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RF Coils for MRI

Author: J. Thomas Vaughan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 456

View: 277

The content of this volume has been added toeMagRes (formerly Encyclopedia of MagneticResonance) - the ahref="http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/book/10.1002/9780470034590/homepage/rf_coils_virtual_issue.htm?cm=on-chem&cs=chem-analytic&cu=sitename-ln&cd=sitename-In-MRIgroup-VI" target="_blank"ultimate online resource for NMR andMRI/a. To date there is no single reference aimed at teaching the art ofapplications guided coil design for use in MRI. This RF Coilsfor MRI handbook is intended to become thisreference. Heretofore, much of the know-how of RF coil design is bottled upin various industry and academic laboratories around the world.Some of this information on coil technologies and applicationstechniques has been disseminated through the literature, while moreof this knowledge has been withheld for competitive or proprietaryadvantage. Of the published works, the record of technologydevelopment is often incomplete and misleading, accuratereferencing and attribution assignment being tantamount toadmission of patent infringement in the commercial arena. Accordingly, the literature on RF coil design is fragmented andconfusing. There are no texts and few courses offered toteach this material. Mastery of the art and science of RF coildesign is perhaps best achieved through the learning that comeswith a long career in the field at multiple places ofemployment…until now. RF Coils for MRI combines the lifetime understandingand expertise of many of the senior designers in the field into asingle, practical training manual. It informs the engineer on partnumbers and sources of component materials, equipment, engineeringservices and consulting to enable anyone with electronics benchexperience to build, test and interface a coil. The handbookteaches the MR system user how to safely and successfully implementthe coil for its intended application. The comprehensive articlesalso include information required by the scientist or physician topredict respective experiment or clinical performance of a coil fora variety of common applications. It is expectedthat RF Coils for MRI becomes an important resource forengineers, technicians, scientists, and physicians wanting tosafely and successfully buy or build and use MR coils in the clinicor laboratory. Similarly, this guidebook provides teachingmaterial for students, fellows and residents wanting to betterunderstand the theory and operation of RF coils. Many of the articles have been written by the pioneers anddevelopers of coils, arrays and probes, so this is all first handinformation! The handbook serves as an expository guide forhands-on radiologists, radiographers, physicians, engineers,medical physicists, technologists, and for anyone with interests inbuilding or selecting and using RF coils to achieve best clinicalor experimental results. About EMR Handbooks / eMagResHandbooks The Encyclopedia of Magnetic Resonance (up to 2012) andeMagRes (from 2013 onward) publish a wide range of onlinearticles on all aspects of magnetic resonance in physics,chemistry, biology and medicine. The existence of this large numberof articles, written by experts in various fields, is enabling thepublication of a series of EMR Handbooks / eMagResHandbooks on specific areas of NMR and MRI. Thechapters of each of these handbooks will comprise a carefullychosen selection of articles from eMagRes. In consultationwith the eMagRes Editorial Board, the EMRHandbooks / eMagRes Handbooks are coherentlyplanned in advance by specially-selected Editors, and new articlesare written (together with updates of some already existingarticles) to give appropriate complete coverage. The handbooks areintended to be of value and interest to research students,postdoctoral fellows and other researchers learning about thescientific area in question and undertaking relevant experiments,whether in academia or industry. Have the content of this Handbook and the complete content ofeMagRes at your fingertips! Visit: ahref="http://www.wileyonlinelibrary.com/ref/eMagRes"www.wileyonlinelibrary.com/ref/eMagRes/a View other eMagRes publications ahref="http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/book/10.1002/9780470034590/homepage/emagres_publications.htm" target="_blank"here/a

