Half the worlds new electric generating capacity added each year from 2008 onwards has been renewable, mainly now in developing countries. So is the quarter-trillion dollars a year of private investment in modern renewable energy. Organizations like REN21 and Bloomberg New Energy Finance track exciting and accelerating recent progress. But to understand how these renewable energy efforts in major developing countries have been structured and are evolving requires a guidebook with a legal and institutional perspective. Energy veteran Richard Ottinger and his Pace Law School graduate students from many key countries have now provided that guideclearly written, well-organized, and a great public service. Amory B. Lovins, Rocky Mountain Institute, US Richard Ottinger, a pioneer in the development of national policy to promote renewable energy in the US, and his Pace Law School research assistants have created a unique piece of work on the legal and policy issues behind the global growth of renewable energy. Their book is indispensable as a text for law professors and students and as the definitive reference for lawyers and policymakers about developing and emerging country policies driving renewable energy use around the world. The fact that most of the research assistants are natives of the countries on which they researched and wrote their respective chapters gives the book uniquely credible insights into the legal and policy challenges faced by these countries, providing valuable lessons for others wanting to build renewable energy capacity in their own countries. Robert Noun, Former Executive Director of Public Affairs, National Renewable Energy Laboratory and Adjunct Professor, University of Denver Sturm College of Law, US This book is unique in the literature on renewable energy law and policy. Firstly, it focuses on developing countries which means it fills the gap in international literature currently lacking on law and policy on renewable energy in developing countries. Secondly, it applies a basic uniform analysis method to each of the case studies. This makes the results of the case studies considerably comparable. Finally, based on the introduction to the related laws, policies and projects of the target countries, the author summarizes their experience and lessons. It is these summaries that reflect the purpose and value of this book. Wang Xi, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China This is a unique book written by one of the leading scholars in the field. It uses detailed case studies to analyze the successes, failures and challenges of renewable energy initiatives in developing and emerging countries. Incorporating the insights and perspectives of researchers who come from the respective countries covered, the study compares some of the most exciting success stories, including: Chinas meteoric rise from near zero use of renewable energy to being the world leader in solar thermal, solar photovoltaic and wind energy; Brazils success in becoming the worlds top ethanol producer and exporter; and Indias pioneering use of a hedge plant to produce biodiesel and its use of animal and human wastes for rural electrification. The book also describes Indonesias disastrous palm oil program which cut down its forests and excavated its peat bogs. It concludes that good leadership is the largest factor in success, but that it is also critical to include public participation, training, transparency, environmental consideration, fair labor practices, protection against exploitation and enforcement. This book is designed to be helpful to other countries seeking to initiate renewable energy programs. It will appeal to local administrators and policymakers, field personnel from UN agencies and NGOs, and renewable energy funders, as well as to academic researchers.
Energy has recently emerged at the forefront of sustainable development. The United Nations Development Programmefs World Energy Assessment (2000) linked energy and most of the ills of modern society in both developed and developing countries. The World Summit on Sustainable Development selected energy as one of its five major agenda issues, devising a Plan of Implementation emphasising the role of energy in eradicating poverty. That same plan calls for the establishment of policy and regulatory frameworks to promote the development and dissemination of alternative energy technologies. This ground-breaking publication should serve as an invaluable tool to facilitate the understanding of the relationship between energy law and sustainable development.
This book is the nation's first hardcover casebook devoted to renewable energy law and policy--a captivating and rapidly-expanding area of legal practice. It provides a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the diverse array of legal issues associated with renewable energy development, ranging from wind rights to solar access protection to geothermal resource rights. The book also features detailed coverage of various policy questions that continue to impact the renewable energy sector, including debates about the propriety of renewable energy subsidies and about how to address rooftop solar growth's impacts on electric utilities. In addition to its dozens of excerpted cases, statutes, and articles, the book contains a simplified wind energy lease and realistic samples of other materials that transactional lawyers are likely to encounter when representing renewable energy developers. With more than 200+ answerable questions and several extended Policy Problems and Practical Skills Exercises, the book is ideal for educational use. However, its unique and exhaustive contents also make it a valuable resource for anyone seeking to do legal or policy work in the nation's burgeoning renewable energy industry.
