context of changes in psychiatry, in the tobacco and pharmaceutical industries, and in the experience of mental illness over the last century.Hirshbein, a medical historian and clinical psychiatrist, first shows how cigarettes functioned in the old system of psychiatric care, revealing that mental health providers long ago noted the important role of cigarettes within treatment settings and the strong attachment of many mentally ill individuals to their cigarettes. Hirshbein also relates how, as the sale of cigarettes dwindled, the tobacco industry quietly researched alternative markets, including those who smoked for psychological reasons, ultimately discovering connections between mental states and smoking, and the addictive properties of nicotine. However, Smoking Privileges warns that to see smoking among the mentally ill only in terms of addiction misses how this behavior fits into the broader context of their lives. Cigarettes not only helped structure their relationships with other people, but also have been important objects of attachment. Indeed, even after psychiatric hospitals belatedly instituted smoking bans in the late twentieth century, smoking remained an integral part of life for many seriously ill patients, with implications not only for public health but for the ongoing treatment of psychiatric disorders. Making matters worse, well-meaning tobacco-control policies have had the unintended consequence of further stigmatizing the mentally ill.A groundbreaking look at a little-known public health problem, Smoking Privileges illuminates the intersection of smoking and mental illness, and offers a new perspective on public policy regarding cigarettes.

Ghostlier Demarcations

Modern Poetry and the Material Word

Author: Michael Davidson

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN:

Category: Poetry

Page: 273

View: 713

Why do modern poets quote from dictionaries in their poems? How has the tape recorder changed the poet's voice? What has shopping to do with Gertrude Stein's aesthetics? These and other questions form the core of Ghostlier Demarcations, a study of modern poetry as a material medium. One of today's most respected critics of twentieth-century poetry and poetics, Michael Davidson argues that literary materiality has been dominated by an ideology of modernism, based on the ideal of the autonomous work of art, which has hindered our ability to read poetry as a socially critical medium. By focusing on writing as a palimpsest involving numerous layers of materiality--from the holograph manuscript to the printed book--Davidson exposes modern poetry's engagement with larger historical forces. The palimpsest that results is less a poem than an arrested stage of writing in whose layers can be discerned ghostly traces of other texts. Why do modern poets quote from dictionaries in their poems? How has the tape recorder changed the poet's voice? What has shopping to do with Gertrude Stein's aesthetics? These and other questions form the core of Ghostlier Demarcations, a study of modern poetry as a material medium. One of today's most respected critics of twentieth-century poetry and poetics, Michael Davidson argues that literary materiality has been dominated by an ideology of modernism, based on the ideal of the autonomous work of art, which has hindered our ability to read poetry as a socially critical medium. By focusing on writing as a palimpsest involving numerous layers of materiality--from the holograph manuscript to the printed book--Davidson exposes modern poetry's engagement with larger historical forces. The palimpsest that results is less a poem than an arrested stage of writing in whose layers can be discerned ghostly traces of other texts.

The Smoking Craze

Author: Frank Ballard

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 105

View: 112

Handbook of Fermented Meat and Poultry

Author: Fidel Toldrá

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 528

View: 323

"Fermented meats use bacterial cultures in their manufacture to preserve the meat and confer particular textures and sensory attributes. Examples of fermented meats include salami, chorizo, pepperoni and saucisson. This is a reference book on meat fermentation which presents all the principle fermented meat products and the processing technologies currently used in their manufacture. The 56 chapters of this substantial book are group into the following sections: Meat fermentation worldwide: history and principles Raw materials Microbiology and starter cultures for meat fermentation Sensory attributes Product categories: general considerations Semidry-fermented sausages Dry-fermented sausages Other fermented meats and poultry Ripened meat products Biological and chemical safety of fermented meat products Processing sanitation and quality assurance This fully revised and expanded second edition contains six new chapters that address the following topics: Smoking and new smoke flavorings; Probiotics; Methodologies for the study of the microbial ecology in fermented sausages; Enzymes and aroma generation; Flavor; Low sodium in meat products; and Asian sausages. The remaining chapters have been updated to reflect the latest advances and developments. This handbook will provide readers with a full overview of meat fermentation, the role of microorganisms naturally present and/or added as starter cultures, safety aspects and an account of the main chemical, biochemical, physical and microbiological changes that occur in processing and how they affect final quality. Finally, readers will find the main types of worldwide fermented meat products, typically produced in different areas, with the description of their main characteristics"--

Safety Evaluation of Certain Contaminants in Food

Author:

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 778

View: 967

FAO Circulaire Sur Les Pêches

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Fisheries

Page:

View: 883

Science Books

A Quarterly Review

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page:

View: 466

Catalog of Visual Media

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Audio-visual materials

Page:

View: 542

Smoking and Health Bulletin

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Smoking

Page:

View: 115

Furniture for the Amateur Craftsman

Author: Earl Harmes

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Cabinetwork

Page: 79

View: 200

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