The plastic analysis method has been used extensively by engineers for designing steel structures. Simpler structures can be analyzed using the basic virtual work formulation, but more complex frames are evaluated with specialist computer software. This new book sets out a method for carrying out plastic analysis of complex structures without the need for specialist tools. The book provides an introduction to the use of linear programming techniques for plastic analysis. This powerful and advanced method for plastic analysis is important in an automated computational environment, in particular for non-linear structural analysis. A detailed comparison between the design codes for the United States and Australia and the emerging European Eurocodes enables practising engineers to understand the issues involved in plastic design procedures and the limitations imposed by this design method. * Covers latest research in plastic analysis and analytical tools * Introduces new successive approximation method for calculating collapse loads * Programming guide for using spreadsheet tools for plastic analysis
This book is intended for classroom teaching in architectural and civil engineering at the graduate and undergraduate levels. Although it has been developed from lecture notes given in structural steel design, it can be useful to practicing engineers. Many of the examples presented in this book are drawn from the field of design of structures. Design of Steel Structures can be used for one or two semesters of three hours each on the undergraduate level. For a two-semester curriculum, Chapters 1 through 8 can be used during the first semester. Heavy emphasis should be placed on Chapters 1 through 5, giving the student a brief exposure to the consideration of wind and earthquakes in the design of buildings. With the new federal requirements vis a vis wind and earthquake hazards, it is beneficial to the student to have some under standing of the underlying concepts in this field. In addition to the class lectures, the instructor should require the student to submit a term project that includes the complete structural design of a multi-story building using standard design procedures as specified by AISC Specifications. Thus, the use of the AISC Steel Construction Manual is a must in teaching this course. In the second semester, Chapters 9 through 13 should be covered. At the undergraduate level, Chapters 11 through 13 should be used on a limited basis, leaving the student more time to concentrate on composite construction and built-up girders.
Comprehensive coverage of the background and design requirements for plastic and seismic design of steel structures Thoroughly revised throughout, Ductile Design of Steel Structures, Second Edition, reflects the latest plastic and seismic design provisions and standards from the American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC) and the Canadian Standard Association (CSA). The book covers steel material, cross-section, component, and system response for applications in plastic and seismic design, and provides practical guidance on how to incorporate these principles into structural design. Three new chapters address buckling-restrained braced frame design, steel plate shear wall design, and hysteretic energy dissipating systems and design strategies. Eight other chapters have been extensively revised and expanded, including a chapter presenting the basic seismic design philosophy to determine seismic loads. Self-study problems at the end of each chapter help reinforce the concepts presented. Written by experts in earthquake-resistant design who are active in the development of seismic guidelines, this is an invaluable resource for students and professionals involved in earthquake engineering or other areas related to the analysis and design of steel structures. COVERAGE INCLUDES: Structural steel properties Plastic behavior at the cross-section level Concepts, methods, and applications of plastic analysis Building code seismic design philosophy Design of moment-resisting frames Design of concentrically braced frames Design of eccentrically braced frames Design of steel energy dissipating systems Stability and rotation capacity of steel beams
Eight edition of this book is based on Bridge Rules (Adopted in 1941, Revised in 1964 and Reprinted in 1989), and IS: 800-2007. Authors have distributed present text in the edition in thirty two chapters [that is, in Four parts (1) Steel Bridges and Influence Lines Diagrams for axial forces for the members of different types of truss-girders, (2) Special Steel Structures (3) Analysis of Structures specially, the method of tension co-efficients for determinate and indeterminate structures, (4) Aluminium structures. In order to emphasize that similar to various other subjects, this subject is also very vast. Therefore, space steel structures and stressed-skin steel structures have been described special features of this new-edition of this book may be mentioned as under (1) Historical development of different types of steel bridges details of some spans of longest spans of various types of steel bridges, (2) Design of Guyed Steel Chimneys (3) Instantaneous Centre of Rotation (ICR) and Plastic Analysis of Pitched slope (i.e., gable structure) and influences of axial forces and shear forces on the plastic moment of resistance of the member cross-sections.