MRI of Tissues with Short T2s or T2*s

Author: Graeme M. Bydder

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 448

View: 240

The content of this volume has been added toeMagRes (formerly Encyclopedia of MagneticResonance) - the ahref="http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/book/10.1002/9780470034590/homepage/rf_coils_virtual_issue.htm?cm=on-chem&cs=chem-analytic&cu=sitename-ln&cd=sitename-In-MRIgroup-VI" target="_blank"ultimate online resource for NMR andMRI/a. Up to now MRI could not be used clinically for imaging finestructures of bones or muscles. Since the late 1990s however, thescene has changed dramatically. In particular, Graeme Bydder andhis many collaborators have demonstrated the possibility –and importance – of imaging structures in the body that werepreviously regarded as being “MR Invisible”. The imagesobtained with a variety of these newly developed methods exhibitcomplex contrast, resulting in a new quality of images for a widerange of new applications. This Handbook is designed to enable the radiology community tobegin their assessment of how best to exploit these newcapabilities. It is organised in four major sections – thefirst of which, after an Introduction, deals with the basic scienceunderlying the rest of the contents of the Handbook. The second,larger, section describes the techniques which are used inrecovering the short T2 and T2* data from which the images arereconstructed. The third and fourth sections present a range ofapplications of the methods described earlier. The third sectiondeals with pre-clinical uses and studies, while the final sectiondescribes a range of clinical applications. It is this last sectionthat will surely have the biggest impact on the development in thenext few years as the huge promise of Short T2 and T2*Imaging will be exploited to the benefit of patients. In many instances, the authors of an article are the onlyresearch group who have published on the topic they describe. Thisdemonstrates that this Handbook presents a range of methods andapplications with a huge potential for future developments. About EMR Handbooks / eMagResHandbooks The Encyclopedia of Magnetic Resonance (up to 2012) andeMagRes (from 2013 onward) publish a wide range of onlinearticles on all aspects of magnetic resonance in physics,chemistry, biology and medicine. The existence of this large numberof articles, written by experts in various fields, is enabling thepublication of a series of EMR Handbooks / eMagResHandbooks on specific areas of NMR and MRI. Thechapters of each of these handbooks will comprise a carefullychosen selection of articles from eMagRes. In consultationwith the eMagRes Editorial Board, the EMRHandbooks / eMagRes Handbooks are coherentlyplanned in advance by specially-selected Editors, and new articlesare written (together with updates of some already existingarticles) to give appropriate complete coverage. The handbooks areintended to be of value and interest to research students,postdoctoral fellows and other researchers learning about thescientific area in question and undertaking relevant experiments,whether in academia or industry. Have the content of this Handbook and the complete content ofeMagRes at your fingertips! Visit: ahref="http://www.wileyonlinelibrary.com/ref/eMagRes"www.wileyonlinelibrary.com/ref/eMagRes/a View other eMagRes publications ahref="http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/book/10.1002/9780470034590/homepage/emagres_publications.htm" target="_blank"here/a

NMR in Pharmaceutical Science

Author: Robin K. Harris

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 504

View: 268

NMR in Pharmaceutical Sciences is intended to be a comprehensive source of information for the many individuals that utilize MR in studies of relevance to the pharmaceutical sector. The book is intended to educate and inform those who develop and apply MR approaches within the wider pharmaceutical environment, emphasizing the toolbox that is available to spectroscopists and radiologists. This book is structured on the key processes in drug discovery, development and manufacture, but underpinned by an understanding of fundamental NMR principles and the unique contribution that NMR (including MRI) can provide. After an introductory chapter, which constitutes an overview, the content is organised into five sections. The first section is on the basics of NMR theory and relevant experimental methods. The rest follow a sequence based on the chronology of drug discovery and development, firstly 'Idea to Lead' then 'Lead to Drug Candidate', followed by 'Clinical Development', and finally 'Drug Manufacture'. The thirty one chapters cover a vast range of topics from analytical chemistry, including aspects involved in regulatory matters and in the prevention of fraud, to clinical imaging studies. Whilst this comprehensive volume will be essential reading for many scientists based in pharmaceutical and related industries, it should also be of considerable value to a much wider range of academic scientists whose research is related to the various aspects of pharmaceutical R&D; for them it will supply vital understanding of pharmaceutical industrial concerns and the basis of key decision making processes. About eMagRes Handbooks eMagRes (formerly the Encyclopedia of Magnetic Resonance) publishes a wide range of online articles on all aspects of magnetic resonance in physics, chemistry, biology and medicine. The existence of this large number of articles, written by experts in various fields, is enabling the publication of a series of eMagRes Handbooks on specific areas of NMR and MRI. The chapters of each of these handbooks will comprise a carefully chosen selection of eMagRes articles. In consultation with the eMagRes Editorial Board, the eMagRes handbooks are coherently planned in advance by specially-selected Editors, and new articles are written to give appropriate complete coverage. The handbooks are intended to be of value and interest to research students, postdoctoral fellows and other researchers learning about the scientific area in question and undertaking relevant experiments, whether in academia or industry. Have the content of this handbook and the complete content of eMagRes at your fingertips! Visit: www.wileyonlinelibrary.com/ref/eMagRes

