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Roots of War

Wanting Power, Seeing Threat, Justifying Force

Author: David G. Winter

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 440

View: 304

Ever since Thucydides pondered reasons for the outbreak of the Peloponnesian War, writers, philosophers, and social scientists have tried to identify factors that promote conflict escalation: for example, history (tomorrow's wars are often rooted in yesterday's conflicts), changing balance of power among nations, or domestic political forces. In the end, however, these "causes" are constructed by human beings and involve the memories, emotions, and motives of both the leaders and the led. In July 1914, the long-standing peace of Europe was shattered when the Sarajevo assassinations quickly escalated to World War I. In contrast, at the height of the Cold War, the Cuban Missile Crisis could have easily plunged the world into a thermonuclear world war, but was ultimately peacefully resolved. Why the different outcomes? In Roots of War: Wanting Power, Seeing Threat, Justifying Force, David G. Winter identifies three psychological factors that contributed to the differences in these historical outcomes: the desire for power, exaggerated perception of the opponent's threat, and justification for using military force. Several lines of research establish how these factors lead to escalation and war: comparative archival studies of "war" and "peace" crises, laboratory experiments on threat perception, and surveys of factors leading people to believe that a particular war is "just." The research findings in Roots of War also demonstrate the importance of power in preserving peace through diplomatic interventions, past and present.

Roots of War and Terror

Author: Anthony Stevens

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 209

"This is an indispensable work for anyone wishing to understand the psychological basis of war and terror, or hoping to discover ways in which the unimaginable catastrophe of nuclear or biological warfare may be averted."--BOOK JACKET.

Wings of War Eagle V3: The Roots of Evil

Author: Wallace

Publisher: Europe Comics

ISBN:

Category: Juvenile Fiction

Page:

View: 795

It's early 1943 and Hans Raeder, still trapped inside the body of James O'Brady, somehow manages to escape the chaos in North Africa and make his way to the Pacific, where another war is raging—between the United States and Japan. There he finally tracks down the elusive Sailosi, but his destiny is still linked to that of his American alter ego. Will fate bring the two men together at last?

The Roots of Violence

A History of War in Chad

Author: M. J. Azevedo

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Social Science

Page: 202

View: 599

Examining conflict and warfare in Chad from both historic and contemporary perspectives, Mario Azevedo explores not only how violence has permeated and become almost an intrinsic part of the fabric of the central-eastern Sudanic societies, but how foreign interference from centuries ago to the present-day have exacerbated rather than suppressed the violence. Although the main objective of the volume is to understand present Chad, it provides comprehensive and analytical discussion of Chad's violent past. This strategy goes beyond putting the blame on the unwise and ethnic policies at Francois Tombalbaye or Felix Malloum; instead, Roots of Violence clarifies the role of violence in both pre- and post-colonial Chad and, thus, demythologizes many of the assumptions held by scholars and non-scholars alike.

Apartheid's Contras

An Inquiry Into the Roots of War in Angola and Mozambique

Author: William Minter

Publisher: William Minter

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 308

View: 696

Of all the many violent chapters in recent Southern African history, the conflicts in Angola and Mozambique since independence in 1975 have been the most protracted, complex and deadly for millions of civilians. William Minter argues that they represent a new kind of non-conventional warfare characteristic of the 'contra' period - neither classic guerrilla warfare nor straightforward external aggression, but comprising elements of civil war dominated by regional and global external powers. He examines the Unita and Renamo social structures, external interventions, patterns of military recruitment, conditioning, logistics and strategy, and the mistakes made by the Angolan and Mozambican states.

John C. Calhoun and the Roots of War

Author: Thomas A. Durwood

Publisher: Silver Burdett Pr

ISBN:

Category: Legislators

Page: 135

View: 117

A biography of the senator from South Carolina who fought for the South's interests and to keep the institution of slavery.

Vietnam, a Television History: Roots of war

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: United States

Page:

View: 175

Reagan and El Salvador

Roots of War

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Central America

Page: 105

View: 799

Causes of War

Power and the Roots of Conflict

Author: Stephen Van Evera

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 278

View: 917

What causes war? How can military conflicts best be prevented? In this book, Stephen Van Evera frames five conditions that increase the risk of interstate war: false optimism about the likely outcome of a war, a first-strike advantage, fluctuation in the relative power of states, circumstances that allow nations to parlay one conquest into another, and circumstances that make conquest easy. According to Van Evera, all but one of these conditions-false optimism-rarely occur today, but policymakers often erroneously believe in their existence. He argues that these misperceptions are responsible for many modern wars, and explores both World Wars, the Korean War, and the 1967 Mideast War as test cases. Finally, he assesses the possibility of nuclear war by applying all five hypotheses to its potential onset. Van Evera's book demonstrates that ideas from the Realist paradigm can offer strong explanations for international conflict and valuable prescriptions for its control.

The roots of war resistance

pacifism from the early church to Tolstoy

Author: Peter Brock

Publisher: Fellowship of Reconciliation

ISBN:

Category: Christianity

Page: 81

View: 605

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