This timely book examines the role played by regional authorities in the EU in the transition towards renewable energy. Drawing on both academia and practice, the expert contributors explore some of the key legal questions that have emerged along the e
Renewable Energy Law and Policy covers the aspects of most renewable energy deals, including issues pertaining to structuring, real estate, finance, land use, contracts, environmental, corporate, tax, and securities law. As this nascent industry matures, and technology makes it increasingly more efficient to create electricity from the sun, wind, and geothermal resources, lawyers have begun seeing an increase in questions from landowners, project developers and non-renewable energy producers that are looking to grow in, or break into, the renewable energy sector. Legislators have also taken notice of the unprecedented potential and real growth over the last decade. This book helps practitioners, students, and laypeople navigate the complex and ever changing landscape of this new area of law. It was written to help the reader deal with this evolving reality by explaining the dynamics of the industry and the existing and developing regulatory and competitive environment. Among the important areas addressed are the following: • Legal and policy issues that impact the development, implementation and commercialization of renewable energy projects. • Structuring, land use, siting, and finance issues encountered by developers of renewable energy projects. • Investing in renewable energy projects. • Renewable energy development in other countries. • Building a renewable energy project. • Selling renewable energy. • Tips for drafting and negotiating key renewable energy documents.
Energy justice has emerged over the last decade as a matter of vital concern in energy law, which can be seen in the attention directed to energy poverty, and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. There are energy justice concerns in areas of law as diverse as human rights, consumer protection, international law and trade, and in many forms of regional and national energy law and regulation. This edited collection explores in detail at four kinds of energy justice. The first, distributive justice, relates to the equitable distribution of the benefits and burdens of energy activities, which is challenged by the existence of people suffering from energy poverty. Secondly, procedural (or participation) justice consists of the right of all communities to participate in decision-making regarding energy projects and policies that affect them. This dimension of energy justice often includes procedural rights to information and access to courts. Under the concept of reparation (or restorative) justice, the book looks at even-handed enforcement of energy statutes and regulations, as well as access to remedies when legal rights are violated. Finally, the collection addresses social justice, with the recognition that energy injustice cannot be separated from other social ills, such as poverty and subordination based on race, gender, or indigeneity. These issues feed into a wider conversation about how we achieve a 'just' energy transition, as the world confronts the urgent challenges of climate change.
Offering an introduction to students on the most essential elements of EU energy law and policy, this volume will be the go-to text for those seeking knowledge of EU energy regulation and its objectives, as well as an overview of energy law. Specific topics will cover the content of sector-specific energy regulation, the application and impact of general EU law on energy markets, third party access, unbundling, investment in cross-border networks, energy trading and market supervision, the application of general EU competition law on energy markets, the impact of free movement provisions, and the application of state aid rules. A structured, step by step guide through the fundamental areas of EU energy law.
Derived from the renowned multi-volume International Encyclopaedia of Laws, this book provides a systematic approach to legislation and legal practice concerning energy resources and production in Australia. The book describes the administrative organization, regulatory framework, and relevant case law pertaining to the development, application, and use of such forms of energy as electricity, gas, petroleum, and coal, with attention as needed to the pervasive legal effects of competition law, environmental law, and tax law. A general introduction covers the geography of energy resources, sources and basic principles of energy law, and the relevant governmental institutions. Then follows a detailed description of specific legislation and regulation affecting such factors as documentation, undertakings, facilities, storage, pricing, procurement and sales, transportation, transmission, distribution, and supply of each form of energy. Case law, intergovernmental cooperation agreements, and interactions with environmental, tax, and competition law are explained. Its succinct yet scholarly nature, as well as the practical quality of the information it provides, make this book a valuable resource for energy sector policymakers and energy firm counsel handling cases affecting Australia. It will also be welcomed by researchers and academics for its contribution to the study of a complex field that today stands at the foreground of comparative law.
This bibliography update contains abstracts of approximately 100 publications dealing with legal aspects of solar energy development. This update supplements the earlier Solar Energy Legal Bibliography (SERI/TR-62-069).
Climate Change, Energy Union and International Governance
Author: Vicente López-Ibor Mayor
Publisher: Wildy, Simmonds & Hill Publishing
Category: Clean energy
The energy industry has an unstoppable momentum but also a value to society in terms of economic development and environmental protection though the development of "clean energies". This is helping to build the foundations of an energy law regime, which is currently undergoing necessary development and consolidation. The contributors to this book examine the essential legal and regulatory factors contributing to energy law from different viewpoints and backgrounds.
This 2005 volume is a companion to The Law of Energy for Sustainable Development. Here the IUCN Academy of Environmental Law assembles a volume of legal instruments which can be recognized as constituting the core of the law of energy for sustainable development. This volume will be an essential reference for all those involved in environmental and energy research.