EPR Spectroscopy

Fundamentals and Methods

Author: Daniella Goldfarb

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 648

View: 716

This unique, self-contained resource is the first volume on electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy in the eMagRes Handbook series. The 27 chapters cover the theoretical principles, the common experimental techniques, and many important application areas of modern EPR spectroscopy. EPR Spectroscopy: Fundamentals and Methods is presented in four major parts: A: Fundamental Theory, B: Basic Techniques and Instrumentation, C: High-Resolution Pulse Techniques, and D: Special Techniques. The first part of the book gives the reader an introduction to basic continuous-wave (CW) EPR and an overview of the different magnetic interactions that can be determined by EPR spectroscopy, their associated theoretical description, and their information content. The second provides the basics of the various EPR techniques, including pulse EPR, and EPR imaging, along with the associated instrumentation. Parts C and D builds on parts A and B and offer introductory accounts of a wide range of modern advanced EPR techniques, with examples of applications. The last two parts presents most of the new advances that do not appear in most of the classical EPR textbooks that focus on CW EPR. EPR Spectroscopy: Fundamentals and Methods contains, in concise form, all the material needed to understand state-of-the-art EPR spectroscopy at the graduate school/research level, whilst the editors have ensured that it presents the topic at a level accessible to newcomers to the field and others who want to know its range of application and how to apply it.

Handbook of Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy In Vivo

MRS Theory, Practice and Applications

Author: Paul A. Bottomley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 1232

View: 539

This handbook covers the entire field of magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), a unique method that allows the non-invasive identification, quantification and spatial mapping of metabolites in living organisms–including animal models and patients. Comprised of three parts: Methodology covers basic MRS theory, methodology for acquiring, quantifying spectra, and spatially localizing spectra, and equipment essentials, as well as vital ancillary issues such as motion suppression and physiological monitoring. Applications focuses on MRS applications, both in animal models of disease and in human studies of normal physiology and disease, including cancer, neurological disease, cardiac and muscle metabolism, and obesity. Reference includes useful appendices and look up tables of relative MRS signal-to-noise ratios, typical tissue concentrations, structures of common metabolites, and useful formulae. About eMagRes Handbooks eMagRes (formerly the Encyclopedia of Magnetic Resonance) publishes a wide range of online articles on all aspects of magnetic resonance in physics, chemistry, biology and medicine. The existence of this large number of articles, written by experts in various fields, is enabling the publication of a series of eMagRes Handbooks on specific areas of NMR and MRI. The chapters of each of these handbooks will comprise a carefully chosen selection of eMagRes articles. In consultation with the eMagRes Editorial Board, the eMagRes Handbooks are coherently planned in advance by specially-selected Editors, and new articles are written to give appropriate complete coverage. The handbooks are intended to be of value and interest to research students, postdoctoral fellows and other researchers learning about the scientific area in question and undertaking relevant experiments, whether in academia or industry. Have the content of this handbook and the complete content of eMagRes at your fingertips! Visit the eMagRes Homepage

Klinische MR-Bildgebung

Eine Praktische Anleitung

Author: Peter Reimer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 632

View: 446

Die Magnetresonanztomographie (MRT) hat sich zur fÃ1⁄4hrenden Schnittbildmethode entwickelt. Die kontinuierlichen technischen Neuerungen haben die Anwendungsbereiche deutlich erweitert. Die MRT wird heute nicht mehr nur im ZNS und muskuloskelettalen System, sondern auch im Abdomen, im Becken, in der Mammadiagnostik, der Herzbildgebung und fÃ1⁄4r Gefäßuntersuchungen eingesetzt. Das vorliegende Buch bietet praktische Anleitungen fÃ1⁄4r effiziente und kosteneffektive MRT-Untersuchungen in der täglichen Routine. Die zweite, vollständig Ã1⁄4berarbeitete Auflage berÃ1⁄4cksichtigt neue Techniken und enthält viele neue Abbildungen. Ziel des Buches ist, zu einem besseren praktischen Verständnis der MRT zu fÃ1⁄4hren und damit zur Optimierung der Arbeitsprozesse an MR-Anlagen beizutragen. Neue Techniken, Pulssequenzen und Protokolle sollen bei der Lösung klinischer Fragestellungen helfen. Das Buch erleichtert Anfängern den Einstieg in die MRT und hilft Fortgeschrittenen, ihr Wissen zu aktualisieren.

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