The schooner Integrity was built in a famous boatyard in the 1960's in Massachusetts, and she was the dream boat of her owner, Waldo Howland. She cruised in the West Indies and crossed the Atlantic to visit Ireland and England. Then she was sold, and there began a chain of events which led to adventure, chicanery and eventually tragedy.
Presents findings of an inventory of vascular plants found in two areas of Prince Edward Island National Park. The investigators identified 272 species in sand dune, forest, wetland, and old field habitats. The inventory's survey methods are described and species observed are discussed with regard to habitat, abundance, and provincial conservation status designation. New flora not previously recorded, species absent in this survey but present in earlier surveys, and the overall floral status, origin, and diversity are then discussed. Finally, recommendations are made regarding park zoning, opportunities for preservation & conservation, monitoring ecological integrity, and further research.
The historic American ship WAPAMA is the last surviving example of the wooden steam-powered schooners designed for the 19th- and 20th-century Pacific Coast lumber trade and coastal service. Since its launching in 1915, the WAPAMA has had a long and productive life in plying cargo and passengers along the stormy West Coast from Mexico to Alaska. As the sole survivor of the once numerous class, the WAPAMA was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1984. The wood structure of the WAPAMA has significantly deteriorated over the years and currently resides on a barge with internal and external structural supports. Portions of the vessel are unsafe for public access. Assisting in an effort to stabilize and rehabilitate this historic vessel, we conducted a field investigation on the current physical condition of the wooden structural members in January 2006. A variety of nondestructive testing (NDT) methods were employed to locate problem areas and define the severity of deterioration on key structural members such as keelsons, keel, ceiling planking, hull frames, clamps, and main deck beams. This report presents the main findings from this field investigation and demonstrates the use of state-of-the-art NDT technologies in evaluating physical and biological conditions of historic wood structures.