Présentation de l'éditeur : "Renewable Energy has become a game changer in Europe and on the national energy markets. It has started from fairly low participation in the market in the last decade of the last century, mostly driven by traditional hydro and some biomass use, becoming the big winner in new capacity in Europe and worldwide as of to date. Nowadays, access of renewables to the market is being organized differently in the EU 28 Member States with some established patterns such as priority gird access and a majority of countries having used various feed-in mechanisms now, steered by the Directorate General for Competition of the EU Commission towards auctioning systems. We have seen progress and roll-back, legal and investor certainty or the opposite. More and more it is no longer so much about market access of renewables but about a new market design. Incumbent Energy production becomes the obstacle for system change. The coming decade until 2030 will have further barriers to jump but the pathway towards sustainability is set, with different speed restrictions in the various Member States. A look over the big pond to the United States gives further fruitful insight. This new book Volume III - Renewable Energy in the Member States of the EU focuses from a broad perspective on the latest development in the EU Member States in the renewable energy sector as well as on energy efficiency. It also describes energy market legislation with a special focus on market design and system integration including support mechanisms, grid access, licensing, planning, auto production, interconnection, network planning and security of supply. It also elaborates on structural fund use within this sector."
Unsustainable practices worldwide in energy production and consumption have led to a plethora of environmental problems. Until recently environmental law largely overlooked the relevance of energy production and consumption; energy was seen to be of little significance to the advancement of sustainable development. This has changed since 2000 with the global concern attached to climate change, the publication by the United Nations of the World Energy Assessment and the detailed consideration given to this issue at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg in 2002. Australia has been seen to be lagging behind the other major industrialised nations of the world in addressing sustainable energy issues. This book was first published in 2006.
Presenting an up-to-date overview of EU energy law and policy and a critical analysis of its sub-areas, the book extends the discussion from electricity and natural gas markets to other areas of energy, including oil. This holistic approach to the subject is then placed within the broader context of the international geopolitical sphere which EU energy law and policy operates, as the author considers the impact of regional and international energy policies andmarkets on the EU markets and the overall EU policy. He also draws on the wider context and takes into account non-legal factors such as the impact of unconventionals, the rise of the BRICS, and the'Arab spring'.
"This book will discuss the legal tools offered by international law that can support foreign direct investment (FDI) in the renewable energy sector in the Global South. Promoting and increasing investment in the renewable energy sector is crucial for limiting global temperature rise to 1.5ÀC and addressing energy poverty in the Global South. In this volume, Kent explores the various home-country measures (HCMs) offered by international law that support FDI in the renewable energy sector. This book provides a bird's eye evaluation of HCMs from fields such as trade law, investment law, environmental law, development law and more. It reveals that while international law indeed offers many legal tools to support investors' needs, the current legal framework is fragmented; most legal instruments were designed in isolation and the potential for mutually-supportive, synergetic policies has been explored only to a limited extent. This fragmented reality is in contradiction to the notion of Policy Coherence for Development, which is increasingly gaining support in leading institutions in Europe and elsewhere. This book will provide recommendations on the manner in which HCMs can be connected in order to maximise their potential and boost investment in renewable energies in the developing world. International Law and Renewable Energy Investment in the Global South will be of great interest to scholars, students, and practitioners of international law, energy studies, development studies and IR more broadly"--
Despite bringing prosperity, industrialisation generally leads toincreasing levels of pollution which has a detrimental impact onthe environment. In response, legislation which seeks to control orprevent such impact has become common. Similarly, climatechange and energy security have become major drivers for theregulatory regimes that have emerged in the energy field. Given theglobal or regional scope of many environmental problems,international cooperation is often necessary to ensure suchlegislation is effective. The EU and the UK have contributed to thedevelopment of the environmental and energy law regimescurrently in force, spanning across international, transnationaland national levels. At the same time, practical responses toenvironmental and energy problems have largely been the focus ofengineers, scientists and other technical experts. Environmental & Energy Law attempts to bridge theknowledge gap between legal developments designed to achieveenvironmental and/or energy-related objectives and the practical,scientific and technical considerations applicable to the sameenvironmental problems. In particular, it attempts to convey abroad range of topical issues in environmental and energy law, fromclimate and energy regulation, technology innovation and transfer,to pollution control, environmental governance and enforcement. Inaddition the book outlines key sector specific legal regimes(including water, waste and air quality management), focusing onissues or topics that are particularly relevant to bothenvironmental and energy lawyers, and engineering, science andtechnology-oriented professionals and students. In this vein,the book guides the reader on some basic practical applications ofthe law within scientific, engineering and other practicalsettings. The book will be useful to all those working or studying in theenvironmental or energy arena, including law students, legalprofessionals, engineering and science students and professionals.By adopting a multi-disciplinary approach to environmental andenergy law, the book embraces all readerships and helps to addressthe often thorny problem of communication between scientists,engineers, lawyers and policy-makers.