This is the first volume of a two-volume work by Professors Baker and Heyman that expounds and illustrates the methods of plastic design. Volume 1 gives the elements of the theory and covers the needs of most undergraduates and designers.
The behaviour of steel structures and the criteria used in their design are set out in detail in this book. The book bridges the gap between the methods of analysis and the sizing of structural components. The basis of the limit state design criteria of the latest Australian code for structural steel are explained, and the reader is pointed to the relevant provisions of the code.
Ensure ductile behavior in any steel structure Engineer earthquake resistant structures using today's most advanced ductile steel design techniques. This guide gives you the latest seismic-resistant design criteria--based on research into the recent Northridge and Kobe earthquakes. You get fingertip access to the ductile properties of steel. . .essential data on the plastic behavior of cross-sections. . .and systematic methods and applications of plastic analysis. This time-saving resource walks you through the seismic design of ductile braced frames and moment resisting frames. . .provides the special detailing requirements needed to ensure satisfactory plastic behavior. . .gives you an overview of special steel-based energy dissipation systems. . .and much more.
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
This is a completely revised, updated and reset edition of the text that appeared with the same title during the 1980s. It covers the requirements of the most recent design standards (BS5950, BS8110 and the Eurocodes) and will appeal to undergraduate and postgraduate students of civil and structural engineering and to practising engineers. Plastic behaviour and the methods for calculating the collapse load of steel structures are discussed and examined in detail. An explanation of the effects of deflections, instability and imperfections on the collapse of structures is followed by a description of the design methods for steel structures. The application of plastic methods to concrete structures and the yield line and strip methods for slabs are also presented. The coverage of both steel and concrete in the same volume is a unique feature of this text which will appeal to many readers. Throughout the book, the emphasis is on applications to modern analysis and design. Each chapter provides the background theory, followed by a series of carefully graded examples with many diagrams that illustrate application of the theory; the chapter concludes with a brief summary which is followed by a wide range of problems (with answers).
Steel and composite steel–concrete structures are widely used in modern bridges, buildings, sport stadia, towers, and offshore structures. Analysis and Design of Steel and Composite Structures offers a comprehensive introduction to the analysis and design of both steel and composite structures. It describes the fundamental behavior of steel and composite members and structures, as well as the current design criteria and procedures given in Australian standards AS/NZS 1170, AS 4100, AS 2327.1, Eurocode 4, and AISC-LRFD specifications. Featuring numerous step-by-step examples that clearly illustrate the detailed analysis and design of steel and composite members and connections, this practical and easy-to-understand text: Covers plates, members, connections, beams, frames, slabs, columns, and beam-columns Considers bending, axial load, compression, tension, and design for strength and serviceability Incorporates the author’s latest research on composite members Analysis and Design of Steel and Composite Structures is an essential course textbook on steel and composite structures for undergraduate and graduate students of structural and civil engineering, and an indispensable resource for practising structural and civil engineers and academic researchers. It provides a sound understanding of the behavior of structural members and systems.
Providing real world applications for different structural types and seismic characteristics, Seismic Design of Steel Structures combines knowledge of seismic behavior of steel structures with the principles of earthquake engineering. This book focuses on seismic design, and concentrates specifically on seismic-resistant steel structures. Drawing on experience from the Northridge to the Tohoku earthquakes, it combines understanding of the seismic behavior of steel structures with the principles of earthquake engineering. The book focuses on the global as well as local behavior of steel structures and their effective seismic-resistant design. It recognises different types of earthquakes, takes into account the especial danger of fire after earthquake, and proposes new bracing and connecting systems for new seismic resistant steel structures, and also for upgrading existing reinforced concrete structures. Includes the results of the extensive use of the DUCTROCT M computer program, which is used for the evaluation of the seismic available ductility, both monotonic and cyclic, for different types of earthquakes Demonstrates good design principles by highlighting the behavior of seismic-resistant steel structures in many applications from around the world Provides a methodological approach, making a clear distinction between strong and low-to-moderate seismic regions This book serves as a reference for structural engineers involved in seismic design, as well as researchers and graduate students of seismic structural analysis and design.
