The Eureka! Science, Corporation presents information on protein synthesis as part of I Can Do That!, which offers science facts for children. In protein synthesis, ribosomes use a messenger-RNA to determine which amino acid belongs where. A specific group of amino acids is then joined together to form a protein.
This highly illustrated book provides an up-to-date description of the structure and function of the translation system including ribosomes, tRNAs, translation factors, antibiotics and aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases. Research on translation is undergoing rapid changes and is receiving significant attention as evidenced by the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2009. The structural research by crystallography and cryo-EM forms part of an interactive framework that involves biochemistry and molecular computation. The book provides a comprehensive overview of translation in light of the structural results. It is a valuable resource for scientists in this and related fields, as well as for students taking courses with a focus on translation. There is no other book in this field currently except the previous edition of this book. The authors have for a long time worked in the field of structure and function of the translation system.Contents: The Basics of TranslationHistorical MilestonesMethods of Studying StructureThe Message ? mRNAThe Adaptor ? tRNAThe Workbench ? RibosomesThe Structure of the RibosomeRibosomal Sites and Ribosomal StatesThe Catalysts ? Translation FactorsInhibitors of Protein Synthesis ? Antibiotics, ResistanceThe Process ? TranslationProtein Processing, Folding and TargetingEvolution of the Translation Apparatus Readership: Upper level undergraduates and graduate students with an interest in protein synthesis; researchers in cell and molecular biology, biochemistry and biophysics who need to get an overview of translation.
Knud Nierhaus, who has studied the ribosome for more than 30 years, has assembled here the combined efforts of several scientific disciplines into a uniform picture of the largest enzyme complex found in living cells, finally resolving many decades-old questions in molecular biology. In so doing he considers virtually all aspects of ribosome structure and function -- from the molecular mechanism of different ribosomal ribozyme activities to their selective inhibition by antibiotics, from assembly of the core particle to the regulation of ribosome component synthesis. The result is a premier resource for anyone with an interest in ribosomal protein synthesis, whether in the context of molecular biology, biotechnology, pharmacology or molecular medicine.
RNA and Protein Synthesis is a compendium of articles dealing with the assay, characterization, isolation, or purification of various organelles, enzymes, nucleic acids, translational factors, and other components or reactions involved in protein synthesis. One paper describes the preparatory scale methods for the reversed-phase chromatography systems for transfer ribonucleic acids. Another paper discusses the determination of adenosine- and aminoacyl adenosine-terminated sRNA chains by ion-exclusion chromatography. One paper notes that the problems involved in preparing acetylaminoacyl-tRNA are similar to those found in peptidyl-tRNA synthesis, in particular, to the lability of the ester bond between the amino acid and the tRNA. Another paper explains a new method that will attach fluorescent dyes to cytidine residues in tRNA; it also notes the possible use of N-hydroxysuccinimide esters of dansylglycine and N-methylanthranilic acid in the described method. One paper explains the use of membrane filtration in the determination of apparent association constants for ribosomal protein-RNS complex formation. This collection is valuable to bio-chemists, cellular biologists, micro-biologists, developmental biologists, and investigators working with enzymes.