Eurocode 3: Design of Steel Structures, Part 1-1: General Rules and Rules for Buildings
Author: Luís Simões da Silva
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Technology & Engineering
This book introduces the fundamental design concept of Eurocode 3 for current steel structures in building construction, and their practical application. Following a discussion of the basis of design, including the principles of reliability management and the limit state approach, the material standards and their use are detailed. The fundamentals of structural analysis and modeling are presented, followed by the design criteria and approaches for various types of structural members. The theoretical basis and checking procedures are closely tied to the Eurocode requirements. The following chapters expand on the principles and applications of elastic and plastic design, each exemplified by the step-by-step design calculation of a braced steel-framed building and an industrial building, respectively. Besides providing the necessary theoretical concepts for a good understanding, this manual intends to be a supporting tool for the use of practicing engineers. In order of this purpose, throughout the book, numerous worked examples are provided, concerning the analysis of steel structures and the design of elements under several types of actions. These examples will facilitate the acceptance of the code and provide for a smooth transition from earlier national codes to the Eurocode.
The book introduces all the aspects needed for the safe and economic design and analysis of connections using bolted joints in steel structures. This is not treated according to any specific standard but making comparison among the different norms and methodologies used in the engineering practice, e.g. Eurocode, AISC, DIN, BS. Several examples are solved and illustrated in detail, giving the reader all the tools necessary to tackle also complex connection design problems. The book is introductory but also very helpful to advanced and specialist audiences because it covers a large variety of practice demands for connection design. Parts that are not taken to an advanced level are seismic design, welds, interaction with other materials (concrete, wood), and cold formed connections./p
This textbook describes the rules for the design of steel and composite building structures according to Eurocodes, covering the structure as a whole, as well as the design of individual structural components and connections. It addresses the following topics: the basis of design in the Eurocodes framework; the loads applied to building structures; the load combinations for the various limit states of design and the main steel properties and steel fabrication methods; the models and methods of structural analysis in combination with the structural imperfections and the cross-section classification according to compactness; the cross-section resistances when subjected to axial and shear forces, bending or torsional moments and to combinations of the above; component design and more specifically the design of components sensitive to instability phenomena, such as flexural, torsional and lateral-torsional buckling (a section is devoted to composite beams); the design of connections and joints executed by bolting or welding, including beam to column connections in frame structures; and alternative configurations to be considered during the conceptual design phase for various types of single or multi-storey buildings, and the design of crane supporting beams. In addition, the fabrication and erection procedures, as well as the related quality requirements and the quality control methods are extensively discussed (including the procedures for bolting, welding and surface protection). The book is supplemented by more than fifty numerical examples that explain in detail the appropriate procedures to deal with each particular problem in the design of steel structures in accordance with Eurocodes. The book is an ideal learning resource for students of structural engineering, as well as a valuable reference for practicing engineers who perform designs on basis of Eurocodes.
Method of Limit State (Ultimate Limit State, (ULS) and serviceability limit state (SLS)) present an improved design philosophy and makes allow-ance for the short-compings of working stress method (conventional and long time used in practice). This method provides basic framework, within which the performance of the steel structures may be assessed against various limiting conditions and invo-lves some concept of probability. Object of limit design method is to get steel structure that will remain fit for use during its life with acceptable target reliability. The probability of a limit state being reached during its life time is kept very small. This method has been broadly adopted in many developed countries and based on the recommendations of IS: 800-2007 (Third Revised Edition). This method has been covered in nine parts (in twenty six chapters and four appendices) as listed in contents. After introducing `Limit State Method of Design of Concrete Structures (LSD: CC) in IS: 456-1978, it was natural for Bureau of Indian Standard to introduce `Limit State Design of Steel Structures (LSD: SS). SI units for text for complete book, uncertainties involved in the working stress method and the concept of partial safety factors for the loads and strength of mate-rials (for yield and ultimate stresses reached) are the special feature of the book. Concepts of shear centre for thin-walled beam cross-sections and unsymmetrical bending of beams are important for various requirements and have been included in appendices. The text of book has been covered in about 1000 pages and 550 diagrams. The texts of various topics has been explained in many illustrative worked-out examples.